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Hajj – Misc. (Ahadith 1510 – 1523)

Bismillah.

The Farewell Tawaaf

Volume 2, Book 26, Number 810:

Narrated Ibn Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):

The people were ordered to perform the Tawaf of the Ka’ba (Tawaf-al-Wada’) as the lastly thing, before leaving (Mecca), except the menstruating women who were excused.


Volume 2, Book 26, Number 811:

Narrated Anas bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu):

The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) offered the Zuhr, ‘Asr, Maghrib and the ‘Isha’ prayers and slept for a while at a place called Al-Mahassab and then rode to the Ka’ba and performed Tawaf round it .


Volume 2, Book 26, Number 812:

Narrated ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):

Safiya bint Huyay (radiallaahu `anhaa), the wife of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), got her menses, and Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was informed of that. He said, “Would she delay us?” The people said, “She has already performed Tawaf-al-Ifada.” He said, “Therefore she will not (delay us).”


Volume 2, Book 26, Number 813:

Narrated ‘Ikrima:

The people of Medina asked Ibn Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) about a woman who got her menses after performing Tawaf-al-Ifada. He said, “She could depart (from Mecca).” They said, “We will not act on your verdict and ignore the verdict of Zaid.” Ibn Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “When you reach Medina, inquire about it.” So, when they reached Medina they asked (about that). One of those whom they asked was Um Sulaim (radiallaahu `anhaa). She told them the narration of Safiya (radiallaahu `anhaa) (above).


Volume 2, Book 26, Number 814:

Narrated Ibn Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):

A menstruating woman was allowed to leave Mecca if she had done Tawaf-al-Ifada. Tawus (a sub-narrator) said from his father, “I heard Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) saying that she would not depart. Then later I heard him saying that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had allowed them (menstruating women) to depart.”


Volume 2, Book 26, Number 815:

Narrated ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):

We set out with the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) with the intention of performing Hajj only. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) reached Mecca and performed Tawaf of the Ka’ba and between Safa and Marwa and did not finish the Ihram, because he had the Hadi with him. His companions and his wives performed Tawaf (of the Ka’ba and between Safa and Marwa), and those who had no Hadi with them finished their Ihram. I got the menses and performed all the ceremonies of Hajj. So, when the Night of Hasba (night of departure) came, I said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! All your companions are returning with Hajj and ‘Umra except me.” He asked me, “Didn’t you perform Tawaf of the Ka’ba (Umra) when you reached Mecca?” I said, “No.” He said, “Go to Tan’im with your brother ‘Abdur-Rahman (radiallaahu `anhu), and assume Ihram for ‘Umra and I will wait for you at such and such a place.” So I went with ‘Abdur-Rahman (radiallaahu `anhu) to Tan’im and assumed Ihram for ‘Umra. Then Safiya bint Huyay (radiallaahu `anhaa) got menses. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, ” ‘Aqra Halqa! You will detain us! Didn’t you perform Tawaf-al-Ifada on the Day of Nahr (slaughtering)?” She said, “Yes, I did.” He said, “Then there is no harm, depart.” So I met the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) when he was ascending the heights towards Mecca and I was descending, or vice-versa.


Places where the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) camped/stayed during his Hajj

Volume 2, Book 26, Number 816:

Narrated ‘Abdul-Aziz bin Rufai:

I asked Anas bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu), “Tell me something you have observed about the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) concerning where he offered the Zuhr prayer on the Day of Tarwiya (8th Dhul-Hijja).” Anas (radiallaahu `anhu) replied, “He offered it at Mina.” I said, “Where did he offer the Asr prayer on the Day of Nafr (day of departure from Mina)?” He replied, “At Al-Abtah,” and added, “You should do as your leaders do.”


Volume 2, Book 26, Number 817:

Narrated Anas bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu):

The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) offered the Zuhr, ‘Asr, Maghrib and ‘Isha’ prayers and slept for a while at a place called Al-Mahassab and then he rode towards the Ka’ba and performed Tawaf (al-Wada’).


Volume 2, Book 26, Number 818:

Narrated ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):

It (i.e. Al-Abtah) was a place where the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) used to camp so that it might be easier for him to depart.


Volume 2, Book 26, Number 819:

Narrated Ibn Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):

Staying at Al-Mahassab is not one of the ceremonies (of Hajj), but Al-Mahassab is a place where Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) camped (during his Hajjat-ul-wida).


Volume 2, Book 26, Number 820:

Narrated Nafi:

Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) used to spend the night at Dhi-Tuwa in between the two Thaniyas and then he would enter Mecca through the Thaniya which is at the higher region of Mecca, and whenever he came to Mecca for Hajj or ‘Umra, he never made his she camel kneel down except near the gate of the Masjid (Sacred Mosque) and then he would enter (it) and go to the Black (stone) Corner and start from there circumambulating the Ka’ba seven times: hastening in the first three rounds (Ramal) and walking in the last four. On finishing, he would offer two Rakat prayer and set out to perform Tawaf between Safa and Marwa before returning to his dwelling place. On returning (to Medina) from Hajj or ‘Umra, he used to make his camel kneel down at Al-Batha which is at Dhu-l-Hulaifa, the place where the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) used to make his camel kneel down.


Volume 2, Book 26, Number 821:

Narrated Khalid bin Al-Harith:

‘Ubaidullah was asked about Al Mahassab. ‘Ubaidullah narrated: Nafi’ said, ‘Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) and Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) camped there.” Nafi’ added, “Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) used to offer the Zuhr and ‘Asr prayers at it (i.e. Al-Mahassab).” I think he mentioned the Maghrib prayer also. I said, “I don’t doubt about ‘Isha’ (i.e. he used to offer it there also), and he used to sleep there for a while. He used to say, ‘The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) used to do the same.’ “

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Hajj & Business/Trade

Volume 2, Book 26, Number 822:

Narrated Ibn ‘ Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):

Dhul-Majaz and ‘Ukaz were the markets of the people during the pre-lslamic period of ignorance. When the people embraced Islam, they disliked to do bargaining there till the following Holy Verses were revealed:– There is no harm for you If you seek of the bounty Of your Lord (during Hajj by trading, etc.) (2.198)

The ayah:

﴿لَيْسَ عَلَيْكُمْ جُنَاحٌ أَن تَبْتَغُواْ فَضْلاً مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ فَإِذَآ أَفَضْتُم مِّنْ عَرَفَـتٍ فَاذْكُرُواْ اللَّهَ عِندَ الْمَشْعَرِ الْحَرَامِ وَاذْكُرُوهُ كَمَا هَدَاكُمْ وَإِن كُنتُمْ مِّن قَبْلِهِ لَمِنَ الضَّآلِّينَ ﴾

(198. There is no sin on you if you seek the bounty of your Lord (during pilgrimage by trading). Then when you leave `Arafat, remember Allah (by glorifying His praises, i.e., prayers and invocations) at the Mash`ar-il-Haram. And remember Him (by invoking Allah for all good) as He has guided you, and verily you were before, of those who were astray).

Its Tafsir in Ibn Kathir:

Al-Bukhari reported that Ibn `Abbas said, “`Ukaz, Mijannah and Dhul-Majaz were trading posts during the time of Jahiliyyah. During that era, they did not like the idea of conducting business transactions during the Hajj season. Later, this Ayah was revealed:

﴿لَيْسَ عَلَيْكُمْ جُنَاحٌ أَن تَبْتَغُواْ فَضْلاً مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ﴾

(There is no sin on you if you seek the bounty of your Lord.) during the Hajj season.”

Abu Dawud and others recorded that Ibn `Abbas said, “They used to avoid conducting business transactions during the Hajj season, saying that these are the days of Dhikr. Allah revealed:

﴿لَيْسَ عَلَيْكُمْ جُنَاحٌ أَن تَبْتَغُواْ فَضْلاً مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ﴾

(There is no sin on you if you seek the bounty of your Lord (during pilgrimage by trading).)

This is also the explanation of Mujahid, Sa`id bin Jubayr, `Ikrimah, Mansur bin Al-Mu`tamir, Qatadah, Ibrahim An-Nakha`i, Ar-Rabi` bin Anas and others. Ibn Jarir reported that Abu Umaymah said that when Ibn `Umar was asked about conducting trade during the Hajj, he recited the Ayah:

﴿لَيْسَ عَلَيْكُمْ جُنَاحٌ أَن تَبْتَغُواْ فَضْلاً مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ﴾

(There is no sin on you if you seek the bounty of your Lord (during pilgrimage by trading). )

This Hadith is related to Ibn `Umar with a strong chain of narrators. This Hadith is also related to the Prophet , as Ahmad reported that Abu Umamah At-Taymi said, “I asked Ibn `Umar, `We buy (and sell during the Hajj), so do we still have a valid Hajj’ He said, `Do you not perform Tawaf around the House, stand at `Arafat, throw the pebbles and shave your heads’ I said, `Yes.’ Ibn `Umar said, `A man came to the Prophet and asked him about what you asked me, and the Prophet did not answer him until Jibril came down with this Ayah:

﴿لَيْسَ عَلَيْكُمْ جُنَاحٌ أَن تَبْتَغُواْ فَضْلاً مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ﴾

(There is no sin on you if you seek the bounty of your Lord (during pilgrimage by trading).) The Prophet summoned the man and said: (You are pilgrims).” Ibn Jarir narrated that Abu Salih said to `Umar, “`O Leader of the faithful! Did you conduct trade transactions during the Hajj” He said, “Was their livelihood except during Hajj”


The Farewell Tawaaf, Again..

Volume 2, Book 26, Number 823:

Narrated ‘ Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):

Safiya (radiallaahu `anhaa) got her menses on the night of Nafr (departure from Hajj), and she said, “I see that I will detain you.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Aqra Halqa! Did she perform the Tawaf on the Day of Nahr (slaughtering)?” Somebody replied in the affirmative. He said, “Then depart.” (Different narrators mentioned that) ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) said, “We set out with Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) (from Medina) with the intention of performing Hajj only. When we reached Mecca, he ordered us to finish the Ihram. When it was the night of Nafr (departure), Safiya bint Huyay (radiallaahu `anhaa) got her menses. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Halqa Aqra! I think that she will detain you,” and added, “Did you perform the Tawaf (Al-Ifada) on the Day of Nahr (slaughtering)?” She replied, “Yes.” He said, “Then depart.” I said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! I have not (done the Umra).” He replied, “Perform ‘Umra from Tan’im.” My brother went with me and we came across the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) in the last part of the night. He said, “Wait at such and such a place.”

Kitaab-ul-Hajj [Book of Pilgrimage] ends here.

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Hajj – The Farewell Tawaaf (Hadith No. 1489)

Bismillah.

Volume 2, Book 26, Number 789:

Narrated ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):

We performed Hajj with the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and performed Tawaf-al-ifada on the Day of Nahr (slaughtering). Safiya (radiallaahu `anhaa) got her menses and the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) desired from her what a husband desires from his wife. I said to him, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! She is having her menses.” He said, “Is she going to detain us?” We informed him that she had performed Tawaf-al-Ifada on the Day of Nahr. He said, “(Then you can) depart.”

When the pilgrim wants to leave Makkah and go back to his country, he should not leave until he has performed the farewell tawaaf (tawaaf al-wadaa’), because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “No one should leave until the last thing that he does is (tawaaf) around the House.” Narrated by Muslim, 1327). According to another version, he told the people that the last thing they should do was (tawaaf) around the house, but he made an exception for women who were menstruating. Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1755; Muslim, 1328.

Women who are menstruating or bleeding following childbirth do not have to do the farewell tawaaf; neither should they stand by the door of al-Masjid al-Haraam to bid farewell, because that was not narrated from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).  This is one of the allowances that sharee’ah makes to women. Women who are menstruating can go back to their families even if they have not done the farewell tawaaf, so give thanks to Allaah for this allowance and blessing.

The last thing the pilgrim should do when he wants to leave is to circumambulate the House. If after the farewell tawaaf he stays and waits for his companions or to load his luggage or to buy something he needs on the way, there is nothing wrong with that, and he does not have to repeat the tawaaf, unless he intends to delay his journey, such as if he intended to travel at the beginning of the day and he did the farewell tawaaf, then he delays his travelling until the end of the day, for example; in this case he has to repeat the tawaaf so that it will be the last thing he does in Makkah.

Hajj – Tawaaf al-Ifaadhah (Hadith No. 1391)

Bismillah.

Volume 2, Book 26, Number 691:

Narrated Ibn Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):

The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) arrived at Mecca and performed Tawaf of the Kaba and Sa’i between Safa and Marwa, but he did not go near the Kaba after his Tawaf till he returned from Arafat.

The first one is called Tawaaf al-Qudoom and the one after `Arafaat is Tawaaf al-ifaadah during Hajj, which is also called tawaaf al-ziyaarah (tawaaf of visiting). It takes place after the standing in ‘Arafah, on the day of al-Adha or after it. It is one of the pillars or essential parts of the Hajj.

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