This is pretty interesting, and probably new for many.
Narrated Abu Juhaim Al-Ansari:
The Prophet came from the direction of Bir Jamal. A man met him and greeted him. But he did not return back the greeting till he went to a (mud) wall and smeared his hands and his face with its dust (performed Tayammum) and then returned back the greeting.
The apparent reason is: because As-Salaam is Allah’s Attribute. Prophet (SAW) wouldn’t say it unless he was in the state of wudhu, or tayammum in this case.
There’s another incident similar to this one when Prophet (SAW) didn’t return the greeting because he was in the shower. Read it here.
Question: what do we do? We’re not in the state of wudhu all the time. Should we not return greetings to people in such conditions?
The answer to that (in my opinion) is: it’s the difference of ranks/levels. Prophet (SAW) was on the highest. He didn’t think it right for himself to let Allah’s name come on his tongue in an ‘impure’ (not in wudhu, to be more precise) state. It’s definitely a Sunnah you may follow. But not a compulsion. So let’s not argue about the “fiqh of saying Salaam” when we’re having problems being regular in prayers. :)
All these Ahadith are related to the same topic: haydh. Mostly similar, with a few differences. Will explain one by one inshaAllah.
Fatima bint Abi Hubaish asked the Prophet, “I got persistent bleeding (in between the periods) and do not become clean. Shall I give up prayers?” He replied, “No, this is from a blood vessel. Give up the prayers only for the days on which you usually get the menses and then take a bath and offer your prayers.”
More on it here.
Narrated Um ‘Atiya:
We never considered yellowish discharge as a thing of importance (as menses).
(the wife of the Prophet) Um Habiba got bleeding in between the periods for seven years. She asked Allah’s Apostle about it. He ordered her to take a bath (after the termination of actual periods) and added that it was (from) a blood vessel. So she used to take a bath for every prayer.
Bath = wudhu. Read more on abrogation here.
(the wife of the Prophet) I told Allah’s Apostle that Safiya bint Huyai had got her menses. He said, “She will probably delay us. Did she perform Tawaf (Al-Ifada) with you?” We replied, “Yes.” On that the Prophet told her to depart.
Similar situation here.
Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:
A woman is allowed to leave (go back home) if she gets menses (after Tawaf-AlIfada). Ibn ‘Umar formerly used to say that she should not leave but later on I heard him saying, “She may leave, since Allah’s Apostle gave them the permission to leave (after Tawaf-AlIfada.)”
Similar to previous one.
The Prophet said to me, “Give up the prayer when your menses begin and when it has finished, wash the blood off your body (take a bath) and start praying.”
Narrated Samura bin Jundab:
The Prophet offered the funeral prayer for the dead body of a woman who died of (during) delivery (i.e. child birth) and he stood by the middle of her body.
Such women have the right to be prayed salat-ul-janazah upon. Plus, they’re not impure. Note: Prophet (SAW) stood by the middle of her body, not far far away.
(the wife of the Prophet) During my menses, I never prayed, but used to sit on the mat beside the mosque of Allah’s Apostle. He used to offer the prayer on his sheet and in prostration some of his clothes used to touch me.”
More on it here.
The overall concept that needs to be instilled in our minds is: haydh itself is impure, but it does not make humans impure. A menstruating women (believing) is as pure as a non-menstruating woman. The only difference is, she has some benefits over the other. For example, she doesn’t pray, she doesn’t fast, she can’t be divorced during her menses etc. She can do other sorts of worship like dhikr and charity etc. She can hold the Qur’an, being careful not to touch the Arabic text. She can recite the Qur’an, out of memory or by reading. She can sit on the prayer rug. And she can do a lot of other things as well. Many examples came in Kitaab-ul-Haydh.
This was, by the way, the last post from Kitaab-ul-Haydh. Tomorrow, Kitaab-ut-Tayammum (Book of Rubbing Hands and Feet with Dust) begins. :)
Narrated Um Salama:
While I was laying with the Prophet under a single woolen sheet, I got the menses. I slipped away and put on the clothes for menses. He said, “Have you got “Nifas” (menses)?” I replied, “Yes.” He then called me and made me lie with him under the same sheet.
This is another proof that a women does not become ‘impure’ when she gets her monthly period.
Second thing is, it’s better to keep separate clothes to wear in these days. Especially the undergarments. It’s not a compulsion though, but just for the sake of extra-cleanliness, it’s encouraged to do so.. And if you can afford it, then why not? :)
Allah’s Apostle was asked regarding ghee (cooking butter) in which a mouse had fallen. He said, “Take out the mouse and throw away the ghee around it and use the rest.”
Ghee is more viscous than the usual oil, so it can be used after throwing away the part touched by the mouse. Going into the scientific details, ghee allows less diffusion so the impure particles of the mouse won’t be able to travel very far. Oil, however, would have to be thrown away if a mouse fell in it.
You come across a lot of terms like Haram, Halal, Makrooh, Mubah, Mustahab etc. It seems like everything is predefined in our religion and everyone has to follow it, regardless of the conditions they live in. But it’s not exactly like that. Many things are predefined, but only generally. There is always room for exception. You gotta remember that.
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, “A man saw a dog eating mud from (the severity of) thirst. So, that man took a shoe (and filled it) with water and kept on pouring the water for the dog till it quenched its thirst. So Allah approved of his deed and made him to enter Paradise.” And narrated Hamza bin ‘Abdullah: My father said. “During the lifetime of Allah’s Apostle, the dogs used to urinate, and pass through the mosques (come and go), nevertheless they never used to sprinkle water on it (urine of the dog.)”
It’s an amazing Hadith. Talks about the importance of small deeds. And it also talks about the exception.. Yesterday’s Hadith told us we needed to wash dog-licked seven times to make it pure. And today’s Hadith tells us dog’s urine need not be washed. Contradiction? No, it’s an exception..
At the time of the Prophet (SAW), the floors weren’t made of wood or concrete. It was all mud. And since dogs used to urinate anywhere, it wasn’t felt necessary to wash the place. Sprinkling water was enough. Reason being, mud absorbs the organic liquids and chemical reactions start taking place. The impure loses its impurity. And the mud is clean..
Would that apply to the floors of mosques of today? Of course not. All kinds of impurities will have to be washed away to clean the place. This is how we apply the rule of exception. Hope its understandable. :)