Volume 4, Book 52, Number 101 :
Narrated by Malik bin Al-Huwairith (radiallaahu `anhu)
On my departure from the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) he said to me and to a friend of mine, “You two, pronounce the Adhan and the Iqama for the prayer and let the elder of you lead the prayer.”
We’ve established previously that the minimum number of people required for a congregational prayer is two. This hadith further proves the importance of the adhaan and iqaamah regardless of the number of people in congregation and the place. Adhaan and iqaamah are NOT limited to the mosque, they should be established wherever the congregation is being held – even while traveling.
While looking up the importance of adhaan and iqaamah, I came across this absolutely beautiful hadeeth of ‘Uqbah ibn ‘Aamir, who said that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:
‘Your Lord likes it when a shepherd at the top of a mountain pass calls the Adhaan for prayer and then prays. Then Allaah says, “Look at this slave of mine, saying the Adhaan and the Iqaamah for prayer and fearing Me. I ask you to bear witness that I have forgiven My slave and will admit him to Paradise.”’” (Narrated by al-Nisaa’i)
This is just too good to ignore. Such beautiful rewards for an easy act. It also proves the importance of adhaan and iqaamah for a person who’s praying alone (men only). Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz (may Allah have mercy on him) said in reply to a related question:
The Sunnah is to give the adhaan and iqaamah. As to whether it is obligatory, there is a difference of opinion among the scholars. It is better and more on the safe side for you to give the adhaan then the iqaamah, because of the general meaning of the evidence. But you should pray in congregation whenever possible. If there is a congregation or you can hear the call to prayer from a mosque near you, then it is obligatory for you to respond to the muezzin and attend the prayer in congregation. If you cannot hear the call and there is no mosque near you, the Sunnah is for you to give the adhaan yourself, then the iqaamah. End quote.
Al-Shaafa’i (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:
“If a man neglects to say the Adhaan and Iqaamah when he is praying alone or in congregation, I regard that as makrooh, but he does not have to repeat the prayers he did without the Adhaan or Iqaamah.”
The Prophet said, “If supper is served, and Iqama is pronounced one should start with the supper.”
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Allah’s Apostle said, “If the supper is served start having it before praying the Maghrib prayer and do not be hasty in finishing it.”
Ibn ‘Umar said, “Allah’s Apostle said, ‘If the supper is served for anyone of you and the Iqama is pronounced, start with the supper and don’t be in haste (and carry on eating) till you finish it.” If food was served for Ibn ‘Umar and Iqama was pronounced, he never came to the prayer till he finished it (i.e. food) in spite of the fact that he heard the recitation (of the Qur’an) by the Imam (in the prayer). Narrated Ibn ‘Umar: The Prophet said, “If anyone of you is having his meals, he should not hurry up till he is satisfied; even if the prayer has been started.”
Now, it’s not an everyday situation. We make sure that our meal times do not conflict with prayer times. But in case food is served to you at prayer time and you’re hungry, you may continue eating. And don’t make haste in finishing your food, as Prophet (SAW) said.
So, bon appetit! :)
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Mughaffal Al-Muzani:
Allah’s Apostle said thrice, “There is a prayer between the two Adhans (Adhaan and Iqaama),” and added, “For the one who wants to pray.”
It’s a nafal prayer. But Prophet (SAW) kinda recommended it.
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
“When the Mu’adhdhin pronounced the Adhaan, some of the companions of the Prophet would proceed to the pillars of the mosque (for the prayer) till the Prophet arrived and in this way they used to pray two Rakat before the Maghrib prayer. There used to be a little time between the Adhaan and the Iqaamah.” Shu’ba said, “There used to be a very short interval between the two (Adhaan and Iqaama).”
More on it here.
Allah’s Apostle used to pray two light Rakat before the morning (compulsory) prayer after the day dawned and the Mu’adhin had finished his Adhaan. He then would lie on his right side till the Mu’adhdhin came to pronounce the Iqaamah.
Another Sunnah -> lay down on your right side after praying the Fajr Sunnahs to wait for the fardh prayer.
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Mughaffal:
The prophet said, “There is a prayer between the two Adhaans (Adhaan and Iqaamah), there is a prayer between the two Adhaans.” And then while saying it the third time he added, “For the one who wants to (pray).”
Prophet (SAW) repeated it thrice. And in the end he said: ‘for the one who wants to (pray)’. It shows that he stressed on it but made it clear that these two rak’aat are not compulsory.