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Invocation of Prophet (SAW) against the Disbelievers (Ahadith 818 – 819)

Assalamu`alaykum,
Bismillah.

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 818:

Narrated Abu Huraira;

Whenever the Prophet (p.b.u.h) lifted his head from the bowing in the last Raka he used to say: “O Allah! Save ‘Aiyash bin Abi Rabi’a. O Allah! Save Salama bin Hisham. O Allah! Save Walid bin Walid. O Allah! Save the weak faithful believers. O Allah! Be hard on the tribes of Mudar and send (famine) years on them like the famine years of (Prophet) Joseph .” The Prophet further said, “Allah forgive the tribes of Ghifar and save the tribes of Aslam.” Abu Az-Zinad (a sub-narrator) said, “The Qunut used to be recited by the Prophet in the Fajr prayer.”

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 819:

Narrated Masruq:

We were with ‘Abdullah and he said, “When the Prophet saw the refusal of the people to accept Islam he said, “O Allah! Send (famine) years on them for (seven years) like the seven years (of famine during the time) of (Prophet) Joseph.” So famine overtook them for one year and destroyed every kind of life to such an extent that the people started eating hides, carcasses and rotten dead animals. Whenever one of them looked towards the sky, he would (imagine himself to) see smoke because of hunger.

So Abu Sufyan went to the Prophet and said, “O Muhammad! You order people to obey Allah and to keep good relations with kith and kin. No doubt the people of your tribe are dying, so please pray to Allah for them.”

So Allah revealed: “Then watch you For the day that The sky will bring forth a kind Of smoke Plainly visible … Verily! You will return (to disbelief) On the day when We shall seize You with a mighty grasp.” (44: 10-16)

Ibn Masud added, “Al-Batsha (i.e. grasp) happened in the battle of Badr and no doubt smoke, Al-Batsha, Al-Lizam, and the verse of Surat Ar-Rum have all passed.

Dukhan (Smoke):

فَارْتَقِبْ يَوْمَ تَأْتِي السَّمَاءُ بِدُخَانٍ مُّبِينٍ

Then wait you for the Day when the sky will bring forth a visible smoke,

يَغْشَى النَّاسَ ۖ هَـٰذَا عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ

Covering the people: this is a painful torment.

رَّبَّنَا اكْشِفْ عَنَّا الْعَذَابَ إِنَّا مُؤْمِنُونَ

(They will say): “Our Lord! Remove the torment from us, really we shall become believers!”

أَنَّىٰ لَهُمُ الذِّكْرَىٰ وَقَدْ جَاءَهُمْ رَسُولٌ مُّبِينٌ

How can there be for them an admonition (at the time when the torment has reached them), when a Messenger explaining things clearly has already come to them.

ثُمَّ تَوَلَّوْا عَنْهُ وَقَالُوا مُعَلَّمٌ مَّجْنُونٌ

Then they had turned away from him (Messenger Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم) and said: (He is) one taught (by a human being), a madman!”

إِنَّا كَاشِفُو الْعَذَابِ قَلِيلًا ۚ إِنَّكُمْ عَائِدُونَ

Verily, We shall remove the torment for a while. Verily you will revert (to disbelief).

[Ad-Dukhan: 10-15]

Batsha:

يَوْمَ نَبْطِشُ الْبَطْشَةَ الْكُبْرَىٰ إِنَّا مُنتَقِمُونَ

On the Day when We shall seize you with the greatest seizure (punishment). Verily, We will exact retribution. [Ad-Dukhan: 16]

إِنَّ بَطْشَ رَبِّكَ لَشَدِيدٌ

Verily, (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) the Seizure (punishment) of your Lord is severe and painful. [Al-Burooj: 12]

وَكَذَ‌ٰلِكَ أَخْذُ رَبِّكَ إِذَا أَخَذَ الْقُرَىٰ وَهِيَ ظَالِمَةٌ ۚ إِنَّ أَخْذَهُ أَلِيمٌ شَدِيدٌ

Such is the Seizure of your Lord when He seizes the (population of) the towns while they are doing wrong. Verily, His Seizure is painful, (and) severe. [Hud: 102]

Lizam:

قُلْ مَا يَعْبَأُ بِكُمْ رَبِّي لَوْلَا دُعَاؤُكُمْ ۖ فَقَدْ كَذَّبْتُمْ فَسَوْفَ يَكُونُ لِزَامًا

Say (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم to the disbelievers): “My Lord pays attention to you only because of your invocation to Him. But now you have indeed denied (Him). So the torment will be yours for ever (inseparable, permanent punishment).” [Al-Furqan: 77]

As already mentioned in the Hadith, this famine had occurred on the Holy Prophet’s prayer, and he had prayed for it so that when the calamity befell, it would break the stubbornness of the disbelievers and then they would listen to the rebuke. It looked as if this expectation was being fulfilled to some extent, for some of the most stubborn enemies of the Truth, on account of the severities of the famine, had cried out: “O Lord, avert this torment from us and we will believe.” At this, on the one hand, the Holy Prophet has been foretold :”These people will not learn any lesson from such calamities. When they have turned away from the Messenger, whose life, character, works and speech clearly show that he is Allah’s true Messenger, how will a mere famine help remove their disbelief?” On the other, the unbelievers have been addressed, so as to say : “You lie when you say that you will believe as soon as the torment is removed from you. We shall just remove it to see how sincere you are in your promise. There is a graver disaster about to fall upon you. You need a much more crushing blow :minor misfortunes cannot set you right.”

Some scholars comment that this ‘smoke’ is referring to the event that will take place on the Day of Resurrection, but Ibn Mas`ud’s opinion (which seems the most correct one) was that Dukhan (Smoke) has already taken place. Meaning, it happened on the Battle of Badr. Allahu A`lam.

Site of the Battle of Badr

Anyway, whatever happened with the Quraysh and other nations of the past is history. Being judgmental is not the way to look at it. Allah (SWT) narrated these stories in the Qur’an for our benefit. He wants us to learn. He wants us to not repeat those mistakes. He wants us to be saved from His punishment. He wants to have Mercy on us. But do we, or will we ever learn!?

Wassalam.

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Pilot (Hadith No. 817)

Assalamu`alaykum,
Bismillah.

First post from Kitaab-ul-Istisqaa’ [Book of Invoking Allah for Rain]

There has been a sort of thorough post on this topic before. Do go through it, to get some good background information before you read on.

Istisqaa’ prayer is a two-rak`ah prayer similar to that of Eid prayer with seven takbirat in the first rak`ah and five takbirat in the second rak`ah excluding the takbir of the opening of the prayer and the takbir of the qiyam (standing) for the second rak`ah.

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 817:

Narrated ‘Abbas bin Tamim’s uncle:

The Prophet (p.b.u.h) went out to offer the Istisqa’ prayer and turned (and put on) his cloak inside out.

  • Go OUT to offer Istisqaa’ prayer.
    Here’s a fatwa regarding the place of prayer.
  • Turning the cloak and putting it on inside-out is also a Sunnah. Read this.

Note to self: post and sleep.

Wassalam.

Praying for Rain (Ahadith 752 – 753)

Assalamu`alaykum,
Bismillah.

Volume 2, Book 13, Number 752:

Narrated Anas:

While the Prophet was delivering the Khutba on a Friday, a man stood up and said, “O, Allah’s Apostle! The livestock and the sheep are dying, so pray to Allah for rain.” So he (the Prophet) raised both his hands and invoked Allah (for it).

Imagine what would happen if someone interrupted a khutbah today. *shivers at the thought*
In all fairness, Prophet (SAW) did not rebuke/scold him because he was a Bedouin – an illiterate person who was ignorant of the fact that one must not interrupt the khutbah. So instead, Prophet (SAW) just did as he said – he made du`a for rain.

A lesson for the Imaams right there. ^

Volume 2, Book 13, Number 753:

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

Once in the lifetime of the Prophet (p.b.u.h) the people were afflicted with drought (famine). While the Prophet was delivering the Khutba on a Friday, a Bedouin stood up and said, “O, Allah’s Apostle! Our possessions are being destroyed and the children are hungry; Please invoke Allah (for rain)”. So the Prophet raised his hands. At that time there was not a trace of cloud in the sky. By Him in Whose Hands my soul is as soon as he lowered his hands, clouds gathered like mountains, and before he got down from the pulpit, I saw the rain falling on the beard of the Prophet. It rained that day, the next day, the third day, the fourth day till the next Friday. The same Bedouin or another man stood up and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! The houses have collapsed, our possessions and livestock have been drowned; Please invoke Allah (to protect us)”. So the Prophet raised both his hands and said, “O Allah! Round about us and not on us”. So, in whatever direction he pointed with his hands, the clouds dispersed and cleared away, and Medina’s (sky) became clear as a hole in between the clouds. The valley of Qanat remained flooded, for one month, none came from outside but talked about the abundant rain.

Two words: ‘LOL’ and SubhanAllah! This was the barakah and sincerity in du`a of the Prophet (SAW). <3

Alright, so praying for rain is called ‘istisqaa‘ (seeking rain from Allah). As for the proper method of this prayer, wait for Book 17 of Sahih al-Bukhari. It’ll be covered in detail inshaAllah. (Right now, we’re on Book 13, so not too far away..)

Here’s a brief version:

During the 6th year of the Prophet’s migration to Madinah, people complained to him about lack of rain, so he gave orders for a pulpit to be prepared.

He then appointed a day for the people to gather. He came out when the sun had just appeared and sat down on the pulpit. He extolled Allah’s greatness and praised Him. Then he said: ‘You have complained of drought in your areas and of delay in receiving rain at the beginning of its season, but you have been ordered by Allah to supplicate Him and He has promised that He would answer your prayers.’

After this, he turned his back to the people and started praying to Allah, keeping his hands raised, saying, “Oh Allah, let us be covered with thick clouds that have abundant and beneficial rain, frequently making a light rain upon us and sprinkling upon us with lightning. Oh Allah, You are full of majesty, bounty and honour.”

Finally, he faced the people, descended from the pulpit, and prayed twice in rak’at (prostration).

This prayer is taken recourse to when seeking rain from Allah during times of drought. It may be performed in one of the following manners:

  1. the imam prays, with the followers, two rak’at
  2. maybe performed during any time except those times in which it is not desirable to pray
  3. in the first rak’ah, the imam recites al-A’la after al-Fatihah
  4. in the second rak’ah, he reads al-Ghashiyah after al-Fatihah
  5. and he delivers a khutbah before or after the salah
  6. as soon as he finishes the khutbah, the people present should turn their outer garments around, each placing its left side on his right side and its right side on his left, face the qiblah (Ka’ba), supplicate Allah and raise their hands while doing so.

About turning the rida’ (cloak/upper garment) inside out, this here should be helpful.

Wassalam.

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