Volume 2, Book 13, Number 752:
While the Prophet was delivering the Khutba on a Friday, a man stood up and said, “O, Allah’s Apostle! The livestock and the sheep are dying, so pray to Allah for rain.” So he (the Prophet) raised both his hands and invoked Allah (for it).
Imagine what would happen if someone interrupted a khutbah today. *shivers at the thought*
In all fairness, Prophet (SAW) did not rebuke/scold him because he was a Bedouin – an illiterate person who was ignorant of the fact that one must not interrupt the khutbah. So instead, Prophet (SAW) just did as he said – he made du`a for rain.
A lesson for the Imaams right there. ^
Volume 2, Book 13, Number 753:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Once in the lifetime of the Prophet (p.b.u.h) the people were afflicted with drought (famine). While the Prophet was delivering the Khutba on a Friday, a Bedouin stood up and said, “O, Allah’s Apostle! Our possessions are being destroyed and the children are hungry; Please invoke Allah (for rain)”. So the Prophet raised his hands. At that time there was not a trace of cloud in the sky. By Him in Whose Hands my soul is as soon as he lowered his hands, clouds gathered like mountains, and before he got down from the pulpit, I saw the rain falling on the beard of the Prophet. It rained that day, the next day, the third day, the fourth day till the next Friday. The same Bedouin or another man stood up and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! The houses have collapsed, our possessions and livestock have been drowned; Please invoke Allah (to protect us)”. So the Prophet raised both his hands and said, “O Allah! Round about us and not on us”. So, in whatever direction he pointed with his hands, the clouds dispersed and cleared away, and Medina’s (sky) became clear as a hole in between the clouds. The valley of Qanat remained flooded, for one month, none came from outside but talked about the abundant rain.
Two words: ‘LOL’ and SubhanAllah! This was the barakah and sincerity in du`a of the Prophet (SAW). <3
Alright, so praying for rain is called ‘istisqaa‘ (seeking rain from Allah). As for the proper method of this prayer, wait for Book 17 of Sahih al-Bukhari. It’ll be covered in detail inshaAllah. (Right now, we’re on Book 13, so not too far away..)
Here’s a brief version:
During the 6th year of the Prophet’s migration to Madinah, people complained to him about lack of rain, so he gave orders for a pulpit to be prepared.
He then appointed a day for the people to gather. He came out when the sun had just appeared and sat down on the pulpit. He extolled Allah’s greatness and praised Him. Then he said: ‘You have complained of drought in your areas and of delay in receiving rain at the beginning of its season, but you have been ordered by Allah to supplicate Him and He has promised that He would answer your prayers.’
After this, he turned his back to the people and started praying to Allah, keeping his hands raised, saying, “Oh Allah, let us be covered with thick clouds that have abundant and beneficial rain, frequently making a light rain upon us and sprinkling upon us with lightning. Oh Allah, You are full of majesty, bounty and honour.”
Finally, he faced the people, descended from the pulpit, and prayed twice in rak’at (prostration).
This prayer is taken recourse to when seeking rain from Allah during times of drought. It may be performed in one of the following manners:
- the imam prays, with the followers, two rak’at
- maybe performed during any time except those times in which it is not desirable to pray
- in the first rak’ah, the imam recites al-A’la after al-Fatihah
- in the second rak’ah, he reads al-Ghashiyah after al-Fatihah
- and he delivers a khutbah before or after the salah
- as soon as he finishes the khutbah, the people present should turn their outer garments around, each placing its left side on his right side and its right side on his left, face the qiblah (Ka’ba), supplicate Allah and raise their hands while doing so.
About turning the rida’ (cloak/upper garment) inside out, this here should be helpful.
There has been a post on this topic before, but this will be more detailed and insightful inshaAllah.
Volume 2, Book 13, Number 750:
Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah:
A person entered the mosque while the Prophet was delivering the Khutba on a Friday. The Prophet said to him, “Have you prayed?” The man replied in the negative. The Prophet said, “Get up and pray two Rakat.”
Volume 2, Book 13, Number 751:
A man entered the Mosque while the Prophet was delivering the Khutba. The Prophet said to him, “Have you prayed?” The man replied in the negative. The Prophet said, “Pray two Rakat.”
One of the etiquettes of visiting the Masjid, is the offering of two rak`aat glorifying Allaah upon arrival. These two rak`aat show honor and respect for the places of worship. These two rak`aat are known as “Tahiyyaht-ul-Masjid”, and display salutation for the masjid. The person entering the masjid performs them greeting the masjid; similar to the way a person greets somebody.
There is proof found in the hadeeth of Abu Qaatadah that this prayer is legislated. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said,
إِذَا دَخَلَ أَحَدُكُمُ الْمَسْجِدَ فَلاَ يَجْلِسْ حَتَّى يُصَلِّىَ رَكْعَتَيْنِ
“Whenever one of you enter the masjid he MUST not sit down until he prays two Rak’ah.” (Bukhari 433)
فَلْيَرْكَعْ رَكْعَتَيْنِ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَجْلِسَ
“Then he MUST pray two Rak’ah before he sits down”(Muslim 714)
In the Ahadith mentioned above (top), an instance is mentioned where Prophet (SAW) interrupts his khutba to ask a man if he had prayed tahiyyat-ul-masjid upon entering the masjid. And then he ordered him to get up and pray the two rak`aat. This is where the confusion starts. Is the Jumu`ah khutba more important or the tahiyyat-ul-masjid? Well, read point 4 here.
Is it mandatory, recommended, or just a voluntary deed? Does a person HAVE to perform these two rak`aat upon entering a masjid, or does he/she have an option? Well, there’s difference of opinion among scholars. Go through this link for details. In short, it is recommended and a “stressed Sunnah”.
So if it’s a stressed Sunnah, can we perform the two rak`aat even in the times when prayer is forbidden (example: after Fajr, after Asr)? Get your answer here.
Happy knowing + amal-ing. :D
Today’s Hadith will explain the title of this post inshaAllah. :P
Volume 2, Book 13, Number 749:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, “When it is a Friday, the angels stand at the gate of the mosque and keep on writing the names of the persons coming to the mosque in succession according to their arrivals. The example of the one who enters the mosque in the earliest hour is that of one offering a camel (in sacrifice). The one coming next is like one offering a cow and then a ram and then a chicken and then an egg respectively. When the Imam comes out (for Jumua prayer) they (i.e. angels) fold their papers and listen to the Khutba.”
The bigger you want your reward to be, the more you gotta work for it. Eggs don’t weigh much, you know. :|
And what do you think about those who reach the masjid after the Imaam comes out? Even angels leave their jobs at that time to listen to the khutbah!
Volume 2, Book 13, Number 747:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
Once the Prophet ascended the pulpit and it was the last gathering in which he took part. He was covering his shoulder with a big cloak and binding his head with an oily bandage. He glorified and praised Allah and said, “O people! Come to me.” So the people came and gathered around him and he then said, “Amma ba’du.” “From now onward the Ansar will decrease and other people will increase. So anybody who becomes a ruler of the followers of Muhammad and has the power to harm or benefit people then he should accept the good from the benevolent amongst them (Ansar) and overlook the faults of their wrong-doers.”
Ansar (Arabic: الأنصار al-Anṣār) is an Islamic term that literally means “helpers” and denotes the Medinan citizens that helped Muhammad and the Muhajirun on the arrival to the city after the migration to Medina. They belonged to two main tribes, the Banu Khazraj and the Banu Aws. [Wikipedia]
We all know who the Ansaar were. We read about the in the Seerah of the Prophet (SAW) – how they helped the Muslims who migrated from Makkah, how they shared their wealth, property, houses, and even families with them, how they sacrificed for Islam. This is just one example.
Their efforts and sacrifices in the name of Islam raised their status to such heights that Prophet (SAW) said what he said in the above mentioned Hadith, that the ruler should accept the good from the benevolent amongst them (Ansar) and overlook the faults of their wrong-doers. Not just that. It’s a sign of IMAAN to have love for the Ansaar. Can you believe it? :O
Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) said, The sign of Eemaan is love for the Ansaar and the sign of hypocrisy is hatred for the Ansaar.
Reported by al-Bukhaaree (Eng. trans. 1/21/no.16). Refer also to Fadaailus-Sahaabah of Imaam Ahmad (2/790).
Even now, Madinah and its people are so amazing. You can’t help but love them. :P