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Eid – Khutbah (Ahadith 774 – 780)

Assalamu`alaykum,
Bismillah.

Volume 2, Book 15, Number 774:

Narrated Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri:

The Prophet used to proceed to the Musalla on the days of Id-ul-Fitr and Id-ul-Adha; the first thing to begin with was the prayer and after that he would stand in front of the people and the people would keep sitting in their rows. Then he would preach to them, advise them and give them orders, (i.e. Khutba). And after that if he wished to send an army for an expedition, he would do so; or if he wanted to give and order, he would do so, and then depart. The people followed this tradition till I went out with Marwan, the Governor of Medina, for the prayer of Id-ul-Adha or Id-ul-Fitr.

When we reached the Musalla, there was a pulpit made by Kathir bin As-Salt. Marwan wanted to get up on that pulpit before the prayer. I got hold of his clothes but he pulled them and ascended the pulpit and delivered the Khutba before the prayer. I said to him, “By Allah, you have changed (the Prophet’s tradition).” He replied, “O Abu Sa’id! Gone is that which you know.” I said, “By Allah! What I know is better than what I do not know.” Marwan said, “People do not sit to listen to our Khutba after the prayer, so I delivered the Khutba before the prayer.”

Volume 2, Book 15, Number 775:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Umar:

Allah’s Apostle used to offer the prayer of ‘Id-ul-Adha and ‘Id-ul-Fitr and then deliver the Khutba after the prayer.

Volume 2, Book 15, Number 776:

Narrated Ibn Juraij:

‘Ata’ said, “Jabir bin ‘Abdullah said, ‘The Prophet went out on the Day of ‘Id-ul-Fitr and offered the prayer before delivering the Khutba, Ata told me that during the early days of IbnAz-Zubair, Ibn Abbas had sent a message to him telling him that the Adhan for the ‘Id Prayer was never pronounced (in the life time of Allah’s Apostle) and the Khutba used to be delivered after the prayer. Ata told me that Ibn Abbas and Jabir bin ‘Abdullah, had said, �- where was no Adhan for the prayer of ‘Id-ul-Fitr and ‘Id-ul-Adha.” ‘At a’ said, “I heard Jabir bin ‘Abdullah saying, ‘The Prophet stood up and started with the prayer, and after it he delivered the Khutba. When the Prophet of Allah (p.b.u.h) finished (the Khutba), he went to the women and preached to them, while he was leaning on Bilal’s hand. Bilal was spreading his garment and the ladies were putting alms in it.’ ” I said to Ata, “Do you think it incumbent upon an Imam to go to the women and preach to them after finishing the prayer and Khutba?” ‘Ata’ said, “No doubt it is incumbent on Imams to do so, and why should they not do so?”

Volume 2, Book 15, Number 777:

Narrated Ibn Abbas:

I offered the ‘Id prayer with Allah’s Apostle, Abu Bakr, Umar and ‘Uthman and all of them offered the prayer before delivering the Khutba.

Volume 2, Book 15, Number 778:

Narrated Ibn Umar:

Allah’s Apostle, Abu Bakr and Umar used to offer the two ‘Id prayers before delivering the Khutba.

Volume 2, Book 15, Number 779:

Narrated Ibn Abbas:

The Prophet offered a two Rakat prayer on the Day of Id ul Fitr and he did not pray before or after it. Then he went towards women along with Bilal and ordered them to pay alms and so they started giving their earrings and necklaces (in charity).

Volume 2, Book 15, Number 780:

Narrated Al-Bara’ bin ‘Azib:

The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, “The first thing that we should do on this day of ours is to pray and then return to slaughter the sacrifice. So anyone who does so, he acted according to our Sunna (tradition), and whoever slaughtered the sacrifice before the prayer, it was just meat which he presented to his family and would not be considered as Nusuk.” A person from the Ansar named Abu Burda bin Niyyar said, “O Allah’s Apostle! I slaughtered the Nusuk (before the prayer) but I have a young she-goat which is better than an older sheep.” The Prophet I said, “Sacrifice it in lieu of the first, but it will be not sufficient (as a sacrifice) for anybody else after you.”

So we establish that:

  • Eid’s khutbah is after the prayer, not before it.
  • Imaam/Khateeb delivers khutbah while standing.
  • There’s no adhaan for the Eid prayer.
  • There should be special sessions for women, because there’s a lot of khayr (good) in them. ^_^
  • There’s no prayer before or after the Eid prayer.
  • Eid prayer consists of two rak`aat.

..When the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) reached the prayer-place, he would begin the prayer with no adhaan or iqaamah, and without saying “Al-salaatu jaami’ah (prayer is about to begin).” The Sunnah is not to do any of these things.

And he did not offer any prayer in the prayer-place before or after the Eid prayer.

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) would start with the prayer, before the khutbah..

..When the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) had finished the prayer, he would move away and stand facing the people, with the people sitting in their rows, and he would address them, preaching and exhorting, with commands and prohibitions. If he wanted to dispatch anyone on a mission he would do so, and if he wanted to enjoin anything he would do that.

There was no minbar on which he would stand, and the minbar of Madeenah was not brought out. Rather he would address them standing on the ground. Jaabir said: I attended Eid prayer with the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). He started with the prayer before the khutbah, with no adhaan and no iqaamah, then he stood, leaning on Bilaal, and enjoined us to fear and obey Allaah. He preached to the people and reminded them, then he went over to the women and preached to them and reminded them. Agreed upon.

Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to go out on the day of al-Fitr and al-Adha to the prayer place. He would start with the prayer, then he would go and stand facing the people, with the people sitting in their rows… This hadeeth was narrated by Muslim.

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) started all his khutbahs with praise of Allaah. It is not narrated even in one hadeeth that he started the khutbah of Eid with takbeer. Rather Ibn Maajah narrated in his Sunan (1287) that Sa’d al-Qaraz, the muezzin of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to say the takbeer between the two sermons and he used to say takbeer a great deal throughout the khutbah of Eid. This was classed as da’eef by al-Albaani in Da’eef Ibn Maajah. Although the hadeeth is da’eef, it does not indicate that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to begin his khutbah with takbeer.

It says in Tamaam al-Mannah: Although it does not indicate that it is prescribed to begin the Eid khutbah with takbeer, its isnaad is da’eef and includes one man who is da’eef (weak) and another who is majhool (unknown), so it is not permissible to quote it as evidence that it is Sunnah to say takbeer during the khutbah.

Ibn al-Qayyim said:

People differed as to how the khutbah on Eid and on the occasion of prayers for rain (istisqa’) should begin. It was said that they should begin with takbeer and it was said that the khutbah of istisqa’ should begin with prayers for forgiveness, and it was said that they should begin with praise. Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said: this is the correct view. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to begin all his khutbahs with praise of Allaah.

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) granted a concession allowing those who attended the Eid prayers either to sit and listen to the khutbah, or to leave.

Abu Dawood (1155) narrated that ‘Abd-Allaah ibn al-Saa’ib said: I attended Eid (prayer) with the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and when he had finished the prayer he said: “We are going to deliver the khutbah, so whoever wants to sit and listen to the khutbah, let him do so, and whoever wants to leave, let him go.” Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood..

[IslamQA]

Wassalam.

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The Special Hour of Friday (Hadith No. 755)

Assalamu`alaykum,
Bismillah.

Volume 2, Book 13, Number 755:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle (p.b.u.h) talked about Friday and said, “There is an hour (opportune time) on Friday and if a Muslim gets it while praying and asks something from Allah, then Allah will definitely meet his demand.” And he (the Prophet) pointed out the shortness of that time with his hands.

This ‘hour’ can be either of these two:

  1. when the Imaam sits on the pulpit until the end of the (Jumu`ah) prayer.
  2. after the `Asr prayer until the Maghrib prayer (most correct of the two opinions).

Read on for details, or simply watch this video. Caution: this will be very informative and beneficial inshaAllah. :)

Don't forget to share it with others!

Firstly: 

The saheeh Sunnah indicates that there is a time on Friday when du’aa’s may be answered, and no Muslim happens to ask Allaah for good at that time but He will give it to him, as it says in the hadeeth narrated by al-Bukhaari (5295) and Muslim (852) from Abu Hurayrah who said: Abu’l-Qaasim (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “On Friday there is an hour when, if a Muslims happens to pray at that time and ask Allaah for something good, He will give it to him.”

There are many views on when this time is. The most correct are two views:

Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: The most correct of these views are two which are mentioned in proven ahaadeeth, and one of them is more likely than the other.

  1. The first is that it is from the time when the imam sits on the minbar until the end of the prayer. The evidence for this opinion is the report which was narrated by Muslim in his Saheeh (853) from Abu Burdah ibn Abi Moosa al-Ash’ari who said: ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Umar said to me: Did you hear your father narrating from the Messenger of Allaah (S) concerning the (special) hour on Friday? I said: Yes, I heard him say: I heard the Messenger of Allaah (S) say: “It is between the time when the imam sits down, until the prayer is over.”

    Al-Tirmidhi (490) and Ibn Maajah (1138) narrated from Katheer ibn ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Amr ibn ‘Awf al-Muzani from his father from his grandfather that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “On Friday there is an hour of the day during which no person asks Allaah for something but He will give it to him.” It was said, When is that time? He said, “When the iqaamah for prayer is given, until the prayer ends.” [Shaykh al-Albaani said: It is da’eef jiddan (very weak)].

  2. The second view is that it is after ‘Asr, and this is the more correct of the two views. This is the view of ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Salaam, Abu Hurayrah, Imam Ahmad and others.

    The evidence for this view is the report narrated by Ahmad in his Musnad (7631) from Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri and Abu Hurayrah, that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “On Friday there is an hour when no Muslim happens to ask Allaah for good at that time but He will give it to him, and it is after ‘Asr.” [In Tahqeeq al-Musnad its says: The hadeeth is saheeh because of corroborating evidence, but this isnaad is da’eef (weak)].

    Abu Dawood (1048) and al-Nasaa’i (1389) narrated from Jaabir ibn ‘Abd-Allaah that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Friday is twelve hours in which there is no Muslim who asks Allaah for something but He will give it to him, so seek the last hour after ‘Asr.” [Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani].

    Sa’eed ibn Mansoor narrated in his Sunan from Abu Salamah ibn ‘Abd al-Rahmaan that some of the companions of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) gathered and spoke of the (special) hour on Friday, then they parted and did not disagree that it is the last hour on Friday. [al-Haafiz classed its isnaad as saheeh in al-Fath, 2/489].

    In Sunan Ibn Maajah (1139) it is narrated that ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Salaam said: I said, when the Messenger of Allaah (S) was sitting, We find in the Book of Allaah that on Friday there is an hour when no believing slave happens to pray and ask Allaah for anything at that time, but Allaah will meet his need.

    ‘Abd-Allaah said: The Messenger of Allaah (S) pointed to me, saying, “Or some part of an hour.” I said, You are right, or some part of an hour. I said, What time is that? He said, “It is the last hours of the day.” I said, It is not the time of the prayer? He said, “Indeed, when a believing slave prays and then sits with nothing but the prayer keeping him, he is still in a state of prayer.”
    Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani.

    In Sunan Abi Dawood (1046), al-Tirmidhi (491) and al-Nasaa’i (1430) it is narrated from Abu Salamah ibn ‘Abd al-Rahmaan that Abu Hurayrah said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The best day on which the sun rises is Friday. On it Adam was created, on it he was sent down (to earth), on it his repentance was accepted, on it he died and on it the Hour will begin. There is no living being but it is in a state of apprehension on Friday from dawn until sunrise fearing the onset of the Hour, except jinn and mankind. On it there is an hour when no Muslim happens to pray and ask Allaah for what he needs, but He will give it to him. Ka’b said: Is that one day in every year? I said: No, it is every week. He said: Ka’b read the Tawraat (Torah) and said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) spoke the truth. Abu Hurayrah said: Then I met ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Salaam and told him of my meeting with Ka’b, and ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Salaam said: I know which time it is. Abu Hurayrah said: I said to him: Tell me about it. ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Salaam said: It is the last hour of Friday. I said: How can it be the last hour of Friday when the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “No Muslim happens to pray at that time,” but there is no prayer at that time. ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Salaam said: Didn’t the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say: “Whoever sits waiting for the prayer is in a state of prayer until he prays”? I said: Then this is it.

    Al-Tirmidhi said: A saheeh hasan hadeeth. Some of it is mentioned in al-Saheehayn. [It was classed as saheeh by al-Albaani.] End quote from Zaad al-Ma’aad (1/376).

Secondly: 

According to the view that it is from the time when the imam sits down until the end of the prayer, that does not mean that the one who is praying behind the imam should distract himself with du’aa’ and not listen to the khutbah, rather he should listen to the khutbah and say ameen to the du’aa’ of the imam, and supplicate during his prayer, when prostrating and before the salaam.

By doing so, he will have offered du’aa’ during this special time, and if he also says du’aa’ in the last hour after ‘Asr, that is even better.

And Allaah knows best.

[Taken from a very well-written article: http://www.ummah.com/forum/showthread.php?245439-Defining-the-hour-when-du%92aa%92-is-answered-on-Friday]

Tomorrow’s Friday. Don’t miss this special hour. Make the best of it! And do remind others about it, so you can get double the reward. ;)

Wassalam.

An Evil Act (Hadith No. 754)

Assalamu`alaykum,
Bismillah.

It’s one thing to talk during the khutbah. That’s absolutely wrong. But it’s different when you ask someone else to keep quiet while the khutbah is going on. That might seem right. But it’s wrong! For real for real.

Be quiet, you! I'm trying to concentrate here! e_e

Volume 2, Book 13, Number 754:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle (p.b.u.h) said, “When the Imam is delivering the Khutba, and you ask your companion to keep quiet and listen, then no doubt you have done an evil act.”

Obviously, it’s easier said than done. But inshaAllah if we make the intention to follow this Hadith, Allah will help us. :)

Wassalam.

Tahiyyat-ul-Masjid: An Insight (Ahadith 750 – 751)

Assalamu`alaykum,
Bismillah.

There has been a post on this topic before, but this will be more detailed and insightful inshaAllah.

Volume 2, Book 13, Number 750:

Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah:

A person entered the mosque while the Prophet was delivering the Khutba on a Friday. The Prophet said to him, “Have you prayed?” The man replied in the negative. The Prophet said, “Get up and pray two Rakat.”

Volume 2, Book 13, Number 751:

Narrated Jabir:

A man entered the Mosque while the Prophet was delivering the Khutba. The Prophet said to him, “Have you prayed?” The man replied in the negative. The Prophet said, “Pray two Rakat.”

One of the etiquettes of visiting the Masjid, is the offering of two rak`aat glorifying Allaah upon arrival. These two rak`aat show honor and respect for the places of worship. These two rak`aat are known as “Tahiyyaht-ul-Masjid”, and display salutation for the masjid. The person entering the masjid performs them greeting the masjid; similar to the way a person greets somebody.

There is proof found in the hadeeth of Abu Qaatadah that this prayer is legislated. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said,

إِذَا دَخَلَ أَحَدُكُمُ الْمَسْجِدَ فَلاَ يَجْلِسْ حَتَّى يُصَلِّىَ رَكْعَتَيْنِ

“Whenever one of you enter the masjid he MUST not sit down until he prays two Rak’ah.” (Bukhari 433)

فَلْيَرْكَعْ رَكْعَتَيْنِ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَجْلِسَ

“Then he MUST pray two Rak’ah before he sits down”(Muslim 714)

Entering the Best of Masajid.. <3

In the Ahadith mentioned above (top), an instance is mentioned where Prophet (SAW) interrupts his khutba to ask a man if he had prayed tahiyyat-ul-masjid upon entering the masjid. And then he ordered him to get up and pray the two rak`aat. This is where the confusion starts. Is the Jumu`ah khutba more important or the tahiyyat-ul-masjid? Well, read point 4 here.

Is it mandatory, recommended, or just a voluntary deed? Does a person HAVE to perform these two rak`aat upon entering a masjid, or does he/she have an option? Well, there’s difference of opinion among scholars. Go through this link for details. In short, it is recommended and a “stressed Sunnah”.

So if it’s a stressed Sunnah, can we perform the two rak`aat even in the times when prayer is forbidden (example: after Fajr, after Asr)? Get your answer here.

Happy knowing + amal-ing. :D

Wassalam.

The Khutbah ‘Scene’ II (Hadith No. 748)

Assalamu`alaykum,
Bismillah.

Volume 2, Book 13, Number 748:

Narrated ‘Abdullah Ibn Umar:

The Prophet used to deliver two Khutbas and sit in between them.

This is about the Friday Khutbah..

See the Imaam, he's standing at a raised position (minbar) to deliver the khutbah. This is Sunnah of the Prophet (SAW). One of the reasons may be to help maximum people listen to the khateeb and second, the khateeb can keep an eye on the listeners.

A little more on the Khutbah Scene here and here.

Wassalam.

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