Volume 4, Book 53, Number 368 :
Narrated by Jubair bin Mutim (radiallaahu `anhu)
I and ‘Uthman bin ‘Affan (radiallaahu `anhu) went to Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! You have given to Bani Al-Muttalib and left us although they and we are of the same kinship to you.” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Bani Muttalib and Bani Hashim are one and the same.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) did not give a share to Bani Abd Shams and Bani Naufal.
(Ibn Ishaq said, “Abd Shams and Hashim and Al-Muttalib were maternal brothers and their mother was ‘Atika bint Murra and Naufal was their paternal brother.)
The image above shows the four sons of Abd Manaf: Al-Muttalib, Hashmi, Nawfal (paternal brother) and Abd Shams. Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) himself was from Hashim (as shown), Uthman ibn Affan (radiallaahu `anhu) was from Abd Shams and Jubair ibn Mut’im (radiallaahu `anhu) was from Nawfal.
When Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) distributed the khumus among Banu Muttalib and Banu Hashim and not the other two clans, Uthman and Jubair (radiallaahu `anhumaa) came to him with this concern – how come they got it and we didn’t when we have the same relationship to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) as them? So the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said that Banu Hashim and Banu Muttalib are one and the same – meaning (according to commentators) they were always together in kufr and Islam. Nothing separated them. That’s why they get a share and others don’t.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 281:
Narrated Anas bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu):
I heard Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) saying, “whoever desires an expansion in his sustenance and age, should keep good relations with his Kith and kin.”
Everything from when Allaah created the Pen until the Day of Resurrection is written in al-Lawh al-Mahfooz, because when Allaah first created the Pen, He said to it: “Write.” It said: “My Lord, what should I write?” He said: “Write what is to be. So at that moment it began to write what would be until the Day of Resurrection. And it is proven from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) that when the foetus in its mother’s womb is four months old, Allaah sends an angel to breathe the soul into it and write down its provision, its lifespan and its deeds, and whether it is doomed or blessed.
Provision is also written down and connected to its means, and it does not increase or decrease. Among those means are that man should work to seek provision, as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“He it is Who has made the earth subservient to you (i.e. easy for you to walk, to live and to do agriculture on it); so walk in the path thereof and eat of His provision. And to Him will be the Resurrection” [al-Mulk 67:15]
Other means are:
- Upholding ties of kinship, such as honoring one’s parents and upholding ties with relatives.
- Fearing Allaah (taqwa), as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “And whosoever fears Allaah and keeps his duty to Him, He will make a way for him to get out (from every difficulty). And He will provide him from (sources) he never could imagine. And whosoever puts his trust in Allaah, then He will suffice him. Verily, Allaah will accomplish his purpose. Indeed Allaah has set a measure for all things” [al-Talaaq 65:2-3]