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Gifts from Non-Muslims (Hadith No. 2301)

Bismillah,

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 803 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “The Prophet Abraham migrated with Sarah. The people (of the town where they migrated) gave her Ajar (i.e. Hajar). Sarah returned and said to Abraham, “Do you know that Allah has humiliated that pagan and he has given a slave-girl for my service?”

This is from the story of Sarah (Ibraheem’s wife) and the king of Egypt when he tried to have his way with her. The point of this narration in the Book of Gifts is that it shows that slaves can be gifted to others.. and to that one can accept gifts from non-Muslims too, provided they’re not unlawful in themselves e.g. alcohol.

Read more on it here.

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Rabbit (Hadith No. 2244)

Bismillah.

Ahadith 2241 – 224 (below) are repeats. See linked text for related posts.

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 743:
Narrated Sahl (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) sent for a woman from the emigrants and she had a slave who was a carpenter. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said to her “Order your slave to prepare the wood (pieces) for the pulpit.” So, she ordered her slave who went and cut the wood from the tamarisk and prepared the pulpit, for the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam). When he finished the pulpit, the woman informed the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) that it had been finished. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) asked her to send that pulpit to him, so they brought it. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) lifted it and placed it at the place in which you see now.”

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 744:
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Abu Qatada Al-Aslami:
That his father said, “One day I was sitting with some of the Prophet’s (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) companions on the way to Mecca. Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was ahead of us. All of my companions were in the state of Ihram while I was a non-Muhrim. They saw an onager while I was busy repairing my shoes, so they did not tell me about it but they wished I had seen it. By chance I looked up and saw it. So, I turned to the horse, saddled it and rode on it, forgetting to take the spear and the whip. I asked them if they could hand over to me the whip and the spear but they said, ‘No, by Allah, we shall not help you in that in any way.’ I became angry and got down from the horse, picked up both the things and rode the horse again. I attacked the onager and slaughtered it, and brought it (after it had been dead). They took it (cooked some of it) and started eating it, but they doubted whether it was allowed for them to eat it or not, as they were in the state of Ihram. So, we proceeded and I hid with me one of its fore-legs. When we met Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and asked him about the case, he asked, ‘Do you have a portion of it with you?’ I replied in the affirmative and gave him that fleshy fore-leg which he ate completely while he was in the state of Ihram.

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 745:
Narrated Anas (radiallaahu `anhu):
Once Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) visited us in this house of ours and asked for something to drink. We milked one of our sheep and mixed it with water from this well of ours and gave it to him. Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) was sitting on his left side and ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) in front of him and a bedouin on his right side. When Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) finished, ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) said to Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), “Here is Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu).” But Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) gave the remaining milk to the bedouin and said twice, “The (persons on the) right side! So, start from the right side.” Anas (radiallaahu `anhu) added, “It is a Sunnah (the Prophet’s traditions)” and repeated it thrice.

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 746:
Narrated Anas (radiallaahu `anhu):
We chased a rabbit at Mar-al-Zahran and the people ran after it but were exhausted. I overpowered and caught it, and gave it to Abu Talha (radiallaahu `anhu) who slaughtered it and sent its hip or two thighs to Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam). (The narrator confirms that he sent two thighs). The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) accepted that. (The sub-narrator asked Anas (radiallaahu `anhu), “Did the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam); eat from it?” Anas (radiallaahu `anhu) replied, “He ate from it.”)

Basically all animals are Halal except those that are made unlawful in Shari’a.
Allah says (interpretation of meaning): {Say (O Muhammad SAW): “I find not in that which has been inspired to me anything forbidden to be eaten by one who wishes to eat it, unless it be Maytah (a dead animal) or blood poured forth (by slaughtering or the like), or the flesh of swine (pork, etc.) for that surely is impure, …} [6: 145].

The Hadith establishes a rule concerning the birds and animals that are Haram, the Hadith reads: “Eating of all fanged beasts of prey, and all the birds having talons is forbidden”. [Reported by Imam Muslim ].

Therefore, eating a rabbit is permissible, and it is proved in Sahihain that “the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) and his companions ate its meat” .
Rabbit is Halal and no one from Muslim scholars opposed this ruling.

Trade & Mutual Consent (Ahadith 1759 – 1761)

Bismillah.

يَـأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لاَ تَأْكُلُواْ أَمْوَلَكُمْ بَيْنَكُمْ بِالْبَـطِلِ إِلاَّ أَن تَكُونَ تِجَـرَةً عَن تَرَاضٍ مِّنْكُمْ

“O you who believe! Eat not up your property among yourselves unjustly except it be a trade amongst you, by mutual consent.” [An-Nisaa: 29]

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 264:

Narrated Ibrahim bin Sad from his father from his grand-father:

Abdur Rahman bin Auf (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “When we came to Medina as emigrants, Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) established a bond of brotherhood between me and Sad bin Ar-Rabi’ (radiallaahu `anhu). Sad bin Ar-Rabi’ (radiallaahu `anhu) said (to me), ‘I am the richest among the Ansar, so I will give you half of my wealth and you may look at my two wives and whichever of the two you may choose I will divorce her, and when she has completed the prescribed period (before marriage) you may marry her.’ Abdur-Rahman (radiallaahu `anhu) replied, “I am not in need of all that. Is there any market-place where trade is practiced?’ He replied, “The market of Qainuqa.” Abdur-Rahman (radiallaahu `anhu) went to that market the following day and brought some dried butter-milk (yogurt) and butter, and then he continued going there regularly. Few days later, ‘Abdur Rahman (radiallaahu `anhu) came having traces of yellow (scent) on his body. Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) asked him whether he had got married. He replied in the affirmative. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, ‘Whom have you married?’ He replied, ‘A woman from the Ansar.’ Then the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) asked, ‘How much did you pay her?’ He replied, ‘(I gave her) a gold piece equal in weigh to a date stone (or a date stone of gold)! The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, ‘Give a Walima (wedding banquet) even if with one sheep .'”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 265:

Narrated Anas (radiallaahu `anhu):

When Abdur-Rahman bin Auf (radiallaahu `anhu) came to Medina, the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) established a bond of brotherhood between him and Sad bin Ar-Rabi al-Ansari (radiallaahu `anhu). Sad was a rich man, so he said to ‘Abdur-Rahman (radiallaahu `anhu), “I will give you half of my property and will help you marry.” ‘Abdur-Rahman (radiallaahu `anhu) said (to him), “May Allah bless you in your family and property. Show me the market.” So ‘Abdur-Rahman (radiallaahu `anhu) did not return from the market) till he gained some dried buttermilk (yoghurt) and butter (through trading). He brought that to his house-hold. We stayed for some-time (or as long as Allah wished), and then Abdur-Rahman (radiallaahu `anhu) came, scented with yellowish perfume. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said (to him) “What is this?” He replied, “I got married to an Ansari woman.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) asked, “What did you pay her?” He replied, “A gold stone or gold equal to the weight of a date stone.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said (to him), “Give a wedding banquet even if with one sheep.”

There’s barakah (blessing) in trade. It wasn’t unlawful for `Abdur Rahman ibn `Awf (radiallaahu `anhu) to accept Sa`d ibn Rabi` (radiallaahu `anhu)’s offer since they were bound by the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) himself in the bond of brotherhood, but he wanted to work his way up instead of accepting help. So Allah put blessing in his efforts and soon after, he was able to marry an Ansari woman giving her a good mahr (dowry) and arrange a walima.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 266:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):

‘Ukaz, Majanna and Dhul-Majaz were market-places in the Pre-lslamic period of ignorance. When Islam came, Muslims felt that marketing there might be a sin. So, the Divine Inspiration came: “There is no harm for you to seek the bounty of your Lord (in the seasons of Hajj).” (2.198) Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) recited the Verse in this way.

In the tafsir of ayah 29 of Surah an-Nisaa (quoted above), Ibn Kathir says:

Allah, the Exalted and Most Honored, prohibits His believing servants from illegally acquiring each other’s property using various dishonest methods such as Riba, gambling and other wicked methods that appear to be legal, but Allah knows that, in reality, those involved seek to deal in interest. Ibn Jarir recorded that Ibn `Abbas commented on a man who buys a garment, saying that if he likes it he will keep it, or he will return it along with an extra Dirham, “This is what Allah meant, when He said,

﴿وَلاَ تَأْكُلُواْ أَمْوَلَكُمْ بَيْنَكُم بِالْبَاطِلِ﴾

(Eat not up your property among yourselves unjustly.”) `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas said, “When Allah sent down,

﴿يَـأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لاَ تَأْكُلُواْ أَمْوَلَكُمْ بَيْنَكُمْ بِالْبَـطِلِ﴾

(O you who believe! Eat not up your property among yourselves unjustly) some Muslims said, `Allah has forbidden us from eating up each other’s property unjustly, and food is our best property. Therefore, none among us is allowed to eat from anyone else’s food.’ After that Allah sent down,

﴿لَّيْسَ عَلَى الاٌّعْمَى حَرَجٌ﴾

(There is no restriction on the blind) (until the end of the Ayah). ﴿24:61﴾.”’ Qatadah said similarly. Allah’s statement,

﴿إِلاَّ أَن تَكُونَ تِجَـرَةً عَن تَرَاضٍ مِّنْكُمْ﴾

(except it be a trade amongst you, by mutual consent.) means, do not revert to illegal ways and means to acquire money. However, there is no harm in commercial transactions that transpire between the buyer and the seller with mutual consent, so that money is legally earned from these transactions. Mujahid said that,

﴿إِلاَّ أَن تَكُونَ تِجَـرَةً عَن تَرَاضٍ مِّنْكُمْ﴾

(except it be a trade amongst you, by mutual consent.) means, “By selling and buying, or giving someone a gift.” Ibn Jarir recorded this statement.

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