Volume 4, Book 52, Number 101 :
Narrated by Malik bin Al-Huwairith (radiallaahu `anhu)
On my departure from the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) he said to me and to a friend of mine, “You two, pronounce the Adhan and the Iqama for the prayer and let the elder of you lead the prayer.”
We’ve established previously that the minimum number of people required for a congregational prayer is two. This hadith further proves the importance of the adhaan and iqaamah regardless of the number of people in congregation and the place. Adhaan and iqaamah are NOT limited to the mosque, they should be established wherever the congregation is being held – even while traveling.
While looking up the importance of adhaan and iqaamah, I came across this absolutely beautiful hadeeth of ‘Uqbah ibn ‘Aamir, who said that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:
‘Your Lord likes it when a shepherd at the top of a mountain pass calls the Adhaan for prayer and then prays. Then Allaah says, “Look at this slave of mine, saying the Adhaan and the Iqaamah for prayer and fearing Me. I ask you to bear witness that I have forgiven My slave and will admit him to Paradise.”’” (Narrated by al-Nisaa’i)
This is just too good to ignore. Such beautiful rewards for an easy act. It also proves the importance of adhaan and iqaamah for a person who’s praying alone (men only). Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz (may Allah have mercy on him) said in reply to a related question:
The Sunnah is to give the adhaan and iqaamah. As to whether it is obligatory, there is a difference of opinion among the scholars. It is better and more on the safe side for you to give the adhaan then the iqaamah, because of the general meaning of the evidence. But you should pray in congregation whenever possible. If there is a congregation or you can hear the call to prayer from a mosque near you, then it is obligatory for you to respond to the muezzin and attend the prayer in congregation. If you cannot hear the call and there is no mosque near you, the Sunnah is for you to give the adhaan yourself, then the iqaamah. End quote.
Al-Shaafa’i (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:
“If a man neglects to say the Adhaan and Iqaamah when he is praying alone or in congregation, I regard that as makrooh, but he does not have to repeat the prayers he did without the Adhaan or Iqaamah.”
Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah:
Mu’adh used to pray with the Prophet and then go and lead his people (tribe) in the prayer.
Prophet (SAW) used to lead the prayer. Mu`adh (RA) prayed behind him, learnt his ways. Then he used to go back to his own tribe and lead them in the same prayer. So he used to pray (for instance) `Ishaa’ twice? :O
Not really. One can do as Mu`adh did, and make intention for nafl prayer. So if you prayed the `Ishaa’ prayer in a mosque, then you go somewhere and people ask you to lead them in `Ishaa’ prayer because you are the most knowledgeable among them, you may do so. Just make the intention that these four rak`aat will be nafl on your part and fardh for the rest.
Question: why did Mu`adh go through the trouble? Couldn’t someone else lead the prayer in his tribe?
Well, no one else was as knowldgeable and as wise as Mu`adh (RA). And he was among the tribe chieftain as well. So he had to be the Imaam of the masjid there as well. That’s how it was back then. Ministers in parliament were Imaams in the masjid. <3
You. Learn, and then lead. The process goes on in a cycle. You can never learn enough. So keep at it! :)
Abu Qilaba said, “Malik bin Huwairith came to this Mosque of ours and said, ‘I pray in front of you and my aim is not to lead the prayer but to show you the way in which the Prophet used to pray.’ ” I asked Abu Qilaba,”How did he use to pray?’ ” He replied, “(The Prophet used to pray) like this Sheikh of ours and the Sheikh used to sit for a while after the prostration, before getting up after the first Rak’ah. “
Leadership, whether in Salah or otherwise, has many aspects to it. One of them is: teaching.
The most knowledgeable and wise is supposed to lead others, according to a Hadith of the Prophet (SAW). That knowledgeable person should impart his knowledge and wisdom to others as well, by showing them how things are done.
Lead you will, teach as well.
We, being Muslims, come across a lot of problems of fiqh in our daily lives. We have questions like ‘how should we do this?’ and ‘is this right or wrong?’ etc. So we look for scholars (or muftis, to be precise) who will advise us in such matters and answer our questions. But what’s your criterion? Do you look for the ‘right’ muftis? Because in the context of this Hadith, this question is hidden..
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr bin Al’ As:
I heard Allah’s Apostle saying, “Allah does not take away the knowledge, by taking it away from (the hearts of) the people, but takes it away by the death of the religious learned men till when none of the (religious learned men) remains, people will take as their leaders ignorant persons who when consulted will give their verdict without knowledge. So they will go astray and will lead the people astray.”
Lesson: Make sure whoever you choose for ifta (taking fatwa) should have the authentic knowledge of Quran and Sunnah and should advise you according to these sources.