Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “None of you should fast a day or two before the month of Ramadan unless he has the habit of fasting (Nawafil) (and if his fasting coincides with that day) then he can fast that day.”
Ruling on Fasting in Sha`baan
The basic ruling regarding fasting in Sha`baan is an this Hadith:
“When Sha’baan is halfway through, do not fast.”
Narrated by Abu Dawood (3237); Ibn Hibaan (1651); classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi.
There’s no restriction on fasting in the first half of Sha`baan. The ruling in the above hadith is only concerning the second half.
Why the Prohibition?
The reason for this prohibition is that continually fasting may make a person too weak to fast in Ramadaan.
If it is said that if he fasts from the beginning of the month he will become even weaker, the response is that whoever fasts from the beginning of Sha’baan will have gotten used to fasting so it will be less difficult for him to fast.
Al-Qaari said: The prohibition here means that it is disliked, as a mercy to this ummah lest they become too weak to fulfil their duty of fasting during Ramadaan in an energetic fashion. But those who fast all of Sha’baan will become used to fasting so it will not be difficult for them.
Exceptions to the Rule
If any of the following apply to you, you MAY fast in the second half of Sha`baan:
- One who has a habit of fasting, such as a man who habitually fasts on Mondays and Thursdays, which he may do even after halfway through Sha’baan. The evidence for that is the words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), “Do not anticipate Ramadaan by fasting one or two days before it, except a man who fasts regularly, who should observe his usual fast.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1914; Muslim, 1082.
- A person who started fasting before halfway through Sha’baan, and connects what comes after the halfway point to what came before. This is not included in the prohibition either. The evidence for that is the words of ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) who said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to fast all of Sha’baan and fast all of Sha’baan except a little.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1970; Muslim, 1165. This version narrated by Muslim.
Al-Nawawi said: “He used to fast all of Sha’baan and fast all of Sha’baan except a little.” The second phrase is an explanation of the first, pointing out that by “all” what is meant is “most”.
This hadeeth indicates that it is permissible to fast after halfway through Sha’baan, but only for one who joins that to what came before the halfway point.
- An exception from this prohibition is also made for one who is making up missed Ramadaan fasts.
You come across a lot of terms like Haram, Halal, Makrooh, Mubah, Mustahab etc. It seems like everything is predefined in our religion and everyone has to follow it, regardless of the conditions they live in. But it’s not exactly like that. Many things are predefined, but only generally. There is always room for exception. You gotta remember that.
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, “A man saw a dog eating mud from (the severity of) thirst. So, that man took a shoe (and filled it) with water and kept on pouring the water for the dog till it quenched its thirst. So Allah approved of his deed and made him to enter Paradise.” And narrated Hamza bin ‘Abdullah: My father said. “During the lifetime of Allah’s Apostle, the dogs used to urinate, and pass through the mosques (come and go), nevertheless they never used to sprinkle water on it (urine of the dog.)”
It’s an amazing Hadith. Talks about the importance of small deeds. And it also talks about the exception.. Yesterday’s Hadith told us we needed to wash dog-licked seven times to make it pure. And today’s Hadith tells us dog’s urine need not be washed. Contradiction? No, it’s an exception..
At the time of the Prophet (SAW), the floors weren’t made of wood or concrete. It was all mud. And since dogs used to urinate anywhere, it wasn’t felt necessary to wash the place. Sprinkling water was enough. Reason being, mud absorbs the organic liquids and chemical reactions start taking place. The impure loses its impurity. And the mud is clean..
Would that apply to the floors of mosques of today? Of course not. All kinds of impurities will have to be washed away to clean the place. This is how we apply the rule of exception. Hope its understandable. :)