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The First Man (Ahadith 2942 – 2944)

Bismillah.

Kitaab Ahaadith-ul-Anbiyaa’ [Book of the Stories of the Prophets] starts today..

Chapter: The creation of Adam and his offspring

Volume 4, Book 55, Number 543 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Allah created Adam, making him 60 cubits tall. When He created him, He said to him, “Go and greet that group of angels, and listen to their reply, for it will be your greeting (salutation) and the greeting (salutations of your offspring.” So, Adam said (to the angels), As-Salamu Alaikum (i.e. Peace be upon you). The angels said, “As-salamu Alaika wa Rahmatu-l-lahi” (i.e. Peace and Allah’s Mercy be upon you). Thus the angels added to Adam’s salutation the expression, ‘Wa Rahmatu-l-lahi,’ Any person who will enter Paradise will resemble Adam (in appearance and figure). People have been decreasing in stature since Adam’s creation.

Needless to say, we don’t believe in Darwinism. Allah created the first man with His own hands and breathed his soul into him. He created Adam from dust:

“Verily, the likeness of ‘Eesa (Jesus) before Allaah is the likeness of Adam. He created him from dust, then (He) said to him: ‘Be!’ — and he was”

[Aal ‘Imraan 3:59]

Allah taught Adam names of things and, as it states in the hadith above, manners as well. The Islamic greeting isn’t new to Islam. It’s been there since the beginning of human life. Adam was the first to use it and we should own it with pride. It’s better than all the hello’s and hi’s.

Image result for height of adam hadith

Volume 4, Book 55, Number 544 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “The first group of people who will enter Paradise, will be glittering like the full moon and those who will follow them, will glitter like the most brilliant star in the sky. They will not urinate, relieve nature, spit, or have any nasal secretions. Their combs will be of gold, and their sweat will smell like musk. The aloes-wood will be used in their centers. Their wives will be houris. All of them will look alike and will resemble their father Adam (in statute), sixty cubits tall.”

Everyone in Paradise will be equally beautiful. No competition there. ;)

Image result for beauty of paradise hadith

Volume 4, Book 55, Number 545 :
Narrated by Abu Salama (radiallaahu `anhu)
Um Salama (radiallaahu `anhaa) said, “Um Salaim (radiallaahu `anhaa) said, ‘O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! Allah does not refrain from saying the truth! Is it obligatory for a woman to take a bath after she gets nocturnal discharge?’ He said, ‘Yes, if she notices the water (i.e. discharge).’ Um Salama (radiallaahu `anhaa) smiled and said, ‘Does a woman get discharge?’ Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said. ‘Then why does a child resemble (its mother)?”

 

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The Muslim Gentleman (Ahadith 2715 – 2716)

Bismillah.

Hadith no. 2714 (below) is a repeat. Read it here.

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 317 :
Narrated by Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu)
When the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) returned (from Jihad), he would say Takbir thrice and add, “We are returning, if Allah wishes, with repentance and worshipping and praising (our Lord) and prostrating ourselves before our Lord. Allah fulfilled His Promise and helped His Slave, and He Alone defeated the (infidel) clans.”

Today’s Ahadith:

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 318 :
Narrated by Anas bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu)
We were in the company of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) while returning from ‘Usfan, and Allah’s Apostle was riding his she-camel keeping Safiya bint Huyay (radiallaahu `anhaa) riding behind him. His she-camel slipped and both of them fell down. Abu Talha (radiallaahu `anhu) jumped from his camel and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! May Allah sacrifice me for you.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Take care of the lady.” So, Abu Talha covered his face with a garment and went to Safiya (radiallaahu `anhaa) and covered her with it, and then he set right the condition of their she-camel so that both of them rode, and we were encircling Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) like a cover. When we approached Medina, the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “We are returning with repentance and worshipping and praising our Lord.” He kept on saying this till he entered Medina.

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 319 :
Narrated by Anas bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu)
That he and Abu Talha (radiallaahu `anhu) came in the company of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and Safiya (radiallaahu `anhaa) was accompanying the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), who let her ride behind him on his she-camel. During the journey, the she-camel slipped and both the Prophet and (his) wife fell down. Abu Talha (the sub-narrator thinks that Anas said that Abu Talha jumped from his camel quickly) said, “O Allah’s Apostle! May Allah sacrifice me for your sake! Did you get hurt?” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) replied,”No, but take care of the lady.” Abu Talha (radiallaahu `anhu) covered his face with his garment and proceeded towards her and covered her with his garment, and she got up. He then set right the condition of their she-camel and both of them (i.e. the Prophet and his wife) rode and proceeded till they approached Medina. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “We are returning with repentance and worshipping and praising our Lord.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) kept on saying this statement till he entered Medina.

“Take care of the lady” =  How to be a gentleman 101.

Abu Aaliyah, blogger at The Humble “I”, talks about being a true gentleman under Islamic guidelines:

It is often claimed that in Victorian or Edwardian England, respectability essentially meant maintaining a reputable facade while encouraging all sorts of hypocrisies. How much or how little can one generalise in such a matter is up for debate. Yet at its core, the widely cherished notion that there was a respectable way to conduct oneself; that there was a decent and honourable way of being a true “gentleman” (as opposed to a hypocritical one) – well that’s a very Islamic idea. A gentleman was someone who was restrained, courteous, considerate, well mannered, had public dignity, and was aware of boundaries; particularly when in mixed company.

The Islamic concept of futuwwah, “spiritual chivalry,” is where we find the ideals of the true Muslim gentleman best expressed. Futuwwah embodies the virtues of dignity and respectability (haybah), refined and noble conduct (adab), and preferring others to oneself (ithar), along with courage (shaja‘ah), magnanimity (sakha’ah) and striving to destroy the idols of one’s ego (mujahadat al-nafs).

Society no longer speaks of a true gentleman. That’s of a bygone era – of Edwardian England; an Englishness long dead and buried. As a nation we need to review where this has led us: if it’s been, on balance, for our betterment? Furthermore, as Muslims themselves start to relax these principles, can we see in where it has led others, where we too might be heading?

tumblr_nscw24SNGj1u9ow2bo1_500

An excerpt from an article written by Imam Khalid Latif on the same topic:

In the Qur’an, the Prophet Abraham, peace be upon him, is referred to in Arabic as fata, a young, noble man who knows how to handle his responsibilities. His sense of integrity and commitment are remarkable.

From this word fata is derived the Arabic word, futuwwa, which essentially translates as chivalry. Being gentle, loyal, modest, honest, compassionate, humble, trustworthy and selfless is having futuwwa. In the medieval period of Islam, orders were established around this principle of futuwwa that emphasized members uphold these traits and seek to serve society, putting their needs after the needs of those around them. They would teach young men how to honor their responsibilities while today we are forced to figure it out on our own. Chivalry is in our tradition. We just have to embrace it again and empower individuals to be those role models that our communities desperately need.

[Read more: Are You a ‘Muslim’ Gentleman?]

So chivalry is not just how the Western culture sees it; holding the door open, pulling out the chair, paying for dinner/date etc. This is all just one aspect of it. The true concept of being a gentleman has much more to it than appearances and treatment of women (not the least important by any means), it has to do with maturity, modesty, dignity, compassion, honesty etc.

An interesting blog I came across that gives equal importance to self-grooming for the “modern Muslim gentleman” and includes tips and how-to’s, check out “thegentlemuslimman“.

Hajj on Someone’s Behalf (Ahadith 1572 – 1574)

Bismillah.

Hadith no. 1570 and no. 1571 (below) are repeats. Read them here.

Volume 3, Book 29, Number 75:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):

While a man was standing with the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) at ‘Arafat, he fell from his Mount and his neck was crushed by it. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Wash the deceased with water and Sidr and shroud him in two pieces of cloth, and neither perfume him nor cover his head, for Allah will resurrect him on the Day of Resurrection and he will be reciting Talbiya.”


Volume 3, Book 29, Number 76:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):

A man was in the company of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and his she-camel crushed his neck while he was in a state of Ihram and he died Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Wash him with water and Sidr and shroud him in his two garments; neither perfume him nor cover his head, for he will be resurrected on the Day of Resurrection, reciting Talbiya.”

Today’s Ahadith:

Volume 3, Book 29, Number 77:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):

A woman from the tribe of Juhaina came to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and said, “My mother had vowed to perform Hajj but she died before performing it. May I perform Hajj on my mother’s behalf?” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) replied, “Perform Hajj on her behalf. Had there been a debt on your mother, would you have paid it or not? So, pay Allah’s debt as He has more right to be paid.”


Volume 3, Book 29, Number 78:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):

A woman from the tribe of Khath’am came in the year (of Hajjat-ul-wada’ of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)) and said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! My father has come under Allah’s obligation of performing Hajj but he is a very old man and cannot sit properly on his Mount. Will the obligation be fulfilled if I perform Hajj on his behalf?” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) replied in the affirmative.


Volume 3, Book 29, Number 79:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):

Al-Fadl (radiallaahu `anhu) was riding behind the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and a woman from the tribe of Khath’am came up. Al-Fadl (radiallaahu `anhu) started looking at her and she looked at him. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) turned Al-Fadl’s face to the other side. She said, “My father has come under Allah’s obligation of performing Hajj but he is a very old man and cannot sit properly on his Mount. Shall I perform Hajj on his behalf? The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) replied in the affirmative. That happened during Hajjat-ul-wada’ of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam).

It is permissible to do Hajj on behalf of someone else. It is also permissible for a woman to Hajj on behalf of a man, and vice versa.

Ibn Qudaamah said in al-Mughni (5/27):

It is permissible for a man to be appointed to do Hajj on behalf of a man or a woman, and a woman on behalf of a man or a woman, according to the majority of scholars.

How to perform Hajj on another’s behalf?

Shaykh Ibn `Uthaymeen was asked:

If a person intends to do Hajj on behalf of someone who is unable to do it because of sickness, or who has passed away, how should he do the rituals? Should he choose Hajj Tamattu’ [where one does ihraam for ‘umrah then after ‘umrah comes out of ihraam and does a new ihraam for Hajj] or al-Ifraad [where one does Hajj only]?

He replied:

The one who is doing Hajj on behalf of another should say “Labbayka ‘an fulaan (Labbayka on behalf of So-and-so).” He should do Tamattu’ because this is the best of the rituals. Every person who is entrusted with something has to do what is best, unless the person who sent him has chosen something else, because he is a trustee and is obliged to do what is best.
Liqa’ al-Baab al-Maftooh by Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 170

P.S. Comment on the narration about al-Fadl (radiallahu `anhu), where he looked at a woman and Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) turned his face away to avert his gaze, here.

Importance of Sutra & Woman Interrupts Man’s Prayer (Ahadith 473-474)

Salam,
Bismillah.

There have been a few corrections in Hadith no 472. Mistakes were due to my lack of knowledge. Don’t forget to check it out.

Volume 1, Book 9, Number 473:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

Whenever Allah’s Apostle came out on ‘Id day, he used to order that a Harba (a short spear) to be planted in front of him (as a sutra* for his prayer) and then he used to pray facing it with the people behind him and used to do the same while on a journey. After the Prophet , this practice was adopted by the Muslim rulers (who followed his traditions).

This Hadith shows us the importance of having a sutra in front of the Imaam while he leads a congregation in prayer. When praying alone, one should also try to develop the habit of defining his prayer space by keeping a sutra in front of him.

*Sutra is a screen that a person uses to define his prayer space, such as a wall, door etc. The bare minimum requirement for sutra is: that it should be as tall as the length of one hand.

 

Volume 1, Book 9, Number 474:

Narrated ‘Aun bin Abi Juhaifa:

I heard my father saying, “The Prophet led us, and prayed a two-Rak’at Zuhr prayer and then a two-Rak’at ‘Asr prayer at Al-Batha’ with an ‘Anza (planted) in front of him (as a Sutra) while women and donkeys were passing in front of him (beyond that ‘Anza).”

The words “beyond that ‘anza” are of immense importance here. A woman passing in front of a man whose praying invalidates his prayer. It’s not because women are impure (najis) but scholars have said that it’s because she’s a temptation for men. [Ref: islmaqa.com, no. 12717]

It was reported from ‘Abd-Allaah ibn al-Saamit that Abu Dharr said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘If any one of you stands up to pray, then he has a sutrah [an item placed in front of a praying person as a “screen”] if he has something the height of the back of a saddle in front of him. If he does not have something the height of the back of a saddle in front of him, then his prayer is invalidated if a donkey or a woman or a black dog passes in front of him.’” I [‘Abd-Allaah] asked, “O Abu Dharr, what is the difference between a black dog and a red or yellow dog?” He said, “O son of my brother, I asked the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) the same question, and he said, ‘The black dog is a shaytaan (devil).’” (Narrated by Muslim, 510).

Wassalam.

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