Kitaab-ul-Buyoo` [Book of Sales and Trade] starts today..
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 263:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
You people say that Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu) tells many narrations from Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and you also wonder why the emigrants and Ansar do not narrate from Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) as Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu) does. My emigrant brothers were busy in the market while I used to stick to Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) content with what fills my stomach; so I used to be present when they were absent and I used to remember when they used to forget, and my Ansari brothers used to be busy with their properties and I was one of the poor men of Suffa. I used to remember the narrations when they used to forget. No doubt, Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) once said, “Whoever spreads his garment till I have finished my present speech and then gathers it to himself, will remember whatever I will say.” So, I spread my colored garment which I was wearing till Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had finished his saying, and then I gathered it to my chest. So, I did not forget any of that narrations.
Imam Bukhari mentions this Hadith in the beginning of Book of Sales and Trade under the chapter:
فَإِذَا قُضِيَتِ الصَّلَوةُ فَانتَشِرُواْ فِى الاٌّرْضِ وَابْتَغُواْ مِن فَضْلِ اللَّهِ وَاذْكُرُواْ اللَّهَ كَثِيراً لَّعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ
Then when the Salah is complete, you may disperse through the land, and seek the bounty of Allah, and remember Allah much, that you may be successful. [Al-Jumu`ah: 10]
Ibn Kathir says in his tafsir about this ayah:
﴿فَإِذَا قُضِيَتِ الصَّلَوةُ﴾
(Then when the Salah is complete,) means, when the Friday prayer is finished,
﴿فَانتَشِرُواْ فِى الاٌّرْضِ وَابْتَغُواْ مِن فَضْلِ اللَّهِ﴾
(you may disperse through the land, and seek the bounty of Allah,) After Allah forbade Muslims from working after hearing the Adhan and ordered them to gather for the Friday prayer, He allowed them to spread throughout the earth and seek bounty after the prayer is finished. Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that when the Friday prayer finished, `Irak bin Malik would stand by the gate of the Masjid and invoke Allah, saying, “O Allah! I have accepted and complied with Your Call, performed the prayer You ordered and dispersed as You ordered me. Therefore, grant me of Your favor and You are the best of those who grant provisions.” Allah’s statement,
﴿وَاذْكُرُواْ اللَّهَ كَثِيراً لَّعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ﴾
(and remember Allah much, that you may be successful.) means, while you are buying and selling, giving and taking, remember Allah much and do not let this life busy you from what benefits you in the Hereafter. There is a Hadith that states,
«مَنْ دَخَلَ سُوقًا مِنَ الْأَسْوَاقِ فَقَالَ: لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ، لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ، كَتَبَ اللهُ لَهُ أَلْفَ أَلْفِ حَسَنَةٍ وَمَحَا عَنْهُ أَلْفَ أَلْفِ سَيِّئَةٍ»
(Whoever enters a marketplace and says, “La ilaha illallah, He is alone without partners, His is the sovereignty and His is the praise, and He is Able to do all things.” Then Allah will record a thousand-thousand (a million) good deeds for him and will erase a thousand-thousand evil deeds.) Mujahid said, “A servant (of Allah) will not be among those who remember Allah often, until he does so while standing, sitting and lying down.”
Narrated Ibn Juraij:
I heard Nafi’ saying, “Ibn Umar, said, ‘The Prophet forbade that a man should make another man to get up to sit in his place’ “. I said to Nafi’, ‘Is it for Jumua prayer only?’ He replied, “For Jumua prayer and any other (prayer).”
If it only happened in classrooms and other random places, I wouldn’t consider it a problem. But it happens in masajid! Wallahi, we are so ignorant of the teachings of Prophet (SAW), we don’t even know how to behave in a masjid. In this particular case, we aren’t considerate of other people’s comfort and ease.
Why do you ask the someone to get up from their place, only to sit there? Is there no other space in the masjid hall where you can sit? Or are you just too concerned about your ease that the other person and their comfort is of least importance to you?
Masjid is a sacred place. Yes, you need to show a particular behavior there. But we get trained through special places, special times and special things only to incorporate that training into our daily lives. For example, this Hadith talks about not making anyone get up from to sit in their place – in a masjid – for prayer. But you must not restrict it to prayer or masjid only. Apply it in your daily routine. Don’t make anyone get up to sit in their place – anywhere – for anything, unless it’s absolutely necessary. Not in a class, not on a dining table, not in a lounge, not on a couch, not in a public or private place. It’s bad manners. The other person does not feel nice, man!
I apologize for the weird way this post has been written. I just did not get the time to think twice while writing.. Mhmm.
We love to be invited to places as guests. We love to be served and treated nicely. We know what rights we have over our hosts. But we forget the rights hosts have over us – the guests. There are some minute things we need to take care of when in the ‘guest mode’. Today’s Hadith will help explain my point inshaAllah.
Narrated ‘Itban bin Malik:
The Prophet came to my house and said, “Where do you like me to pray?” I pointed to a place. The Prophet then said, “Allahu Akbar”, and we aligned behind him and he offered a two-Rak’at prayer.
Note that the Prophet (SAW) asked his host where he could pray. And when the host pointed to the place, he didn’t say whether he liked it or not. Just said ‘Allahu Akbar’ and led the prayer.
There’s an important lesson here. Always ASK your host before touching their belongings and moving around in their house. And remember all those manners they taught you in kindergarten. They’re still worth practicing!
P.S. The above depends on your host as well, e.g. if you’re visiting your mother/sister, you might not need to ‘act’ like a guest.
Hadith no. 217 is a repeat. Read it here.
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
The Prophet saw a Bedouin urinating in the mosque and told the people not to disturb him. When he finished, the Prophet asked for some water and poured it over (the urine).
You see that a lot nowadays? I don’t think so.
Check out the Prophet (SAW)’s wisdom here. He doesn’t disturb the person urinating because that’ll be dangerous for him psychologically. And when he’s done, instead of rebuking him, he pours water over it himself! He doesn’t scold him for doing it because he was a Bedouin. He didn’t know that urinating in a mosque is a bad thing.
Lesson: give margin to others.