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Major Sins and Imaan (Hadith No. 2152)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 43, Number 655:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “When an adulterer commits illegal sexual intercourse, then he is not a believer at the time he is doing it, and when a drinker of an alcoholic liquor drinks it, then he is not a believer at the time of drinking it, and when a thief steals, then he is not a believer at the time of stealing, and when a robber robs, and the people look at him, then he is not a believer at the time of doing robbery.

A believer who indulges in a major sin cannot possibly have the fear/consciousness of Allah while he’s committing the sin. Iman increases and decreases, and sometimes it just goes too low.

Only sincere repentance can wipe out these sins from our slate, nothing else.

Al-Tirmidhi narrated that Anas ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) say: “Allah, may He be blessed and exalted, said: ‘O son of Adam, so long as you call upon Me and ask of Me, I shall forgive you for what you have done, and I shall not mind. O son of Adam, were your sins to reach the clouds of the sky and were you then to ask forgiveness of Me, I would forgive you and I would not mind.’” [Saheeh al-Tirmidhi]

Robbery (Hadith No. 2151)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 43, Number 654:
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Yazid Al-Ansari (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade robbery (taking away what belongs to others without their permission), and also forbade mutilation (or maiming) of bodies.

Robbery is the crime of taking or attempting to take something of value by force or threat of force or by putting the victim in fear. [Wikipedia]

Did you know that the punishment of cutting the thief’s hands does not apply to the robber?

Ibn al-Qayyim said: 

The fact that the hand of the thief (saariq) may be cut off for three dirhams, and not in the case of the opportunist thief (mukhtalis, one who steals when a person is not looking), robber or extortioner (ghaasib, one who seizes something by force) is indicative of the perfect wisdom of sharee’ah. For one cannot take precautions against the thief who breaks into houses and breaches one’s hiding-places and breaks locks; the owner of the goods cannot do any more than that (i.e., hiding them in appropriate places). If it were not prescribed for the hand of the thief to be cut off, then people would steal from one another in this manner and a great deal of harm would be done, and the problem of theft would be grievous indeed. This is unlike the case of the robber and opportunist thief, for the robber is the one who takes things openly in the sight of people, so they may stop him and restore the rights of the one who has been wronged, or they may testify before the judge. And the opportunist thief is the one who takes things when the owner is not paying attention, etc., so there has to be some form of negligence which enables the opportunist to steal, otherwise when one is careful and alert, he cannot take anything. So he is not like a thief (saariq), rather he is more like a betrayer.  

Moreover, the opportunist theif (mukhtalis) does not take things from a place where things of that nature are usually hidden, rather he waits until you are not paying attention, then he takes your things when you put something down for a moment and are not paying attention. This is something against which precautions may be taken in most cases, and he (the opportunist) is like the robber who steals openly. With regard to the one who seizes things by force, the case is more obvious: it is even more apt that his hand should not be cut off, but it is permissible to put a stop to the actions of these people by beating them, making an example out of them as a warning to others, imprisoning them for lengthy periods and punishing them by seizing their property.
Alaam al-Muwaqqieen, 2/48.

Seven Cubits (Hadith No. 2150)

Bismillah.

Long overdue, I know!

Ahadith 2147 – 2149 (below) are repeats. Related posts have been linked.

Volume 3, Book 43, Number 650:
Narrated Jabir (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) entered the Mosque, and I too went there after tying the camel at the pavement of the Mosque. I said (to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)), “This is your camel.” He came out and started examining the camel and said, “Both the camel and its price are for you.”

Volume 3, Book 43, Number 651:
Narrated Hudhaifa (radiallaahu `anhu):
I saw Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) coming (or the Prophet came) to the dumps of some people and urinated there while standing.

Volume 3, Book 43, Number 652:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “While a man was on the way, he found a thorny branch of a tree there on the way and removed it. Allah thanked him for that deed and forgave him.”

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 3, Book 43, Number 653:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) judged that seven cubits should be left as a public way when there was a dispute about the land.

This is about streets and roads that are not personal property. At that time, seven cubits (approx. 3.2 meters) was enough for loaded camels to pass through without any hindrance or difficulty, so that’s the width mentioned. Nowadays, while we have all kinds and sizes of cars and trains etc., governments usually decide and agree upon the width of roads/streets and railway tracks etc. And that’s fine too. Whatever suits the needs at the time.

Story Time! (Ahadith 2145 – 2146)

Bismillah.

Ahadith 2143 – 2144 (below) are repeats. See hyper-linked text for related posts.

Volume 3, Book 43, Number 646:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “A man felt very thirsty while he was on the way, there he came across a well. He went down the well, quenched his thirst and came out. Meanwhile he saw a dog panting and licking mud because of excessive thirst. He said to himself, “This dog is suffering from thirst as I did.” So, he went down the well again and filled his shoe with water and watered it. Allah thanked him for that deed and forgave him. The people said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! Is there a reward for us in serving the animals?” He replied: “Yes, there is a reward for serving any animate (living being).” (See Hadith No. 551)

Volume 3, Book 43, Number 647:
Narrated Usama bin Zaid (radiallaahu `anhu):
Once the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) stood at the top of one of the castles (or higher buildings) of Medina and said, “Do you see what I see? No doubt I am seeing the spots of afflictions amongst your houses as numerous as the spots where rain-drops fall (during a heavy rain). (See Hadith No. 102)

Today’s Ahadith:

Volume 3, Book 43, Number 648:
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):
I had been eager to ask ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) about the two ladies from among the wives of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) regarding whom Allah said (in the Qur’an saying): “If you two (wives of the Prophet, namely Aisha and Hafsa) turn in repentance to Allah your hearts are indeed so inclined (to oppose what the Prophet likes)” (66.4), till I performed the Hajj along with ‘Umar (and on our way back from Hajj) he went aside (to answer the call of nature) and I also went aside along with him carrying a tumbler of water. When he had answered the call of nature and returned. I poured water on his hands from the tumbler and he performed ablution. I said, “O Chief of the believers! ‘ Who were the two ladies from among the wives of the Prophet to whom Allah said: ‘If you two return in repentance’ (66.4)? He said, “I am astonished at your question, O Ibn ‘Abbas. They were Aisha and Hafsa (radiallaahu `anhumaa).”
Then ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) went on relating the narration and said. “I and an Ansari neighbor of mine from Bani Umaiya bin Zaid who used to live in ‘Awali Al-Medina, used to visit the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) in turns. He used to go one day, and I another day. When I went I would bring him the news of what had happened that day regarding the instructions and orders and when he went, he used to do the same for me. We, the people of Quraish, used to have authority over women, but when we came to live with the Ansar, we noticed that the Ansari women had the upper hand over their men, so our women started acquiring the habits of the Ansari women. Once I shouted at my wife and she paid me back in my coin and I disliked that she should answer me back. She said, ‘Why do you take it ill that I retort upon you? By Allah, the wives of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) retort upon him, and some of them may not speak with him for the whole day till night.’ What she said scared me and I said to her, ‘Whoever amongst them does so, will be a great loser.’ Then I dressed myself and went to Hafsa and asked her, ‘Does any of you keep Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) angry all the day long till night?’ She replied in the affirmative. I said, ‘She is a ruined losing person (and will never have success)! Doesn’t she fear that Allah may get angry for the anger of Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and thus she will be ruined? Don’t ask Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) too many things, and don’t retort upon him in any case, and don’t desert him. Demand from me whatever you like, and don’t be tempted to imitate your neighbor (i.e. ‘Aisha) in her behavior towards the Prophet), for she (i.e. Aisha) is more beautiful than you, and more beloved to Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam).
In those days it was rumored that Ghassan, (a tribe living in Sham) was getting prepared their horses to invade us. My companion went (to the Prophet on the day of his turn, went and returned to us at night and knocked at my door violently, asking whether I was sleeping. I was scared (by the hard knocking) and came out to him. He said that a great thing had happened. I asked him: What is it? Have Ghassan come? He replied that it was worse and more serious than that, and added that Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had divorced all his wives. I said, Hafsa is a ruined loser! I expected that would happen some day.’ So I dressed myself and offered the Fajr prayer with the Prophet. Then the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) entered an upper room and stayed there alone. I went to Hafsa and found her weeping. I asked her, ‘Why are you weeping? Didn’t I warn you? Have Allah’s Apostle divorced you all?’ She replied, ‘I don’t know. He is there in the upper room.’ I then went out and came to the pulpit and found a group of people around it and some of them were weeping. Then I sat with them for some time, but could not endure the situation. So I went to the upper room where the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was and requested to a black slave of his: “Will you get the permission of (Allah’s Apostle) for Umar (to enter)? The slave went in, talked to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) about it and came out saying, ‘I mentioned you to him but he did not reply.’ So, I went and sat with the people who were sitting by the pulpit, but I could not bear the situation, so I went to the slave again and said: “Will you get he permission for Umar? He went in and brought the same reply as before. When I was leaving, behold, the slave called me saying, “Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) has granted you permission.” So, I entered upon the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and saw him lying on a mat without bedding on it, and the mat had left its mark on the body of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), and he was leaning on a leather pillow stuffed with palm fires. I greeted him and while still standing, I said: “Have you divorced your wives?’ He raised his eyes to me and replied in the negative. And then while still standing, I said chatting: “Will you heed what I say, ‘O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! We, the people of Quraish used to have the upper hand over our women (wives), and when we came to the people whose women had the upper hand over them…”
‘Umar told the whole story (about his wife). “On that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) smiled.” ‘Umar further said, “I then said, ‘I went to Hafsa and said to her: Do not be tempted to imitate your companion (‘Aisha) for she is more beautiful than you and more beloved to the Prophet.’ The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) smiled again. When I saw him smiling, I sat down and cast a glance at the room, and by Allah, I couldn’t see anything of importance but three hides. I said (to Allah’s Apostle) “Invoke Allah to make your followers prosperous for the Persians and the Byzantines have been made prosperous and given worldly luxuries, though they do not worship Allah?’ The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was leaning then (and on hearing my speech he sat straight) and said, ‘O Ibn Al-Khatttab! Do you have any doubt (that the Hereafter is better than this world)? These people have been given rewards of their good deeds in this world only.’ I asked the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam). ‘Please ask Allah’s forgiveness for me. The Prophet did not go to his wives because of the secret which Hafsa had disclosed to ‘Aisha, and he said that he would not go to his wives for one month as he was angry with them when Allah admonished him (for his oath that he would not approach Maria). When twenty-nine days had passed, the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) went to Aisha first of all. She said to him, ‘You took an oath that you would not come to us for one month, and today only twenty-nine days have passed, as I have been counting them day by day.’ The Prophet said, ‘The month is also of twenty-nine days.’ That month consisted of twenty-nine days. ‘Aisha said, ‘When the Divine revelation of Choice was revealed, the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) started with me, saying to me, ‘I am telling you something, but you needn’t hurry to give the reply till you can consult your parents.” ‘Aisha knew that her parents would not advise her to part with the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam). The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said that Allah had said:–
‘O Prophet! Say to your wives; if you desire the life of this world and its glitter, … then come! I will make a provision for you and set you free in a handsome manner. But if you seek Allah and His Apostle, and the home of the Hereafter, then verily, Allah has prepared for the good-doers amongst you a great reward.’ (33.28) ‘Aisha said, ‘Am I to consult my parents about this? I indeed prefer Allah, His Apostle, and the home of the Hereafter.’ After that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) gave the choice to his other wives and they also gave the same reply as ‘Aisha did.”

Volume 3, Book 43, Number 649:
Narrated Anas (radiallaahu `anhu):
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) took an oath that he would not go to his wives for one month as his foot had been sprained. He stayed in an upper room when ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) went to him and said, “Have you divorced your wives?” He said, “No, but I have taken an oath that I would not go to them for one month.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) stayed there for twenty-nine days, and then came down and went to his wives.

Read about the background of the story – how it all started – in the tafsir of the ayah “If you two (wives of the Prophet, namely Aisha and Hafsa) turn in repentance to Allah your hearts are indeed so inclined (to oppose what the Prophet likes)” (66.4) here.

Lessons learnt:

  1. Don’t ask of your husband what he cannot afford.
  2. Speak to him softly. Do not retort back.
  3. What goes on between husband and wife, should stay between them.
  4. Arguments and fights are common among spouses. What’s important is to forgive and let go.
  5. Fulfill your oaths.
  6. Choose Hereafter over this world. Always.
  7. Divorce is not a toy. Stop playing with it.
  8. Consulting parents about major decisions is a good thing, but when it comes to obvious choices such as ‘dunya or aakhirah?’, hasten to make the right decision.
  9. Don’t spread rumors.

Share what you learnt from this in the comments below. It’s an amazing story with lots of life lessons.

Give Way Please! (Hadith No. 2142)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 43, Number 645:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Beware! Avoid sitting on he roads (ways).” The people said, “There is no way out of it as these are our sitting places where we have talks.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “If you must sit there, then observe the rights of the way.” They asked, “What are the rights of the way?” He said, “They are the lowering of your gazes (on seeing what is illegal to look at), refraining from harming people, returning greetings, advocating good and forbidding evil.”

I don’t know why it’s ‘cool’ for a group of friends to hang out on a staircase or on a narrow pathway/corridor. It’s so inconvenient for passers-by when we block their way. Let’s be more considerate. Find a nice corner to chit chat and spend time.
Same goes for cars. Do NOT park on the road/street where other cars might find it difficult to pass, even if you’re getting off for a minute. Think of others before yourself.

If you, by any chance, are sitting/standing on the way or in a public place, give the right of way. Do NOT gawk at people, busy yourself with something more productive like homework? Do not harm people in any way, be it by blocking their way or making them feel uncomfortable. Return greetings when they greet you. Or you could greet them first if they feel shy about it. Advocate good and forbid evil, just like we should be doing all the time.

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