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Rights of Servants (Hadith No. 2230)

Bismillah.

Ahadith 2227 – 2229 (below) are repeats. See linked text for related posts.

Volume 3, Book 46, Number 729:
Narrated Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “If one manumits his share of a common slave (Abd), and he has money sufficient to free the remaining portion of the price of the slave (justly estimated), then he should free the slave completely by paying the rest of his price; otherwise the slave is freed partly. “

Volume 3, Book 46, Number 730:
Narrated ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu):
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Everyone of you is a guardian and is responsible for his charges. The ruler who has authority over people, is a guardian and is responsible for them, a man is a guardian of his family and is responsible for them; a woman is a guardian of her husband’s house and children and is responsible for them; a slave (‘Abu) is a guardian of his master’s property and is responsible for it; so all of you are guardians and are responsible for your charges.”

Volume 3, Book 46, Number 731:
Narrated Abu Huraira and Zaid bin Khalid (radiallaahu `anhumaa):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “If a slave-girl (Ama) commits illegal sexual intercourse, scourge her; if she does it again, scourge her again; if she repeats it, scourge her again.” The narrator added that on the third or the fourth offence, the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Sell her even for a hair rope.”

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 3, Book 46, Number 732:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “When your servant brings your meals to you then if he does not let him sit and share the meals, then he should at least give him a mouthful or two mouthfuls of that meal or a meal or two meals, as he has prepared it.”

Rights of a servant over his employer based on this article are as follows:

1-     He should give his servant the same food as he eats

2-     He should clothe him as he clothes himself.

3-     He should not give him more to do than he is able for, and if he does that he should help him.

4-     He should pay him a wage that is appropriate to his work and his efforts.

5-     He should not insult him or hit him.

6-     He should treat him well and be kind to him.

7-     He should overlook his mistakes and shortcomings.

Read more here.

Suhoor: The Blessed Meal (Ahadith 1640 – 1641)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 31, Number 145:

Narrated ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu):

The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) fasted for days continuously; the people also did the same but it was difficult for them. So, the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade them (to fast continuously for more than one day). They slid, “But you fast without break (no food was taken in the evening or in the morning).” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) replied, “I am not like you, for I am provided with food and drink (by Allah).”

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to fast continually, and Allaah gave him the strength to do that, but he forbade his ummah to do that out of compassion and mercy towards them.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said in al-Sharh al-Mumti’, 6/443:

It appears that the ruling with regard to continual fasting is that it is haraam.

And Allaah knows best.

Volume 3, Book 31, Number 146:

Narrated Anas bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu):

The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Take Suhur as there is a blessing in it.”

Having the pre-dawn meal or suhoor is highly recommended. There’s blessing in FOOD. How can you not appreciate that? :P
Having said that, you must know that having suhoor is not a ‘condition’ for the fast to be valid. If you missed it due to sleep or some other reason, you may continue your fast without hesitation.

Suhoor and Adhaan (Ahadith 1637 – 1639)

Bismillah.

When should you take your suhoor meal? Till dawn or the adhaan?

Volume 3, Book 31, Number 142:

Narrated ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):

Bilal (radiallaahu `anhu) used to pronounce the Adhan at night, so Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)? said, “Carry on taking your meals (eat and drink) till Ibn Um Maktum [Bilal] pronounces the Adhan, for he does not pronounce it till it is dawn.


Volume 3, Book 31, Number 143:

Narrated Sahl bin Sad (radiallaahu `anhu):

I used to take my Suhur meals with my family and then hurry up for presenting myself for the (Fajr) prayer with Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam).


Volume 3, Book 31, Number 144:

Narrated Anas (radiallaahu `anhu):

Zaid bin Thabit (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “We took the Suhur with the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam). Then he stood for the prayer.” I asked, “What was the interval between the Suhur and the Adhan?” He replied, “The interval was sufficient to recite fifty verses of the Quran.”

The ruling is that you “eat and drink until the white thread (light) of dawn appears to you distinct from the black thread (darkness of night).” [al-Baqarah 2:187]
Translation: eat and drink till dawn starts. Whether the adhaan starts before it or after is irrelevant; you just have to look for the dawn.

Also, it’s better to delay the suhoor meal till dawn. Imam Ahmad recorded Abu Dharr saying that Allah’s Messenger said:

«لَا تَزَالُ أُمَّتِي بِخَيْرٍ مَا عَجَّلُوا الْإِفْطَارَ وَأَخَّرُوا السُّحُور»
My Ummah will always retain goodness as long as they hasten in breaking the fast and delay the Suhur.

Afternoon Nap on Friday (Ahadith 758 – 761)

Assalamu`alaykum,
Bismillah.

Last post from Kitaab-ul-Jumu`ah [Book of Friday]. Alhamdulillah.

Volume 2, Book 13, Number 758:

Narrated Sahl bin Sad:

There was a woman amongst us who had a farm and she used to sow Silq (a kind of vegetable) on the edges of streams in her farm. On Fridays she used to pull out the Silq from its roots and put the roots in a utensil. Then she would put a handful of powdered barley over it and cook it. The roots of the Silq were a substitute for meat. After finishing the Jumua prayer we used to greet her and she would give us that food which we would eat with our hands, and because of that meal, we used to look forward to Friday.

Volume 2, Book 13, Number 759:

Narrated Sahl:

As above with the addition: We never had an afternoon nap nor meals except after offering the Jumua prayer.

Volume 2, Book 13, Number 760:

Narrated Anas:

We used to offer the Jumua prayer early and then have the afternoon nap.

Volume 2, Book 13, Number 761:

Narrated Sahl:

We used to offer the Jumua prayer with the Prophet and then take the afternoon nap.

  • Silq, the vegetable, is the beetroot (chiqandar).
  • Companions used to go to the woman’s place every Friday, just to enjoy the meal. And they looked forward to Friday for this very reason. Haha. Food! :D
  • They used to offer Jumu`ah, then eat and then take the afternoon nap.
    Actually, the afternoon nap is very good for one’s health. But there’s some things you should know about it. For example, napping for 20-30 minutes and falling asleep for 2-3 hours are two different things. :P
    And check this out. They say the best time to nap is between 1 PM – 3 PM = right after Jumu`ah/Dhuhr Salah. (y)
    See? Sunnah is cool.

Hehe. Loved this one!

 

Wassalam.

To Eat Or To Pray? (Ahadith 640-642)

Salam,
Bismillah.

Volume 1, Book 11, Number 640:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

The Prophet said, “If supper is served, and Iqama is pronounced one should start with the supper.”

Volume 1, Book 11, Number 641:

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

Allah’s Apostle said, “If the supper is served start having it before praying the Maghrib prayer and do not be hasty in finishing it.”

Volume 1, Book 11, Number 642:

Narrated Nafi’:

Ibn ‘Umar said, “Allah’s Apostle said, ‘If the supper is served for anyone of you and the Iqama is pronounced, start with the supper and don’t be in haste (and carry on eating) till you finish it.” If food was served for Ibn ‘Umar and Iqama was pronounced, he never came to the prayer till he finished it (i.e. food) in spite of the fact that he heard the recitation (of the Qur’an) by the Imam (in the prayer). Narrated Ibn ‘Umar: The Prophet said, “If anyone of you is having his meals, he should not hurry up till he is satisfied; even if the prayer has been started.”

Now, it’s not an everyday situation. We make sure that our meal times do not conflict with prayer times. But in case food is served to you at prayer time and you’re hungry, you may continue eating. And don’t make haste in finishing your food, as Prophet (SAW) said.

So, bon appetit! :)

Wassalam.

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