Hadith no. 1357 (below) is a repeat. Read it here.
Narrated Ibn Abbas (radiallaahi `anhu):
On the Day of the Conquest of Mecca, Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Allah has made this town a sanctuary. Its thorny bushes should not be cut, its game should not be chased, and its fallen things should not be picked up except by one who would announce it publicly.”
Narrated ‘Usama bin Zaid (radiallaahi `anhu):
I asked, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! Where will you stay in Mecca? Will you stay in your house in Mecca?” He replied, “Has ‘Aqil left any property or house?” Aqil along with Talib had inherited the property of Abu Talib. Jafar (radiallaahi `anhu) and Ali (radiallaahi `anhu) did not inherit anything as they were Muslims and the other two were non-believers. ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab (radiallaahi `anhu) used to say, “A believer cannot inherit (anything from an) infidel.” Ibn Shihab, (a sub-narrator) said, “They (Umar (radiallaahi `anhu) and others) derived the above verdict from Allah’s Statement: “Verily! those who believed and Emigrated and strove with their life And property in Allah’s Cause, And those who helped (the emigrants) And gave them their places to live in, These are (all) allies to one another.” (8.72)
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahi `anhu):
When Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) intended to enter Mecca he said, “Our destination tomorrow, if Allah wished, will be Khaif Bani Kinana where (the pagans) had taken the oath of Kufr.” (Against the Prophet i.e. to be loyal to heathenism by boycotting Bani Hashim, the Prophet’s (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) folk).
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahi `anhu):
On the Day of Nahr at Mina, the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Tomorrow we shall stay at Khaif Bani Kinana where the pagans had taken the oath of Kufr (heathenism).” He meant (by that place) Al-Muhassab where the Quraish tribe and Bani Kinana concluded a contract against Bani Hashim and Bani ‘Abdul-Muttalib or Bani Al-Muttalib that they would not intermarry with them or deal with them in business until they handed over the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) to them.
In Hadith no. 104, we learnt about the sacredness of Mecca – the uniqueness of it. Some things that can be done in any other part of the Earth, cannot be done in this city. For example, killing (humans/animals) and cutting trees etc. Today’s Hadith will tell us about some exceptions regarding this sacredness…
Narrated Abu Huraira:
In the year of the Conquest of Mecca, the tribe of Khuza’a killed a man from the tribe of Bani Laith in revenge for a killed person, belonging to them. They informed the Prophet about it. So he rode his Rahila (she-camel for riding) and addressed the people saying, “Allah held back the killing from Mecca. (The sub-narrator is in doubt whether the Prophet said “elephant or killing,” as the Arabic words standing for these words have great similarity in shape), but He (Allah) let His Apostle and the believers over power the infidels of Mecca. Beware! (Mecca is a sanctuary) Verily! Fighting in Mecca was not permitted for anyone before me nor will it be permitted for anyone after me. It (war) in it was made legal for me for few hours or so on that day. No doubt it is at this moment a sanctuary, it is not allowed to uproot its thorny shrubs or to uproot its trees or to pick up its Luqatt (fallen things) except by a person who will look for its owner (announce it publicly). And if somebody is killed, then his closest relative has the right to choose one of the two– the blood money (Diyya) or retaliation having the killer killed. In the meantime a man from Yemen came and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! Get that written for me.” The Prophet ordered his companions to write that for him. Then a man from Quraish said, “Except Al-Iqhkhir (a type of grass that has good smell) O Allah’s Apostle, as we use it in our houses and graves.” The Prophet said, “Except Al-Idhkhiri.e. Al-Idhkhir is allowed to be plucked.”
– Murderer can be killed in Mecca (Qisas)
– The Izkhar (grass) can be cut in Mecca
Why is Mecca (or Makkah) called the sacred city? Who made it sacred? And what exactly is sacred about it? Get to know..
Abu Shuraih said, “When ‘Amr bin Said was sending the troops to Mecca (to fight ‘Abdullah bin Az-Zubair) I said to him, ‘O chief! Allow me to tell you what the Prophet said on the day following the conquests of Mecca. My ears heard and my heart comprehended, and I saw him with my own eyes, when he said it. He glorified and praised Allah and then said, “Allah, and not the people, has made Mecca a sanctuary. So anybody who has belief in Allah and the Last Day (i.e. a Muslim) should neither shed blood in it nor cut down its trees. If anybody argues that fighting is allowed in Mecca as Allah’s Apostle did fight (in Mecca), tell him that Allah gave permission to His Apostle, but He did not give it to you. The Prophet added: Allah allowed me only for a few hours on that day (of the conquest) and today (now) its sanctity is the same (valid) as it was before. So it is incumbent upon those who are present to convey it (this information) to those who are absent.” Abu- Shuraih was asked, “What did ‘Amr reply?” He said ‘Amr said, “O Abu Shuraih! I know better than you (in this respect). Mecca does not give protection to one who disobeys (Allah) or runs after committing murder, or theft (and takes refuge in Mecca).
- Allah has made Mecca sacred.
- Killing animals/cutting trees/shedding blood/fighting etc. are not allowed in the city.
- Anyone who believes in the Last Day should respect its sanctity.
Can you derive more points from this Hadith?
Immediate obedience. Take a minute to think what it actually is.
I’ll give you a practical example..
Narrated Al-Bara’ (bin ‘Azib):
When the Prophet came to Medina, he stayed first with his grandfathers or maternal uncles from Ansar. He offered his prayers facing Baitul-Maqdis (Jerusalem) for sixteen or seventeen months, but he wished that he could pray facing the Ka’ba (at Mecca). The first prayer which he offered facing the Ka’ba was the ‘Asr prayer in the company of some people. Then one of those who had offered that prayer with him came out and passed by some people in a mosque who were bowing during their prayers (facing Jerusalem). He said addressing them, “By Allah, I testify that I have prayed with Allah’s Apostle facing Mecca (Ka’ba).’ Hearing that, those people changed their direction towards the Ka’ba immediately. Jews and the people of the scriptures used to be pleased to see the Prophet facing Jerusalem in prayers but when he changed his direction towards the Ka’ba, during the prayers, they disapproved of it.
Al-Bara’ added, “Before we changed our direction towards the Ka’ba (Mecca) in prayers, some Muslims had died or had been killed and we did not know what to say about them (regarding their prayers.) Allah then revealed: And Allah would never make your faith (prayers) to be lost (i.e. the prayers of those Muslims were valid).’ ” (2:143).
The people in the other Masjid were in the position of Ruku’ when they changed their direction. Changing direction in Medina meant an about turn (180 degrees) because Medina is between Jerusalem and Mecca when you draw a straight line on the map. (I suck at explaining maps and locations. Hope you understand. :P)
Anyway, the point I’m making here is: IMMEDIATE OBEDIENCE. No questions asked, not thinking twice, we need to obey Allah and His Messenger (SAW). But do we?
I’ll give my example. I’m a mathematical person. Firm belief in logic (the very reason I despise Chemistry). Everything should fit my logic, and then I’ll believe it. But studying Islam, I learnt that religion is not all logic. Most of the things might be easy to understand. But some things make you surrender your logic and intellect. You will never understand some things about Deen. And that’s a fact.
This is where ‘immediate obedience’ comes in. Even when you don’t understand why you need to obey a certain command of Allah, you give in with pleasure. For example, most people don’t ‘understand’ why Hijab is an obligation on Muslim women (although there are many strong logical explanations to it), so they question and eventually disobey.
Get my point? Questioning too much will lead to disobedience.
So, the lesson here is: IMMEDIATE OBEDIENCE. And for that, you might need to surrender your logic, sometimes. Don’t feel bad. Smile. :)