Volume 3, Book 49, Number 868 :
Narrated by Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa)
Once Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) heard the loud voices of some opponents quarreling at the door. One of them was appealing to the other to deduct his debt and asking him to be lenient but the other was saying, “By Allah I will not do so.” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) went out to them and said, “Who is the one who was swearing by Allah that he would not do a favor?” That man said, “I am that person, O Allah’s Apostle! I will give my opponent whatever he wishes.”
There’s something really oxymoron-ish about swearing by Allah to not do something good. The two just don’t go together. Often times we say things in anger and heat of the moment that we come to regret later. If only we thought once before speaking. If only there was someone to correct us right there on the spot. Alas, the wicked things that are tongues are!
One of the noblest traits of one’s character is to admit mistakes and make amends. The good thing about this world is that we always have a second, third, fourth chance to start afresh – as long as death doesn’t come knocking.
So if you slipped, if you were in error, you need to take the first step towards forgiveness. Admit your fault and right the wrong. You still have a chance.
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “If somebody eats or drinks forgetfully then he should complete his fast, for what he has eaten or drunk, has been given to him by Allah.”
Narrated ‘Amir bin Rabi’a (radiallaahu `anhu), “I saw the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) cleaning his teeth with Siwak while he was fasting so many times as I can’t count.”
And narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu), “The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, ‘But for my fear that it would be hard for my followers, I would have ordered them to clean their teeth with Siwak on every performance of ablution.”
The same is narrated by Jabir (radiallaahu `anhu) and Zaid bin Khalid (radiallaahu `anhu) from the Prophet who did not differentiate between a fasting and a non-fasting person in this respect (using Siwak).
Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) said, “The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “It (i.e. Siwak) is a purification for the mouth and it is a way of seeking Allah’s pleasures.” Ata’ and Qatada said, “There is no harm in swallowing the resultant saliva.”
I forgot that I was fasting and ate..
“but He will call you to account for that which your hearts have earned” [al-Baqarah 2:225]
Forgetfulness is not something which is earned by the heart.
This hadeeth tells of the kindness of Allaah to His slaves and how He makes things easier for them and alleviates hardship.
Whoever forgets that he is fasting and breaks the fast, his fast is still valid, and he should complete his fast, and he does not have to make it up or offer any expiation. The general meaning of the hadeeth covers both obligatory and naafil fasts; there is no difference between the two.
An interesting story was narrated by ‘Abd al-Razzaaq from ‘Amr ibn Dinar: that a person came to Abu Hurayrah and said: “I started fasting in the morning then I forgot and ate.” He said, “It does not matter.” He said: “Then I entered upon someone and by mistake I ate and drank.” He said, “It does not matter, Allaah has fed you and given you to drink.” Then he said: “I entered upon another person and forgot, and ate.” Abu Hurayrah said: “You are a person who is not used to fasting.”.
Siwaak and/or Toothpaste? Let’s solve the matter!
It is permissible for a fasting person to use miswaak and toothpaste whilst fasting, so long as he is careful not to swallow anything. In fact using the miswaak is Sunnah when fasting and otherwise.
It is permissible to swallow the saliva after using the siwaak, but if anything comes out of the siwaak in the mouth, you should spit it out and then swallow the saliva, just as the fasting person is allowed to do wudoo’, then he should spit out the water from his mouth and then swallow his saliva. He does not have to dry his mouth completely from the water used for rinsing.
Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked: What is the ruling on using toothpaste when fasting?
Cleaning the teeth with toothpaste does not break the fast as is the case with the miswaak. But one should be careful to avoid letting any of it reach his throat, but if that happens accidentally then he does not have to make up the fast.
End quote from Majmoo’ Fataawa al-Shaykh Ibn Baaz (15/260).
Volume 2, Book 26, Number 779:
Narrated Ibn Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was asked about a person who had his head shaved before slaughtering (his Hadi) (or other similar ceremonies of Hajj). He replied, “There is no harm, there is no harm.”
Volume 2, Book 26, Number 780:
Narrated Ibn Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):
A man said to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), “I performed the Tawaf-al-Ifada before the Rami (throwing pebbles at the Jamra).” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) replied, “There is no harm.” The man said, “I had my head shaved before slaughtering.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) replied, “There is no harm.” He said, “I have slaughtered the Hadi before the Rami.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) replied, “There is no harm.”
Volume 2, Book 26, Number 781:
Narrated Ibn Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was asked by a man who said, “I have done the Rami in the evening.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) replied, “There is no harm in it.” Another man asked, “I had my head shaved before the slaughtering.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) replied, “There is no harm in it.”
Previous post on the same subject: There is No Harm
Leniency. Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was a lenient person himself, and that’s how he represented the Deen to be – relaxed. Something so important and grand as Hajj should have had strict guidelines, no? That one can’t cut their hair before slaughtering their animal, and if they did, they should have to repeat the manasik, or at least give some expiation. But he just kept saying ‘there’s no harm’. As if he meant to portray that the intention had more importance than the action itself.
Having said that, it doesn’t mean that we can do whatever we want in Hajj. Once we intend to perform Hajj or Umrah etc., it is necessary to learn about the rituals and procedures beforehand. And after doing all that, if it so happens that while performing the rituals, you got confused about the sequence and did something before its time and place out of forgetfulness, then remember these words: there’s no harm.
But if someone doesn’t learn about the procedures and lands up in Makkah to do Hajj, and then he commits mistakes, there might be some harm..
Volume 2, Book 26, Number 742:
Narrated Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu):
I never saw the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) offering any prayer not at its stated time except two; he prayed the Maghrib and the ‘Isha’ together and he offered the morning prayer before its usual time.
Volume 2, Book 26, Number 743:
Narrated ‘Abdur-Rahman bin Yazid
I went out with ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu), to Mecca and when we proceeded to am’ he offered the two prayers (the Maghrib and the ‘Isha’) together, making the Adhan and Iqama separately for each prayer. He took his supper in between the two prayers. He offered the Fajr prayer as soon as the day dawned. Some people said, “The day had dawned (at the time of the prayer),” and others said, “The day had not dawned.” ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu) then said, “Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, ‘These two prayers have been shifted from their stated times at this place only (at Al-Muzdalifa); first: The Maghrib and the ‘Isha’. So the people should not arrive at Al-Muzdalifa till the time of the ‘Isha’ prayer has become due. The second prayer is the morning prayer which is offered at this hour.’ ” Then ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu) stayed there till it became a bit brighter. He then said, “If the chief of the believers hastened onwards to Mina just now, then he had indeed followed the Sunna.” I do not know which proceeded the other, his (‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu)’s) statement or the departure of ‘Uthman (radiallaahu `anhu). Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu) was reciting Talbiya till he threw pebbles at the Jamrat-al-‘Aqaba on the Day of Nahr (slaughtering) (that is the 10th of Dhul-Hijja).
Volume 2, Book 26, Number 744:
Narrated ‘Amr bin Maimun:
I saw ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu), offering the Fajr (morning) prayer at Jam’; then he got up and said, “The pagans did not use to depart (from Jam’) till the sun had risen, and they used to say, ‘Let the sun shine on Thabir (a mountain).’ But the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) contradicted them and departed from Jam’ before sunrise.”
- Combine Maghrib and `Ishaa’ with one adhaan and two iqaamahs.
- Pray Fajr early.
Some pilgrims pray Fajr before its time, praying and leaving. This is a serious mistake, because prayer offered before its time is not accepted, rather it is haraam because it is overstepping the limits set by Allaah. Prayers are to offered at set times, the beginning and end of which are defined in sharee’ah, so it is not permissible for anyone to offer a prayer before its time begins.
The pilgrim has to pay attention to this matter, and not pray Fajr until after he is certain or thinks it most likely that the time for Fajr has begun. It is true that he should hasten to pray Fajr in Muzdalifah, because the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did that, but that does not mean that he should pray it before its time begins. The pilgrim should beware of doing that.
Other mistakes made by pilgrims on the way to and in Muzdalifah here.
Narrated Sahl bin Sad:
The Prophet went out to affect a reconciliation between the tribes of Bani ‘Amr bin ‘Auf and the time of the prayer became due; Bilal went to Abu Bakr and said, “The Prophet is detained. Will you lead the people in the prayer?” Abu Bakr replied, “Yes, if you wish.” So Bilal pronounced the Iqama and Abu Bakr led the prayer. In the meantime the Prophet came crossing the rows (of the praying people) till he stood in the first row and the people started clapping. Abu Bakr never looked hither and thither during the prayer but when the people clapped too much, he looked back and saw the Prophet in the (first) row. The Prophet waved him to remain at his place, but Abu Bakr raised both his hands and sent praises to Allah and then retreated and the Prophet went forward and led the prayer. (See Hadith No. 295 & 296)
Another longer version of this narration:
It was narrated from Sahl ibn Sa’d al-Saa’idi that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) went to Bani ‘Amr ibn ‘Awf to reconcile between them. (In the meantime) the time for prayer came, and the muezzin came to Abu Bakr and said, “Will you lead the people in prayer, and should I say the iqaamah?” He said, “Yes.” So Abu Bakr started to lead the prayer. Then the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) came when the people were still praying, and he passed through the rows until he stood in the first row. The people clapped but Abu Bakr used not to glance sideways whilst he was praying. When the people’s clapping continued, he turned and saw the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) gestured to him to stay where he was, so Abu Bakr (may Allaah be pleased with him) raised his hands and praised Allaah for what the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) had told him to do. Then Abu Bakr stepped back until he was level with the row and the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) came forward and led the rest of the prayer. When he finished he said, “O Abu Bakr, what kept you from staying put when I told you to?” Abu Bakr said, “It was not right for the son of Abu Quhaafah [referring to himself] to lead the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) in prayer.” The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said,
Why did you clap so much? If something happens to anyone during his prayer, let him say Subhaan Allaah, for if he says Subhaan Allaah, people will take notice. Clapping is only for women.
(Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 652; Muslim, 421)
Ibn Hajar said:
He did not let women say Subhaan Allaah because they are commanded to lower their voices in prayer in all circumstances, because of the fear that their voices may cause fitnah (temptation). He forbade men to clap because this is something for women.
Fath al-Baari, 3/77
Ibn ‘Abd al-Barr said:
Some of the scholars said: It is makrooh for woman to say Subhaan-Allaah (in such circumstances) and it is permissible for them to clap because most women’s voices are soft and a woman’s voice may distract the men who are praying with her.
The scholars prescribed clapping for woman in all circumstances, and undoubtedly this applies when a woman is in the presence of non-mahram men. If she is with women or men who are her mahrams, then she may say Subhaan Allaah, like reciting out loud in their presence.
Mughni al-Muhtaaj, 1/418
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Masud:
We used to say the greeting, name and greet each other in the prayer. Allah’s Apostle heard it and said:–“Say, ‘At-tahiyyatu lil-lahi was-salawatu wat-taiyibatu . Assalamu ‘Alaika aiyuha-n-Nabiyu wa-rahmatu-l-lahi wa-barakatuhu. _ Assalamu alaina wa-‘ala ‘ibadi-l-lahi as-salihin.. Ashhadu an la ilaha illa-l-lah wa ashhadu anna Muhammadan ‘abdu hu wa Rasuluh. (All the compliments are for Allah and all the prayers and all the good things (are for Allah). Peace be on you, O Prophet, and Allah’s mercy and blessings (are on you). And peace be on us and on the good (pious) worshipers of Allah. I testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and that Muhammad is His slave and Apostle.) So, when you have said this, then you have surely sent the greetings to every good (pious) worshiper of Allah, whether he be in the Heaven or on the Earth . “
Narrated Abu Huraira :
The Prophet said, “The saying ‘Sub Han Allah’ is for men and clapping is for women.” (If something happens in the prayer, the men can invite the attention of the Imam by saying “Sub Han Allah”. And women, by clapping their hands).
Narrated Sahl bin Sad,
The Prophet said, “The saying ‘Sub Han Allah’ is for men and clapping is for women.
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
While Abu Bakr was leading the people in the morning prayer on a Monday, the Prophet came towards them suddenly having lifted the curtain of ‘Aisha’s house, and looked at them as they were standing in rows and smiled. Abu Bakr tried to come back thinking that Allah’s Apostle wanted to come out for the prayer. The attention of the Muslims was diverted from the prayer because they were delighted to see the Prophet. The Prophet waved his hand to them to complete their prayer, then he went back into the room and let down the curtain. The Prophet expired on that very day.
Actions allowed in prayer:
- Saying SubhanAllah if something alarms you, or the imaam makes a mistake.
- for men in all circumstances.
- women may say it when non-mahrams can’t hear them.
- Clapping if the imaam makes a mistake –> for women only.
- Walking forward during prayer to take the imaam’s position, if the need arises.
- One may take one or two steps to adjust his/her position as well. Not more than that.