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Weapons in Haram (Ahadith 781 – 782)

Assalamu`alaykum,
Bismillah.

Volume 2, Book 15, Number 781:

Narrated Said bin Jubair:

I was with Ibn Umar when a spear head pierced the sole of his foot and his foot stuck to the paddle of the saddle and I got down and pulled his foot out, and that happened in Mina. Al-Hajjaj got the news and came to enquire about his health and said, “Alas! If we could only know the man who wounded you!” Ibn Umar said, “You are the one who wounded me.” Al-Hajjaj said, “How is that?” Ibn Umar said, “You have allowed the arms to be carried on a day on which nobody used to carry them and you allowed arms to be carried in the Haram even though it was not allowed before.”

Volume 2, Book 15, Number 782:

Narrated Said bin ‘Amr bin Said bin Al-‘Aas:

Al-Hajjaj went to Ibn Umar while I was present there. Al-Hajjaj asked Ibn Umar, “How are you?” Ibn Umar replied, “I am all right,” Al-Hajjaj asked, “Who wounded you?” Ibn Umar replied, “The person who allowed arms to be carried on the day on which it was forbidden to carry them (he meant Al-Hajjaj)”.

As for the background of this particular incident, history books can shed some light on it iA. The crux is, Ibn Umar saw al-Hajjaj as a tyrant, and disapproved of him. He wasn’t the only one, though.

At al-Hajjaj’s death in ad 714, the people of Iraq rejoiced openly in the streets. Umar II (caliph, 717 – 720) thanked God for removing a “tyrant” and Hasan al-Basri said “O God, it is You who killed him; please, put an end to his habitual practices”. [Wikipedia]

Ayyub said: “I asked Nafi’ how Ibn ‘Umar died, and he said: “He was injured between two of his fingers by a supporting beam in the middle of the crowd during the stone-throwing of the Hajj, and this made him sick. So, al-Hajjaj came to visit him, and Ibn ‘Umar closed his eyes. al-Hajjaj spoke to him, and he would not reply.””

No judgement intended.

Coming back to the the Ahadith mentioned above, it is not allowed to carry weapons in the vicinity of Haram, because that place is sacred, and anything that could potentially violate its sanctity is forbidden. If one wants to carry a weapon to protect himself, let him know that countless security guards are already doing that job. :)

See, these men have been appointed for our safety. ^_^

What’s forbidden is forbidden. No one can make lawful what Allah made unlawful, not even scholars. So Ibn Umar was angry at al-Hajjaj because he had allowed people to carry arms in Haram, although it was forbidden to do so. Allahu A`lam.

Wassalam.

Tahiyyat-ul-Masjid: An Insight (Ahadith 750 – 751)

Assalamu`alaykum,
Bismillah.

There has been a post on this topic before, but this will be more detailed and insightful inshaAllah.

Volume 2, Book 13, Number 750:

Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah:

A person entered the mosque while the Prophet was delivering the Khutba on a Friday. The Prophet said to him, “Have you prayed?” The man replied in the negative. The Prophet said, “Get up and pray two Rakat.”

Volume 2, Book 13, Number 751:

Narrated Jabir:

A man entered the Mosque while the Prophet was delivering the Khutba. The Prophet said to him, “Have you prayed?” The man replied in the negative. The Prophet said, “Pray two Rakat.”

One of the etiquettes of visiting the Masjid, is the offering of two rak`aat glorifying Allaah upon arrival. These two rak`aat show honor and respect for the places of worship. These two rak`aat are known as “Tahiyyaht-ul-Masjid”, and display salutation for the masjid. The person entering the masjid performs them greeting the masjid; similar to the way a person greets somebody.

There is proof found in the hadeeth of Abu Qaatadah that this prayer is legislated. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said,

إِذَا دَخَلَ أَحَدُكُمُ الْمَسْجِدَ فَلاَ يَجْلِسْ حَتَّى يُصَلِّىَ رَكْعَتَيْنِ

“Whenever one of you enter the masjid he MUST not sit down until he prays two Rak’ah.” (Bukhari 433)

فَلْيَرْكَعْ رَكْعَتَيْنِ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَجْلِسَ

“Then he MUST pray two Rak’ah before he sits down”(Muslim 714)

Entering the Best of Masajid.. <3

In the Ahadith mentioned above (top), an instance is mentioned where Prophet (SAW) interrupts his khutba to ask a man if he had prayed tahiyyat-ul-masjid upon entering the masjid. And then he ordered him to get up and pray the two rak`aat. This is where the confusion starts. Is the Jumu`ah khutba more important or the tahiyyat-ul-masjid? Well, read point 4 here.

Is it mandatory, recommended, or just a voluntary deed? Does a person HAVE to perform these two rak`aat upon entering a masjid, or does he/she have an option? Well, there’s difference of opinion among scholars. Go through this link for details. In short, it is recommended and a “stressed Sunnah”.

So if it’s a stressed Sunnah, can we perform the two rak`aat even in the times when prayer is forbidden (example: after Fajr, after Asr)? Get your answer here.

Happy knowing + amal-ing. :D

Wassalam.

From Among the Masjid Manners.. (Hadith No. 732)

Assalamu`alaykum,
Bismillah.

Volume 2, Book 13, Number 732:

Narrated Ibn Juraij:

I heard Nafi’ saying, “Ibn Umar, said, ‘The Prophet forbade that a man should make another man to get up to sit in his place’ “. I said to Nafi’, ‘Is it for Jumua prayer only?’ He replied, “For Jumua prayer and any other (prayer).”

If it only happened in classrooms and other random places, I wouldn’t consider it a problem. But it happens in masajid! Wallahi, we are so ignorant of the teachings of Prophet (SAW), we don’t even know how to behave in a masjid. In this particular case, we aren’t considerate of other people’s comfort and ease.

Why do you ask the someone to get up from their place, only to sit there? Is there no other space in the masjid hall where you can sit? Or are you just too concerned about your ease that the other person and their comfort is of least importance to you?

Masjid is a sacred place. Yes, you need to show a particular behavior there. But we get trained through special places, special times and special things only to incorporate that training into our daily lives. For example, this Hadith talks about not making anyone get up from to sit in their place – in a masjid – for prayer. But you must not restrict it to prayer or masjid only. Apply it in your daily routine. Don’t make anyone get up to sit in their place – anywhere – for anything, unless it’s absolutely necessary. Not in a class, not on a dining table, not in a lounge, not on a couch, not in a public or private place. It’s bad manners. The other person does not feel nice, man!

I apologize for the weird way this post has been written. I just did not get the time to think twice while writing.. Mhmm.

Wassalam.

You or Him? (Ahadith 720 – 721)

Assalamu`alaykum,
Bismillah.

Repeats: Hadith no. 717, 718, 719.

Volume 2, Book 13, Number 720:

Narrated Ibn Umar:

The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, “Allow women to go to the Mosques at night.”

Volume 2, Book 13, Number 721:

Narrated Ibn Umar:

One of the wives of Umar (bin Al-Khattab) used to offer the Fajr and the ‘Isha’ prayer in congregation in the Mosque. She was asked why she had come out for the prayer as she knew that Umar disliked it, and he has great ghairah (self-respect). She replied, “What prevents him from stopping me from this act?” The other replied, “The statement of Allah’s Apostle (p.b.u.h) : “Do not stop Allah’s women-slaves from going to Allah’s Mosques” prevents him.”

Similar Ahadith here.

How often do we give in to Allah and His Messenger (SAW)’s commands? When we want one thing and Shari`ah wants something else from us, what do we give preference to? Our desires or the Deen?

You see, Umar (RA) disliked her wives going to the mosque too often, but he never forbade them because of the statement of Allah’s Messenger (SAW). He had THAT sort of control over himself. Like wow!

Wassalam.

Who Leads The Friday Prayer? (Hadith No. 716)

Assalamu`alaykum,
Bismillah.

Volume 2, Book 13, Number 716:

Narrated Ibn Umar:

I heard Allah’s Apostle saying, “All of you are Guardians.”
Yunis said: Ruzaiq bin Hukaim wrote to Ibn Shihab while I was with him at Wadi-al-Qura saying, “Shall I lead the Jumua prayer?” Ruzaiq was working on the land (i.e farming) and there was a group of Sudanese people and some others with him; Ruzaiq was then the Governor of Aila. Ibn Shihab wrote (to Ruzaiq) ordering him to lead the Jumua prayer and telling him that Salim told him that ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar had said, “I heard Allah’s Apostle saying, ‘All of you are guardians and responsible for your wards and the things under your care. The Imam (i.e. ruler) is the guardian of his subjects and is responsible for them and a man is the guardian of his family and is responsible for them. A woman is the guardian of her husband’s house and is responsible for it. A servant is the guardian of his master’s belongings and is responsible for them.’ I thought that he also said, ‘A man is the guardian of his father’s property and is responsible for it. All of you are guardians and responsible for your wards and the things under your care.”

Ideally, the Imaam (leader) of a people is supposed to lead the prayers in the masjid(s) of that people.
When I say people, I mean town/city/township/village etc.

But the sad reality is that the ministers and governors only lead people in the worldly matters. When it comes to Salah in the masjid, an Imaam is ‘hired’ to do the job. Double sigh.

Wassalam.

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