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Using the Word “Sayyid” (Hadith No. 2365)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 49, Number 867 :
Narrated by Al-Hasan Al-Basri
By Allah, Al-Hasan bin Ali (radiallaahu `anhu) led large battalions like mountains against Muawiya. Amr bin Al-As (radiallaahu `anhu) said (to Muawiya), “I surely see battalions which will not turn back before killing their opponents.” Muawiya (radiallaahu `anhu), who was really the best of the two men, said to him, “O ‘Amr! If these killed those and those killed these, who would be left with me for the jobs of the public, who would be left with me for their women, who would be left with me for their children?” Then Muawiya (radiallaahu `anhu) sent two Quraishi men from the tribe of ‘Abd-i-Shams called ‘Abdur Rahman bin Sumura and Abdullah bin ‘Amir bin Kuraiz to Al-Hasan (radiallaahu `anhu) saying to them, “Go to this man (i.e. Al-Hasan) and negotiate peace with him and talk and appeal to him.” So, they went to Al-Hasan (radiallaahu `anhu) and talked and appealed to him to accept peace. Al-Hasan (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “We, the offspring of ‘Abdul Muttalib, have got wealth and people have indulged in killing and corruption (and money only will appease them).” They said to Al-Hasan (radiallaahu `anhu), “Muawiya offers you so and so, and appeals to you and entreats you to accept peace.” Al-Hasan (radiallaahu `anhu) said to them, “But who will be responsible for what you have said?” They said, “We will be responsible for it.” So, what-ever Al-Hasan (radiallaahu `anhu) asked they said, “We will be responsible for it for you.” So, Al-Hasan (radiallaahu `anhu) concluded a peace treaty with Muawiya (radiallaahu `anhu).
Al-Hasan (Al-Basri) said: I heard Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) saying, “I saw Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) on the pulpit and Al-Hasan bin ‘Ali (radiallaahu `anhu) was by his side. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was looking once at the people and once at Al-Hasan bin ‘Ali (radiallaahu `anhu) saying, ‘This son of mine is a Saiyid (i.e. a noble) and may Allah make peace between two big groups of Muslims through him.”

If a person is known by this title, there is nothing wrong with that, because the word “Sayyid” may be used for the leader of a people, or for a faqeeh or scholar, or for those who are descended from Faatimah through the children of al-Hasan and al-Husayn. All of these are forms of address which are well known among the people. The Arabs used to call tribal leaders and elders “Sayyid” (e.g. Sayyid Bani Foolaan – the leader of such-and-such tribe, etc). The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used this word, when he asked some of the Arabs, “Who is your leader (sayyid), O Banu So-and-so? Who is your leader (sayyid), O Banu So-and-so?”, i.e., who is your chief? And he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said concerning al-Hasan, “This son of mine is a sayyid and perhaps Allaah will reconcile two great groups of Muslims through him.” It is disliked (makrooh) to address a person as Ya sayyidi (O my master) or Yaa sayyidanaa (O our master), because when it was said to the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), “You are our master,” he said, “The Master is Allaah, may He blessed and exalted”; and because this may make him conceited and proud. So we should not do that. Instead we should say, “O So and so” or “So Abu (father of) So and so,” using the names, kunyas (Abu So and so, etc.) and nicknames which are known.

With regard to using the phrases “Yaa Sayyidi” and “Yaa Sayyidanaa” when addressing one another, it is better not to do that.

Saying “Sayyid” to a munaafiq or kaafir is not permissible, because of the hadeeth, “Do not say ‘Sayyidanaa’ to a munaafiq, because if he is really your master then you have angered your Lord.” (Narrated by Ahmad, Abu Dawood and al-Nasaa’i; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’, no. 7405, p. 1234)

Taken from IslamQA

 Allah’s Name: “Al-Sayyid”

Allaah is al-Sayyid (the Master), i.e., the Sovereign of the universe; all of creation is enslaved to Him.

Allaah is the One Who is needed in an absolute sense. No created being is independent of Him. If He did not create them, they would not exist, and if He did not sustain them after creating them, they would not remain. If He did not help them with all that they are faced with, they would have no help besides Him. So it is His right that His created beings should call Him, and none other, al-Sayyid.

Taken from IslamQA

Giving the title “Sayyid” to Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)

Giving the title Sayyiduna to the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) is right and proper, because he is the master (sayyid) of the sons of Adam, and it is proven that he (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “I am the master (sayyid) of the sons of Adam and no boast.” He is the master of mankind and the Messengers. So if a man says Sayyiduna Muhammad, and: Allahumma salli ‘ala Sayyiduna Muhammad (O Allah, send blessings upon our master Muhammad), there is nothing wrong with that. He is the master (Sayyid) of the sons of Adam and the master of mankind.

He only disliked that from people during his lifetime because he feared that they might exaggerate. So when they said, You are our master (sayyid), he said: “Al-Sayyid is Allah, may He be blessed and exalted,” so as to block the means (that might lead to exaggeration), as he was afraid that they might exaggerate about him (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). But after he died (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him), and as he told us that he is the master (sayyid) of the sons of Adam, there is nothing wrong with saying Sayyiduna (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). So he is the best of us, and our master (sayyid), and our leader (imam), and he is a close friend of the Most Merciful (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him).

Taken from IslamQA

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Muhammad (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) in Torah (Hadith No. 1830)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 335 :
Narrated by Ata bin Yasar
I met Abdullah bin ‘Amr bin Al-‘As (radiallaahu `anhu) and asked him, “Tell me about the description of Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) which is mentioned in Torah (i.e. Old Testament.”) He replied, ‘Yes. By Allah, he is described in Torah with some of the qualities attributed to him in the Quran as follows: “O Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! We have sent you as a witness (for Allah’s True religion), and a giver of glad tidings (to the faithful believers), And a warner (to the unbelievers), and guardian of the illiterates. You are My slave and My messenger (i.e. Apostle). I have named you “Al-Mutawakkil” (who depends upon Allah). You are neither discourteous, harsh, nor a noise-maker in the markets. And you do not do evil to those who do evil to you, but you deal with them with forgiveness and kindness. Allah will not let him (the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)) die till he makes straight the crooked people by making them say: “None has the right to be worshiped but Allah,” with which will be opened blind eyes and deaf ears and enveloped hearts.”

Ibn Kathir mentions this Hadith under the following ayah in his tafsir:

﴿الَّذِينَ يَتَّبِعُونَ الرَّسُولَ النَّبِىَّ الأُمِّىَّ الَّذِى يَجِدُونَهُ مَكْتُوبًا عِندَهُمْ فِى التَّوْرَاةِ وَالإِنجِيلِ يَأْمُرُهُم بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَيَنْهَـهُمْ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَيُحِلُّ لَهُمُ الطَّيِّبَـتِ وَيُحَرِّمُ عَلَيْهِمُ الْخَبَـئِثَ وَيَضَعُ عَنْهُمْ إِصْرَهُمْ وَالاٌّغْلَـلَ الَّتِى كَانَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ فَالَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ بِهِ وَعَزَّرُوهُ وَنَصَرُوهُ وَاتَّبَعُواْ النُّورَ الَّذِى أُنزِلَ مَعَهُ أُوْلَـئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ ﴾

“Those who follow the Messenger, the Prophet who can neither read nor write whom they find written of with them in the Tawrah and the Injil, — he commands them to do good; and forbids them from evil; he makes lawful for them the good things, and forbids them from the evil things, he releases them from their heavy burdens and from the fetters that were upon them. So those who believe in him, honor him, help him, and follow the light which has been sent down with him, it is they who will be successful.” [7:157]

He comments:

﴿الَّذِينَ يَتَّبِعُونَ الرَّسُولَ النَّبِىَّ الأُمِّىَّ الَّذِى يَجِدُونَهُ مَكْتُوبًا عِندَهُمْ فِى التَّوْرَاةِ وَالإِنجِيلِ﴾

(Those who follow the Messenger, the Prophet who can neither read nor write whom they find written with them in the Tawrah and the Injil,) This is the description of the Prophet Muhammad in the Books of the Prophets. They delivered the good news of his advent to their nations and commanded them to follow him. His descriptions were still apparent in their Books, as the rabbis and the priests well know. Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Sakhr Al-`Uqayli said that a bedouin man said to him, “I brought a milk-producing camel to Al-Madinah during the life time of Allah’s Messenger. After I sold it, I said to myself, `I will meet that man (Muhammad) and hear from him.’ So I passed by him while he was walking between Abu Bakr and `Umar, and I followed them until they went by a Jewish man, who was reading from an open copy of the Tawrah. He was mourning a son of his who was dying and who was one of the most handsome boys. The Messenger of Allah asked him (the father),

«أَنْشُدُكَ بِالَّذِي أَنْزَلَ التَّوْرَاةَ هَلْ تَجِدُ فِي كِتَابِكَ هَذَا صِفَتِي وَمَخْرَجِي؟»

(I ask you by He Who has sent down the Tawrah, do you not find the description of me and my advent in your Book) He nodded his head in the negative. His son said, `Rather, yes, by He Who has sent down the Tawrah! We find the description of you and your advent in our Book. I bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah and that you are the Messenger of Allah. ‘ The Prophet said (to the Companions),

«أَقِيمُوا الْيَهُودِيَّ عَنْ أَخِيكُم»

(Stop the Jew (the father) from (taking care of) your brother (in Islam).) The Prophet then personally took care of the son’s funeral and led the funeral prayer on him.”’ This Hadith is sound and is supported by a similar Hadith in the Sahih narrated from Anas. Ibn Jarir recorded that Al-Muthanna said that `Ata’ bin Yasar said, “I met `Abdullah bin `Amr and asked him, `Tell me about the description of Allah’s Messenger in the Tawrah.’ He said, `Yes, by Allah! He is described in the Tawrah, just as he is described in the Qur’an,

﴿يأَيُّهَا النَّبِىُّ إِنَّآ أَرْسَلْنَـكَ شَاهِداً وَمُبَشِّراً وَنَذِيراً ﴾

(O Prophet! Verily, We have sent you as a witness, and a bearer of glad tidings, and a warner.) ﴿33:45﴾ as a safe refuge for the unlettered ones. `You are My servant and Messenger. I have called you `Al-Mutawakkil’ (who trusts in Allah), not hard or harsh.’ Neither uttering foul speech in the markets nor returning evil deed with one in kind. Rather, he forgives and forgoes. Allah will not end his life until He straightens through him the crooked religion, so that they might proclaim, `There is no deity worthy of worship except Allah.’ He will open through him sealed hearts, deaf ears and blind eyes.”’ `Ata’ then said, “I also met Ka`b and asked him the same question, and his answer did not differ from `Abdullah’s answer, even concerning one letter. ” Al-Bukhari recorded it from `Abdullah bin `Amr. It was also recorded by Al-Bukhari ﴿up to the word﴾ forgoes. And he mentioned the narration of `Abdullah bin `Amr then he said; “It was common in the speech of our Salaf that they describe the Books of the People of the Two Scriptures as the Tawrah, as some Hadiths concur. Allah knows best.

Question: Why did Imam Bukhari bring this Hadith in the Book of Sales and Trade?
Answer: The phrase “nor a noise-maker in the markets” suggests that it is disliked to raise voices in the market.

SubhanAllah, the intricacy of Imam Bukhari!

The Personality Of A Da’ee

This was a post by brother Mohammad Ali on Facebook. Posting it on the blog so people can know how a Da’ee should be. Share it with whoever is involved in Da’wah work.

This is a part taken from my lecture notes of “Personality of a Da’ee”. This actually applies to every practicing Muslim and not just a Da’ee.
So what should be the personality of a practicing Muslim? How he/she must behave? What should be the body language?
The answer to this question is, the best example for us is of course, one and only, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). So first let’s take a glance at his personality. It would take a lot of space if I start writing and describing each and every trait. So let me summarize: (read Shamail Tirmidhi for detail)
1- He had a very formidable (robdaar) yet friendly personality.
2- He had a very lively and loving nature.
3- His presence used to awe people.
4- His manners would impress even his enemies.
5- He never did excessive joking or laughing.
6- He would speak in a clear manner and at moderate pace.
7- He would express how he felt through his emotions.
8- His body language was extremely decent and calm.

Now consider Hazrat Umar’s personality:
1- Brilliantly formidable.
2- Serious and mature nature
3- Awe inspiring
4- No excessive joking or talking.

And every Sahabi was like that. Now compare this with the picture shared in this post (character buck from Ice Age movie). These days Muslim youth and Da’ees seem to be inspired by such cartoon characters and act like them. Hence losing that maturity, awe (rob) and inspiration which a practicing Muslim must possess. On the contrary, they’re acting stupid, immature, joking all the time, laughing, jumping and doing all sorts of things which decrease the charm from their personality. Time to think. Whom should we take as the ideal? Hollywood cartoon characters or the formidable men who inspired people just by their mere walk?

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No Zakah for Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)’s Family (Hadith No. 1261)

Bismillah.

Hadith no. 1260 (below) is a repeat. Read it here.

Volume 2, Book 24, Number 561:

Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri (radiallaahu `anhu):

The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “There is no Zakat on less than five Awsuq (of dates), or on less than five camels, or on less than five Awaq of silver.” (22 Yameni Riyals Faransa).

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 2, Book 24, Number 562:

Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):

Dates used to be brought to Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) immediately after being plucked. Different persons would bring their dates till a big heap collected (in front of the Prophet). Once Al-Hasan (radiallaahu `anhu) and Al-Husain (radiallaahu `anhu) were playing with these dates. One of them took a date and put it in his mouth. Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) looked at him and took it out from his mouth and said, “Don’t you know that Muhammad’s offspring do not eat what is given in charity?”

The scholars are unanimously agreed that it is not permissible for the family of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) to eat from the obligatory zakaah. This consensus was narrated by more than one scholar.

See: Mawsoo’at al-Ijmaa’ by Sa’di Abu Jayb (2/517-518).

With regard to voluntary charity, most scholars are of the view that it is permissible for the family of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) to take from it. This is the well known view of the madhhabs of the four imams of fiqh (Abu Haneefah, Maalik, al-Shaafa’i and Ahmad, may Allaah have mercy on them all).

See: Radd al-Muhtaar (2/351), al-Taaj wa’l-Ikleel (3/223), Mughni al-Muhtaaj (4/195), Kashshaaf al-Qinaa’ (2/291-292).

Details here.

Prepare NOW and Fear ONLY HIM!

Assalam u alaikum! So as I was coming back to GIKI from Rawalpindi, I learned/reflected upon 2 things. Would just like to share them. Yeah yeah I know this isn’t poetry :P

FIRST:

I fell asleep in the van. The guy drove exceptionally good (fast?) today and when I woke up after about half an hour, we were really close (maybe because of the new motorway route). I woke up and realized that I had almost reached the end of my journey. I could see it by the signs around me. From that airbase or whatever that is, from the wind that had changed, from the atmosphere that was cleaner. I had to send some texts so I was like man if I hadn’t slept I would’ve sent them earlier. Now I’m almost there and since I just woke up I don’t feel like going through all that trouble right now. Let’s just wait till I reach back to my room.

Then it suddenly hit me, isn’t our life similar? We’re all on a journey aren’t we? Most of the time we are asleep, forgetting our real purpose. We wake up when most of it has already passed. Then it dawns upon us that we have indeed wasted a lot of time sleeping, while we could have done something productive in that time – something that would make the rest of the life (hereafter) better. But by that time, most of us don’t have the same strength. We are old. Our strength is not the same. All that excitement, all those hormones, all that vigor, dynamism, it’s just not there! So we feel tired even by thinking about what we could do back then. How would it feel? It would hurt. You’d want to cry, and you would. You’d turn to Allah when most of the people do.

But this was no ordinary journey. You were in a race. You slept while others worked hard. They did what was in their capacity, and by now they are far, far ahead of you.

The best deeds are those that are done in one’s YOUTH.

One of the five questions that would be asked on the day of judgement, and without answering which a person would not be able to move, would be How did you spend your YOUTH?

Better start working now than regret later, no?

May Allah give us the Tawfeeq to wake up from the delusion of this world, and make us realize the reality. So we work for our resting place.

“….And what is the worldly life except the enjoyment of delusion.”

(57:20)

So we do what Allah says in Surah Al-Hadeed (57:21), the very next verse of the one mentioned above.

“Race toward forgiveness from your Lord and a Garden whose width is like the width of the heavens and earth, prepared for those who believed in Allah and His messengers. That is the bounty of Allah which He gives to whom He wills, and Allah is the possessor of great bounty.”

SECOND:

The conductor when was about to drop me said that at this time there is no rickshaw how would you go to the gate from the turn (from where he would go left and I would have to go right). I said I’ll walk. He replied but it is 3 kilometers! I said nah it’s less than 1. Then he’s like ok.. I was only saying because yesterday a guy gave 100 rupees and we dropped him at the gate. I replied the guy must not like to walk :P lol

Then he stayed quiet, after a while he said, it’s 9PM and these are dangerous times. I said have Faith in Allah :) He’s like of course I have faith in Allah, but are 100 rupees dearer than your life? I knew what he was doing so I just kept saying that I’ll walk insha’Allah. He’s like suit yourself.

I read Ayat ul Kursi and the 3 Quls for protection and started walking. That road is a bit creepy, I admit. Some parts were lit up while others were in utter darkness. As I walked down the road I remembered the verse:

“160. If Allâh helps you, none can overcome you; and if He forsakes you, who is there after Him that can help you? And in Allâh (Alone) let believers put their trust.”Surah Al-Imran.

And what was said by the Prophets…

“…And upon Allah let those who would rely [indeed] rely.”  Surah Ibraheem (14:12)

I accept I was freaked out for a while (mainly because I fear dogs a bit). Even seemed to hear voices from the fields towards my right. But I looked up at the stars (yeah, crazy about stargazing). And I said Allah if I can hear something you can hear it too, so I seek refuge in you from the evil out there and I ask you to give me the good out there.

And I remembered when the Prophet PBUH was asked that who would save you now and he replied ALLAH and the man dropped the sword in fear. There were different thoughts going on in my head.

I reached safely Alhamdulillah and there are two things I wanna mention here.

First, Why are we so afraid of the dark (or unknown)? I was reading Ammar Al-Shukry’s article the other day and I loved the part where he says we fear the darkness because we’re not familiar with it, because of the unknown. We fear the unknown. Then why is it that man is so heedless about his hereafter? Has he seen what hell is like and is not afraid? Or has he seen that he would be saved? We are afraid of little things in this world but we are not afraid of the ONE WHO CREATED ALL OF IT? The One Who knows the number of turns a leaf takes before falling to the ground. The One Who knows of a black ant, on a black stone, in a black night? We dare not fear HIM yet we are afraid of this world? Then I think that is exactly the reason for us being afraid. We have failed to realize the MIGHT of Allah. We have failed to realize the POWER of Allah. We have failed to obey HIM like HE ought to be obeyed. We have failed to FEAR HIM like he ought to be feared. And as a result we are afraid of a million other things.

Second thing is, why is it that we keep saying we have FAITH in Allah but cannot prove it? Again it comes to the same thing that we’re too afraid of things. How did Khalid bin Waleed RA drink poison and yet survive? Why did the Prophet PBUH not panic when he had no one but Allah to protect him? I’m not trying to say you should drink poison now lol But see the point!! It really amazes me! Why do we lack that belief in Allah! Is HE not able to do everything?! Is HE not able to protect you?! OF COURSE HE IS!! Someone (or may be a lot of people) might disagree with me and say “tie your camel and then trust in Allah.” But like seriously it’s not that I was walking in a battle field without a sword! But taking EXTRA PRECAUTIONS because I live a life of fear of a million things but Allah… that I cannot accept!

This was a reminder to me first and foremost. May Allah increase us all in Emaan, help us really race for reward and keep our intentions purely for HIS sake and grant us a place in Jannat ul Firdous!

Hope I was able to convey the message. Feel free to criticize, I couldn’t care less lol Joking (a little lol), say whatever you want to insha’Allah. :)

All good is from Allah SWT and only the mistakes are mine.

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