Hadith no. 737 is a repeat. Read it here.
Narrated Saiyar bin Salama:
My father and I went to Abu Barza-al-Aslami to ask him about the stated times for the prayers. He replied, “The Prophet used to offer the Zuhr prayer when the sun just declined from its highest position at noon; the ‘Asr at a time when if a man went to the farthest place in Medina (after praying) he would find the sun still hot (bright). (The sub narrator said: I have forgotten what Abu Barza said about the Maghrib prayer). The Prophet never found any harm in delaying the ‘Isha’ prayer to the first third of the night and he never liked to sleep before it and to talk after it. He used to offer the morning prayer at a time when after finishing it one could recognize the person sitting beside him and used to recite between 60 to 100 verses in one or both the Rakat.”
Go through these Ahadith for more detail on times of prayers. I’ve already covered the Book of Times of Prayers [Kitaab Mawaqeet-us-Salah], so all you need to know is in this blog inshaAllah. :)
Book 9: Virtues of the Prayer Hall (Sutra of the Musalla) starts today.
Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:
Once I came riding a she-ass when I had just attained the age of puberty. Allah’s Apostle was offering the prayer at Mina with no wall in front of him and I passed in front of some of the row. There I dismounted and let my she-ass loose to graze and entered the row and nobody objected to me about it.
A few things:
- Imaam’s sutra* is enough for the whole congregation.
- If a kid/animal passes from in front of you during salah, your salah is still valid.
Exception: woman, donkey, black dog.It was reported from ‘Abd-Allaah ibn al-Saamit that Abu Dharr said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘If any one of you stands up to pray, then he has a sutrah [an item placed in front of a praying person as a “screen”] if he has something the height of the back of a saddle in front of him. If he does not have something the height of the back of a saddle in front of him, then his prayer is invalidated if a donkey or a woman or a black dog passes in front of him.’”
I [‘Abd-Allaah] asked, “O Abu Dharr, what is the difference between a black dog and a red or yellow dog?” He said, “O son of my brother, I asked the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) the same question, and he said, ‘The black dog is a shaytaan (devil).’” (Narrated by Muslim, 510).
- If an adult tries to cross your prayer space, you should not let them pass. Fight for it, if needed, for that is shaytaan trying to disturb your prayer.
Narrated Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri that the Prophet (SAW) said: “If any one of you is praying, he should not let anyone pass in front of him. Let him push him away as much as he can, and if he insists then let him fight him, for he is nothing but a shaytaan (devil)” [Bukhari: 487, Muslim: 505]
Forgetting during prayer:
Narrates Ibn Sirin:
Abu Huraira said, “Allah’s Apostle led us in one of the two ‘Isha’ prayers (Abu Huraira named that prayer but I forgot it).” Abu Huraira added, “He prayed two Rakat and then finished the prayer with Taslim. He stood up near a piece of wood lying across the mosque and leaned on it in such a way as if he was angry. Then he put his right hand over the left and clasped his hands by interlacing his fingers and then put his right cheek on the back of his left hand. The people who were in haste left the mosque through its gates. They wondered whether the prayer was reduced. And amongst them were Abu Bakr and ‘Umar but they hesitated to ask the Prophet. A long-handed man called Dhul-Yadain asked the Prophet, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! Have you forgotten or has the prayer been reduced?’ The Prophet replied, ‘I have neither forgotten nor has the prayer been reduced’ The Prophet added, ‘Is what Dhul Yadain has said true?’ They (the people) said, ‘Yes, it is true.’ The Prophet stood up again and led the prayer, completing the remaining prayer, forgotten by him, and performed Taslim, and then said, ‘Allahu Akbar.’ And then he did a prostration as he used to prostrate or longer than that. He then raised his head saying, ‘Allahu Akbar; he then again said, ‘Allahu Akbar’, and prostrated as he used to prostrate or longer than that. Then he raised his head and said, ‘Allahu Akbar.’ ” (The sub narrator added, “I think that they asked (Ibn Sirin) whether the Prophet completed the prayer with Taslim. He replied, “I heard that ‘Imran bin Husain had said, ‘Then he (the Prophet) did Taslim.”)
Read more on it here.
Earth: Masjid/Place of Prostration
Narrated Fudail bin Sulaiman:
Musa bin ‘Uqba said, “I saw Salim bin ‘Abdullah looking for some places on the way and prayed there. He narrated that his father used to pray there, and had seen the Prophet praying at those very places.”
Narrated Nafi’ on the authority of Ibn ‘Umar who said, “I used to pray at those places.” Musa the narrator added, “I asked Salim on which he said, ‘I agree with Nafi’ concerning those places, except the mosque situated at the place called Sharaf Ar-Rawha.”
Narrated Hadith is about the various places on the way from Medina to Mecca where the Prophet prayed and their locations. It is impossible to translate.
If you’re interested in reading this narration, read under chapter 89, Ahadith 483-492 [Volume 1/9 of the Arabic-English Sahih Al-Bukhari translated by Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan].
Relevant Hadith with explanation here.
With this, Kitaab-us-Salaah [Book of Prayer] comes to an end. Alhamdulillah. Tomorrow we start Virtues of the Prayer Hall (Sutra of the Musalla) inshaAllah.
Narrated Abu Musa:
The Prophet said, “A faithful believer to a faithful believer is like the bricks of a wall, enforcing each other.” While (saying that) the Prophet clasped his hands, by interlacing his fingers.
We’re supposed to be like those bricks ^. Each one of them has its own special place, and each one of them is significant in its own way. Even if one of them falls out of its place, the wall will lose its strength. Allah says in the Qur’an:
“The Believers are but a single Brotherhood.” [Al-Hujurat 49:10]
“The Believers, men and women, are protectors one of another: they enjoin the ma`roof (all of Islam), and forbid the munkar (all that is evil; kufr): they observe regular prayers, pay Zakat, and obey Allah and His Messenger. On them will Allah pour His mercy: for Allah is Exalted in power, Wise.” [9:71]
Allah’s Messenger (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:
“A Muslim is the brother of another Muslim, so he should not oppress him, forsake him, or despise him.”
“It is sufficient evil for a Muslim that he should look down upon his brother. The life, wealth, and honor of a Muslim are inviolable by another Muslim.” [Sahih Muslim]
It is related by Abu Hurairah (ra) that the Prophet said,
“There are five claims of a Muslim upon a Muslim: to return his greetings when he greets; to visit him when he falls ill; to attend his funeral; to accept his invitation to a meal and to pray for him, when he sneezes, by saying ‘yarhamukallah’ (May the mercy of Allah be on you).”
Anas (ra) reports that Rasulullah (s) once said:
“I swear by the Holy Being in whose power my life is, any one of you cannot be a true believer unless he desires for his fellow-brother what he desires for himself.”
“Brotherhood is synonymous with Islam. It is a force for good, a purveyor of peace and justice for everyone. It provides stability in a quarrelsome world. To the downtrodden and oppressed everywhere in the past, it provided freedom. When it was powerful, it even saved the Jews and Christians in Palestine and Spain from each other.” -Z.B. Asghar
So much for the past. What about the present? Do we understand the noble concept of Islamic brotherhood? Do we practice it? Do we belong to it?
Narrated Ibn ‘Umar or Ibn ‘Amr:
The Prophet clasped his hands, by interlacing his fingers. Narrated ‘Abdullah that Allah’s Apostle said, “O ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr! What will be your condition when you will be left with the sediments of (worst) people?” (They will be in conflict with each other).
Such will be these people, disputing among each other, fighting over petty things. Do you know why this will happen? Because people will stop making decisions according to the Laws of Allah (Qur’an and Sunnah).
Do you think it’s already happened? Are we the worst people?