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Hadith: Things You Should Know – 4

بسم اللہ الرحمن الرحیم

Today Inshaa’Allaah we will discuss little about “Kaseer-ur-Rawaiyat” “کثیرالرویاتـ

Among the Companions of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ they were famous Narrators of Hadith. They enjoyed the firsthand experience of hearing the Prophet’sﷺ teachings and observing Hisﷺ conduct. They are eight in numbers and include the following narrators:

Hazrat Abu Hurraira
Abu Hurairah stands at the top of the list of Hadith transmitters. This is because of the sheer bulk of his narrations. He was regarded by the Prophet himself as the most eager, among all Muslims, to acquire the knowledge of Hadith in Masnud Ibn Mukhlad narrated 5,374 Hadith from him.

Abdullah ibn ‘Umar
The son of Caliph `Umar ibn Al-Khattab, Ibn `Umar is the second most prolific narrator of Hadith. He has narrated 2,630 Hadith.

Anas ibn’ Malik
At the age of 10, Anas was presented by his mother, Umm Sulaym, to the Prophetﷺ following the Hijrah. From that time and until the Prophet’sﷺ death, Anas was the Prophet’sﷺ favorite attendant. Hadith narrated by him are 2,286.

Mother of the Believers  
`A’ishah occupies the fourth place. It was on account of her extensive knowledge of Hadith and Islamic law that even the most important Companions sought her advice on jurisprudential problems. Ahadith narrated by her are 2,210.

`Abdullah ibn `Abbas
He was born three years before the Prophet’s Hijrah and was thirteen years old at the time of the Prophet’sﷺ death. He was greatly loved by the Prophetﷺ, as is apparent from the hadiths that concern him. Number of Hadith narrated by him are 1,660.

Jabir ibn `Abdullah
This Companion is one of the early converts to Islam in Madinah. He narrated approximately 1,540.

Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri
His name is Sa`d ibn Malik, and he is another early convert of Madinah. Like Abu Hurairah, he was one of Ahl-us-Suffah — those people who lived on the porch of the Prophet’sﷺ dwelling by the mosque in order to dedicate themselves to an austere life of Prayer and learning. He narrated 1,170 Hadith.

`Abdullah ibn `Amr ibn Al-`Aas
He was an early convert who struggled for the cause of Islam, enjoyed the company of the Prophetﷺ for many years, and lived long enough after the death of the Prophet ﷺto transmit the Hadiths that he had learned from him. Number of Hadith narrated by him are 848.

Hadith: Things You Should Know – 2

بسم اللہ الرحمن الرحیم

Parts Of Hadith (حدیث):

A Hadith is composed of two parts:

  • The Matan متن (text)
  • The Isnad اسناد (chain of reporters)

A Text or Matan is the saying of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ and Sanad is the chain ofreliable reporters to be acceptable.

‘Abdullah b. al-Mubarak, one of the illustrious teachers of Imam al-Bukhari, said:

“The isnad is part of the religion: had it not been for the isnad, whoever wished to would have said whatever he liked.”

During the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ and after His death, His Companions (Sahabah) used to refer to him directly, when quoting his sayings. The Successors (Tabi’un) followed suit; some of them used to quote the Prophet ﷺ through the Companions while others would omit the intermediate authority – such a hadith was later known as mursal. It was found that the missing link between the successor and Prophet Muhammdﷺ might be one person, i.e. a Companion, or two people, the extra person being an older successor who heard the Hadith from the Companion. This is an example of how the need for the verification of each isnad arose. Imam Malik said:

“The first one to utilise the isnad was Ibn Shihab al- Zuhri”

The other more important reason was the deliberate fabrication of Ahadith by various sects which appeared amongst the Muslims, in order to support their views. Ibn Sirin, a successor, said: “They would not ask about the isnad. But when the fitnah (trouble, turmoil, esp. civil war) happened, they said: “name to us your men”. So the narrations of the Ahl al-Sunnah (Adherents to the Sunnah) would be accepted, while those of the Ahl al-Bid’ah (Adherents to Innovation) would not be accepted.”

Let me explain by giving an example for better understanding.

Narrated Abdullah Ibn Musa said (told us) Hanadzlah ibn Abi Sufyan from Ikrimah bin Khalid from Ibn ‘Umar , may Allah be pleased with them said:

Allah’s Apostle said: Islam is based on (the following) five (principles):

To testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and Muhammad is Allah’s Apostle. To offer the (compulsory congregational) prayers dutifully and perfectly. To pay Zakat (i.e. obligatory charity).To perform Hajj. (i.e. Pilgrimage to Mecca). To observe fast during the month of Ramadan.

The blue part in above Hadith is the isnad, and the green part is the matn.

Opinions (Hadith No. 201)

Salam,
Bismillah.

What kind of opinions do people have about you? Do you not know or not care? I’ll give you a reason to care iA.

Volume 1, Book 4, Number 201:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar:

Sa’d bin Abi Waqqas said, “The Prophet passed wet hands over his Khuffs.” ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar asked Umar about it. ‘Umar replied in the affirmative and added, “Whenever Sa’d narrates a Hadith from the Prophet, there is no need to ask anyone else about it.”

What ‘Umar (RA) said about Sa’d (RA) is true. There’s a whole branch of Hadith Sciences known as Ilm-ul-Rijaal (Study of Narrators/Transmitters). Each narrator is checked and rechecked to assure his authenticity and credibility to narrate a Hadith of Prophet (SAW). If a scholar says that so-and-so is weak, his narration won’t be taken into consideration. There’s a lot more to it..

Anyway, so it really matters what people say about you. Get opinions. :)

Wassalam.

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