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Major Sins and Imaan (Hadith No. 2152)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 43, Number 655:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “When an adulterer commits illegal sexual intercourse, then he is not a believer at the time he is doing it, and when a drinker of an alcoholic liquor drinks it, then he is not a believer at the time of drinking it, and when a thief steals, then he is not a believer at the time of stealing, and when a robber robs, and the people look at him, then he is not a believer at the time of doing robbery.

A believer who indulges in a major sin cannot possibly have the fear/consciousness of Allah while he’s committing the sin. Iman increases and decreases, and sometimes it just goes too low.

Only sincere repentance can wipe out these sins from our slate, nothing else.

Al-Tirmidhi narrated that Anas ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) say: “Allah, may He be blessed and exalted, said: ‘O son of Adam, so long as you call upon Me and ask of Me, I shall forgive you for what you have done, and I shall not mind. O son of Adam, were your sins to reach the clouds of the sky and were you then to ask forgiveness of Me, I would forgive you and I would not mind.’” [Saheeh al-Tirmidhi]

Robbery (Hadith No. 2151)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 43, Number 654:
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Yazid Al-Ansari (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade robbery (taking away what belongs to others without their permission), and also forbade mutilation (or maiming) of bodies.

Robbery is the crime of taking or attempting to take something of value by force or threat of force or by putting the victim in fear. [Wikipedia]

Did you know that the punishment of cutting the thief’s hands does not apply to the robber?

Ibn al-Qayyim said: 

The fact that the hand of the thief (saariq) may be cut off for three dirhams, and not in the case of the opportunist thief (mukhtalis, one who steals when a person is not looking), robber or extortioner (ghaasib, one who seizes something by force) is indicative of the perfect wisdom of sharee’ah. For one cannot take precautions against the thief who breaks into houses and breaches one’s hiding-places and breaks locks; the owner of the goods cannot do any more than that (i.e., hiding them in appropriate places). If it were not prescribed for the hand of the thief to be cut off, then people would steal from one another in this manner and a great deal of harm would be done, and the problem of theft would be grievous indeed. This is unlike the case of the robber and opportunist thief, for the robber is the one who takes things openly in the sight of people, so they may stop him and restore the rights of the one who has been wronged, or they may testify before the judge. And the opportunist thief is the one who takes things when the owner is not paying attention, etc., so there has to be some form of negligence which enables the opportunist to steal, otherwise when one is careful and alert, he cannot take anything. So he is not like a thief (saariq), rather he is more like a betrayer.  

Moreover, the opportunist theif (mukhtalis) does not take things from a place where things of that nature are usually hidden, rather he waits until you are not paying attention, then he takes your things when you put something down for a moment and are not paying attention. This is something against which precautions may be taken in most cases, and he (the opportunist) is like the robber who steals openly. With regard to the one who seizes things by force, the case is more obvious: it is even more apt that his hand should not be cut off, but it is permissible to put a stop to the actions of these people by beating them, making an example out of them as a warning to others, imprisoning them for lengthy periods and punishing them by seizing their property.
Alaam al-Muwaqqieen, 2/48.

Seven Cubits (Hadith No. 2150)

Bismillah.

Long overdue, I know!

Ahadith 2147 – 2149 (below) are repeats. Related posts have been linked.

Volume 3, Book 43, Number 650:
Narrated Jabir (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) entered the Mosque, and I too went there after tying the camel at the pavement of the Mosque. I said (to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)), “This is your camel.” He came out and started examining the camel and said, “Both the camel and its price are for you.”

Volume 3, Book 43, Number 651:
Narrated Hudhaifa (radiallaahu `anhu):
I saw Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) coming (or the Prophet came) to the dumps of some people and urinated there while standing.

Volume 3, Book 43, Number 652:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “While a man was on the way, he found a thorny branch of a tree there on the way and removed it. Allah thanked him for that deed and forgave him.”

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 3, Book 43, Number 653:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) judged that seven cubits should be left as a public way when there was a dispute about the land.

This is about streets and roads that are not personal property. At that time, seven cubits (approx. 3.2 meters) was enough for loaded camels to pass through without any hindrance or difficulty, so that’s the width mentioned. Nowadays, while we have all kinds and sizes of cars and trains etc., governments usually decide and agree upon the width of roads/streets and railway tracks etc. And that’s fine too. Whatever suits the needs at the time.

The Etiquette of Sharing (Hadith No. 2132)

Bismillah.

 

Volume 3, Book 43, Number 635:
Narrated Jabala:
“We were in Medina with some of the Iraqi people, and we were struck with famine and Ibn Az-Zubair used to give us dates. Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) used to pass by and say, “The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade us to eat two dates at a time, unless one takes the permission of one’s companions.”

When we’re sharing food with someone, you can’t have more than what they’re having. If they take a bite, you take an equal bite. If you want a bigger one, seek permission. And that’s how you share food!

Taking Someone’s Land Unjustly (Ahadith 2129 – 2131)

Bismillah.

Hadith no. 2128 (below) is a repeat. Read it here.

Volume 3, Book 43, Number 631:
Narrated Sahl bin Sad As-Sa’idi (radiallaahu `anhu):
A drink (milk mixed with water) was brought to Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) who drank some of it. A boy was sitting to his right, and some old men to his left. Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said to the boy, “Do you allow me to give the rest of the drink to these people?” The boy said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! I will not give preference to anyone over me to drink the rest of it from which you have drunk.” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) then handed the bowl (of drink) to the boy.

Today’s Ahadith:

Volume 3, Book 43, Number 632:
Narrated Said bin Zaid (radiallaahu `anhu):
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Whoever usurps the land of somebody unjustly, his neck will be encircled with it down the seven earths (on the Day of Resurrection). “

Volume 3, Book 43, Number 633:
Narrated Abu Salama (radiallaahu `anhu):
That there was a dispute between him and some people (about a piece of land). When he told ‘Aisha about it, she said, “O Abu Salama! Avoid taking the land unjustly, for the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, ‘Whoever usurps even one span of the land of somebody, his neck will be encircled with it down the seven earths.”

Volume 3, Book 43, Number 634:
Narrated Salim’s father (i.e. ‘Abdullah) (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Whoever takes a piece of the land of others unjustly, he will sink down the seven earths on the Day of Resurrection.”

This shows us how a minor(-looking) injustice can bring about such grave punishment in the Hereafter. Be honest and just, no matter what!

 

 

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