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Joint Ownership of Slaves (Ahadith 2168 – 2169)


Ahadith 2166 – 2167 (below) are repeats. Read them here.

Volume 3, Book 44, Number 669:
Narrated Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) decreed that one should not eat two dates together at a time unless he gets the permission from his companions (sharing the meal with him).


Volume 3, Book 44, Number 670:
Narrated Jabala:
“While at Medina we were struck with famine. Ibn Az-Zubair used to provide us with dates as our food. Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) used to pass by us and say, “Don’t eat two dates together at a time as the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) has forbidden eating two dates together at a time (in a gathering) unless one takes the permission of one’s companion brother.”

Today’s Ahadith:


Volume 3, Book 44, Number 671:
Narrated Nafi:
Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, ‘If one manumits his share of a jointly possessed slave, and can afford the price of the other shares according to the adequate price of the slave, the slave will be completely manumitted; otherwise he will be partially manumitted.’ ” (Aiyub, a sub-narrator is not sure whether the saying ” … otherwise he will be partially manumitted” was said by Nafi’ or the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam).)


Volume 3, Book 44, Number 672:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Whoever manumits his share of a jointly possessed slave, it is imperative for him to get that slave manumitted completely by paying the remaining price, and if he does not have sufficient money to manumit him, then the price of the slave should be estimated justly, and he is to be allowed to work and earn the amount that will manumit him (without overburdening him)”.

So either the joint owner pays off the other half as well, or the slave works to buy it off.

Ownership (Hadith No. 1808)


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 313:

Narrated Abu Qatada (radiallaahu `anhu):

We set out with Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) in the year of Hunain, (the Prophet gave me an armor). I sold that armor and bought a garden in the region of the tribe of Bani Salama and that was the first property I got after embracing Islam.

Once Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) gave the armor to Abu Qatada (radiallaahu `anhu), it became his. He had full rights over it so he could do whatever he wanted with it. He decided to sell it and get some property. This is perfectly permissible in this case.

What are your thoughts on the scenario if the armor he got was a gift and not from war booty? Would it be okay to sell it in order to buy some property like he did? Think about it.

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