Hadith no. 2164 (below) is a repeat, read it here.
Volume 3, Book 44, Number 667:
Narrated Anas (radiallaahu `anhu):
that Abu Bakr As-Siddiq (radiallaahu `anhu) wrote to him the law of Zakat which was made obligatory by Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam). He wrote: ‘Partners possessing joint property (sheep) have to pay its Zakat equally.
Volume 3, Book 44, Number 668:
Narrated ‘Abaya bin Rafa’a bin Rafi’ bin Khadij:
My grandfather said, “We were in the company of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) at Dhul-Hulaifa. The people felt hungry and captured some camels and sheep (as booty). The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was behind the people. They hurried and slaughtered the animals and put their meat in pots and started cooking it. (When the Prophet came) he ordered the pots to be upset and then he distributed the animals (of the booty), regarding ten sheep as equal to one camel. One of the camels fled and the people ran after it till they were exhausted. At that time there were few horses. A man threw an arrow at the camel, and Allah stopped the camel with it. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Some of these animals are like wild animals, so if you lose control over one of these animals, treat it in this way (i.e. shoot it with an arrow).” Before distributing them among the soldiers my grandfather said, “We may meet the enemies in the future and have no knives; can we slaughter the animals with reeds?” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Use whatever causes blood to flow, and eat the animals if the name of Allah has been mentioned on slaughtering them. Do not slaughter with teeth or fingernails and I will tell you why: It is because teeth are bones (i.e. cannot cut properly) and fingernails are the tools used by the Ethiopians (whom we should not imitate for they are infidels).”
Volume 3, Book 44, Number 665:
Narrated Rafi bin Khadij (radiallaahu `anhu):
We used to offer the ‘Asr prayer with the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and slaughter a camel, the meat of which would be divided in ten parts. We would eat the cooked meat before sunset.
Volume 3, Book 44, Number 666:
Narrated Abu Musa (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet said (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), “When the people of Ash’ari tribe ran short of food during the holy battles, or the food of their families in Medina ran short, they would collect all their remaining food in one sheet and then distribute it among themselves equally by measuring it with a bowl. So, these people are from me, and I am from them.”
You see, just because they shared food with each other when they ran short, Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) honored them with this statement: “these people are from me, and I am from them”. Meaning, they’re close to him and he’s close to them, like family. Wow. <3
Volume 3, Book 44, Number 664:
Narrated Salama (radiallaahu `anhu):
Once the journey food diminished and the people were reduced to poverty. They went to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and asked his permission to slaughter their camels, and he agreed. ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) met them and they told him about it, and he said, “How would you survive after slaughtering your camels?” Then he went to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! How would they survive after slaughtering their camels?” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) ordered ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu), “Call upon the people to bring what has remained of their food.” A leather sheet was spread and al I the journey food was collected and heaped over it. Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) stood up and invoked Allah to bless it, and then directed all the people to come with their utensils, and they started taking from it till all of them got what was sufficient for them. Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) then said, “I testify that None has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and I am His Apostle. “
Ask Allah to bless your food before eating it. Say Bismillah and pray for barakah, especially when it’s for a gathering. You’ll see that you won’t run out of it till everyone’s had their fill. Sunnah 101.
Hadith no. 2159 (below) is a repeat. Read it here.
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 662:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “There was an Israeli man called Juraij, while he was praying, his mother came and called him, but he did not respond to her call. He said (to himself) whether he should continue the prayer or reply to his mother. She came to him the second time and called him and said, “O Allah! Do not let him die until he sees the faces of prostitutes.” Juraij used to live in a hermitage. A woman said that she would entice Juraij, so she went to him and presented herself (for an evil act) but he refused. She then went to a shepherd and allowed him to commit an illegal sexual intercourse with her and later she gave birth to a boy. She alleged that the baby was from Juraij. The people went to Juraij and broke down his hermitage, pulled him out of it and abused him. He performed ablution and offered the prayer, then he went to the male (baby) and asked him; “O boy! Who is your father?” The baby replied that his father was the shepherd. The people said that they would build for him a hermitage of gold but Juraij asked them to make it of mud only.”
Book of Oppressions [Kitaab-ul-Mazaalim] ends here.
Book of Partnership [Kitaab-ush-Sharikah] starts today..
Volume 3, Book 44, Number 663:
Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu):
“Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) sent an army towards the east coast and appointed Abu ‘Ubaida bin Al-Jarrah (radiallaahu `anhu) as their chief, and the army consisted of three-hundred men including myself. We marched on till we reached a place where our food was about to finish. Abu- ‘Ubaida (radiallaahu `anhu) ordered us to collect all the journey food and it was collected. My (our) journey food was dates. Abu ‘Ubaida kept on giving us our daily ration in small amounts from it, till it was exhausted. The share of everyone of us used to be one date only.” I said, “How could one date benefit you?” Jabir (radiallaahu `anhu) replied, “We came to know its value when even that too finished.” Jabir added, “When we reached the sea-shore, we saw a huge fish which was like a small mountain. The army ate from it for eighteen days. Then Abu ‘Ubaida ordered that two of its ribs be fixed and they were fixed in the ground. Then he ordered that a she-camel be ridden and it passed under the two ribs (forming an arch) without touching them.”
Sharing puts barakah in food and Allah provides from sources we can’t imagine. So have a heart. Share.
Hadith no. 1228 (below) is a repeat. Read it here (Hadith no. 793).
Narrated Ibn Abbas :
I am a witness that Allah’s Apostle offered the Id prayer before delivering the sermon and then he thought that the women would not be able to hear him (because of the distance), so he went to them along with Bilal who was spreading his garment. The Prophet advised and ordered them to give in charity. So the women started giving their ornaments (in charity). (The sub-narrator Aiyub pointed towards his ears and neck meaning that they gave ornaments from those places such as ear-rings and necklaces.)
Zakah on Shared Property
Abu Bakr wrote to me what was made compulsory by Allah’s Apostle and that was (regarding the payments of Zakat): Neither the property of different people may be taken together nor the joint property may be split for fear of (paying more, or receiving less) Zakat.
Abu Bakr wrote to me what Allah’s Apostle has made compulsory (regarding Zakat) and this was mentioned in it: If a property is equally owned by two partners, they should pay the combined Zakat and it will be considered that both of them have paid their Zakat equally.
- There is no Zakah on land of one does not intend to sell it. Details.
- Shares in land – to be treated as trade goods. Calculate their value each year and pay Zakah. Details.
- In partnership (mudaarbah), each partner pays Zakah on his share. Details.
- Zakah on shares.
It’s all a bit too much to take in at once, I agree. Took a lot of time making sense out of it myself. Basic principle is quite simple and direct, it gets complex when we get into the nitty gritty. Some might not agree with me. Well.