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Patience (Ahadith 2770 – 2776)

Bismillah.

Long time, I know. Let’s get to it.

To recap, we’re currently on Book 53 of Sahih al-Bukhari: Kitaab-ul-Khumus [Book of One-fifth of Booty for the Cause of Allah]. Lots of dry fiqh involved that most of us can hardly relate to, so I’ve tried to (and intend to) keep it light and breezy, touching moral and social aspects here and there. Picking up right where I left it in the last post. Not sure why I don’t feel like writing full sentences anymore. Did I ever, though? Enough of my banter, let’s do this.

Volume 4, Book 53, Number 373 :
Narrated by ‘Amr bin Taghlib (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) gave (gifts) to some people to the exclusion of some others. The latter seemed to be displeased by that. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “I give to some people, lest they should deviate from True Faith or lose patience, while I refer other people to the goodness and contentment which Allah has put in their hearts, and ‘Amr bin Taghlib is amongst them.” ‘Amr bin Taghlib (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “The statement of Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) is dearer to me than red camels.” Narrated Al-Hasan: ‘Amr bin Taghlib told us that Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) got some property or some war prisoners and he distributed them in the above way (i.e. giving to some people to the exclusion of others).

Volume 4, Book 53, Number 374 :
Narrated by Anas (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “I give to Quraish people in order to let them adhere to Islam, for they are near to their life of Ignorance (i.e. they have newly embraced Islam and it is still not strong in their hearts.”

Volume 4, Book 53, Number 375 :
Narrated by Anas bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu)
When Allah favored His Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) with the properties of Hawazin tribe as Fai (booty), he started giving to some Quarries men even up to one-hundred camels each, whereupon some Ansari men said about Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), “May Allah forgive His Apostle! He is giving to (men of) Quraish and leaves us, in spite of the fact that our swords are still dropping blood (of the infidels)” When Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was informed of what they had said, he called the Ansar and gathered them in a leather tent and did not call anybody else along, with them. When they gathered, Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) came to them and said, “What is the statement which, I have been informed, and that which you have said?” The learned ones among them replied,” O Allah’s Apostle! The wise ones amongst us did not say anything, but the youngsters amongst us said, ‘May Allah forgive His Apostle; he gives the Quarish and leaves the Ansar, in spite of the fact that our swords are still dribbling (wet) with the blood of the infidels.’ ” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) replied, I give to such people as are still close to the period of Infidelity (i.e. they have recently embraced Islam and Faith is still weak in their hearts). Won’t you be pleased to see people go with fortune, while you return with Allah’s Apostle to your houses? By Allah, what you will return with, is better than what they are returning with.” The Ansar replied, “Yes, O Allah’s Apostle, we are satisfied’ Then the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said to them.” You will find after me, others being preferred to you. Then be patient till you meet Allah and meet His Apostle at Al-Kauthar (i.e. a fount in Paradise).” (Anas (radiallaahu `anhu) added:) But we did not remain patient.

Volume 4, Book 53, Number 376 :
Narrated by Jubair bin Mutim (radiallaahu `anhu)
That while he was with Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) who was accompanied by the people on their way back from Hunain, the bedouins started begging things of Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) so much so that they forced him to go under a Samura tree where his loose outer garment was snatched away. On that, Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) stood up and said to them, “Return my garment to me. If I had as many camels as these trees, I would have distributed them amongst you; and you will not find me a miser or a liar or a coward.”

Volume 4, Book 53, Number 377 :
Narrated by Anas bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu)
While I was walking with the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) who was wearing a Najrani outer garment with a thick hem, a bedouin came upon the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and pulled his garment so violently that I could recognize the impress of the hem of the garment on his shoulder, caused by the violence of his pull. Then the bedouin said, “Order for me something from Allah’s Fortune which you have.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) turned to him and smiled, and ordered that a gift be given to him.

Volume 4, Book 53, Number 378 :
Narrated by ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu)
On the day (of the battle) of Hunain, Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) favored some people in the distribution of the booty (to the exclusion of others); he gave Al-Aqra’ bin Habis one-hundred camels and he gave ‘Uyaina the same amount, and also gave to some of the eminent Arabs, giving them preference in this regard. Then a person came and said, “By Allah, in this distribution justice has not been observed, nor has Allah’s Pleasure been aimed at.” I said (to him), “By Allah, I will inform the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) (of what you have said), “I went and informed him, and he said, “If Allah and His Apostle did not act justly, who else would act justly. May Allah be merciful to Moses, for he was harmed with more than this, yet he kept patient.”

Volume 4, Book 53, Number 379 :
Narrated by Asma bint Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhaa)
I used to carry the date stones on my head from the land of Az-Zubair (radiallaahu `anhu) which Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had given to him, and it was at a distance of 2/3 of a Farsakh from my house. Narrated Hisham’s father: The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) (gave Az-Zubair a piece of land from the property of Bani An-Nadir (gained as war booty).

Most of these ahadith have been covered before and you’re probably familiar with them so I’ve put them all together in one post. Today’s angle is based on this statement of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) in number 378:

“If Allah and His Apostle did not act justly, who else would act justly. May Allah be merciful to Moses, for he was harmed with more than this, yet he kept patient.”

We all know the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) to be extremely patient and restrained. Imagine how hurt he must have felt to say these words out loud. It’s one thing to not have your people believe in the message you brought, but to have your fellow comrades, supporters and brothers doubt your decisions after everything you’ve been through together.. it must’ve hurt.

People still continue to throw such allegations at him, “he bribed people to accept Islam”, for example (see number 374). Would he really bribe someone and come out in public to tell everyone he bribed them for such and such reason? Really? His reasons were not personal, any monetary assistance he gave to people was to help strengthen Islam, be it on an individual level as regards one’s faith, or on a much broader level helping leaders bring their tribes towards the truth.

Patience. It’s what he urged the Ansar to when he told them others will be preferred over them. It’s what he preached and practiced all his life. It’s what we must hold on to if we wish to succeed in the trials of this life. People will say things, do things to hurt you and bring you down. Just remember, patience. No one’s had it easy.

https://i1.wp.com/cdn.bigbangfish.com/quotes/patience-quotes-in-quran/patience-quotes-in-quran-5.jpg

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The Two-Belted Woman (Hadith No. 2618)

Bismillah.

When the time came for the Prophet, sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, to migrate from Mecca to Medina, a plan was devised for him to migrate in secret with his great and loyal companion Abu Bakr as-Siddique. Though she was just a young girl at the time, it was the courageous Asma’ who gathered food and water for the great journey her father and The Prophet, sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, were about to make.

She was the sister of ‘Aishah bint Abu Bakr, the wife of the Prophet Muhammad, sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Her father Abu Bakr, her husband Az-Zubayr, and her son, Abdullah ibn Az-Zubayr were all famous companions of the Prophet, sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. After her parents accepted Islam, Asma’ and her siblings were raised in an atmosphere of Islamic faith and practice.

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 222 :
Narrated by Asma (radiallaahu `anhaa)
I prepared the journey-food for Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) in Abu Bakr’s (radiallaahu `anhu) house when he intended to emigrate to Medina. I could not find anything to tie the food-container and the water skin with. So, I said to Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu), “By Allah, I do not find anything to tie (these things) with except my waist belt.” He said, “Cut it into two pieces and tie the water-skin with one piece and the food-container with the other (the sub-narrator added, “She did accordingly and that was the reason for calling her Dhatun-Nitaqain (i.e. two-belted woman)).”

The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) blessed her and said that in place of this one girdle that she sacrificed, she would get two in Paradise. So, he implied that she would go to Paradise. In this manner the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) gave the news of a glorious Hereafter to his faithful Companions.

In another narration, Aisha said about this time: “…One day, while we were sitting in Abu Bakr’s house, someone said to Abu Bakr, “This is Allah’s Apostle with his head covered coming at a time at which he never used to visit us before.” Abu Bakr said, “May my parents be sacrificed for him. By Allah, he has not come at this hour except for a great necessity.” So Allah’s Apostle came and asked permission to enter, and he was allowed to enter. When he entered, he said to Abu Bakr. “Tell everyone who is present with you to go away.” Abu Bakr replied, “There are none but your family. May my father be sacrificed for you, O Allah’s Apostle!” The Prophet said, “I have been given permission to migrate.” Abu Bakr said, “Shall I accompany you? May my father be sacrificed for you, O Allah’s Apostle!” Allah’s Apostle said, “Yes.” Abu Bakr said, “O Allah’s Apostle! May my father be sacrificed for you, take one of these two she-camels of mine.” Allah’s Apostle replied, “I will accept it with payment.” So we prepared the baggage quickly and put some journey food in a leather bag for them. Asma’, Abu Bakr’s daughter, cut a piece from her waist belt and tied the mouth of the leather bag with it, and for that reason she was named Dhat-un-Nitaqain (i.e. the owner of two belts)…

It’s related in the Sahih of Bukhari that when Asma’ was married to Zubayr bin ‘Awam, he was a very pious but poor man.

Asma’ narrated: When Az-Zubayr married me, he had neither land, nor wealth, nor slave, nor anything else like it, except a camel to get water and his horse. I used to graze his horse, provide fodder for it, look after it and ground dates for his camel. Besides this, I grazed the camel, made arrangements for providing it with water and patching up his leather bucket and kneading the flour. I was not very good at baking the bread, so my female neighbors used to bake bread for me and they were sincere women. And I used to carry on my head, the date-stones from the land of az-Zubayr which the Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam had endowed him and it was a distance of two miles from Madinah.

One day, as I was carrying the date-stones upon my head, I happened to meet Allah’s Messenger, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, along with a group of his Companions. He called me and told the camel to sit down so that he could make me ride behind him. I felt shy to go with men and I remembered Az-Zubayr and his ghirah (ghirah is the sense of pride that a man has which causes him to dislike his wives, daughters or sisters from being seen or heard by strangers – it is this ghirah which makes a man protective about his women) and he was a man having the most ghirah. The Messenger sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam understood my shyness and left.

I came to Az-Zubayr and said, ‘The Messenger of Allah met me as I was carrying date-stones upon my head and there was with him a group of his Companions. He told the camel to kneel so that I could mount it but I felt shy from him and I remembered your ghirah.’ Upon this Az-Zubayr said, ‘By Allah, the thought of you carrying date-stones upon your head is more severe a burden to me than you riding with him.’

I led this life of hardship until Abu Bakr sent me a female servant who took upon herself the responsibility of looking after the horse and I felt as if she had emancipated me.”

Abdullah ibn Az-Zubayr grew to become a great man and a noble companion, known for his fortitude and accomplishments on the battlefield. Towards the end of his life, the Muslims were split over who should take khalifa. Abdullah ibn Az-Zubayr refused to accept the caliphate of Bani Umayyah and rose his own army in Mecca to fight against Hajjaj. But the army of Hajjaj surrounded Mecca, refused to allow food to enter, and laid siege to the city with catapults, greatly weakening and eventually defeating ibn Az-Zubayr’s army. As Hajjaj’s forces entered into Mecca, they gave Abdullah ibn Az-Zubayr three choices: (1) be taken into custody and delivered to the khalifa in Damascus; (2) leave Mecca and surrender all the lands that he had overcome such as Egypt, Iraq and Yemen; and (3) try to continue fighting. At this critical time, Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr decided to seek advice from none other than his mother, Asma’ bint Abu Bakr, who at this time was over 100 years old mashaAllah. Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr said to his mother: “So the people have left me by myself, even my own son. No one is with me except a handful of people, all I have is an hour of patience and then death and if I were to do what the people want me to do then I will be free.” This was her response.

Abdullah ibn Az-Zubayr grew to become a great man and a noble companion, known for his fortitude and accomplishments on the battlefield. Towards the end of his life, the Muslims were split over who should take khalifa. Abdullah ibn Az-Zubayr refused to accept the caliphate of Bani Umayyah and rose his own army in Mecca to fight against Hajjaj. But the army of Hajjaj surrounded Mecca, refused to allow food to enter, and laid siege to the city with catapults, greatly weakening and eventually defeating ibn Az-Zubayr’s army.
As Hajjaj’s forces entered into Mecca, they gave Abdullah ibn Az-Zubayr three choices: (1) be taken into custody and delivered to the khalifa in Damascus; (2) leave Mecca and surrender all the lands that he had overcome such as Egypt, Iraq and Yemen; and (3) try to continue fighting.
At this critical time, Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr decided to seek advice from none other than his mother, Asma’ bint Abu Bakr, who at this time was over 100 years old mashaAllah.
Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr said to his mother: “So the people have left me by myself, even my own son. No one is with me except a handful of people, all I have is an hour of patience and then death and if I were to do what the people want me to do then I will be free.”
This was her response.

Read more on her piety, patience and courage here.

Patience and Perseverance (Ahadith 2481 – 2485)

Bismillah.

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 86 :
Narrated by Salim Abu-An-Nadr
‘Abdullah bin Abi Aufa (radiallaahu `anhu) wrote and I read what he wrote that Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “When you face them ( i.e. your enemy) then be patient.”

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 87 :
Narrated by Anas (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) went towards the Khandaq (i.e. Trench) and saw the Emigrants and the Ansar digging on a very cold morning as they did not have slaves to do that for them. When he noticed their fatigue and hunger he said, “O Allah! The real life is that of the Here-after, (so please) forgive the Ansar and the Emigrants.” In its reply the Emigrants and the Ansar said, “We are those who have given a pledge of allegiance to Muhammad that we will carry on Jihad as long as we live.”

For the Arabic lovers, Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)’s poetry lines:

اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّ الْعَيْشَ عَيْشُ الآخِرَهْ
فَاغْفِرْ لِلأَنْصَارِ وَالْمُهَاجِرَهْ

Companions’ lines:

نَحْنُ الَّذِينَ بَايَعُوا مُحَمَّدًا
عَلَى الْجِهَادِ مَا بَقِينَا أَبَدًا

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 88 :
Narrated by Anas (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Emigrants and the Ansar started digging the trench around Medina carrying the earth on their backs and saying, “We are those who have given a pledge of allegiance to Muhammad that we will I carry on Jihad as long as we live.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) kept on replying, “O Allah, there is no good except the good of the Hereafter; so confer Your Blessings on the Ansar and the Emigrants.”

The other version:

O Allah!

اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّهُ لاَ خَيْرَ إِلاَّ خَيْرُ الآخِرَهْ
فَبَارِكْ فِي الأَنْصَارِ وَالْمُهَاجِرَهْ‏.‏

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 89 :
Narrated by Al-Bara (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) went on carrying (i.e. the earth) and saying, “Without You (O Allah!) we would have got no guidance.”

لَوْلاَ أَنْتَ مَا اهْتَدَيْنَا

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 90 :
Narrated by Al-Bara (radiallaahu `anhu)
On the day (of the battle) of Al-Ahzab (i.e. clans) I saw the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) carrying earth, and the earth was covering the whiteness of his abdomen. And he was saying, “Without You (O Allah!) we would have got no guidance, nor given in charity, nor prayed. So please bless us with tranquility and make firm our feet when we meet our enemies. Indeed (these) people have rebelled against (oppressed) us but never shall we yield if they try to bring affliction upon us.”

لَوْلاَ أَنْتَ مَا اهْتَدَيْنَا وَلاَ تَصَدَّقْنَا وَلاَ صَلَّيْنَا‏.‏
فَأَنْزِلِ السَّكِينَةَ عَلَيْنَا وَثَبِّتِ الأَقْدَامَ إِنْ لاَقَيْنَا‏.‏
إِنَّ الأُلَى قَدْ بَغَوْا عَلَيْنَا إِذَا أَرَادُوا فِتْنَةً أَبَيْنَا‏.‏

Even if one doesn’t understand the intricacies of Arabic poetry, they can still appreciate the apparent beauty and sweetness of the words. :)

Patience: The Foundation of Faith (Hadith No. 2061)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 40, Number 564 :
Narrated by Anas (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) decided to grant a portion of (the uncultivated land of) Bahrain to the Ansar. The Ansar said, “(We will not accept it) till you give a similar portion to our emigrant brothers (from Quraish).” He said, “(O Ansar!) You will soon see people giving preference to others, so remain patient till you meet me (on the Day of Resurrection).

“Allaah has made patience like a horse that never gets tired, an army that can never be defeated and a strong fortress that can never be breached. Patience and victory are twin brothers, for victory comes with patience, relief comes with distress and ease comes with hardship. Patience is of more help to the one who has it than men, as it helps without any need for equipment or numbers and its relationship to victory is like that of the head to the body.”

Patience is the foundation of the believer’s faith which has no other foundation. The one who has no patience has no faith, and if he has any, then it is only a little faith and it is very weak, and such a person worships Allaah as it were upon the edge (i.e. in doubt): if good befalls him, he is content therewith; but if a trial befalls him he turns back on his face (i.e. reverts to disbelief after embracing Islam). He loses both this world and the Hereafter (cf. al-Hajj 22:11). All he gets from them is a losing deal.

The best life is attained by the blessed through patience, and they rise to the highest degrees through their gratitude. So they fly on the wings of patience and gratitude to gardens of delight (i.e., Paradise). That is the bounty of Allaah that He bestows upon whomsoever He will, and Allaah is the Owner of Great Bounty.  End quote from ‘Uddat al-Saabireen by Ibn al-Qayyim, p. 3-5.

‘Umar ibn ‘Abd al-‘Azeez (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: Allaah has not bestowed any blessing upon His slaves then taken it away and replaced it with patience, but what He has compensated them with is better than what He has taken away.

Taken from IslamQA.

Must be Awesome to have an Awesome Brother (Ahadith 1534 – 1539)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 27, Number 11:

Narrated Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):

We set out along with Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) shortly before the appearance of the new moon (crescent) of the month of Dhi-l-Hijja and he said to us, “Whoever wants to assume Ihram for Hajj may do so; and whoever wants to assume Ihram for ‘Umra may do so. Hadn’t I brought the Hadi (animal for sacrificing) (with me), I would have assumed Ihram for ‘Umra.” (‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) added,): So some of us assumed Ihram for ‘Umra while the others for Hajj. I was amongst those who assumed Ihram for ‘Umra. The day of ‘Arafat approached and I was still menstruating. I complained to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) (about that) and he said, “Abandon your ‘Umra, undo and comb your hair, and assume Ihram for Hajj;.” When it was the night of Hasba, he sent ‘Abdur Rahman (radiallaahu `anhu) with me to At-Tan’im and I assumed Ihram for ‘Umra (and performed it) in lieu of my missed ‘Umra.


Volume 3, Book 27, Number 12:

Narrated ‘Amr bin Aus:

Abdul Rahman bin Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) told me that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had ordered him to let ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) ride behind him and to make he perform ‘Umra from At-Tan’im.


Volume 3, Book 27, Number 13:

Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu):

The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and his companions assumed Ihram for Hajj and none except the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and Talha (radiallaahu `anhu) had the Hadi with them. ‘Ali (radiallaahu `anhu) had come from Yemen and he had the Hadi with him. He (‘Ali (radiallaahu `anhu)) said, “I have assumed Ihram with an intention like that of Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) has assumed it.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) ordered his companions to intend the Ihram with which they had come for ‘Umra, to perform the Tawaf of the Ka’ba (and between Safa and Marwa), to get their hair cut short and then to finish their Ihram with the exception of those who had the Hadi with them. They asked, “Shall we go to Mina and the private organs of some of us are dribbling (if we finish Ihram and have sexual relations with our wives)?” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) heard that and said, “Had I known what I know now, I would not have brought the Hadi. If I did not have the Hadi with me I would have finished my Ihram.” ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) got her menses and performed all the ceremonies (of Hajj) except the Tawaf . So when she became clean from her menses, and she had performed the Tawaf of the Ka’ba, she said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! You (people) are returning with both Hajj and ‘Umra and I am returning only with Hajj!” So, he ordered ‘Abdur Rahman bin Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) to go with her to At-Tan’im. Thus she performed ‘Umra after the Hajj in the month of Dhi-l-Hijja. Suraqa bin Malik bin Ju’sham (radiallaahu `anhu) met the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) at Al-‘Aqaba (Jamrat-ul ‘Aqaba) while the latter was stoning it and said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! Is this permissible only for you?” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) replied, “No, it is for ever (i.e. it is permissible for all Muslims to perform ‘Umra before Hajj.”


Volume 3, Book 27, Number 14:

Narrated ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):

We set out with Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) shortly before the appearance of the new moon of Dhi-l-Hiija and he said, “Whoever wants to assume Ihram for ‘Umra may do so, and whoever wants to assume Ihram for Hajj may do so. Had not I brought the Hadi with me, I would have assumed Ihram for ‘Umra.” Some of the people assumed Ihram for ‘Umra while others for Hajj. I was amongst those who had assumed Ihram for ‘Umra. I got my menses before entering Mecca, and was menstruating till the day of ‘Arafat. I complained to Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) about it, he said, “Abandon your ‘Umra, undo and comb your hair, and assume Ihram for Hajj.” So, I did that accordingly. When it was the night of Hasba (day of departure from Mina), the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) sent ‘Abdur Rahman (radiallaahu `anhu) with me to At-Tanim.

The sub-narrator adds: He (‘AbdurRahman (radiallaahu `anhu)) let her ride behind him. And she assumed Ihram for ‘Umra in lieu of the abandoned one. Aisha completed her Hajj and ‘Umra, and no Hadi, Sadaqa (charity), or fasting was obligatory for her.


Volume 3, Book 27, Number 15:

Narrated Al-Aswad:

That ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! The people are returning after performing the two Nusuks (i.e. Hajj and ‘Umra) but I am returning with one only?” He said, “Wait till you become clean from your menses and then go to At-Tan’im, assume Ihram (and after performing ‘Umra) join us at such-and-such a place. But it (i.e. the reward if ‘Umra) is according to your expenses or the hardship (which you will undergo while performing it).”


Volume 3, Book 27, Number 16:

Narrated ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):

We set out assuming the Ihram for Hajj in the months of Hajj towards the sacred precincts of Hajj. We dismounted at Sarif and the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said to his companions, “Whoever has not got the Hadi with him and likes to make it as ‘Umra, he should do it, but he who has got the Hadi with him should not do it.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and some of his wealthy companions had the Hadi with them, so they did not finish Ihram after performing the ‘Umra. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) came to me while I was weeping. He asked me the reason for it. I replied, “I have heard of what you have said to your companions and I cannot do the ‘Umra.” He asked me, “What is the matter with you?” I replied, “I am not praying.” He said, “There is no harm in it as you are one of the daughters of Adam and the same is written for you as for others. So, you should perform Hajj and I hope that Allah will enable you to perform the ‘Umra as well.” So, I carried on till we departed from Mina and halted at Al-Mahassab. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) called ‘Abdur-Rahman (radiallaahu `anhu) and said, “Go out of the sanctuary with your sister and let her assume Ihram for ‘Umra, and after both of you have finished the Tawaf I will be waiting for you at this place.” We came back at mid-night and the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) asked us, “Have you finished?” I replied in the affirmative. He announced the departure and the people set out for the journey and some of them had performed the Tawaf of the Ka’ba before the morning prayer, and after that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) set out for Medina.

This incident and rulings derived from it have been discussed before in Kitaab-ul-Hajj. See Changing Intention During Hajj and Hajj – Woman Problems to read more.

There’s something that strikes me about this incident.. Whenever we comment on it, we discuss what happened to `Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) and how she behaved [it was cute how she started crying in front of her husband..], how the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) reacted and how lenient and considerate he was. But there’s one person we miss out. We probably don’t think it important what he did, or we just don’t see it.

Brothers, pay attention now.

You see how `Abdur Rahman (radiallaahu `anhu), brother of `Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa), behaved in this situation? Do you see how considerate he was towards his sister? He obeyed the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) readily, without a question, and took his sister for her `Umrah. And he didn’t even have to perform it himself. He could have easily said ‘why should I waste my time? Can’t she just skip it or something?’. Isn’t that how brothers usually react? (No offence!)
And don’t forget this was the time of Hajj, when tens of thousands of people were in Makkah. And Makkah wasn’t as expansive and comfortable as it is now. It had tough weather and terrain. The places for Tawaaf and Sa`ee didn’t have marble floors as they do today. And as mentioned in the last Hadith above, they left sometime during the day and returned at mid-night. All in all, it wasn’t easy. Not for `Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) and not for her brother. But they showed remarkable patience. And it’s their examples we should follow when faced with such situations. Allah be pleased with them.

This reminds me of my first `Umrah back in 2011. I was caught up in almost a similar situation, and my dad had to take me for a special `Umrah. He was so considerate Alhamdulillah, didn’t say a word. May Allah reward him immensely. :)

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