Question: what exactly of Hajj/`Umrah can a woman NOT do during menstruation?
Narrated ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhu):
I was menstruating when I reached Mecca. So, I neither performed Tawaf of the Ka’ba, nor the Tawaf between Safa and Marwa. Then I informed Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) about it. He replied, “Perform all the ceremonies of Hajj like the other pilgrims, but do not perform Tawaf of the Ka’ba till you get clean (from your menses).”
Tawaaf around the Ka’bah
It is haraam for a menstruating woman to circumambulate the Ka’bah, whether that is obligatory or naafil, and it is not valid if she does it, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to ‘Aa’ishah when she got her menses: “Do everything that the pilgrims do, but do not circumambulate the House until you become pure.”
As for the other actions of Hajj, such as saa’ee between al-Safa and al-Marwah, standing at ‘Arafah, staying overnight in Muzdalifah and Mina, stoning the jamaraat and other rituals of Hajj and ‘Umrah, they are not haraam for her. Based on that, if a female does tawaaf when she is pure, then her period begins immediately after she does tawaaf, or during sa’ee, there is nothing wrong with that.
Tawaaf al-wadaa’ (the farewell tawaaf) is waived in her case
If a female completes the rituals of Hajj and ‘Umrah, then she gets her menses before she goes home and that continues until she leaves, she may depart without doing the farewell tawaaf, because of the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said: (the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)) told the people that the last thing they should do was (tawaaf) around the House, but he made an exception for women who were menstruating . Agreed upon.
But the tawaaf that is required for Hajj and ‘Umrah is not waived, and she must do it when she becomes pure.
There was a black slave girl belonging to an ‘Arab tribe and they manumitted her but she remained with them. The slave girl said, “Once one of their girls (of that tribe) came out wearing a red leather scarf decorated with precious stones. It fell from her or she placed it somewhere. A kite passed by that place, saw it Lying there and mistaking it for a piece of meat, flew away with it. Those people searched for it but they did not find it. So they accused me of stealing it and started searching me and even searched my private parts.” The slave girl further said, “By Allah! while I was standing (in that state) with those people, the same kite passed by them and dropped the red scarf and it fell amongst them. I told them, ‘This is what you accused me of and I was innocent and now this is it.’ ” ‘Aisha added: That slave girl came to Allah’s Apostle and embraced Islam. She had a tent or a small room with a low roof in the mosque. Whenever she called on me, she had a talk with me and whenever she sat with me, she would recite the following: “The day of the scarf (band) was one of the wonders of our Lord, verily He rescued me from the disbelievers’ town. ‘Aisha added: “Once I asked her, ‘What is the matter with you? Whenever you sit with me, you always recite these poetic verses.’ On that she told me the whole story. “
This slave girl was given a place inside the mosque to stay in. That means she used to sleep there, eat there, roam around and do other things inside the mosque, even during her period. (What do we say about a menstruating woman going to a mosque, then?)
‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar said: I used to sleep in the mosque of the Prophet while I was young and unmarried.
He says ‘young and unmarried’ specifically because he wants to imply that he used to get wet dreams at that time and still sleep in the mosque.
Derivation from the above two Ahadith: ‘impure’ men and women can step inside the mosque’s vicinity.
Narrated Sahl bin Sa’d:
Allah’s Apostle went to Fatima’s house but did not find ‘Ali there. So he asked, “Where is your cousin?” She replied, “There was something between us and he got angry with me and went out. He did not sleep (mid-day nap) in the house.” Allah’s Apostle asked a person to look for him. That person came and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! He (Ali) is sleeping in the mosque.” Allah’s Apostle went there and ‘Ali was lying. His upper body cover had fallen down to one side of his body and he was covered with dust. Allah’s Apostle started cleaning the dust from him saying: “Get up! O Aba Turab. Get up! O Aba Turab (literally means: O father of dust).
This is a beautiful Hadith. Brings a smile to my face every time I read it. :)
Narrated Abu Huraira:
I saw seventy of As-Suffa men and none of them had a Rida’ (a garment covering the upper part of the body). They had either Izars (only) or sheets which they tied round their necks. Some of these sheets reached the middle of their legs and some reached their heels and they used to gather them with their hands lest their private parts should become naked.
These men went through very harsh times while learning directly from the Prophet (SAW). Suffa was like a hostel in Masjid Nabwi where proper meals weren’t cooked for the students, nor proper bedrooms and study tables were provided. These men had dedicated their time to learning. Everyone didn’t have a source of earning. One special case we all know about is Abu Huraira (RA). Read more on him here.
All these Ahadith are related to the same topic: haydh. Mostly similar, with a few differences. Will explain one by one inshaAllah.
Fatima bint Abi Hubaish asked the Prophet, “I got persistent bleeding (in between the periods) and do not become clean. Shall I give up prayers?” He replied, “No, this is from a blood vessel. Give up the prayers only for the days on which you usually get the menses and then take a bath and offer your prayers.”
More on it here.
Narrated Um ‘Atiya:
We never considered yellowish discharge as a thing of importance (as menses).
(the wife of the Prophet) Um Habiba got bleeding in between the periods for seven years. She asked Allah’s Apostle about it. He ordered her to take a bath (after the termination of actual periods) and added that it was (from) a blood vessel. So she used to take a bath for every prayer.
Bath = wudhu. Read more on abrogation here.
(the wife of the Prophet) I told Allah’s Apostle that Safiya bint Huyai had got her menses. He said, “She will probably delay us. Did she perform Tawaf (Al-Ifada) with you?” We replied, “Yes.” On that the Prophet told her to depart.
Similar situation here.
Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:
A woman is allowed to leave (go back home) if she gets menses (after Tawaf-AlIfada). Ibn ‘Umar formerly used to say that she should not leave but later on I heard him saying, “She may leave, since Allah’s Apostle gave them the permission to leave (after Tawaf-AlIfada.)”
Similar to previous one.
The Prophet said to me, “Give up the prayer when your menses begin and when it has finished, wash the blood off your body (take a bath) and start praying.”
Narrated Samura bin Jundab:
The Prophet offered the funeral prayer for the dead body of a woman who died of (during) delivery (i.e. child birth) and he stood by the middle of her body.
Such women have the right to be prayed salat-ul-janazah upon. Plus, they’re not impure. Note: Prophet (SAW) stood by the middle of her body, not far far away.
(the wife of the Prophet) During my menses, I never prayed, but used to sit on the mat beside the mosque of Allah’s Apostle. He used to offer the prayer on his sheet and in prostration some of his clothes used to touch me.”
More on it here.
The overall concept that needs to be instilled in our minds is: haydh itself is impure, but it does not make humans impure. A menstruating women (believing) is as pure as a non-menstruating woman. The only difference is, she has some benefits over the other. For example, she doesn’t pray, she doesn’t fast, she can’t be divorced during her menses etc. She can do other sorts of worship like dhikr and charity etc. She can hold the Qur’an, being careful not to touch the Arabic text. She can recite the Qur’an, out of memory or by reading. She can sit on the prayer rug. And she can do a lot of other things as well. Many examples came in Kitaab-ul-Haydh.
This was, by the way, the last post from Kitaab-ul-Haydh. Tomorrow, Kitaab-ut-Tayammum (Book of Rubbing Hands and Feet with Dust) begins. :)
Hadith no. 319 and 320 are repeats. Read here.
Hafsa said, ‘We used to forbid our young women to go out for the two ‘Id prayers. A woman came and stayed at the palace of Bani Khalaf and she narrated about her sister whose husband took part in twelve holy battles along with the Prophet and her sister was with her husband in six (out of these twelve). She (the woman’s sister) said, “We used to treat the wounded, look after the patients and once I asked the Prophet, ‘Is there any harm for any of us to stay at home if she doesn’t have a veil?’ He said, ‘She should cover herself with the veil of her companion and should participate in the good deeds and in the religious gathering of the Muslims.’ When Um ‘Atiya came I asked her whether she had heard it from the Prophet. She replied, “Yes. May my father be sacrificed for him (the Prophet)! (Whenever she mentioned the Prophet she used to say, ‘May my father be sacrificed for him) I have heard the Prophet saying, ‘The unmarried young virgins and the mature girl who stay often screened or the young unmarried virgins who often stay screened and the menstruating women should come out and participate in the good deeds as well as the religious gathering of the faithful believers but the menstruating women should keep away from the Musalla (praying place).’ ” Hafsa asked Um ‘Atiya surprisingly, “Do you say the menstruating women?” She replied, “Doesn’t a menstruating woman attend ‘Arafat (Hajj) and such and such (other deeds)?”
Basic implication is: menstruating women should participate in religious gatherings. ‘Id prayers are an example. In our culture, women don’t attend the ‘Id prayers at all, let alone the menstruating ones. However, Prophet (SAW) greatly emphasized on Muslim men and women gathering together to offer the ‘Id prayers. And even the menstruating women should attend.
It’s a great way to socialize and bring the Ummah together. Feels great to worship Allah in congregation!
‘Id-ul-Fitr is up next. Make plans to attend the prayers at your nearby mosque/’Id-gah etc. :)
A woman asked ‘Aisha, “Should I offer the prayers that which I did not offer because of menses” ‘Aisha said, “Are you from the Harura’ (a town in Iraq?) We were with the Prophet and used to get our periods but he never ordered us to offer them (the prayers missed during menses).” ‘Aisha perhaps said, “We did not offer them.”
It’s an exclamation. Like a rhetorical question. Means, where were you when Prophet (SAW) told us about such matters?
Anyway, so the lesson from the Hadith is: no need to offer the prayers missed due to menses. Consider it a relaxation (gift) from Allah. :)