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Prevented from Makkah (Ahadith 1556 – 1563)

Bismillah.

Correct answer to yesterday’s question: Safiyah bint Abu `Ubaid was Ibn `Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)’s wife.

Kitaab-ul-Muhsar [Book of Pilgrims Prevented from Completing the Pilgrimage] starts today.

Volume 3, Book 28, Number 33:

Narrated Nafi:

When Abdullah bin Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) set out for Mecca intending to perform Umra, at the time of afflictions, he said, “If I should be prevented from reaching the Kaba, then I would do the same as Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) did, so I assume the lhram for Umra as Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) assumed the Ihram for Umra in the year of Hudaibiya.”


Volume 3, Book 28, Number 34:

Narrated Nafi:

That Ubaidullah bin ‘Abdullah and Salim bin ‘Abdullah informed him that they told Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) when Ibn Az-Zubair was attacked by the army, saying “There is no harm for you if you did not perform Hajj this year. We are afraid that you may be prevented from reaching the Kaba.” Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) said “We set out with Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and the non-believers of Quraish prevented us from reaching the Ka’ba, and so the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) slaughtered his Hadi and got his head shaved.” Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) added, “I make you witnesses that I have made ‘Umra obligatory for me. And, Allah willing, I will go and then if the way to Ka’ba is clear, I will perform the Tawaf, but if I am prevented from going to the Ka’ba then I will do the same as the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) did while I was in his company.” Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) then assumed Ihram for Umra from Dhul-Hulaifa and proceeded for a while and said, “The conditions of ‘Umra and Hajj are similar and I make you witnesses that I have made ‘Umra and Hajj obligatory for myself.” So, he did not finish the Ihram till the day of Nahr (slaughtering) came, and he slaughtered his Hadi. He used to say, “I will not finish the Ihram till I perform the Tawaf, one Tawaf on the day of entering Mecca (i.e. of Safa and Marwa for both ‘Umra and Hajj).”


Volume 3, Book 28, Number 35:

Narrated Nafi: Some of the sons of ‘Abdullah told him (i.e. ‘Abdullah) if he had stayed (and not performed Hajj that year).


Volume 3, Book 28, Number 36:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):

Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was prevented from performing (‘Umra) Therefore, he shaved his head and had sexual relations with his wives and slaughtered his Hadi and performed Umra in the following year.


Volume 3, Book 28, Number 37:

Narrated Salim:

(Abdullah) bin ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) used to say, “Is not (the following of) the tradition of Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) sufficient for you? If anyone of you is prevented from performing Hajj, he should perform the Tawaf of the Ka’ba and between As-Safa and Al-Marwa and then finish the Ihram and everything will become legal for him which was illegal for him (during the state of Ihram) and he can perform Hajj in a following year and he should slaughter a Hadi or fast in case he cannot afford the Hadi.”


Volume 3, Book 28, Number 38:

Narrated Al-Miswar (radiallaahu `anhu):

Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) slaughtered (the Hadi) before he had his head shaved and then he ordered his Companions to do the same.


Volume 3, Book 28, Number 39:

Narrated Nafi:

That Abdullah and Salim said to ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu), “(You should not go for Hajj this year).” ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) replied, “We set out with the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) (to Mecca for performing ‘Umra) and the infidels of Quraish prevented us from reaching the Ka’ba. Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) slaughtered his Budn (camels for sacrifice) and got his head shaved.”


Volume 3, Book 28, Number 40:

Narrated Nafi:

When Abdullah bin ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) set out for Mecca with the intentions performing ‘Umra in the period of afflictions, he said, “If I should be prevented from reaching the Ka’ba, then I would do the same as we did while in the company of Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam).” So, he assumed the Ihram for ‘Umra since the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had assumed the Ihram for ‘Umra in the year of Al-Hudaibiya. Then ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) thought about it and said, “The conditions for both Hajj and ‘Umra are similar.” He then turned towards his companions and said, “The conditions of both Hajj and ‘Umra are similar and I make you witnesses that I have made the performance of Hajj obligatory for myself along with ‘Umra.” He then performed one Tawaf (between As-Safa and Al-Marwa) for both of them (i.e. Hajj and (‘Umra) and considered that to be sufficient for him and offered a Hadi.

This has been discussed before. Anyone who makes the intention of Hajj, enters Ihraam and then is prevented from reaching the Ka`bah to perform the rituals of Hajj/`Umrah, may exit Ihraam by cutting/shaving his hair and slaughtering the hadiy (if he has any).

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked about a man who did Hajj without a permit, and he was prevented from entering Makkah. What does he have to do?

He replied:

If he said when entering ihraam, “If I am prevented (from completing Hajj), then I will exit ihraam at the point at which I am prevented”, then he may exit ihraam and he does not have to do anything else. But if he did not stipulate that, then he has to slaughter a hadiy because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “But if you are prevented (from completing them), sacrifice a Hady (animal, i.e. a sheep, a cow, or a camel) such as you can afford” [al-Baqarah 2:196], and he should exit ihraam (i.e., shave his head or cut his hair) at the point where he is prevented from continuing. End quote.

Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (23/433).

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked about a woman who entered ihraam then cancelled her ‘umrah, then she did another ‘umrah a few days after that. Is this action correct? What is the ruling on the things she did that are forbidden in ihraam?

He replied:

This action is not correct, because once a person starts to do Hajj or ‘Umrah, it is haraam for him to cancel it unless that is for a valid shar’i reason. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “And perform properly (i.e. all the ceremonies according to the ways of Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم), the Hajj and ‘Umrah (i.e. the pilgrimage to Makkah) for Allaah. But if you are prevented (from completing them), sacrifice a Hady (animal, i.e. a sheep, a cow, or a camel) such as you can afford” [al-Baqarah 2:196]. This woman has to repent to Allaah for what she has done, but her ‘umrah is valid, because even though she cancelled her ‘umrah, ‘umrah cannot be cancelled, and this is something that applies only to Hajj and ‘Umrah. If the person who is doing ‘umrah decides during the ‘umrah to cancel it, it is not cancelled, or if he decides to cancel Hajj whilst he is getting dressed for Hajj, it is not cancelled. Hence the scholars said that the rituals (of Hajj and ‘umrah) cannot be cancelled.

Based on this, we say: This woman is still in a state of ihraam, from the time when she formed the intention until she completes ‘umrah, and her intention to cancel it has no effect, rather she is still in ihraam.

To sum up: With regard to this woman we say: Her ‘umrah is valid, but she should not try to cancel ihraam again, because if she cancels ihraam, she cannot free herself from it. With regard to what she has done of forbidden things, let us assume that her husband had intercourse with her, and intercourse during ihraam is one of the most serious of forbidden things, but she does not have to do anything, because she was ignorant (of the ruling), and everyone who does one of the things that are forbidden in ihraam out of ignorance or by mistake or because they are forced to do so does not have to do anything (i.e. offer expiation). End quote from Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (21/351).

`Umrah – Ihraam (Ahadith 1543 – 1545)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 27, Number 20:

Narrated ‘Amr bin Dinar:

We asked Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) whether a man who had performed the Tawaf of the Ka’ba but had not performed the Tawaf between As-Safa and Al-Marwa yet, was permitted to have sexual relation with his wife. He replied, “The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) arrived (at Mecca) and circumambulated the Ka’ba seven times and then offered a two Rak’at prayer behind Maqam-lbrahim and then performed the going (Tawaf) between As-Safa and Al-Marwa (seven times) (and verily, in Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) you have a good example.” And we asked Jabir bin ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu) (the same question) and he replied, “He should not go near her till he has finished the going (Tawaf) between As-Safa and Al-Marwa.”


Volume 3, Book 27, Number 21:

Narrated Abu Musa Al-Ashari (radiallaahu `anhu):

I came to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) at Al-Batha’ while his camel was kneeling down and he asked me, “Have you intended to perform the Hajj?” I replied in the affirmative. He asked me, ‘With what intention have you assumed Ihram?” I replied, “I have assumed Ihram with the same intention as that of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam). He said, “You have done well. Perform the Tawaf of the Ka’ba and (the Sai) between As-safa and Al-Marwa and then finish the Ihram.” So, I performed the Tawaf around the Ka’ba and the Sai) between As-Safa and Al-Marwa and then went to a woman of the tribe of Qais who cleaned my head from lice. Later I assumed the Ihram for Hajj. I used to give the verdict of doing the same till the caliphate of ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) who said, “If you follow the Holy Book then it orders you to remain in the state of Ihram till you finish from Hajj, if you follow the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) then he did not finish his Ihram till the Hadi (sacrifice) had reached its place of slaughtering (Hajj-al-Qiran).”


Volume 3, Book 27, Number 22:

Narrated Al-Aswad:

Abdullah the slave of Asma bint Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhaa), told me that he used to hear Asma’ (radiallaahu `anhaa), whenever she passed by Al-Hajun, saying, “May Allah bless His Apostle Muhammad (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam). Once we dismounted here with him, and at that time we were traveling with light luggage; we had a few riding animals and a little food ration. I, my sister, ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa), Az-Zubair (radiallaahu `anhu) and such and such persons performed ‘Umra, and when we had passed our hands over the Ka’ba (i.e. performed Tawaf round the Ka’ba and between As-Safa and Al-Marwa) we finished our lhram. Later on we assumed Ihram for Hajj the same evening.”

As discussed before, Ihraam for `Umrah is the same as Ihraam for Hajj. A person may open his Ihraam [of `Umrah] once he’s done with Tawaaf, Sa`ee and cutting/shaving hair.

More on Ihraam:

Ihraam means having the intention of starting the rituals of Hajj or ‘Umrah.

When the pilgrim wants to enter ihraam, he should change his clothes and do ghusl like the ghusl done to cleanse oneself of janaabah (impurity following sexual activity). Then he should apply whatever perfume is available, musk or whatever, to his head and beard. It does not matter if traces of that perfume remain after he enters ihraam, because of the hadeeth narrated in al-Saheehayn from ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) who said: When the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) wanted to enter ihraam, he would perfume himself with the best perfume he could find, then I would see shining traces of that musk on his head and beard after that.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 271; Muslim, 1190.

Doing ghusl when entering ihraam is Sunnah for both men and women, even women who are bleeding following childbirth or menstruating, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) commanded Asma’ bint ‘Umays when she was bleeding following childbirth to do ghusl when she entered ihraam, and to bandage her private parts and enter ihraam. Narrated by Muslim, 1209. Then after doing ghusl and putting on perfume, the pilgrim should put on the ihraam garments and – apart from women who are bleeding following childbirth or menstruating – pray the obligatory prayer if that is at the time of an obligatory prayer, otherwise they should  pray two rak’ahs with the intention of the Sunnah prayer of wudoo’. When the pilgrim has finished praying he should face the qiblah and enter ihraam. He may delay ihraam until he has boarded his means of transportation, and is ready to move off, but he should enter ihraam before he leaves the meeqaat for Makkah.

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