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Bribe-like Gifts (Hadith No. 2267)

Bismillah.

Ahadith 2259 – 2266 (below) are repeats. See linked text for related posts.

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 761:
Narrated Az-Zuhari:
Ubaidullah bin ‘Abdullah told me that ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) had said, “When the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) became sick and his condition became serious, he requested his wives to allow him to be treated in my house, and they allowed him. He came out leaning on two men while his feet were dragging on the ground. He was walking between Al-‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) and another man.” ‘Ubaidullah said, “When I informed Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) of what ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) had said, he asked me whether I knew who was the second man whom ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) had not named. I replied in the negative. He said, ‘He was ‘Ali bin Abi Talib (radiallaahu `anhu).”

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 762:
Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “One who takes back his gift (which he has already given) is like a dog that swallows its vomit.

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 763:
Narrated Asma (radiallaahu `anhaa):
Once I said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! I have no property except what has been given to me by Az-Zubair (radiallaahu `anhu) (i.e. her husband). May I give in charity?” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Give in charity and do not withhold it; otherwise Allah will withhold it back from you.

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 764:
Narrated Asma (radiallaahu `anhaa):
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Give (in charity) and do not give reluctantly lest Allah should give you in a limited amount; and do not withhold your money lest Allah should withhold it from you.”


The following two ahadith are new but the topics found in them have been covered before.

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 765:
Narrated Kurib, the freed slave of Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):
that Maimuna bint Al-Harith (radiallaahu `anhaa) told him that she manumitted a slave-girl without taking the permission of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam). On the day when it was her turn to be with the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), she said, “Do you know, O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), that I have manumitted my slave-girl?” He said, “Have you really?” She replied in the affirmative. He said, “You would have got more reward if you had given her (i.e. the slave-girl) to one of your maternal uncles.”

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 766:
Narrated Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):
Whenever Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) wanted to go on a journey, he would draw lots as to which of his wives would accompany him. He would take her whose name came out. He used to fix for each of them a day and a night. But Sauda bint Zam’a (radiallaahu `anhaa) gave up her (turn) day and night to ‘Aisha, the wife of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) in order to seek the pleasure of Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) (by that action).


Volume 3, Book 47, Number 767:
Narrated Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):
I said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! I have two neighbors; which of them should I give a gift to?” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “(Give) to the one whose door is nearer to you.

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 768:
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):
That he heard As-Sa’b bin Jaththama Al-Laithi (radiallaahu `anhu), who was one of the companions of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), saying that he gave the meat of an onager to Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) while he was at a place called Al-Abwa’ or Waddan, and was in a state of Ihram. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) did not accept it. When the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) saw the signs of sorrow on As-Sa’b’s (radiallaahu `anhu) face because of not accepting his present, he said (to him), “We are not returning your present, but we are in the state of Ihram.”

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 769:
Narrated Abu Humaid Al-Sa’idi (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) appointed a man from the tribe of Al-Azd, called Ibn ‘Utbiyya for collecting the Zakat. When he returned he said, “This (i.e. the Zakat) is for you and this has been given to my as a present.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Why hadn’t he stayed in his father’s or mother’s house to see whether he would be given presents or not? By Him in Whose Hands my life is, whoever takes something from the resources of the Zakat (unlawfully) will be carrying it on his neck on the Day of Resurrection; if it be a camel, it will be grunting; if a cow, it will be mooing; and if a sheep, it will be bleating.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) then raised his hands till we saw the whiteness of his armpits, and he said thrice, “O Allah! Haven’t I conveyed Your Message (to them)?”

Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: This hadeeth indicates that it is obligatory for the person who is employed by the state to do the job for which he has been appointed, and he has no right to take any gift that has to do with his work. If he takes it then he should put it in the bayt al-maal (public treasury), and it is not permissible for him to take it for himself because of this saheeh hadeeth, and because that is a means that leads to evil and betraying trust.

From Fataawa ‘Ulama’ al-Balad al-Haraam, p. 655

Ahmad and al-Bayhaqi narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Gifts given to workers (employees) are ghulool (lit. stolen war booty)” i.e., a betrayal. This hadeeth was classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’, no. 7021.

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Funeral Prayer – Position of Imaam (Ahadith 1114 – 1115)

Bismillah.

Volume 2, Book 23, Number 415:

Narrated Samura bin Jundab:

I offered the funeral prayer behind the Prophet for a woman who had died during child-birth and he stood up by the middle of the coffin.

Volume 2, Book 23, Number 416:

Narrated Samura bin Jundab

I offered the funeral prayer behind the Prophet for a woman who had died during child-birth and he stood up by the middle of the coffin.

The Sunnah in the funeral prayer, if it is for a man, is for the imam to stand in line with his head. If he is offering the funeral prayer for a woman, he should stand in line with her middle. That is because of the report narrated by Samurah ibn Jundub who said: I offered the funeral prayer behind the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) for a woman who died in childbirth, and he stood in line with her middle.

Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1331; Muslim, 964

And Imam Ahmad (12701) and Abu Dawood (3141) narrated that Naafi‘ Abu Ghaalib al-Khayyaat said: I saw Anas ibn Maalik offer the funeral prayer for a man, and he stood in line with his head. When that bier was taken away, the bier of a woman of Quraysh or of the Ansaar was brought, and it was said to him: O Abu Hamzah, this is the bier of So and so, the daughter of So and so; please offer the funeral prayer for her. So he offered the funeral prayer for her, standing in line with her middle. Al-‘Alaa’ ibn Ziyaad al-‘Adawi was among us, and when he saw that he stood in a different place with relation to the man and the woman, he said: O Abu Hamzah, is this how the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) used to stand in relation to a man and in relation to a woman, as you did? He said: Yes. He said: al-‘Alaa’ turned to us and said: Remember this.

Classed as saheeh by Shaykh al-Albaani (may Allah have mercy on him).

An-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

The Sunnah is for the imam to stand in line with the woman’s buttocks, and there was no difference of opinion concerning the hadeeth, and it is more effective in screening her from the rest of the congregation. With regard to a man, there are two views; the correct view, according to the consensus of the scholars, and many of them stated it categorically, as it is the view of the majority of our earlier companions, is that he should stand in line with his head. The second view was stated by Abu ‘Ali at-Tabari, who said that he should stand in line with his chest. But the correct view is the former, which was narrated from the majority, and that is that he should stand in line with his head. This was also narrated by al-Qaadi Husayn from his companions.

End quote from Sharh al-Muhadhdhab, 5/183

Ash-Shawkaani (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

What is implied by these two hadeeths – the hadeeths of Samurah and Anas (may Allah be pleased with them) – that the imam should stand in line with the head of a man and in line with a woman’s middle, is the view of ash-Shaafa‘i and it is correct.

End quote from Nayl al-Awtaar, 4/80

Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

It is Sunnah for the imam to stand in line with a man’s head and in line with a woman’s middle, because that is proven from the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) in the hadeeth of Anas and Samurah ibn Jundub (may Allah be pleased with him). As for the view of some scholars, that the Sunnah is to stand in line with a man’s chest, this is a weak (da‘eef) view for which there is no evidence as far as we know.

End quote from Majmoo‘ al-Fataawa, 13/142

And Allah knows best.

[Taken from IslamQA]

Wassalam.

Tashahhud – Sitting Position (Hadith No. 790)

Salam,
Bismillah.

Repeats: Hadith no. 785, 786, 787, 788, and 789.

Volume 1, Book 12, Number 790:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abdullah:

I saw ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar crossing his legs while sitting in the prayer and I, a mere youngster in those days, did the same. Ibn ‘Umar forbade me to do so, and said, “The proper way is to keep the right foot propped up and bend the left in the prayer.” I said questioningly, “But you are doing so (crossing the legs).” He said, “My feet cannot bear my weight.”

  • Proper way of sitting in tashahhud is to keep the right foot propped up and bend the left one.
  • Don’t follow others in `Ibadah (and otherwise) without knowing why they’re doing things the way they’re doing them.
  • Don’t rush to judge people. You only see the apparent. But reality has a lot more to it.
  • Islam is an easy religion. You’ll always find relaxation (rukhsat) in commandments. For example, `Abdullah ibn `Umar could not sit in tashahhud the proper way, because he was old and his feet could not bear his weight due to weakness. So he took a rukhsat in prayer, and crossed his legs while sitting. It’s allowed and very much recommended as long as you have a genuine excuse.
    Other examples of rukhsat (relaxation) are: the option to not fast while traveling in Ramadan, the option of shortening the prayer while traveling, the option of performing Hajj on a camel (ride) if unable to walk etc.

Wassalam.

Position of Hands in Qiyaam (Hadith No. 707)

Salam,
Bismillah.

Volume 1, Book 12, Number 707:

Narrated Sahl bin Sa’d:

The people were ordered to place the right hand on the left forearm in the prayer. Abu Hazim said, “I knew that the order was from the Prophet .”

 

Don't worry about the fingers. What's important is: your right HAND should be on your left FOREARM.

Alhamdulillah, Hadith is very clear. I don’t feel the need to explain..

Wassalam.

Distinguish (Hadith No. 509)

Salam,
Bismillah.

Volume 1, Book 10, Number 509:

Narrated Anas:

The Prophet said, “Do the prostration properly and do not put your fore-arms flat with elbows touching the ground like a dog. And if you want to spit, do not spit in front, nor to the right, for the person in prayer is speaking in private to his Lord.”

Clear words: “do not put your fore-arms flat with elbows touching the ground like a dog“.
Distinguish your sajdah from the way a dog lays down on the ground, physically and in meaning.

Read relevant Hadith here.

Wassalam.

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