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The Gift of Silk (Ahadith 2280 – 2283)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 782:
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Umar (radiallaahu `anhu):
Umar bin Al-Khattab (radiallaahu `anhu) saw a silken dress (cloak) being sold at the gate of the Mosque and said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! Would that you buy it and wear it on Fridays and when the delegates come to you!” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “This is worn by the one who will have no share in the Hereafter.” Later on some silk dresses were brought and Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) sent one of them to ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu). ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “How do you give me this to wear while you said what you said about the dress of ‘Utarid?” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “I have not given it to you to wear.” So, ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) gave it to a pagan brother of his in Mecca.

This hadeeth indicates that it is permissible to deal in clothes that we are permitted to use in one way but not in another, and it is permissible to give them as gifts and donations, but the one to whom it is given or donated has to use it the manner which is permitted, not in the manner that is forbidden. For example:

Gold jewellery, weapons, knives, grapes, etc, which can be used in permissible ways or in haraam ways. It is permissible to deal in them and to give them as donations and gifts, so long as the one who buys them or is given them will use them in permissible ways, such as selling them, giving them, etc, and he will not make use of them in haraam ways.

But if the thing is something which it is haraam to use in any way and under any circumstances, then it is not permissible to deal in it or to give it as a gift, such as pigs, lions and wolves. There is nothing in the hadeeth to indicate that it is permissible to sell the things mentioned, so it is not correct to draw an analogy between selling cigarettes, tobacco, and men’s and women’s bathing suits, and selling things that may be used in some ways but not others or in some situations and not others, because it is haraam to use these things in all cases.

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 783:
Narrated Ibn Umar (radiallaahu `anhu):
Once the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) went to the house of Fatima (radiallaahu `anhaa) but did not enter it. ‘Ali (radiallaahu `anhu) came and she told him about that. When ‘Ali (radiallaahu `anhu) asked the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) about it, he said, “I saw a (multi-colored) decorated curtain on her door. I am not interested in worldly things.” ‘Ali (radiallaahu `anhu) went to Fatima (radiallaahu `anhaa) and told her about it. Fatima (radiallaahu `anhaa) said, “I am ready to dispense with it in the way he suggests.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) ordered her to send it to such-and-such needy people.”

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 784:
Narrated ‘Ali (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) gave me a silken dress as a gift and I wore it. When I saw the signs of anger on his face, I cut it into pieces and distributed it among my wives.”

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 785:
Narrated Anas (radiallaahu `anhu):
A Jubba (i.e. cloak) made of thick silken cloth was presented to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam). The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) used to forbid people to wear silk. So, the people were pleased to see it. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “By Him in Whose Hands Muhammad’s soul is, the handkerchiefs of Sad bin Mu’adh (radiallaahu `anhu) in Paradise are better than this.” Anas added, “The present was sent to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) by Ukaidir (a Christian) from Dauma.”

Other benefits from these narrations:

  • Silk is prohibited for men – wearing it, sitting on it etc.
  • Women may use silk for wearing, beddings etc.
  • Silk makes a great gift – as long as you know it won’t be used for haraam, e.g. a man won’t wear it.
  • Selling silk is allowed.
  • Gifts can be accepted from non-Muslims as long as they’re not “haraam”.
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Dead Animal’s Skin (Hadith No. 1268)

Bismillah.

Hadith no. 1267 (below) is a repeat. Read it here.

Volume 2, Book 24, Number 568:

Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):

Al-Hasan bin ‘Ali (radiallaahu `anhu) took a date from the dates given in charity and put it in his mouth. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Expel it from your mouth. Don’t you know that we do not eat a thing which is given in charity?”

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 2, Book 24, Number 569:

Narrated Ibn Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):

The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) saw a dead sheep which had been given in charity to a freed slave-girl of Maimuna (radiallaahu `anhaa), the wife of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam). The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Why don’t you get the benefit of its hide?” They said, “It is dead.” He replied, “Only to eat (its meat) is illegal.”

Eating of the dead (halal) animal which is not slaughtered properly is not allowed. However, its skin can be sued after tanning.

It was proven that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “When (animal) skin is tanned, it becomes pure.” And he said, “Tanning the skin of a dead animal [i.e., one which has died of natural causes as opposed to being slaughtered] purifies it.”

The skins of animals that become halaal through proper slaughter are pure (taahir), because they become good through the process of proper slaughter, such as the skins of camels, cattle, sheep, gazelles, rabbits and so on, whether they are tanned or not tanned. As for the skins of animals whose meat we cannot eat, such as dogs, wolves, lions, elephants and the like, it is impure (naajis), whether it is slaughtered or it dies or is killed, because even if it is slaughtered it does not become halaal and cannot be good, so it is naajis, whether it is tanned or not tanned. This is according to the most correct opinion, because the most correct opinion is that impure skins cannot be made pure through tanning if they come from animals which we are not permitted to slaughter for food.

As for the skins of animals which have died before they could be slaughtered properly, if these are tanned then they become pure, but before they are tanned they are impure. So now animal skins may be divided into three types:

The first type: those which are pure whether they are tanned or not, which are the skins of animals that may be eaten if they are slaughtered correctly.

The second type: skins which cannot be pure either before or after tanning, because they are impure. These are the skins of animals whose meat we cannot eat, like pigs.

The third type: skins which become pure after tanning, but are not pure before before tanning. These are the skins of animals whose meat may be eaten if they are slaughtered properly but not if they die otherwise.

Liqa’ al-Baab al-Maftooh by Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 52/39.

As-Salaam (Hadith No. 333)

Salam,
Bismillah.

This is pretty interesting, and probably new for many.

Volume 1, Book 7, Number 333:

Narrated Abu Juhaim Al-Ansari:

The Prophet came from the direction of Bir Jamal. A man met him and greeted him. But he did not return back the greeting till he went to a (mud) wall and smeared his hands and his face with its dust (performed Tayammum) and then returned back the greeting.

The apparent reason is: because As-Salaam is Allah’s Attribute. Prophet (SAW) wouldn’t say it unless he was in the state of wudhu, or tayammum in this case.

There’s another incident similar to this one when Prophet (SAW) didn’t return the greeting because he was in the shower. Read it here.

Question: what do we do? We’re not in the state of wudhu all the time. Should we not return greetings to people in such conditions?
The answer to that (in my opinion) is: it’s the difference of ranks/levels. Prophet (SAW) was on the highest. He didn’t think it right for himself to let Allah’s name come on his tongue in an ‘impure’ (not in wudhu, to be more precise) state. It’s definitely a Sunnah you may follow. But not a compulsion. So let’s not argue about the “fiqh of saying Salaam” when we’re having problems being regular in prayers. :)

Wassalam.

Ahadith 322-329

Salam,
Bismillah.

All these Ahadith are related to the same topic: haydh. Mostly similar, with a few differences. Will explain one by one inshaAllah.

Volume 1, Book 6, Number 322:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

Fatima bint Abi Hubaish asked the Prophet, “I got persistent bleeding (in between the periods) and do not become clean. Shall I give up prayers?” He replied, “No, this is from a blood vessel. Give up the prayers only for the days on which you usually get the menses and then take a bath and offer your prayers.”

More on it here.

Volume 1, Book 6, Number 323:

Narrated Um ‘Atiya:

We never considered yellowish discharge as a thing of importance (as menses).

Volume 1, Book 6, Number 324:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

(the wife of the Prophet) Um Habiba got bleeding in between the periods for seven years. She asked Allah’s Apostle about it. He ordered her to take a bath (after the termination of actual periods) and added that it was (from) a blood vessel. So she used to take a bath for every prayer.

Bath = wudhu. Read more on abrogation here.

Volume 1, Book 6, Number 325:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

(the wife of the Prophet) I told Allah’s Apostle that Safiya bint Huyai had got her menses. He said, “She will probably delay us. Did she perform Tawaf (Al-Ifada) with you?” We replied, “Yes.” On that the Prophet told her to depart.

Similar situation here.

Volume 1, Book 6, Number 326:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

A woman is allowed to leave (go back home) if she gets menses (after Tawaf-AlIfada). Ibn ‘Umar formerly used to say that she should not leave but later on I heard him saying, “She may leave, since Allah’s Apostle gave them the permission to leave (after Tawaf-AlIfada.)”

Similar to previous one.

Volume 1, Book 6, Number 327:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

The Prophet said to me, “Give up the prayer when your menses begin and when it has finished, wash the blood off your body (take a bath) and start praying.”

Detail here.

Volume 1, Book 6, Number 328:

Narrated Samura bin Jundab:

The Prophet offered the funeral prayer for the dead body of a woman who died of (during) delivery (i.e. child birth) and he stood by the middle of her body.

Such women have the right to be prayed salat-ul-janazah upon. Plus, they’re not impure. Note: Prophet (SAW) stood by the middle of her body, not far far away.

Volume 1, Book 6, Number 329:

Narrated Maimuna:

(the wife of the Prophet) During my menses, I never prayed, but used to sit on the mat beside the mosque of Allah’s Apostle. He used to offer the prayer on his sheet and in prostration some of his clothes used to touch me.”

More on it here.

The overall concept that needs to be instilled in our minds is: haydh itself is impure, but it does not make humans impure. A menstruating women (believing) is as pure as a non-menstruating woman. The only difference is, she has some benefits over the other. For example, she doesn’t pray, she doesn’t fast, she can’t be divorced during her menses etc. She can do other sorts of worship like dhikr and charity etc. She can hold the Qur’an, being careful not to touch the Arabic text. She can recite the Qur’an, out of memory or by reading. She can sit on the prayer rug. And she can do a lot of other things as well. Many examples came in Kitaab-ul-Haydh.
This was, by the way, the last post from Kitaab-ul-Haydh. Tomorrow,  Kitaab-ut-Tayammum (Book of Rubbing Hands and Feet with Dust) begins. :)

Wassalam.

Mouse And The Ghee (Hadith No. 236)

Salam,
Bismillah.

Volume 1, Book 4, Number 236:

Narrated Maimuna:

Allah’s Apostle was asked regarding ghee (cooking butter) in which a mouse had fallen. He said, “Take out the mouse and throw away the ghee around it and use the rest.”

Ghee is more viscous than the usual oil, so it can be used after throwing away the part touched by the mouse. Going into the scientific details, ghee allows less diffusion so the impure particles of the mouse won’t be able to travel very far. Oil, however, would have to be thrown away if a mouse fell in it.

Wassalam.

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