Narrated Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu):
Hafsa (radiallaahu `anhaa) said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! What is wrong with the people; they finished their Ihram after performing ‘Umra, but you have not finished it after your ‘Umra?” He replied, “I matted my hair and have garlanded my Hadi. So, I cannot finish my Ihram till I slaughter (my Hadi).”
Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) did not change his intention and continued with Qiraan, but he commanded others who had not brought the hadiy with them to change their intention to Tamattu`.
Question: can we change intention during Hajj or on our way to Hajj? A very simple answer is yes, and no. For details, read on.
Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Baaz answered a question concerning the ruling on one who intends to do Hajj as Tamattu’ then after passing the Meeqaat he changes his mind and starts to recite Talbiyah with the intention of doing Hajj al-Ifraad – does he have to offer the sacrifice?
It depends. If his intention before reaching the Meeqaat had been to do Tamattu’, then after reaching the Meeqaat he changed his intention and entered ihraam for Hajj only [Ifraad], there is nothing wrong with that and he does not have to offer the fidyah (penalty). But if he had recited the Talbiyah with the intention of doing ‘Umrah and Hajj together from the Meeqaat or from before the Meeqaat, then he wanted to make it Hajj only, he cannot do that, but there is nothing to stop him making it ‘Umrah, but he cannot make it Hajj. Qiraan cannot be changed to Hajj (ifraad) but it can be changed to ‘Umrah because that is easier for the believer and because that is what the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) commanded. So if a person enters the state of ihraam with the intention of doing ‘Umrah and Hajj together (Qiraan) from the Meeqaat, then he decides to make it Hajj only, he cannot do that but he can change it to ‘Umrah only, which is better for him. So he can do Tawaaf and Sa’ee, then cut his hair and exit the state of ihraam, then he can enter ihraam for Hajj, and thus he will be doing Tamattu’.
If the pilgrim who is doing tamattu’ is not able to do ‘umrah before Hajj, then he should change his intention from tamattu’ to qiraan, and intend to do Hajj and ‘umrah together.
This is what happened to ‘Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her). She was doing tamattu’, then her menses came and she was not able to do ‘umrah before Hajj, so she joined Hajj with ‘Umrah and it became qiraan. This was narrated by al-Bukhaari and Muslim.
It is not permissible for the pilgrim who is doing tamattu’ to change his intention to ifraad, because when he intended to do ‘umrah, it became binding upon him to complete it, because Allah, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning): “And perform properly (i.e. all the ceremonies according to the ways of Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم), the Hajj and ‘Umrah (i.e. the pilgrimage to Makkah) for Allaah” [al-Baqarah 2:196].
The meaning of ifraad is that the pilgrim will not do ‘umrah; rather he will do Hajj only. Based on that, your changing your intention to ifraad is not valid. Thus your Hajj became qiraan and you have to offer the hadiy.
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) was asked about a group of young men who were afraid that they would not be able to do ‘umrah before Hajj, so they changed their intention to ifraad. He replied:
If the intention was changed before entering ihram, then there is nothing wrong with that. But if it was after entering ihram, then their Hajj became qiraan and not ifraad. What is meant by it being qiraan is that they joined Hajj with ‘umrah, because qiraan takes two forms:
1. When the pilgrim enters ihram for Hajj and ‘umrah together when he first enters ihram
2. When he enters ihram for ‘umrah first, then joins Hajj to it before starting tawaaf.
Based on that, so long as you entered ihram for ‘umrah first, then you decided to make it Hajj, you were doing qiraan. If you slaughtered a hadiy on Eid al-Adha during your Hajj in that year, then you have done what was required of you and have completed your Hajj and ‘Umrah. If you did not slaughter a hadiy, then you have to do so now, and eat some of it and give the rest in charity. If any of you cannot find a hadiy – i.e., cannot afford to buy one – then he must fast for ten days now. End quote.
Hadith no. 1402 (below) is a repeat. Read it here.
Narrated ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa): We set out with Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) in the year of his Last Hajj and we mended (the Ihram) for ‘Umra. Then the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Whoever has a Hadi with him should assume Ihram for both Hajj and ‘Umra, and should not finish it till he performs both of the them (Hajj and ‘Umra).” When we reached Mecca, I had my menses. When we had performed our Hajj, the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) sent me with ‘Abdur-Rahman (radiallaahu `anhu) to Tan’im and I performed the ‘Umra. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “This is in lieu of your missed ‘Umra.” Those who had assumed Ihram for ‘Umra performed Tawaf (between Safa and Marwa) and then finished their Ihram. And then they performed another Tawaf (between Safa and Marwa) after returning from Mina. And those who had assumed lhram for Hajj and ‘Umra to get her ( Hajj-Qiran ) performed only one Tawaf (between Safa and Marwa).
‘Abdullah bin ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar and his riding animal entered the house of Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu). He (the son of Ibn ‘Umar) said, “I fear that this year a battle might take place between the people and you might be prevented from going to the Ka’ba. I suggest that you should stay here.” Ibn Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “Once Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) set out for the pilgrimage, and the pagans of Quraish intervened between him and the Ka’ba. So, if the people intervened between me and the Ka’ba, I would do the same as Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had done . . . “Verily, in Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) you have a good example.” Then he added, “I make you a witness that I have intended to perform Hajj along with ‘Umra.” After arriving at Mecca, Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) performed one Tawaf only (between Safa and Marwa).
Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) intended to perform Hajj in the year when Al-Hajjaj attacked Ibn Az-Zubair. Somebody said to Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu), “There is a danger of an impending war between them.” Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “Verily, in Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) you have a good example. (And if it happened as you say) then I would do the same as Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had done. I make you witness that I have decided to perform ‘Umra.” Then he set out and when he reached Al-Baida’, he said, “The ceremonies of both Hajj and ‘Umra are similar. I make you witness that I have made Hajj compulsory for me along with ‘Umra.” He drove (to Mecca) a Hadi which he had bought from (a place called) Qudaid and did not do more than that. He did not slaughter the Hadi or finish his Ihram, or shave or cut short his hair till the day of slaughtering the sacrifices (10th Dhul-Hijja). Then he slaughtered his Hadi and shaved his head and considered the first Tawaf (of Safa and Marwa) as sufficient for Hajj and ‘Umra. Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) did the same.”
Ibn `Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) performed Hajj Qiraan according to this incident. And when he said that he will do as the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) did, he meant that he’ll perform Hajj Qiraan like the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) did the year after he was stopped at Hudaibiyah.
The one who is doing Qiraan, i.e., combining Hajj and ‘Umrah, only has to do one tawaaf and one saa‘i, like the one who is doing Ifraad (Hajj only).
The tawaaf that is obligatory in his case is tawaaf al-ifaadah. With regard to tawaaf al-qudoom, it is Sunnah. In his case, saa‘i may be done after tawaaf al-qudoom, or he may delay it and do it after tawaaf al-ifaadah. This is what is indicated by the saheeh Sunnah and is the view of most of the scholars.
More on it here.