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Patience and Perseverance (Ahadith 2481 – 2485)

Bismillah.

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 86 :
Narrated by Salim Abu-An-Nadr
‘Abdullah bin Abi Aufa (radiallaahu `anhu) wrote and I read what he wrote that Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “When you face them ( i.e. your enemy) then be patient.”

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 87 :
Narrated by Anas (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) went towards the Khandaq (i.e. Trench) and saw the Emigrants and the Ansar digging on a very cold morning as they did not have slaves to do that for them. When he noticed their fatigue and hunger he said, “O Allah! The real life is that of the Here-after, (so please) forgive the Ansar and the Emigrants.” In its reply the Emigrants and the Ansar said, “We are those who have given a pledge of allegiance to Muhammad that we will carry on Jihad as long as we live.”

For the Arabic lovers, Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)’s poetry lines:

اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّ الْعَيْشَ عَيْشُ الآخِرَهْ
فَاغْفِرْ لِلأَنْصَارِ وَالْمُهَاجِرَهْ

Companions’ lines:

نَحْنُ الَّذِينَ بَايَعُوا مُحَمَّدًا
عَلَى الْجِهَادِ مَا بَقِينَا أَبَدًا

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 88 :
Narrated by Anas (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Emigrants and the Ansar started digging the trench around Medina carrying the earth on their backs and saying, “We are those who have given a pledge of allegiance to Muhammad that we will I carry on Jihad as long as we live.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) kept on replying, “O Allah, there is no good except the good of the Hereafter; so confer Your Blessings on the Ansar and the Emigrants.”

The other version:

O Allah!

اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّهُ لاَ خَيْرَ إِلاَّ خَيْرُ الآخِرَهْ
فَبَارِكْ فِي الأَنْصَارِ وَالْمُهَاجِرَهْ‏.‏

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 89 :
Narrated by Al-Bara (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) went on carrying (i.e. the earth) and saying, “Without You (O Allah!) we would have got no guidance.”

لَوْلاَ أَنْتَ مَا اهْتَدَيْنَا

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 90 :
Narrated by Al-Bara (radiallaahu `anhu)
On the day (of the battle) of Al-Ahzab (i.e. clans) I saw the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) carrying earth, and the earth was covering the whiteness of his abdomen. And he was saying, “Without You (O Allah!) we would have got no guidance, nor given in charity, nor prayed. So please bless us with tranquility and make firm our feet when we meet our enemies. Indeed (these) people have rebelled against (oppressed) us but never shall we yield if they try to bring affliction upon us.”

لَوْلاَ أَنْتَ مَا اهْتَدَيْنَا وَلاَ تَصَدَّقْنَا وَلاَ صَلَّيْنَا‏.‏
فَأَنْزِلِ السَّكِينَةَ عَلَيْنَا وَثَبِّتِ الأَقْدَامَ إِنْ لاَقَيْنَا‏.‏
إِنَّ الأُلَى قَدْ بَغَوْا عَلَيْنَا إِذَا أَرَادُوا فِتْنَةً أَبَيْنَا‏.‏

Even if one doesn’t understand the intricacies of Arabic poetry, they can still appreciate the apparent beauty and sweetness of the words. :)

An Exception for Ibn Umm Maktum (Ahadith 2479 – 2480)

Bismillah.

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 84 :
Narrated by Al-Bara (radiallaahu `anhu)
When the Divine Inspiration: “Those of the believers who sit (at home)” was revealed, the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) sent for Zaid (bin Thabit) (radiallaahu `anhu) who came with a shoulder-blade and wrote on it. Ibn Um-Maktum (radiallaahu `anhu) complained about his blindness and on that the following revelation came: “Not equal are those believers who sit (at home) except those who are disabled (by injury, or are blind or lame etc.) and those who strive hard and fight in the Way of Allah with their wealth and lives).” (4.95)

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 85 :
Narrated by Sahl bin Sad As-Sa’idi
I saw Marwan bin Al-Hakam sitting in the Mosque. So I came forward and sat by his side. He told us that Zaid bin Thabit (radiallaahu `anhu) had told him that Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had dictated to him the Divine Verse: “Not equal are those believers who sit (at home) and those who strive hard and fight in the Cause of Allah with their wealth and lives.’ (4.95) Zaid (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “Ibn-Maktum came to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) while he was dictating to me that very Verse. On that Ibn Um Maktum (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “O Allah’s Apostle! If I had power, I would surely take part in Jihad.” He was a blind man. So Allah sent down revelation to His Apostle while his thigh was on mine and it became so heavy for me that I feared that my thigh would be broken. Then that state of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was over after Allah revealed “…except those who are disabled (by injury or are blind or lame etc.) (4.95)

The ayah:

لَّا يَسْتَوِي الْقَاعِدُونَ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ غَيْرُ أُولِي الضَّرَرِ وَالْمُجَاهِدُونَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ بِأَمْوَالِهِمْ وَأَنفُسِهِمْ ۚ فَضَّلَ اللَّهُ الْمُجَاهِدِينَ بِأَمْوَالِهِمْ وَأَنفُسِهِمْ عَلَى الْقَاعِدِينَ دَرَجَةً ۚ وَكُلًّا وَعَدَ اللَّهُ الْحُسْنَىٰ ۚ وَفَضَّلَ اللَّهُ الْمُجَاهِدِينَ عَلَى الْقَاعِدِينَ أَجْرًا عَظِيمًا

Not equal are those believers remaining [at home] – other than the disabled – and the mujahideen, [who strive and fight] in the cause of Allah with their wealth and their lives. Allah has preferred the mujahideen through their wealth and their lives over those who remain [behind], by degrees. And to both Allah has promised the best [reward]. But Allah has preferred the mujahideen over those who remain [behind] with a great reward. [4:95]

Ibn Kathir comments:

At-Tirmidhi recorded that Ibn `Abbas said,

﴿لاَّ يَسْتَوِى الْقَـعِدُونَ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ غَيْرُ أُوْلِى الضَّرَرِ﴾

(Not equal are those of the believers who sit (at home), except those who are disabled), refers to those who did not go to the battle of Badr and those who went to Badr. When the battle of Badr was about to occur, Abu Ahmad bin Jahsh and Ibn Umm Maktum said, `We are blind, O Messenger of Allah! Do we have an excuse’ The Ayah,

﴿لاَّ يَسْتَوِى الْقَـعِدُونَ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ غَيْرُ أُوْلِى الضَّرَرِ﴾

(Not equal are those of the believers who sit (at home), except those who are disabled) was revealed. Allah made those who fight, above those who sit in their homes not hindered by disability.

﴿وَفَضَّلَ اللَّهُ الْمُجَـهِدِينَ عَلَى الْقَـعِدِينَ أَجْراً عَظِيماًدَرَجَـتٍ مِّنْهُ﴾

(but Allah has preferred those who strive hard and fight, above those who sit (at home), by a huge reward. Degrees of (higher) grades from Him), above the believers who sit at home without a disability hindering them.” This is the wording recorded by At-Tirmidhi, who said, “Hasan Gharib. Allah’s statement,

﴿لاَّ يَسْتَوِى الْقَـعِدُونَ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ﴾

(Not equal are those of the believers who sit (at home),) this is general. Soon after, the revelation came down with,

﴿غَيْرُ أُوْلِى الضَّرَرِ﴾

(except those who are disabled). So whoever has a disability, such as blindness, a limp, or an illness that prevents them from joining Jihad, they were not compared to the Mujahidin who strive in Allah’s cause with their selves and wealth, as those who are not disabled and did not join the Jihad were. In his Sahih, Al-Bukhari recorded that Anas said that the Messenger of Allah said,

«إِنَّ بِالْمَدِينَةِ أَقْوَامًا مَا سِرْتُمْ مِنْ مَسِيرٍ، وَلَا قَطَعْتُمْ مِنْ وَادٍ، إِلَّا وَهُمْ مَعَكُمْ فِيه»

قالوا: وهم بالمدينة يا رسول الله؟ (There are people who remained in Al-Madinah, who were with you in every march you marched and every valley you crossed.) They said, “While they are still in Al-Madinah, O Messenger of Allah” He said,

«نَعَمْ حَبَسَهُمُ الْعُذْر»

(Yes. Only their disability hindered them (from joining you).) Allah said,

Allah has promised

﴿وَكُلاًّ وَعَدَ اللَّهُ الْحُسْنَى﴾

(Unto each, Allah has promised good) meaning, Paradise and tremendous rewards. This Ayah indicates that Jihad is not Fard on each and every individual, but it is Fard Kifayah (which is a collective duty). Allah then said,

﴿وَفَضَّلَ اللَّهُ الْمُجَـهِدِينَ عَلَى الْقَـعِدِينَ أَجْراً عَظِيماً﴾

(but Allah has preferred those who strive hard and fight, above those who sit (at home), by a huge reward). Allah mentions what He has given them rooms in Paradise, along with His forgiveness and the descent of mercy and blessing on them, as a favor and honor from Him. So He said;

﴿دَرَجَـتٍ مِّنْهُ وَمَغْفِرَةً وَرَحْمَةً وَكَانَ اللَّهُ غَفُوراً رَّحِيماً ﴾

(Degrees of (higher) grades from Him, and forgiveness and mercy. And Allah is Ever Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.). In the Two Sahihs, it is recorded that Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri said that the Messenger of Allah said,

«إِنَّ فِي الْجَنَّةِ مِائَةَ دَرَجَةٍ، أَعَدَّهَا اللهُ لِلْمُجَاهِدِينَ فِي سَبِيلِهِ، مَا بَيْنَ كُلِّ دَرَجَتَيْنِ كَمَا بَيْنَ السَّمَاءِ وَالْأَرْض»

(There are a hundred grades in Paradise that Allah has prepared for the Mujahidin in His cause, between each two grades is the distance between heaven and Earth.)

Dying of Plague (Ahadith 2477 – 2478)

Bismillah.

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 82 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Five are regarded as martyrs: They are those who die because of plague, abdominal disease, drowning or a falling building etc., and the martyrs in Allah’s Cause.”

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 83 :
Narrated by Anas bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Plague is the cause of martyrdom of every Muslim (who dies because of it).”

Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz (may Allah have mercy on him) says:

It is proven in a number of hadeeths that the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said that the one who dies by drowning, or because of the plague or a stomach disease (diarrhoea) is a martyr. So the one who dies of the plague is a martyr, the one who dies of a stomach disease is a martyr, the one who drowns is a martyr, the one who is crushed by a falling wall is a martyr, the one who is killed for the sake of Allah is a martyr, the one who dies for the sake of Allah is a martyr, and there are a number of others who are martyrs.

TRAGIC DEATH

This is by the grace of Allah, so that this ummah will have an advantage in terms of great reward, but the best of them are those who are martyred for the sake of Allah, who are killed for the sake of Allah. They are the best, and they are not to be washed (ghusl), and the funeral prayer is not to be offered for them, for they are alive with their Lord and given provision. Martyrs other than those who were martyred for the sake of Allah, such as those who died of a stomach disease or the plague, or those who were killed by falling walls or drowned, are to be washed and the funeral prayer is to be offered for them. Included with them are those who die in vehicle rollovers and car crashes; they are likened to the one who is crushed beneath a falling wall, and there is the hope that they will have the status of martyrdom, but they are to be washed and the funeral prayer is to offered for them, as is done for those who die of stomach diseases or drowning. End quote.

Fataawa Noor ‘ala al-Darb, 3/1426

Taken from IslamQA

Getting Your Feet Dirty (Hadith No. 2459)

Bismillah.

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 66 :
Narrated by Abu Abs (who is ‘Abdur-Rahman bin Jabir) (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said,” Anyone whose both feet get covered with dust in Allah’s Cause will not be touched by the (Hell) fire.”

We’ve seen numerous ahadith on the superiority and rewards for Jihad these past couple of weeks. It is not a small matter in the sight of Allah when one man goes out to spread the word of Allah risking his life and spending his wealth for the cause seeking nothing but the pleasure of his Lord. This is why Allah has promised so much in return. He says:

إِنَّ اللَّهَ اشْتَرَىٰ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَنفُسَهُمْ وَأَمْوَالَهُم بِأَنَّ لَهُمُ الْجَنَّةَ ۚ يُقَاتِلُونَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ فَيَقْتُلُونَ وَيُقْتَلُونَ ۖ وَعْدًا عَلَيْهِ حَقًّا فِي التَّوْرَاةِ وَالْإِنجِيلِ وَالْقُرْآنِ ۚ وَمَنْ أَوْفَىٰ بِعَهْدِهِ مِنَ اللَّهِ ۚ فَاسْتَبْشِرُوا بِبَيْعِكُمُ الَّذِي بَايَعْتُم بِهِ ۚ وَذَٰلِكَ هُوَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ

“Indeed, Allah has purchased from the believers their lives and their properties [in exchange] for that they will have Paradise. They fight in the cause of Allah , so they kill and are killed. [It is] a true promise [binding] upon Him in the Torah and the Gospel and the Qur’an. And who is truer to his covenant than Allah ? So rejoice in your transaction which you have contracted. And it is that which is the great attainment.” [9:111]

A few ayahs later, Allah talks about the people who stayed back from the battle of Tabuk:

مَا كَانَ لِأَهْلِ الْمَدِينَةِ وَمَنْ حَوْلَهُم مِّنَ الْأَعْرَابِ أَن يَتَخَلَّفُوا عَن رَّسُولِ اللَّهِ وَلَا يَرْغَبُوا بِأَنفُسِهِمْ عَن نَّفْسِهِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ لَا يُصِيبُهُمْ ظَمَأٌ وَلَا نَصَبٌ وَلَا مَخْمَصَةٌ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَلَا يَطَئُونَ مَوْطِئًا يَغِيظُ الْكُفَّارَ وَلَا يَنَالُونَ مِنْ عَدُوٍّ نَّيْلًا إِلَّا كُتِبَ لَهُم بِهِ عَمَلٌ صَالِحٌ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يُضِيعُ أَجْرَ الْمُحْسِنِينَ

It was not [proper] for the people of Madinah and those surrounding them of the bedouins that they remain behind after [the departure of] the Messenger of Allah or that they prefer themselves over his self. That is because they are not afflicted by thirst or fatigue or hunger in the cause of Allah , nor do they tread on any ground that enrages the disbelievers, nor do they inflict upon an enemy any infliction but that is registered for them as a righteous deed. Indeed, Allah does not allow to be lost the reward of the doers of good. [9:120]

So this is the context in which we are to see today’s hadith in. Anything a person does in the path of Allah, any difficulty he faces, it is all written as good deeds for him. Allah does not take this matter lightly, obviously. All one needs to do is go out and take the risk, get their feet dirty. :]

Paradise without Prayer (Hadith No. 2456)

Bismillah.

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 63 :
Narrated by Al-Bara (radiallaahu `anhu)
A man whose face was covered with an iron mask (i.e. clad in armor) came to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! Shall I fight or embrace Islam first? “The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Embrace Islam first and then fight.” So he embraced Islam, and was martyred. Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “A little work, but a great reward.” (He did very little (after embracing Islam), but he will be rewarded in abundance).

This proves that Allah rewards a person in abundance for the littlest of deeds. This is due to His Grace.

This person (mentioned in the hadith) did not offer one prayer, nor did he completed a fast for Allah. He was granted Paradise for his testimony of faith only (and martyrdom eventually). The reason is that he intended to live as a Muslim from that moment on. Were he granted more life, he would’ve prayed and fasted like other Muslims.

P.S. This makes me think how important it was for him to go to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) to ask this question. If he didn’t, it would have been a completely different story. O_O

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