Blog Archives

Never Apart (Hadith No. 2765)

Bismillah.

Volume 4, Book 53, Number 368 :
Narrated by Jubair bin Mutim (radiallaahu `anhu)
I and ‘Uthman bin ‘Affan (radiallaahu `anhu) went to Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! You have given to Bani Al-Muttalib and left us although they and we are of the same kinship to you.” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Bani Muttalib and Bani Hashim are one and the same.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) did not give a share to Bani Abd Shams and Bani Naufal.
(Ibn Ishaq said, “Abd Shams and Hashim and Al-Muttalib were maternal brothers and their mother was ‘Atika bint Murra and Naufal was their paternal brother.)

eidLineage(shijra)

The image above shows the four sons of Abd Manaf: Al-Muttalib, Hashmi, Nawfal (paternal brother) and Abd Shams. Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) himself was from Hashim (as shown), Uthman ibn Affan (radiallaahu `anhu) was from Abd Shams and Jubair ibn Mut’im (radiallaahu `anhu) was from Nawfal.

When Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) distributed the khumus among Banu Muttalib and Banu Hashim and not the other two clans, Uthman and Jubair (radiallaahu `anhumaa) came to him with this concern – how come they got it and we didn’t when we have the same relationship to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) as them? So the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said that Banu Hashim and Banu Muttalib are one and the same – meaning (according to commentators) they were always together in kufr and Islam. Nothing separated them. That’s why they get a share and others don’t.

Advertisements

Two Things that Fled from Ibn `Umar [RA] (Ahadith 2699 – 2700)

Bismillah.

Hadith no. 2698 (below) is a repeat. Read it here.

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 301 :
Narrated by Anas (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) performed ‘Umra, setting out from Al-Jarana where he distributed the war booty of Hunain.

Today’s Ahadith:

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 302 :
Narrated by Nafi
Once a slave of Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) fled and joined the Byzantine. Khalid bin Al-Walid (radiallaahu `anhu) got him back and returned him to ‘Abdullah (bin ‘Umar) (radiallaahu `anhu). Once a horse of Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) also ran away and followed the Byzantines, and he (i.e. Khalid) got it back and returned it to ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu).

time_to_flee

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 303 :
Narrated by Ibn Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)
That he was riding a horse on the day, the Muslims fought (against the Byzantines), and the commander of the Muslim army was Khalid bin Al-Walid (radiallaahu `anhu) who had been appointed by Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu). The enemy took the horse away, and when the enemy was defeated, Khalid (radiallaahu `anhu) returned the horse to him.

If a Muslim’s property is captured by non-Muslims and is returned as war booty to the Muslims, does the original owner have more right on it or the fighters? Scholars have disputed in this matter, but it looks like Imam Bukhari takes evidence in these ahadith from the fact that Khalid bin Waleed (radiallaahu `anhu) returned Ibn `Umar’s (radiallaahu `anhu) slave and horse to him without any hesitation. All the major sahaabah were present at that time, including Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu). It’s highly unlikely of them to not speak up against a wrongdoing when they see it.

P.S. isn’t it funny how the slave that fled and the horse that was captured both belonged to Ibn `Umar (radiallaahu `anhu). Coincidence?

Read more on the ruling on war booty.

Of Captives and POWs (Ahadith 2679 – 2681)

Bismillah.

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 282 :
Narrated by Abu Musa (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Free the captives, feed the hungry and pay a visit to the sick.”

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 283 :
Narrated by Abu Juhaifa
I asked Ali (radiallaahu `anhu), “Do you have the knowledge of any Divine Inspiration besides what is in Allah’s Book?” ‘Ali (radiallaahu `anhu) replied, “No, by Him Who splits the grain of corn and creates the soul. I don’t think we have such knowledge, but we have the ability of understanding which Allah may endow a person with, so that he may understand the Qur’an, and we have what is written in this paper as well.” I asked, “What is written in this paper?” He replied, “(The regulations of) blood-money, the freeing of captives, and the judgment that no Muslim should be killed for killing an infidel.”

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 284 :
Narrated by Anas bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu)
Some Ansari men asked permission from Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) saying, “O Allah’s Apostle! Allow us not to take the ransom of our nephew Al Abbas.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) replied, “Do not leave a single Dirham thereof.”
(In another narration) Anas (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “Some wealth was brought to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) from Bahrain. Al Abbas came to him and said, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! Give me (some of it), as I have paid my and ‘Aqil’s ransom.’ The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, ‘Take,’ and gave him in his garment.”

Islam is the religion of mercy and justice; it commands us to call others to the religion of Allaah in a kind and good manner, and to encourage people to enter this great religion. If some people persist in rejecting the religion of Allaah and stand in the way of ruling by that which Allaah has revealed on earth, or they fight against the call to Allaah, then we give them the choice of three things:

Either they become Muslim; or if they refuse they pay the jizyah (whereby they pay a specified amount to the Muslims in return for being allowed to remain their land, and the Muslims undertake to protect them); or, if they refuse that, there is nothing left but the way which they themselves have chosen, which is fighting and dealing violently with those who have persecuted the Muslims and put obstacles in the path of the Islamic da’wah. In this way the Muslims will gain the upper hand and the enemies will be humiliated; then when we have killed and wounded many of them and gained the upper hand over them, we may take prisoners and bind a bond firmly on them [cf. Muhammad 47:4], because in that case it is more in tune with the idea of mercy by choice (not because we are afraid of them); at that point war should not continue any longer than is necessary. War in Islam should not be waged for the sole purpose of shedding blood or seeking vengeance. If the Muslims capture them and take them to a place that has been prepared for them, they should not harm them or torture them with beatings, depriving them of food and water, leaving them out in the sun or the cold, burning them with fire, or putting covers over their mouths, ears and eyes and putting them in cages like animals. Rather they should treat them with kindness and mercy, feed them well and encourage them to enter Islam.

Thumaamah ibn Athaal – the leader of Bani Haneefah – was brought (to Madeenah) as a prisoner and tied to one of the pillars of the mosque. The Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) came to him and said, “What do you think, O Thumaamah?” He said, “What I think, O Muhammad, is good. If you kill me, you will kill one with blood on his hands – i.e., I will deserve to be killed because I have killed Muslims – and if you release me you will release one who will be grateful. If you want money, then ask, and I will give you whatever you want.” The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) left him for three days, and each day he would come and ask him similar questions, and Thumaamah would give similar answers. After the third day, he commanded that he should be released. Thumaamah went to a stand of date-palms near the mosque where he bathed (did ghusl), then he came to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and said, “I bear witness that there is no god except Allaah and I bear witness that Muhammad is the slave of Allaah and His Messenger.” Then he said: “O Messenger of Allaah, by Allaah there was no one on earth whose face was more hateful to me than yours, but now your face is the most beloved of all faces to me.  By Allaah, there was no religion that was more hateful to me than your religion, but now your religion has become the most beloved of all religions to me. By Allaah, there was no land more hateful to me than your land, but now your land has become the most beloved to me. Your cavalry captured me when I was on my way to perform ‘Umrah, so what do you think I should do?”

The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) congratulated him, and told him to go for ‘Umrah. When he came to Makkah, someone asked him, “Have you changed your religion?” He said, “No, but I have submitted with the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and by Allaah you will not get a grain of wheat from al-Yamaamah unless the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) gives permission.”

Think about this story, may Allaah bless you, and how the kind treatment of Thumaamah led to his embracing Islam, which could not have happened were it not primarily by the grace of Allaah, and also the kind treatment which Thumaamah received.

In the Qur’aan, Allaah says of the righteous (interpretation of the meaning):

“And they give food, in spite of their love for it (or for the love of Him), to the Miskeen (the poor), the orphan, and the captive,

(Saying): ‘We feed you seeking Allaah’s Countenance only. We wish for no reward, nor thanks from you’”

[al-Insaan 76:8-9]

Ibn Katheer (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “Ibn ‘Abbaas said: in those days their prisoners were mushrikeen; on the day of Badr the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) commanded them to be kind to their prisoners, so they used to put them before themselves when it came to food… Mujaahid said, this refers to the one who is detained, i.e., they would give food to these prisoners even though they themselves desired it and loved it.”

9ca880f0aef96bd6e43d91f7395a86ab

The ruling on tying up prisoners:

It is well known that if prisoners are able to escape they will not hesitate to do so, because they may be afraid of dying and they do not know what awaits them. Hence the Muslims were commanded to tie up their prisoners and to tie their hands to their necks, lest they run away. This is something that still happens and is well known to all people.

The wisdom behind permitting the taking of prisoners is so as to weaken the enemy and ward off his evil by keeping him away from the battlefield so that he cannot be effective or play any role; it also creates a means of freeing Muslim prisoners by trading the prisoners whom we are holding.

 Detaining prisoners:

Prisoners should be detained until it is decided what is the best move. The ruler of the Muslims should detain prisoners until he decides what is in the Muslims’ best interests. He may ransom them for money, or exchange them for Muslim prisoners, or release them for nothing in return, or distribute them among the Muslims as slaves, or kill the men, but not the women and children, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) forbade killing the latter. The purpose behind detaining prisoners is so that the Muslims may be protected from their evil. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to enjoin the Muslims to treat prisoners well, whereas the Romans and those who came before them the Assyrians and Pharaohs, all used to put out their prisoners’ eyes with hot irons, and flay them alive, feeding their skins to dogs, such that the prisoners preferred death to life.

Source: IslamQA

Right the Wrong (Hadith No. 2366)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 49, Number 868 :
Narrated by Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa)
Once Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) heard the loud voices of some opponents quarreling at the door. One of them was appealing to the other to deduct his debt and asking him to be lenient but the other was saying, “By Allah I will not do so.” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) went out to them and said, “Who is the one who was swearing by Allah that he would not do a favor?” That man said, “I am that person, O Allah’s Apostle! I will give my opponent whatever he wishes.”

There’s something really oxymoron-ish about swearing by Allah to not do something good. The two just don’t go together. Often times we say things in anger and heat of the moment that we come to regret later. If only we thought once before speaking. If only there was someone to correct us right there on the spot. Alas, the wicked things that are tongues are!

One of the noblest traits of one’s character is to admit mistakes and make amends. The good thing about this world is that we always have a second, third, fourth chance to start afresh – as long as death doesn’t come knocking.

So if you slipped, if you were in error, you need to take the first step towards forgiveness. Admit your fault and right the wrong. You still have a chance.

Gift = Ownership Transfer (Hadith No. 2279)

Bismillah.

Ahadith 2270 – 2278 (below) are repeats. See linked text for related posts.

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 772:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
A man came to Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and said, “I am ruined.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) asked, “What do you mean?” He said, “I had sexual intercourse with my wife during Ramadan (while fasting).” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) asked him, “Can you manumit a slave?” He replied in the negative. He then asked him, “Can you fast for two successive months continuously” He replied in the negative. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) then asked him, “Can you feed sixty poor persons?” He replied in the negative. In the meantime an Ansari came with a basket full of dates. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said to the man, “Take it and give it in charity (as an expiation of your sin).” The man said “Should I give it to some people who are poorer than we O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)? By Him Who has sent you with the Truth, there is no family between Medina’s two mountains poorer than we.” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) told him to take it and provide his family with it.”

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 773:
Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu):
My father was martyred on the day (of the battle) of Uhud and his creditors demanded the debt back in a harsh manner. So I went to Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and informed him of that, he asked them to accept the fruits of my garden and excuse my father, but they refused. So, Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) did not give them the fruits, nor did he cut them and distribute them among them, but said, “I will come to you tomorrow morning.” So, he came to us the next morning and walked about in between the date-palms and invoked Allah to bless their fruits. I plucked the fruits and gave back all the rights of the creditors in full, and a lot of fruits were left for us. Then I went to Allah’s Apostle, who was sitting, and informed him about what happened. Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) told ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu), who was sitting there, to listen to the story. ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “Don’t we know that you are Allah’s Apostle? By Allah! you are Allah’s Apostle!”

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 774:
Narrated Sahl bin Sad (radiallaahu `anhu):
A drink (milk mixed with water) was brought to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) who drank some of it while a boy was sitting on his right and old men on his left. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said to the boy, “If you permit me, I’ll give (the rest of the drink to) these old men first.” The boy said, “I will not give preference to any one over me as regards my share from you, O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)!” The Prophet then put that container in the boy’s hand. (See Hadith No. 541).

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 775:
Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu):
I sold a camel to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) on one of the journeys. When we reached Medina, he ordered me to go to the Mosque and offer two Rakat. Then he weighed for me (the price of the camel in gold) and gave an extra amount over it. A part of it remained with me till it was taken by the army of Sham on the day of Harra.”

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 776:
Narrated Shal bin Sad (radiallaahu `anhu):
A drink (of milk and water) was brought to Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) while a boy was sitting on his right side and old men were sitting on his left side. He asked the boy, “Will you allow me to give it to these (people)?” The boy said, “No, by Allah, I will not allow anyone to take my right from you.” Then the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) put the bowl in the boy’s hand.

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 777:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) owed a man some debt (and that man demanded it very harshly). The companions of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) wanted to harm him, but the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said to them, “Leave him, as the creditor has the right to speak harshly.” He then added, “Buy (a camel) of the same age and give it to him.” They said, “We cannot get except a camel of an older age than that of his.” He said, “Buy it and give it to him, as the best amongst you is he who pays back his debt in the most handsome way.

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 778:
Narrated Marwan bin Al-Hakam and Al-Miswar bin Makhrama (radiallaahu `anhu):
When the delegates of the tribe of Hawazin came to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) they requested him to return their property and their captives. He said to them, “This concerns also other people along with me as you see, and the best statement to me is the true one, so you may choose one of two alternatives; either the captives or the property and (I have not distributed the booty for) I have been waiting for you.”
When the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had returned from Ta’if, he waited for them for more than ten nights. When they came to know that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) would not return except one of the two, they chose their captives. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) then stood up amongst the Muslims, Glorified and Praised Allah as He deserved, and then said, “Then after: These brothers of yours have come to you with repentance and I see it proper to return their captives, so whoever amongst you likes to do that as a favor, then he can do it, and whoever of you wants to stick to his share till we pay him from the very first Fai (i.e. war booty) which Allah will give us, then he can do so.” The people said, “We return (the captives) to them willingly as a favor, O Allah’s Apostle!” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “I do not know who of you has given his consent and who has not; so go back and your leaders may present your decision to me.” The people went away, and their leaders discussed the matter with them, and then came to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) to tell him that all of them had given their consent (to return the captives) willingly. (Az-Zuhn, the sub-narrator said, “This is what we know about the captives, of Hawazin.”)

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 779:
Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu): That the people sitting with that person will be his co-owners. But this report is not confirmed by an authentic narration. (Refer to Hadith 778)

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 780:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) took a camel of special age from somebody on credit. Its owner came and demanded it back (harshly). The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “No doubt, he who has a right, can demand it.” Then the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) gave him an older camel than his camel and said, “The best amongst you is he who repays his debts in the most handsome way.”

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 781:
Narrated Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu):
That he was in the company of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) on a journey, riding a troublesome camel belonging to ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu). The camel used to go ahead of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), so Ibn ‘Umar’s father would say, “O ‘Abdullah! No one should go ahead of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam).” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said to him, “Sell it to me.” ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) said to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), “It is for you.” So, he bought it and said, “O ‘Abdullah! It is for you, and you can do with it what you like.”

Just as buying or selling something changes its owner, gifting it does the same. Once you’ve given it, you have no right on it whatsoever. Whatever the new owner does with it is their concern, not yours. So if they give it to someone else, don’t take it to your heart. :P

genuine treats

homemade goodies for any occasion.

Beauty Frenzy

skincare and makeup blog

Raising Muslims

What job can be more rewarding than raising a child upon the kalimah of "La ilaha illa Allah"?

Always Learning Resources

Sharing for the sake of Allah (swt)

Islamic Lapbooking

Your one stop for Islamic lapbooking resources

Days of Our Lives 2

...a continuation of Days of Our Lives, a Muslim family's homeschooling journal.

Days of Our Lives

Through Thick and Thin...

Talibiddeen Jr. Companion Blog

Companion Blog to Talibiddeen Jr. - Tips and Tidbits for homeschooling, home, and Islamic life!

Umm Abdul Basir's

Sharing Our Homeschool Adventure!

Muslim Learning Garden

Planting Seeds of Jaariyah

Happy Land

For Islamic Teachings

thegentlemuslimman

Becoming A Muslim Gentleman.

The Humble "I"

Knowing, Doing, Becoming

Iqbalencia

Sharing words with the globe

The Ottawa Cafe Hopper

Your guide to Ottawa's cafe universe.

shaziarif.wordpress.com/

CHECK OUT WWW.SHAZIAARIF.COM

Dumpling Sisters

Chinese-Kiwi sisters bonding through food

gLiMpSes

Through the eyes of a Muslimah

%d bloggers like this: