Book of Virtues of Madinah starts today..
Yay! I’m excited. I love Madinah. :D
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 91:
Narrated Anas (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Medina is a sanctuary from that place to that. Its trees should not be cut and no heresy should be innovated nor any sin should be committed in it, and whoever innovates in it an heresy or commits sins (bad deeds), then he will incur the curse of Allah, the angels, and all the people.”
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 92:
Narrated Anas (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) came to Medina and ordered a mosque to be built and said, “O Bani Najjar! Suggest to me the price (of your land).” They said, “We do not want its price except from Allah” (i.e. they wished for a reward from Allah for giving up their land freely). So, the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) ordered the graves of the pagans to be dug out and the land to be levelled, and the date-palm trees to be cut down. The cut date-palms were fixed in the direction of the Qibla of the mosque.
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 93:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “I have made Medina a sanctuary between its two (Harrat) mountains.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) went to the tribe of Bani Haritha and said (to them), “I see that you have gone out of the sanctuary,” but looking around, he added, “No, you are inside the sanctuary.”
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 94:
Narrated ‘Ali (radiallaahu `anhu):
We have nothing except the Book of Allah and this written paper from the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) (where-in is written:) Medina is a sanctuary from the ‘Eer Mountain to such and such a place, and whoever innovates in it an heresy or commits a sin, or gives shelter to such an innovator in it will incur the curse of Allah, the angels, and all the people, none of his compulsory or optional good deeds of worship will be accepted. And the asylum (of protection) granted by any Muslim is to be secured (respected) by all the other Muslims; and whoever betrays a Muslim in this respect incurs the curse of Allah, the angels, and all the people, and none of his compulsory or optional good deeds of worship will be accepted, and whoever (freed slave) befriends (take as masters) other than his manumitters without their permission incurs the curse of Allah, the angels, and all the people, and none of his compulsory or optional good deeds of worship will be accepted.
Yes, Madinah has a Haram too, between the two black stones from East and West and the two mountains known as `Eer and Thawr from North and South. This Haram is like that of Makkah in terms of ruling, for example no cutting of trees or killing of game etc.
Here comes the scary part, though: “Whoever innovates in it an heresy or commits a sin, or gives shelter to such an innovator in it will incur the curse of Allah, the angels and all the people..” O_O
Must be extra careful!
Just a side thought: everybody who’s been to Madinah knows how it’s so peaceful and has a different feel to it. Everything’s calm, even the traffic. It’s beautiful, and so are its people. There’s a reason: no sin, no innovation. The place is protected, physically and spiritually. <3
Here’s a nice article on it: http://medinanet.org/index.php/articles/ates/58-madinah-as-a-haram-sanctuary
Hadith no. 1357 (below) is a repeat. Read it here.
Narrated Ibn Abbas (radiallaahi `anhu):
On the Day of the Conquest of Mecca, Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Allah has made this town a sanctuary. Its thorny bushes should not be cut, its game should not be chased, and its fallen things should not be picked up except by one who would announce it publicly.”
Narrated ‘Usama bin Zaid (radiallaahi `anhu):
I asked, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! Where will you stay in Mecca? Will you stay in your house in Mecca?” He replied, “Has ‘Aqil left any property or house?” Aqil along with Talib had inherited the property of Abu Talib. Jafar (radiallaahi `anhu) and Ali (radiallaahi `anhu) did not inherit anything as they were Muslims and the other two were non-believers. ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab (radiallaahi `anhu) used to say, “A believer cannot inherit (anything from an) infidel.” Ibn Shihab, (a sub-narrator) said, “They (Umar (radiallaahi `anhu) and others) derived the above verdict from Allah’s Statement: “Verily! those who believed and Emigrated and strove with their life And property in Allah’s Cause, And those who helped (the emigrants) And gave them their places to live in, These are (all) allies to one another.” (8.72)
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahi `anhu):
When Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) intended to enter Mecca he said, “Our destination tomorrow, if Allah wished, will be Khaif Bani Kinana where (the pagans) had taken the oath of Kufr.” (Against the Prophet i.e. to be loyal to heathenism by boycotting Bani Hashim, the Prophet’s (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) folk).
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahi `anhu):
On the Day of Nahr at Mina, the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Tomorrow we shall stay at Khaif Bani Kinana where the pagans had taken the oath of Kufr (heathenism).” He meant (by that place) Al-Muhassab where the Quraish tribe and Bani Kinana concluded a contract against Bani Hashim and Bani ‘Abdul-Muttalib or Bani Al-Muttalib that they would not intermarry with them or deal with them in business until they handed over the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) to them.
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 781:
Narrated Said bin Jubair:
I was with Ibn Umar when a spear head pierced the sole of his foot and his foot stuck to the paddle of the saddle and I got down and pulled his foot out, and that happened in Mina. Al-Hajjaj got the news and came to enquire about his health and said, “Alas! If we could only know the man who wounded you!” Ibn Umar said, “You are the one who wounded me.” Al-Hajjaj said, “How is that?” Ibn Umar said, “You have allowed the arms to be carried on a day on which nobody used to carry them and you allowed arms to be carried in the Haram even though it was not allowed before.”
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 782:
Narrated Said bin ‘Amr bin Said bin Al-‘Aas:
Al-Hajjaj went to Ibn Umar while I was present there. Al-Hajjaj asked Ibn Umar, “How are you?” Ibn Umar replied, “I am all right,” Al-Hajjaj asked, “Who wounded you?” Ibn Umar replied, “The person who allowed arms to be carried on the day on which it was forbidden to carry them (he meant Al-Hajjaj)”.
As for the background of this particular incident, history books can shed some light on it iA. The crux is, Ibn Umar saw al-Hajjaj as a tyrant, and disapproved of him. He wasn’t the only one, though.
At al-Hajjaj’s death in ad 714, the people of Iraq rejoiced openly in the streets. Umar II (caliph, 717 – 720) thanked God for removing a “tyrant” and Hasan al-Basri said “O God, it is You who killed him; please, put an end to his habitual practices”. [Wikipedia]
Ayyub said: “I asked Nafi’ how Ibn ‘Umar died, and he said: “He was injured between two of his fingers by a supporting beam in the middle of the crowd during the stone-throwing of the Hajj, and this made him sick. So, al-Hajjaj came to visit him, and Ibn ‘Umar closed his eyes. al-Hajjaj spoke to him, and he would not reply.””
No judgement intended.
Coming back to the the Ahadith mentioned above, it is not allowed to carry weapons in the vicinity of Haram, because that place is sacred, and anything that could potentially violate its sanctity is forbidden. If one wants to carry a weapon to protect himself, let him know that countless security guards are already doing that job. :)
What’s forbidden is forbidden. No one can make lawful what Allah made unlawful, not even scholars. So Ibn Umar was angry at al-Hajjaj because he had allowed people to carry arms in Haram, although it was forbidden to do so. Allahu A`lam.
Narrated Abu Huraira:
heard Allah’s Apostles (p.b.u.h) saying, “If the prayer is started do not run for it but just walk for it calmly and pray whatever you get, and complete whatever is missed.“
Similar Hadith here.
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Abi Qatada on the authority of his father:
The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, “Do not stand up (for prayer) unless you see me, and observe calmness and solemnity“.
Similar Hadith here.
Narrated Salman Al-Farsi:
Allah’s Apostle (p.b.u.h) said, “Anyone who takes a bath on Friday and cleans himself as much as he can and puts oil (on his hair) or scents himself; and then proceeds for the prayer and does not force his way between two persons (assembled in the mosque for the Friday prayer), and prays as much as is written for him and remains quiet when the Imam delivers the Khutba, all his sins in between the present and the last Friday will be forgiven.”
- Sacred things and places demand solemnity and calmness. Behave yourselves in mosques! :P
- Physical calmness will lead to mental calmness. And/or vice versa. I don’t care what their version of inner calmness is (referring to the above image), but it is the prayer you get the real inner calmness from. Give all these 6 things to prayer and see for yourself. For real for real!
- There is no number 3.
Take a chill pill, really.
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Allah’s Apostle said, “I have been ordered to fight the people till they say: ‘None has the right to be worshipped but Allah.’ And if they say so, pray like our prayers, face our Qibla and slaughter as we slaughter, then their blood and property will be sacred to us and we will not interfere with them except legally and their reckoning will be with Allah.” Narrated Maimun ibn Siyah that he asked Anas bin Malik, “O Abu Hamza! What makes the life and property of a person sacred?” He replied, “Whoever says, ‘None has the right to be worshipped but Allah’, faces our Qibla during the prayers, prays like us and eats our slaughtered animal, then he is a Muslim, and has got the same rights and obligations as other Muslims have.”
The life and property of a Muslim are sacred. Enough said.