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The Virtue of Justice (Hadith No. 2368)

Bismillah.

Hadith no. 2367 (below) is a repeat. Read it here.

Volume 3, Book 49, Number 869 :
Narrated by Abdullah bin Kab bin Malik from Kab bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu)
Abdullah bin Abu Hadrad Al-Aslami owed Kab bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu) some money. One day the latter met the former and demanded his right, and their voices grew very loud. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) passed by them and said, “O Ka’b,” beckoning with his hand as if intending to say, “Deduct half the debts.” So, Ka’b (radiallaahu `anhu) took half what the other owed him and remitted the other half.

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 3, Book 49, Number 870 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “There is a Sadaqa to be given for every joint of the human body; and for every day on which the sun rises there is a reward of a Sadaqa (i.e. charitable gift) for the one who establishes justice among people.”

The daily sadaqah due on human body is like an act of gratitude. Something we do to show thankfulness to Allah for our health and physical wellness etc. One can do so by doing acts of worship like prayer, charity and fasting etc., because what is worship if not gratitude?

In a normal give-and-take deal, the matter would end with us completing our side of the bargain: You give me something, I pay back, the end. But when it comes to dealing with Allah, it’s not like this at all. He gives us blessings (of health, wealth, family etc.), we show gratefulness (and so little of it!) by praying, fasting, giving in charity etc. And it doesn’t end there, He rewards us for our worship and gratitude. But we don’t do anything for Him in return. You see, with Allah, we always have the lower hand. We’re always taking something, benefiting, while He keeps giving and giving without measure. You’ve got to be utterly stupid to complain!

Establishing justice among people is not for qualified judges only. Everyone can do it in their own capacity. If you’re a parent, treat your children fairly; teacher, no favoritism; leader, solve matters honestly, and so on. Any decision you take regarding your attitude towards people has an element of justice in it. If you do it right, you’re rewarded. Is Allah not generous?

Maniha: A Good Gift (Ahadith 2295 – 2296)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 797:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “What a good Maniha (the she-camel which has recently given birth and which gives profuse milk) is, and (what a good Maniha) (the sheep which gives profuse milk, a bowl in the morning and another in the evening) is!”

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 798:
Narrated Malik:
Maniha is a good deed of charity.

Maniha: a sort of gift in the form of a she-camel or a sheep which is given to somebody temporarily so that its milk may be used and then the animal is returned to its owner.

So it’s basically a very thoughtful and generous gift.. an example from today could be lending your car to someone with its tank full, or a printer along with hefty ink supply. I personally think we’re stingy when it comes to these things. We’d rather keep such benefits to ourselves than let others have any share in them. Definitely something to think about.

Excellence of Freeing Slaves (Ahadith 2190 – 2193)

Bismillah.

Kitaab-ul-`Itq [Book of Manumission of Slaves] starts today..

Volume 3, Book 46, Number 693:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Whoever frees a Muslim slave, Allah will save all the parts of his body from the (Hell) Fire as he has freed the body-parts of the slave.” Said bin Marjana said that he narrated that Hadith to ‘Ali bin Al-Husain and he freed his slave for whom ‘Abdullah bin Ja’far (radiallaahu `anhu) had offered him ten thousand Dirhams or one-thousand Dinars.

Volume 3, Book 46, Number 694:
Narrated Abu Dhar (radiallaahu `anhu):
I asked the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), “What is the best deed?” He replied, “To believe in Allah and to fight for His Cause.” I then asked, “What is the best kind of manumission (of slaves)?” He replied, “The manumission of the most expensive slave and the most beloved by his master.” I said, “If I cannot afford to do that?” He said, “Help the weak or do good for a person who cannot work for himself.” I said, “If I cannot do that?” He said, “Refrain from harming others for this will be regarded as a charitable deed for your own good.”

Volume 3, Book 46, Number 695:
Narrated Asma’ bint Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhaa):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) ordered us to free slaves at the time of solar eclipses.

 

Volume 3, Book 46, Number 696:
Narrated Asma’ bint Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhaa):
We were ordered to free slaves at the time of lunar eclipses.

Since freeing slaves is a kind of sadaqah, it’s encouraged to do so during eclipses to earn Allah’s pleasure.

I know some of you might think we can’t attain these rewards in this day and age since slavery is more or less abolished.. but can we bail innocent people out of prisons? I think so, yes.

Ongoing Charity (Hadith No. 2010)

Bismillah.

Hadith no. 2007 (below) is a repeat. Read it here.

Volume 3, Book 38, Number 510 :
Narrated by ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa)
I twisted the garlands of the Hadis (i.e. animals for sacrifice) of Allah’s Apostle with my own hands. Then Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) put them around their necks with his own hands, and sent them with my father (to Mecca). Nothing legal was regarded illegal for Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) till the animals were slaughtered.

Hadith no. 2008 (below) is also a repeat. Read it here.

Volume 3, Book 38, Number 511 :
Narrated by Anas bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu)
Abu Talha (radiallaahu `anhu) was the richest man in Medina amongst the Ansar and Beeruha’ (garden) was the most beloved of his property, and it was situated opposite the mosque (of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)). Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) used to enter it and drink from its sweet water. When the following Divine Verse were revealed: ‘you will not attain righteousness till you spend in charity of the things you love’ (3.93), Abu Talha (radiallaahu `anhu) got up in front of Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! Allah says in His Book, ‘You will not attain righteousness unless you spend (in charity) that which you love,’ and verily, the most beloved to me of my property is Beeruha (garden), so I give it in charity and hope for its reward from Allah. O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! Spend it wherever you like.” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) appreciated that and said, “That is perishable wealth, that is perishable wealth. I have heard what you have said; I suggest you to distribute it among your relatives.” Abu Talha (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “I will do so, O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam).” So, Abu Talha (radiallaahu `anhu) distributed it among his relatives and cousins. The sub-narrator (Malik) said: The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said: “That is a profitable wealth,” instead of “perishable wealth”.

Hadith no. 2009 (below) is a repeat as well. Read it here.

Volume 3, Book 38, Number 512 :
Narrated by Abu Musa (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “An honest treasurer who gives what he is ordered to give fully, perfectly and willingly to the person to whom he is ordered to give, is regarded as one of the two charitable persons.”

Kitaab-ul-Wakaalah [Book of Business by Proxy] ends here.

Today’s Hadith:

Kitaab-ul-Muzaara’ah [Book of Agriculture] starts today.

Volume 3, Book 39, Number 513 :
Narrated by Anas bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “There is none amongst the Muslims who plants a tree or sows seeds, and then a bird, or a person or an animal eats from it, but is regarded as a charitable gift for him.”

This is considered sadaqah jaariyah (ongoing charity), because the tree might live longer than the person who planted it – and as long as people/animals/birds keep benefiting from it, the sower gets the reward continually.

Allaah has created man to worship Him. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And I (Allaah) created not the jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (Alone)” [al-Dhaariyaat 51:56]

Allaah has prescribed for him acts of worship by means of which he may attain great reward in this world and in the Hereafter.

These deeds and acts of worship are not limited to this world only, rather Allaah has prescribed means of increasing one’s good deeds after one’s death, namely ongoing charity (sadaqah jaariyah), as the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “When a man dies, his good deeds come to an end except three: ongoing charity, beneficial knowledge and a righteous son who will pray for him.” Narrated by Muslim, 3084.

Al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in Sharh Muslim:

The scholars said: the meaning of this hadeeth is that the deeds of the deceased come to an end when he dies, and the renewal of reward ceases for him, except in these three cases, because he is the cause of them: his son is counted among his earnings, as is the knowledge that he leaves behind through teaching or writing, and ongoing charity, i.e., a waqf (Islamic endowment). End quote.

Ibn Maajah (224) narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The good deeds that will reach a believer after his death are: knowledge which he learned and then spread; a righteous son whom he leaves behind; a copy of the Qur’aan that he leaves as a legacy; a mosque that he built; a house that he built for wayfarers; a canal that he dug; or charity that he gave during his lifetime when he was in good health. These deeds will reach him after his death.” Classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh Ibn Maajah.

Ongoing charity is that which continues to earn reward after a person has died, hence many of the scholars defined it as the waqf, such as building a mosque, because the reward will continue to be earned so long as the waqf remains.

As for that which does not bring a continual reward – such as feeding the poor and needy – it is not correct to call it ongoing charity, although it brings a great reward.

Ibn Hazm said in al-Muhalla (8/151):

Ongoing charity is that which continues to bring reward even after death. End quote.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said in Sharh Riyaadh al-Saaliheen (4/13):

Ongoing charity refers to any righteous deed of a man that continues after his death.

Whatever a person gives in charity of his wealth is his true wealth that will abide for him and benefit him.

Al-Tirmidhi (2470) narrated that they slaughtered a sheep at the time of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and gave it in charity except for its shoulder. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) asked ‘As’ishah, “What is left of it?” She said: “Nothing is left except the shoulder.” He said: “All of it will remain except its shoulder.” Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi.

What this means is that whatever a person eats is that which is gone and no longer remains, but that which he gives in charity is what will remain for him with Allaah and he will benefit from it on the Day of Resurrection. This hadeeth is a reference to the verse in which Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Whatever is with you, will be exhausted, and whatever is with Allaah (of good deeds) will remain” [al-Nahl 16:96]

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) told us that every man will be shaded by his charity on the Day of Resurrection, the day on which the sun will be brought close to people’s heads until Allaah passes judgement between them. Narrated by Ahmad, 16882; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’, 4510.

So hasten to give charity and strive to make your charity ongoing, so that you may benefit from it after death. We ask Allaah to help us to do that which He loves and which pleases Him.

Waqf (Hadith No. 2004)

Bismillah.

Hadith no. 2003 (below) talks about Riba al-Fadl.

Volume 3, Book 38, Number 506 :
Narrated by Abu Said al-Khudri (radiallaahu `anhu)
Once Bilal (radiallaahu `anhu) brought Barni (i.e. a kind of dates) to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) asked him, “From where have you brought these?” Bilal (radiallaahu `anhu) replied, “I had some inferior type of dates and exchanged two Sa’s of it for one Sa’ of Barni dates in order to give it to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam); to eat.” Thereupon the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Beware! Beware! This is definitely Riba (usury)! This is definitely Riba (Usury)! Don’t do so, but if you want to buy (a superior kind of dates) sell the inferior dates for money and then buy the superior kind of dates with that money.”

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 3, Book 38, Number 507 :
Narrated by ‘Amr (radiallaahu `anhu)
Concerning the Waqf of ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu): It was not sinful of the trustee (of the Waqf) to eat or provide his friends from it, provided the trustee had no intention of collecting fortune (for himself). Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) was the manager of the trust of ‘Umar and he used to give presents from it to those with whom he used to stay at Mecca.

Waqf means putting aside the original property and donating its benefits for the sake of Allaah. What is meant by the original property is something from which benefit may be derived whilst its essence remains, such as houses, shops, gardens, etc. What is meant by benefits is beneficial produce that comes from the original property, such as crops, rents, provision of shelter, etc.

The ruling concerning waqfs is that the waqf is an act of worship which is recommended in Islam (mustahabb). The evidence for that is the saheeh Sunnah. In al-Saheehayn it is narrated that ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “O Messenger of Allaah, I have got wealth from Khaybar and I have nothing that is more precious to me than that. What do you command me to do with it?” He said, “If you wish, you can put it aside and give in charity from it (from what it produces), but the original property should not be sold, given away or inherited.” So ‘Umar gave it in charity to the poor and to relatives, used it to set slaves free, gave it for the sake of Allaah, helped wayfarers and honoured his guests. Muslim narrated in his Saheeh that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “When the son of Adam dies, all his good deeds come to an end except three: ongoing charity, knowledge from which others may benefit after he is gone, and a righteous son who will pray for him.” Jaabir said: “There was no one among the Companions of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) who had the means, but he set up a waqf.”

Among the rulings on waqfs is that it is obligatory to act in accordance with the wishes of the one who set up the waqf, so long as it does not go against sharee’ah, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The Muslims are bound by their conditions, except for conditions which make haraam things permissible or halaal things forbidden.” And because ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) set up a waqf and stipulated certain conditions, and if it had not been obligatory to adhere to the conditions there would have been no point in stipulating them. So if (the person setting up the waqf) stipulates a certain amount, or that some deserving people should be given precedence over others, or that those who are to benefit should have certain qualities or be free of certain qualities, etc., then it should be done in accordance with his conditions, so long as that does not go against the Qur’aan or Sunnah.

If he does not stipulate any conditions, then rich and poor, male and female, should be treated equally when given the benefits of the waqf.

If he does not designate a specific person to be in charge of the waqf, or if he designates a specific person then that person dies, then the one to look after the waqf should be the one for whom it was set up. If the waqf was not set up to benefit a particular person, such as a waqf set up for a mosque a mosque, or for people who cannot be counted, such as the poor and needy, then the ruler should take care of the waqf, either in person or by delegating someone else to do it.

The person who takes care of the waqf has to fear Allaah and do a good job in taking care of the waqf, because that is something that has been entrusted to him (amaanah).

More on the rulings related to Waqf here.

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