Hadith no. 1405 (below) is a repeat. Read a similar Hadith here.
Narrated Muhammad bin ‘AbdurRahman bin Nawfal Al-Qurashi:
I asked ‘Urwa bin Az-Zubair (regarding the Hajj of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)). ‘Urwa replied, “Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) narrated, ‘When the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) reached Mecca, the first thing he started with was the ablution, then he performed Tawaf of the Ka’ba and his intention was not ‘Umra alone (but Hajj and ‘Umra together).’ ” Later Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) I performed the Hajj and the first thing he started with was Tawaf of the Ka’ba and it was not ‘Umra alone (but Hajj and ‘Umra together). And then ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) did the same. Then ‘Uthman (radiallaahu `anhu) performed the Hajj and the first thing he started with was Tawaf of the Ka’ba and it was not ‘Umra alone. And then Muawiya (radiallaahu `anhu) and ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) did the same. I performed Hajj with Ibn Az-Zubair and the first thing he started with was Tawaf of the Ka’ba and it was not ‘Umra alone, (but Hajj and ‘Umra together). Then I saw the Muhajirin (Emigrants) and Ansar doing the same and it was not ‘Umra alone. And the last person I saw doing the same was Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu), and he did not do another ‘Umra after finishing the first. Now here is Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) present amongst the people! They neither ask him nor anyone of the previous ones. And all these people, on entering Mecca, would not start with anything unless they had performed Tawaf of the Ka’ba, and would not finish their Ihram. And no doubt, I saw my mother and my aunt, on entering Mecca doing nothing before performing Tawaf of the Ka’ba, and they would not finish their lhram. And my mother informed me that she, her sister, Az-Zubair (radiallaahu `anhu) and such and such persons had assumed lhram for ‘Umra and after passing their hands over the Corner (the Black Stone) (i.e. finishing their Umra) they finished their Ihram.”
I asked ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa): “How do you interpret the statement of Allah,: Verily! (the mountains) As-Safa and Al-Marwa are among the symbols of Allah, and whoever performs the Hajj to the Ka’ba or performs ‘Umra, it is not harmful for him to perform Tawaf between them (Safa and Marwa.) (2.158). By Allah! (it is evident from this revelation) there is no harm if one does not perform Tawaf between Safa and Marwa.” ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) said, “O, my nephew! Your interpretation is not true. Had this interpretation of yours been correct, the statement of Allah should have been, ‘It is not harmful for him if he does not perform Tawaf between them.’ But in fact, this divine inspiration was revealed concerning the Ansar who used to assume lhram for worship ping an idol called “Manat” which they used to worship at a place called Al-Mushallal before they embraced Islam, and whoever assumed Ihram (for the idol), would consider it not right to perform Tawaf between Safa and Marwa.
When they embraced Islam, they asked Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) regarding it, saying, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! We used to refrain from Tawaf between Safa and Marwa.” So Allah revealed: ‘Verily; (the mountains) As-Safa and Al-Marwa are among the symbols of Allah.’ ” Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) added, “Surely, Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) set the tradition of Tawaf between Safa and Marwa, so nobody is allowed to omit the Tawaf between them.” Later on I (‘Urwa) told Abu Bakr bin ‘Abdur-Rahman (of ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa)’s narration) and he said, ‘i have not heard of such information, but I heard learned men saying that all the people, except those whom ‘Aisha mentioned and who used to assume lhram for the sake of Manat, used to perform Tawaf between Safa and Marwa.
When Allah referred to the Tawaf of the Ka’ba and did not mention Safa and Marwa in the Quran, the people asked, ‘O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! We used to perform Tawaf between Safa and Marwa and Allah has revealed (the verses concerning) Tawaf of the Ka’ba and has not mentioned Safa and Marwa. Is there any harm if we perform Tawaf between Safa and Marwa?’ So Allah revealed: “Verily As-Safa and Al-Marwa are among the symbols of Allah.” Abu Bakr said, “It seems that this verse was revealed concerning the two groups, those who used to refrain from Tawaf between Safa and Marwa in the Pre-lslamic Period of ignorance and those who used to perform the Tawaf then, and after embracing Islam they refrained from the Tawaf between them as Allah had enjoined Tawaf of the Ka’ba and did not mention Tawaf (of Safa and Marwa) till later after mentioning the Tawaf of the Ka’ba.’
﴿إِنَّ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةَ مِن شَعَآئِرِ اللَّهِ فَمَنْ حَجَّ الْبَيْتَ أَوِ اعْتَمَرَ فَلاَ جُنَاحَ عَلَيْهِ أَن يَطَّوَّفَ بِهِمَا وَمَن تَطَوَّعَ خَيْرًا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ شَاكِرٌ عَلِيمٌ ﴾
(158. Verily, As-Safa and Al-Marwah are of the symbols of Allah. So it is not a sin on him who performs Hajj or `Umrah (pilgrimage) of the House to perform Tawaf between them. And whoever does good voluntarily, then verily, Allah is All-Recognizer, All-Knower).The Hadith above is mentioned by Imam Ibn Kathir in his tafsir of this ayah. He further says:
Ash-Sha`bi said, “Isaf (an idol) was on As-Safa while Na’ilah (an idol) was on Al-Marwah, and they used to touch (or kiss) them. After Islam came, they were hesitant about performing Tawaf between them. Thereafter, the Ayah (2:158 above) was revealed.”
Muslim recorded a long Hadith in his Sahih from Jabir, in which Allah’s Messenger finished the Tawaf around the House, and then went back to the Rukn (pillar, i.e., the Black Stone) and kissed it. He then went out from the door near As-Safa while reciting:
﴿إِنَّ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةَ مِن شَعَآئِرِ اللَّهِ﴾
(Verily, As-Safa and Al-Marwah are of the symbols of Allah.) The Prophet then said, (I start with what Allah has commanded me to start with ﴿meaning start the Sa`i (i.e., fast walking) from the As-Safa﴾). In another narration of An-Nasa’i, the Prophet said, (Start with what Allah has started with (i.e., As-Safa).)
Imam Ahmad reported that Habibah bint Abu Tajrah said, “I saw Allah’s Messenger performing Tawaf between As-Safa and Al-Marwah, while the people were in front of him and he was behind them walking in Sa`i. I saw his garment twisted around his knees because of the fast walking in Sa`i (he was performing) and he was reciting:
«اسْعَوْا فَإِنَّ اللهَ كَتَبَ عَلَيْكُمُ السَّعْي».
(Perform Sa`i, for Allah has prescribed Sa`i on you.)”’
This Hadith was used as a proof for the fact that Sa`i is a Rukn of Hajj. It was also said that Sa`i is Wajib, and not a Rukn of Hajj and that if one does not perform it by mistake or by intention, he could expiate the shortcoming with Damm. Allah has stated that Tawaf between As-Safa and Al-Marwah is among the symbols of Allah, meaning, among the acts that Allah legislated during the Hajj for Prophet Ibrahim.
Narrated Ibn Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):
When Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and his companions came to Mecca, the pagans circulated the news that a group of people were coming to them and they had been weakened by the Fever of Yathrib (Medina). So the Prophet ordered his companions to do Ramal in the first three rounds of Tawaf of the Ka’ba and to walk between the two corners (The Black Stone and Yemenite corner). The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) did not order them to do Ramal in all the rounds of Tawaf out of pity for them.
Narrated Salim that his father said:
I saw Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) arriving at Mecca; he kissed the Black Stone Corner first while doing Tawaf and did ramal in the first three rounds of the seven rounds (of Tawaf).
Narrated Abdullah bin Umar (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) did Ramal in (first) three rounds (of Tawaf), and walked in the remaining four, in Hajj and Umra.
Narrated Zaid bin Aslam from his father who said:
“Umar bin Al-Khattab (radiallaahu `anhu) addressed the Corner (Black Stone) saying, ‘By Allah! I know that you are a stone and can neither benefit nor harm. Had I not seen the Prophet touching (and kissing) you, I would never have touched (and kissed) you.’ Then he kissed it and said, ‘There is no reason for us to do Ramal (in Tawaf) except that we wanted to show off before the pagans, and now Allah has destroyed them.’ ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) added, ‘(Nevertheless), the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) did that and we do not want to leave it (i.e. Ramal).’
Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “I have never missed the touching of these two stones of Ka’ba (the Black Stone and the Yemenite Corner) both in the presence and the absence of crowds, since I saw the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) touching them.” I asked Nafi’: “Did Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) use to walk between the two Corners?” Nafi’ replied, “He used to walk in order that it might be easy for him to touch it (the Corner Stone).”
It is a Sunnah to trot in the first three circuits of tawaaf and it is Sunnah to jog in saa‘i between the two markers; these are two Sunnahs that apply to men, not women. One should walk fast between the two markers in all laps of saa’i, from al-Safa to al-Marwah and from al-Marwah to al-Safa.
Ibn Qudaamah said in al-Mughni (10/236), when describing saa’i between al-Safa and al-Marwah:
It means coming down from al-Safa and walking until you are level with the marker, which is the green mark that is attached to the corner of the mosque. When you are about six cubits away from it, you should walk quickly until you come in line with the other marker, then you should stop trotting and walk (normally) until you come to al-Marwah, then stand to face the qiblah and say du’aa’ as you did at al-Safa. … Then come down and walk in the place for walking, and trot in the place for trotting. End quote.
The scholars of the Standing Committee for Issuing Fatwas were asked about that and said:
Yes, it is the same when going from al-Marwah to al-Safa as when going from al-Safa to al-Marwah, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did that, as is proven in the saheeh ahaadeeth.
Ibn al-Mundhir said:
The scholars are unanimously agreed that women do not have to trot around the Ka’bah or between al-Safa and al-Marwah, and they do not have to uncover one shoulder, because the purpose behind these two actions is to show strength, and women are not included in that because the basic principle for women is to conceal themselves, but in trotting and baring one shoulder they would be uncovering themselves. End quote.
[Taken from IslamQA]