Narrated Zaid bin Aslam from his father:
I was with Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) on the way to Mecca, and he got the news that Safiya bint Abu Ubaid was seriously ill. So, he hastened his pace, and when the twilight disappeared, he dismounted and offered the Maghrib and ‘Isha’ prayers together. Then he said, “I saw that whenever the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had to hasten when traveling, he would delay the Maghrib prayer and join them together (i.e. offer the Maghrib and the Isha prayers together).”
We know that prayers are shortened during travel only. But what about combining prayers? Does a person have to be travelling in order to combine two prayers, or is it allowed otherwise as well? Here’s a general answer from IslamQA:
It is not permissible for a Muslim man or woman to delay an obligatory prayer beyond the proper time, rather every accountable Muslim man and woman is obliged to perform the prayers on time as much as they can.
Work is not an excuse for delaying prayer, neither is impurity on clothes or clothes being dirty. None of these are acceptable excuses.
People should be excused from work at prayer times; at the time of prayer a worker has to wash the impurity from his clothes, or change into clean clothes. As for regular dirt (as opposed to impurities), this does not prevent one from praying in those clothes, so long as that dirt is not impure and does not have an offensive smell that would bother other worshippers. But if the dirt or its smell will bother others, then he has to wash it before praying, or change into clean clothes so that he can pray in congregation.
It is permissible for those who have legitimate shar’i excuses, such as those who are sick or are travelling, to combine Zuhr and ‘Asr at the time of either of them, and to combine Maghrib and ‘Isha’ at the time of either of them.
This was narrated in the saheeh Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). It is also permissible to join prayers when there is heavy rain or mud, which cause difficulty for people.
P.S. given below is a ‘general knowledge’ question for you.. Test yourself.
Kitaab-ul-`Umrah ends here.
Volume 2, Book 26, Number 742:
Narrated Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu):
I never saw the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) offering any prayer not at its stated time except two; he prayed the Maghrib and the ‘Isha’ together and he offered the morning prayer before its usual time.
Volume 2, Book 26, Number 743:
Narrated ‘Abdur-Rahman bin Yazid
I went out with ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu), to Mecca and when we proceeded to am’ he offered the two prayers (the Maghrib and the ‘Isha’) together, making the Adhan and Iqama separately for each prayer. He took his supper in between the two prayers. He offered the Fajr prayer as soon as the day dawned. Some people said, “The day had dawned (at the time of the prayer),” and others said, “The day had not dawned.” ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu) then said, “Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, ‘These two prayers have been shifted from their stated times at this place only (at Al-Muzdalifa); first: The Maghrib and the ‘Isha’. So the people should not arrive at Al-Muzdalifa till the time of the ‘Isha’ prayer has become due. The second prayer is the morning prayer which is offered at this hour.’ ” Then ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu) stayed there till it became a bit brighter. He then said, “If the chief of the believers hastened onwards to Mina just now, then he had indeed followed the Sunna.” I do not know which proceeded the other, his (‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu)’s) statement or the departure of ‘Uthman (radiallaahu `anhu). Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu) was reciting Talbiya till he threw pebbles at the Jamrat-al-‘Aqaba on the Day of Nahr (slaughtering) (that is the 10th of Dhul-Hijja).
Volume 2, Book 26, Number 744:
Narrated ‘Amr bin Maimun:
I saw ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu), offering the Fajr (morning) prayer at Jam’; then he got up and said, “The pagans did not use to depart (from Jam’) till the sun had risen, and they used to say, ‘Let the sun shine on Thabir (a mountain).’ But the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) contradicted them and departed from Jam’ before sunrise.”
- Combine Maghrib and `Ishaa’ with one adhaan and two iqaamahs.
- Pray Fajr early.
Some pilgrims pray Fajr before its time, praying and leaving. This is a serious mistake, because prayer offered before its time is not accepted, rather it is haraam because it is overstepping the limits set by Allaah. Prayers are to offered at set times, the beginning and end of which are defined in sharee’ah, so it is not permissible for anyone to offer a prayer before its time begins.
The pilgrim has to pay attention to this matter, and not pray Fajr until after he is certain or thinks it most likely that the time for Fajr has begun. It is true that he should hasten to pray Fajr in Muzdalifah, because the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did that, but that does not mean that he should pray it before its time begins. The pilgrim should beware of doing that.
Other mistakes made by pilgrims on the way to and in Muzdalifah here.
Hadith no. 1413 (below) is a repeat. Read it here.
Volume 2, Book 26, Number 713:
Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and his companions assumed Ihram for Hajj and none except the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and Talha had the Hadi (sacrifice) with them. ‘Ali (radiallaahu `anhu) arrived from Yemen and had a Hadi with him. ‘Ali (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “I have assumed Ihram for what the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) has done.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) ordered his companions to perform the ‘Umra with the lhram which they had assumed, and after finishing Tawaf (of Ka’ba, Safa and Marwa) to cut short their hair, and to finish their lhram except those who had Hadi with them. They (the people) said, “How can we proceed to Mina (for Hajj) after having sexual relations with our wives?” When that news reached the Prophet he said, “If I had formerly known what I came to know lately, I would not have brought the Hadi with me. Had there been no Hadi with me, I would have finished the state of lhram.” ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) got her menses, so she performed all the ceremonies of Hajj except Tawaf of the Ka’ba, and when she got clean (from her menses), she performed Tawaf of the Ka’ba. She said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! (All of you) are returning with the Hajj and ‘Umra, but I am returning after performing Hajj only.” So the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) ordered ‘Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) to accompany her to Tan’im and thus she performed the ‘Umra after the Hajj.
Hadith no. 1414 (below) is also a repeat. Read it here.
Volume 2, Book 26, Number 714:
Narrated Hafsa (radiallaahu `anhaa):
(On ‘Id) We used to forbid our virgins to go out (for ‘Id prayer). A lady came and stayed at the Palace of Bani Khalaf. She mentioned that her sister was married to one of the companions of Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) who participated in twelve Ghazawats along with Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and her sister was with him in six of them. She said, “We used to dress the wounded and look after the patients.” She (her sister) asked Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), “Is there any harm for a woman to stay at home if she doesn’t have a veil?” He said, “She should cover herself with the veil of her companion and she should take part in the good deeds and in the religious gatherings of the believers.” When Um ‘Atiyya (radiallaahu `anhaa) came, I asked her. “Did you hear anything about that?” Um ‘Atiyya (radiallaahu `anhaa) said, “Bi Abi” and she never mentioned the name of Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) without saying “Bi Abi” (i.e. ‘Let my father be sacrificed for you’). We asked her, “Have you heard Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) saying so and so (about women)?” She replied in the affirmative and said, “Let my father be sacrificed for him. He told us that unmarried mature virgins who stay often screened or unmarried young virgins and mature girls who stay often screened should come out and take part in the good deeds and in the religious gatherings of the believers. But the menstruating women should keep away from the Musalla (praying place).” I asked her, “The menstruating women?” She replied, “Don’t they present themselves at ‘Arafat and at such and such places?”
Volume 2, Book 26, Number 715:
Narrated ‘Abdul ‘Aziz bin Rufai:
I asked Anas bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu), “Tell me what you remember from Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) (regarding these questions): Where did he offer the Zuhr and ‘Asr prayers on the day of Tarwiya (8th day of Dhul-Hajja)?” He replied, “(He offered these prayers) at Mina.” I asked, “Where did he offer the ‘Asr prayer on the day of Nafr (i.e. departure from Mina on the 12th or 13th of Dhul-Hijja)?” He replied, “At Al-Abtah,” and then added, “You should do as your chiefs do.”
Volume 2, Book 26, Number 716:
Narrated ‘Abdul ‘Aziz:
I went out to Mina on the day of Tarwiya and met Anas (radiallaahu `anhu) going on a donkey. I asked him, “Where did the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) offer the Zuhr prayer on this day?” Anas (radiallaahu `anhu) replied, “See where your chiefs pray and pray similarly.”
Volume 2, Book 26, Number 717:
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu):
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) offered a two-Rakat prayer at Mina. Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu), ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) and ‘Uthman (radiallaahu `anhu), (during the early years of his caliphate) followed the same practice.
Volume 2, Book 26, Number 718:
Narrated Haritha bin Wahab Al-Khuza’i (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) led us in a two-Rakat prayer at Mina although our number was more than ever and we were in better security than ever.
Volume 2, Book 26, Number 719:
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Masud (radiallaahu `anhu):
I offered (only a) two Rakat prayer with the Prophet (at Mina), and similarly with Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) and with ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu), and then you differed in opinions. Wish that I would be lucky enough to have two of the four Rakat accepted (by Allah).
- Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) shortened salah in Minaa. Should we do it or not? Answer here.
- There’s no need to fight over this issue, as Abdullah ibn Mas`ud (radiallaahu `anhu) comments in the last narration. Because the real question is whether those 2 or four rak`aat will be accepted by Allah or not?
It often happens that we get so engrossed in Fiqh issues that the spirit in worship gets lost somewhere. Must prevent that! Yes, knowing the ‘how’ is very important, but we shouldn’t forget the ‘why’ in the process. Allahul Musta`aan!
Volume 2, Book 26, Number 694:
Narrated Urwa from Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):
Some people performed Tawaf (of the Kaba) after the morning prayer and then sat to listen to a preacher till sunrise, and then they stood up for the prayer. Then Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) commented, “Those people kept on sitting till it was the time in which the prayer is disliked and after that they stood up for the prayer.”
Volume 2, Book 26, Number 695:
Narrated Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu):
heard the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbidding the offering of prayers at the time of sunrise and sunset.
Volume 2, Book 26, Number 696:
Narrated Abida bin Humaid:
Abdul, Aziz bin Rufai Said, “I saw Abdullah bin Az-Zubair (radiallaahu `anhu) performing Tawaf of the Kaba after the morning prayer then offering the two Rakat prayer.” Abdul Aziz added, “I saw Abdullah bin Az-Zubair (radiallaahu `anhu) offering a two Rakat prayer after the Asr prayer.” He informed me that Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) told him that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) used to offer those two Rakat whenever he entered her house.”
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
Thy Prophet sent Muadh to Yemen and said, “Invite the people to testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and I am Allah’s Apostle, and if they obey you to do so, then teach them that Allah has enjoined on them five prayers in every day and night (in twenty-four hours), and if they obey you to do so, then teach them that Allah has made it obligatory for them to pay the Zakat from their property and it is to be taken from the wealthy among them and given to the poor.”
Narrated Abu Aiyub:
A man said to the Prophet “Tell me of such a deed as will make me enter Paradise.” The people said, “What is the matter with him? What is the matter with him?” The Prophet said, “He has something to ask. (What he needs greatly) The Prophet said: (In order to enter Paradise) you should worship Allah and do not ascribe any partners to Him, offer prayer perfectly, pay the Zakat and keep good relations with your Kith and kin.” (See Hadith No. 12, Vol 8).
Narrated Abu Huraira:
A Bedouin came to the Prophet and said, “Tell me of such a deed as will make me enter Paradise, if I do it.” The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, “Worship Allah, and worship none along with Him, offer the (five) prescribed compulsory prayers perfectly, pay the compulsory Zakat, and fast the month of Ramadan.” The Bedouin said, “By Him, in Whose Hands my life is, I will not do more than this.” When he (the Bedouin) left, the Prophet said, “Whoever likes to see a man of Paradise, then he may look at this man.”
Narrated Abu Zur’a:
from the Prophet the same as above.
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
A delegation of the tribe of ‘Abdul Qais came to the Prophet and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! We are from the tribe of Rabi’a, and the infidels of the tribe of Mudar stands between us and you; so we cannot come to you except during the Sacred Months. Please order us to do something (religious deeds) which we may carry out and also invite to it our people whom we have left behind.” The Prophet said, “I order you to do four things and forbid you four others: (I order you) to have faith in Allah, and confess that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, (and the Prophet gestured with his hand like this (i.e. one knot) and to offer prayers perfectly and to pay the Zakat, and to pay one-fifth of the booty in Allah’s Cause. And I forbid you to use Dubba’, Hantam, Naqir and Muzaffat (all these are the names of utensils used for preparing alcoholic drinks).”
Already discussed here.
Narrated Abu Huraira:
When Allah’s Apostle died and Abu Bakr became the caliph some Arabs renegade (reverted to disbelief) (Abu Bakr decided to declare war against them), ‘Umar, said to Abu Bakr, “How can you fight with these people although Allah’s Apostle said, ‘I have been ordered (by Allah) to fight the people till they say: “None has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and whoever said it then he will save his life and property from me except on trespassing the law (rights and conditions for which he will be punished justly), and his accounts will be with Allah.’ ” Abu Bakr said, “By Allah! I will fight those who differentiate between the prayer and the Zakat as Zakat is the compulsory right to be taken from the property (according to Allah’s orders) By Allah! If they refuse to pay me even a she-kid which they used to pay at the time of Allah’s Apostle . I would fight with them for withholding it” Then ‘Umar said, “By Allah, it was nothing, but Allah opened Abu Bakr’s chest towards the decision (to fight) and I came to know that his decision was right.”
Here’s what I think.. The five pillars of Islam [testimony of faith, prayer, charity, fasting, pilgrimage] are the most essential parts of the Deen. YET, a person fulfilling all these duties is doing only the bare minimum, only that which will be sufficient to help him enter Paradise (if Allah wills). So there’s a lot more to our Deen. Keep exploring it!
Kitaab-ul-Janaa’iz [Book of Funerals] ends here. Alhamdulillah.