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Standing Up to Greet (Hadith No. 2677)

Bismillah.

Hadith no. 2676 (below) is a repeat. Read it here.

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 279 :
Narrated by Abu Ishaq
A man asked Al-Bara (radiallaahu `anhu), “O Abu ‘Umara! Did you flee on the day (of the battle) of Hunain?” Al-Bara (radiallaahu `anhu) replied while I was listening, “As for Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) he did not flee on that day. Abu Sufyan bin Al-Harith was holding the reins of his mule and when the pagans attacked him, he dismounted and started saying, ‘I am the Prophet, and there is no lie about it; I am the son of ‘Abdul Muttalib.’ On that day nobody was seen braver than the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)'”.

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 280 :
Narrated by Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri (radiallaahu `anhu)
When the tribe of Bani Quraiza was ready to accept Sa`d’s (radiallaahu `anhu) judgment, Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) sent for Sa`d (radiallaahu `anhu) who was near to him. Sa`d (radiallaahu `anhu) came, riding a donkey and when he came near, Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said (to the Ansar), “Stand up for your leader.” Then Sa`d (radiallaahu `anhu) came and sat beside Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) who said to him. “These people are ready to accept your judgment.” Sa`d (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “I give the judgment that their warriors should be killed and their children and women should be taken as prisoners.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) then remarked, “O Sa`d! You have judged amongst them with (or similar to) the judgment of the King Allah.”

Ruling on standing up for who comes in..

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah gave a detailed answer to this question based on shar’i evidence:

It was not the custom of the salaf at the time of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and the Rightly-Guided Caliphs to stand up every time they saw him [the Prophet] (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), as many people do. Rather Anas ibn Maalik said: “No person was dearer to them than the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), but when they saw him they did not stand up for him because they knew that he disliked that.” Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 2754; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi. But they may have stood up for one who was returning from away, in order to greet him, as it was narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) stood up for ‘Ikrimah, and he said to the Ansaar when Sa’d ibn Mu’aadh came: “Stand up for your chief.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 3043; Muslim, 1768.  That was when he [Sa’d] came to pass judgement on Banu Qurayzah, because they said that would accept his verdict.

What people should do is get accustomed to following the salaf in their customs at the time of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), for they are the best of generations and the best of speech is the Word of Allaah, and the best of guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). No one should turn away from the guidance of the best of mankind and the guidance of the best of generations and follow something that is inferior to it. And the chief or leader should not approve of that among his companions, so that when they see him they should not stand up for him, rather they should simply greet him in the usual manner.

With regard to standing up for one who has come from a journey and the like, to greet him, that is fine. If it is the custom of the people to honour one who comes by standing up for him, and if that may make him feel insulted if they do not do it, and he does not know the custom that is in accordance with the Sunnah, then it is better to stand up for him, because that will create a good relationship between them and will remove rancour and hatred. But if a person is familiar with the custom of some people that is in accordance with the Sunnah, not doing that will not offend him.

Standing up for a newcomer is not the standing mentioned in the words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): “Whoever likes the people to stand up for him, let him take his place in Hell.” Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 2755; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi.  That refers to when they stand up for him when he is seated; it does not refer to when they stand up to welcome him when he comes. Hence the scholars differentiated between the two types of standing, because those who stand up to greet a newcomer are equal with him, unlike those who stand for one who remains seated.

It was proven in Saheeh Muslim that when the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) led them in prayer sitting down, because he was ill, and they prayed standing, he told them to sit down and said: “Do not venerate me as the Persians venerate one another.” And he forbade them to stand in prayer whilst he was sitting, lest they resemble the Persians who used to stand for their leaders whilst the leaders were seated. In conclusion, the best is to follow the customs and attitude and views of the salaf as much as possible.

If a person does not believe in that and is not familiar with this custom, and if not dealing with him in the manner in which people are accustomed to showing respect will lead to a greater evil, then we should ward off the greater of two evils by doing the lesser of them, and do that which serves a greater interest at the expense that which serves the lesser interest.

Source: IslamQA

salam

How should we greet scholars and leaders?

The correct way to greet scholars is to greet them with salaam and shake their hand. Many ahaadeeth have been narrated concerning the virtue of these actions. It is also permissible to kiss their heads or hands sometimes, but that should not be taken as a habit or custom, especially if it is done instead of shaking hands.

With regard to embracing, that is permissible when someone comes from a journey or after a long absence, or to express one’s deep love for the sake of Allaah and so on.

Muslim (54) narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “By the One in Whose hand is my soul, you will not enter Paradise until you believe, and you will not believe until you love one another. Shall I not tell you something which, if you do it, you will love one another? Spread the greeting of salaam amongst yourselves.”

And it was narrated that Qataadah said: I said to Anas: Did the companions of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) shake hands with one another? He said: Yes. Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 5908.

And it was narrated that Anas said: When the companions of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) met they would shake hands with one another, and if they came from a journey they would embrace one another.

Narrated by al-Tabaraani in al-Awsat (1/37); classed as saheeh by Shaykh al-Albaani in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah, 2647.

It was narrated from ‘Awn ibn Abi Juhayfah that his father said: When Ja’far came after he had migrated to Abyssinia, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) embraced him and kissed him between the eyes.

Narrated by al-Tabaraani in al-Kabeer (2/108); there are many corroborating reports which were mentioned by al-Haafiz ibn Hajar in al-Talkhees al-Habeer, 4/96/ it was classed as saheeh by Shaykh al-Albaani in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah, 2657.

It was narrated that Usaamah ibn Shareek said: We stood up for the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and kissed his hand.

Narrated by Abu Bakr ibn al-Muqqari in Juz’ Taqbeel al-Yad, p. 58. Al-Haafiz ibn Hajar said: Its isnaad is qawiy. Fath al-Baari, 11/56

Read more on IslamQA

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Advance Payment for Fruit on Trees (Ahadith 1945 – 1947)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 35, Number 450 :
Narrated by Abu Bakhtari At-Tai
I asked Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) about Salam for (the fruits of) date-palms. He replied “The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade the sale a dates on the trees till they became fit for eating and could be weighed.” A man asked what to be weighed (as the dates were still on the trees). Another man sitting beside Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) replied, “Till they are cut and stored.” Narrated Abu Al-Bakhtari: I heard Ibn Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) (saying) that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade … etc. as above.

Volume 3, Book 35, Number 451 :
Narrated by Abu Al-Bakhtari
I asked Ibn Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) about Salam (the fruits of) date-palms. He replied, “The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade the sale of dates till their benefit becomes evident and fit for eating and also the sale of silver (for gold) on credit.” I asked Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) about Salam for dates and he replied, “The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade the sale of dates till they were fit for eating and could be estimated.”

Volume 3, Book 35, Number 452 :
Narrated by Abu Al-Bakhtari
I asked Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) about Salam for dates. Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) replied, “The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade the sale (the fruits) of datepalms until they were fit for eating and also forbade the sale of silver for gold on credit.” I also asked Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) about it. Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) replied, “The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade the sale of dates till they were fit for eating, and could be weighed.” I asked him, “What is to be weighed (as the dates are on the trees)?” A man sitting by Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “It means till they are cut and stored.”

As described in the above ahadith, one should not make any advance payments for fruits that are still on trees and cannot be weighed/measured.

Paying in Advance (Ahadith 1936 – 1944)

Bismillah.

Ahadith no. 1930-1931 (below) are repeats. Read the post here.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 435 :
Narrated by Zaid bin Khalid and Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhumaa)
That Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was asked about an unmarried slave-girl who committed illegal sexual intercourse. They heard him saying, “Flog her, and if she commits illegal sexual intercourse after that, flog her again, and on the third (or the fourth) offense, sell her.”

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 436 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
I heard the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) saying, “If a slave-girl of yours commits illegal sexual intercourse and her illegal sexual intercourse is proved, she should be lashed, and after that nobody should blame her, and if she commits illegal sexual intercourse the second time, she should be lashed and nobody should blame her after that, and if she does the offense for the third time and her illegal sexual intercourse is proved, she should be sold even for a hair rope.”

Hadith no. 1932 (below) is also a repeat. Read it here.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 437 :
Narrated by Anas bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) came to Khaibar and when Allah made him victorious and he conquered the town by breaking the enemy’s defense, the beauty of Safiya bint Huyai bin Akhtab (radiallaahu `anhaa) was mentioned to him and her husband had been killed while she was a bride. Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) selected her for himself and he set out in her company till he reached Sadd-ar-Rawha’ where her menses were over and he married her. Then Hais (a kind of meal) was prepared and served on a small leather sheet (used for serving meals). Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) then said to me, “Inform those who are around you (about the wedding banquet).” So that was the marriage banquet given by Allah’s Apostle for (his marriage with) Safiya (radiallaahu `anhaa). After that we proceeded to Medina and I saw that Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was covering her with a cloak while she was behind him. Then he would sit beside his camel and let Safiya (radiallaahu `anhaa) put her feet on his knees to ride (the camel).

Hadith no. 1933 (below) is also a repeat. Read it here.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 438 :
Narrated by Jabir bin ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu)
I heard Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), in the year of the Conquest of Mecca, saying, “Allah and His Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) made illegal the trade of alcohol, dead animals, pigs and idols.” The people asked, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! What about the fat of dead animals, for it was used for greasing the boats and the hides; and people use it for lights?” He said, “No, it is illegal.” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) further said, “May Allah curse the Jews, for Allah made the fat (of animals) illegal for them, yet they melted the fat and sold it and ate its price.”

Ahadith 1934-1935 (below) are repeats too. Read the post here.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 439 :
Narrated by Abu Mas’ud Al-Ansari (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade taking the price of a dog, money earned by prostitution and the earnings of a soothsayer.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 440 :
Narrated by Aun bin Abu Juhaifa
I saw my father buying a slave whose profession was cupping, and ordered that his instruments (of cupping) be broken. I asked him the reason for doing so. He replied, “Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) prohibited taking money for blood, the price of a dog, and the earnings of a slave-girl by prostitution; he cursed her who tattoos and her who gets tattooed, the eater of Riba (usury), and the maker of pictures.”

Book of Sales and Trade [Kitaab-ul-Buyoo`] ends here.

Today’s Ahadith:

Book of “Paid in Advance” [Kitaab-us-Salam] starts today.

Volume 3, Book 35, Number 441 :
Narrated by Ibn Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) came to Medina and the people used to pay in advance the price of fruits to be delivered within one or two years. (The sub-narrator is in doubt whether it was one to two years or two to three years.) The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Whoever pays money in advance for dates (to be delivered later) should pay it for known specified weight and measure (of the dates).”

Volume 3, Book 35, Number 442 :
Narrated by Ibn Abi Najih (radiallaahu `anhu)
As above, mentioning only specific measure.

Volume 3, Book 35, Number 443 :
Narrated by Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) came to Medina and the people used to pay in advance the price of dates to be delivered within two or three years. He said (to them), “Whoever pays in advance the price of a thing to be delivered later should pay it for a specified measure at specified weight for a specified period.”

Volume 3, Book 35, Number 444 :
Narrated by Ibn Abi Najih (radiallaahu `anhu)
As above, saying, “He should pay the price in advance for a specified measure and for a specified period.”

Volume 3, Book 35, Number 445 :
Narrated by Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) came (to Medina) and he told the people (regarding the payment of money in advance that they should pay it) for a known specified measure and a known specified weight and a known specified period.

Volume 3, Book 35, Number 446 :
Narrated by Shu’ba
Muhammad or ‘Abdullah bin Abu Al-Mujalid said, “Abdullah bin Shaddad and Abu Burda differed regarding As-Salam, so they sent me to Ibn Abi Aufa (radiallaahu `anhu) and I asked him about it. He replied, ‘In the life-time of Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), Abu Bakr and ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhumaa), we used to pay in advance the prices of wheat, barley, dried grapes and dates to be delivered later. I also asked Ibn Abza and he, too, replied as above.’ “

Volume 3, Book 35, Number 447 :
Narrated by Muhammad bin Al-Majalid
Abdullah bin Shaddad and Abu Burda sent me to ‘Abdullah bin Abi Aufa (radiallaahu `anhu) and told me to ask ‘Abdullah whether the people in the life-time of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) used to pay in advance for wheat (to be delivered later). Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu) replied, “We used to pay in advance to the peasants of Sham for wheat, barley and olive oil of a known specified measure to be delivered in a specified period.” I asked (him), “Was the price paid (in advance) to those who had the things to be delivered later?” Abdullah bin Aufa (radiallaahu `anhu) replied, “We did not use to ask them about that.” Then they sent me to ‘Abdur Rahman bin Abza and I asked him. He replied, “The companions of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) used to practice Salam in the life-time of the Prophet; and we did not use to ask them whether they had standing crops or not.”

Volume 3, Book 35, Number 448 :
Narrated by Muhammad bin Abi Al-Mujalid
As above (446) and said, “We used to pay them in advance for wheat and barley (to be delivered later). Narrated Ash-Shaibani–“And also for oil.”

Volume 3, Book 35, Number 449 :
Narrated by Ash-Shaibani
Who said “We used to pay in advance for wheat barley and dried grapes.”

Bai-Salam is a combination of two Arabic words Bai and Salam. Bai refers to Purchase and Sale while Salam means Advance. Payment of Bai-Salam transaction is made in advance. It is a form of sale on delayed terms in which the money may be paid first and the goods delivered at a later date.

Definition:

Bai-Salam is sale whereby the seller undertakes to supply some specific goods to the buyer at a future date in exchange for an advanced price fully paid on the spot.

Bai-Salam may be defined as a contract between a Buyer and a Seller under which the Seller sells in advance the certain goods permissible under Islamic Shari’ah and the law of the land to the Buyer at an agreed price payable on execution of the said contract and the goods is/are delivered as per specification, size, quality at a future time in a particular place.

Read more on it here and here. More details to follow in the upcoming posts inshaAllah.

The Takbir After Salah (Ahadith 800, 802-803)

Salam,
Bismillah.

Volume 1, Book 12, Number 800:

Narrated ‘Itban bin Malik:

We prayed with the Prophet and used to finish our prayer with the Taslim along with him.

Hadith no. 801 is a repeat. Read it here.

Volume 1, Book 12, Number 802:

Narrated Abu Ma’bad (the freed slave of Ibn ‘Abbas):

Ibn ‘Abbas told me, “In the lifetime of the Prophet it was the custom to celebrate Allah’s praises aloud after the compulsory congregational prayers.” Ibn ‘Abbas further said, “When I heard the Dhikr, I would learn that the compulsory congregational prayer had ended.”

Volume 1, Book 12, Number 803:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

I used to recognize the completion of the prayer of the Prophet by hearing Takbir.

Sunnah: say ‘Allahu Akbar’ loudly after finishing your compulsory (fardh) Salah.
There’s lots of other adhkaar we find in Sunnah that Prophet (SAW) used to do after finishing his fardh Salah. Some of them will be posted in the following days inshaAllah.

Wassalam.

On Missing the First Tashahhud (Ahadith 791-793)

Salam,
Bismillah.

Volume 1, Book 12, Number 791:

Narrated Muhammad bin ‘Amr bin ‘Ata’:

I was sitting with some of the companions of Allah’s Apostle and we were discussing about the way of praying of the Prophet. Abu Humaid As-Saidi said, “I remember the prayer of Allah’s Apostle better than any one of you. I saw him raising both his hands up to the level of the shoulders on saying the Takbir; and on bowing he placed his hands on both knees and bent his back straight, then he stood up straight from bowing till all the vertebrate took their normal positions. In prostrations, he placed both his hands on the ground with the forearms away from the ground and away from his body, and his toes were facing the Qibla. On sitting In the second Rak’a he sat on his left foot and propped up the right one; and in the last Rak’a he pushed his left foot forward and kept the other foot propped up and sat over the buttocks.”

Volume 1, Book 12, Number 792:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Buhaina:

(he was from the tribe of Uzd Shan’u’a and was the ally of the tribe of ‘Abdul-Manaf and was one of the companions of the Prophet): Once the Prophet led us in the Zuhr prayer and stood up after the second Rak’a and did not sit down. The people stood up with him. When the prayer was about to end and the people were waiting for him to say the Taslim, he said Takbir while sitting and prostrated twice before saying the Taslim and then he said the Taslim.”

Volume 1, Book 12, Number 793:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Malik bin Buhaina:

Once Allah’s Apostle led us in the Zuhr prayer and got up (after the prostrations of the second Rak’a) although he should have sat (for the Tashah-hud). So at the end of the prayer, he prostrated twice while sitting (prostrations of Sahw).

  • Sitting after two rak’aat is important. If one forgets to do so, he must perform sajda sahw: two sujud (prostrations) at the end of the prayer.
  • If one forgets to perform sajda sahw before Taslim (saying Salam), he may do the two prostrations after Taslim.

Wassalam.

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