Madinah – A Sanctuary (Ahadith 1586 – 1589)
Book of Virtues of Madinah starts today..
Yay! I’m excited. I love Madinah. :D
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 91:
Narrated Anas (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Medina is a sanctuary from that place to that. Its trees should not be cut and no heresy should be innovated nor any sin should be committed in it, and whoever innovates in it an heresy or commits sins (bad deeds), then he will incur the curse of Allah, the angels, and all the people.”
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 92:
Narrated Anas (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) came to Medina and ordered a mosque to be built and said, “O Bani Najjar! Suggest to me the price (of your land).” They said, “We do not want its price except from Allah” (i.e. they wished for a reward from Allah for giving up their land freely). So, the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) ordered the graves of the pagans to be dug out and the land to be levelled, and the date-palm trees to be cut down. The cut date-palms were fixed in the direction of the Qibla of the mosque.
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 93:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “I have made Medina a sanctuary between its two (Harrat) mountains.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) went to the tribe of Bani Haritha and said (to them), “I see that you have gone out of the sanctuary,” but looking around, he added, “No, you are inside the sanctuary.”
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 94:
Narrated ‘Ali (radiallaahu `anhu):
We have nothing except the Book of Allah and this written paper from the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) (where-in is written:) Medina is a sanctuary from the ‘Eer Mountain to such and such a place, and whoever innovates in it an heresy or commits a sin, or gives shelter to such an innovator in it will incur the curse of Allah, the angels, and all the people, none of his compulsory or optional good deeds of worship will be accepted. And the asylum (of protection) granted by any Muslim is to be secured (respected) by all the other Muslims; and whoever betrays a Muslim in this respect incurs the curse of Allah, the angels, and all the people, and none of his compulsory or optional good deeds of worship will be accepted, and whoever (freed slave) befriends (take as masters) other than his manumitters without their permission incurs the curse of Allah, the angels, and all the people, and none of his compulsory or optional good deeds of worship will be accepted.
Yes, Madinah has a Haram too, between the two black stones from East and West and the two mountains known as `Eer and Thawr from North and South. This Haram is like that of Makkah in terms of ruling, for example no cutting of trees or killing of game etc.
Here comes the scary part, though: “Whoever innovates in it an heresy or commits a sin, or gives shelter to such an innovator in it will incur the curse of Allah, the angels and all the people..” O_O
Must be extra careful!
Just a side thought: everybody who’s been to Madinah knows how it’s so peaceful and has a different feel to it. Everything’s calm, even the traffic. It’s beautiful, and so are its people. There’s a reason: no sin, no innovation. The place is protected, physically and spiritually. <3
Here’s a nice article on it: http://medinanet.org/index.php/articles/ates/58-madinah-as-a-haram-sanctuary
To Kill in Makkah (Hadith No. 1567)
Hadith no. 1566 (below) is a repeat. Read it here.
Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) fixed Dhul-Hulaifa as the Miqat (the place for assuming Ihram) for the people of Medina, and Qaran-al-Manazil for the people of Najd, and Yalamlam for the people of Yemen. These Mawaqit are for those people and also for those who come through these Mawaqit (from places other than the above-mentioned) with the intention of (performing) Hajj and Umra. And those living inside these Mawaqit can assume Ihram from the place where they start; even the people of Mecca can assume Ihram from Mecca.
Narrated Anas bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu):
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) entered Mecca in the year of its Conquest wearing an Arabian helmet on his head and when the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) took it off, a person came and said, “Ibn Khatal is holding the covering of the Ka’ba (taking refuge in the Ka’ba).” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Kill him.”
Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was most probably not in Ihraam when he entered Makkah during the conquest, as it says in the narration that he was wearing an Arabian helmet on his head. Scholars have differed in their opinions:
- It is permissible to enter Makkah without Ihraam – without the intention of performing Hajj/`Umrah
- This was special to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and no one else is allowed to enter Makkah without Ihraam. Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had said:
“Beware! (Mecca is a sanctuary) Verily! Fighting in Mecca was not permitted for anyone before me nor will it be permitted for anyone after me. It (war) in it was made legal for me for few hours or so on that day.”
Ibn Khatal, as mentioned in stories (having unreliable sources), killed a Muslim slave and then apostatized. The only thing having a strong back to it is that he was a poet and used to recite verses abusing the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam). On the day of Makkah’s Conquest, Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had ordered for a few men to be killed. Ibn Khatal was one of them.
There’s a lot of discussion on this matter. Some people are trying to prove how unfair the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was in this decision of his, and others are trying to prove that this guy deserved it. I feel uninterested because I don’t need a reason to believe in the correct judgement of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam). If you feel the need to read up on it, avoid Google. Too many pseudo-Islamic-content-pushers out there. :P
Read books of reliable scholars, or indulge in discussions with the knowledgeable ones.
Side note, this proves how Makkah is NOT a sanctuary for criminals.
Game of Makkah (Ahadith 1581 – 1583)
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 58:
Narrated Sa`id bin Abu Sa`id Al-Maqburi:
Abu Shuraih, Al-`Adawi said that he had said to `Amr bin Sa`id when he was sending the troops to Mecca (to fight `Abdullah bin Az-Zubair), “O Chief! Allow me to tell you what Allah’s Messenger () said on the day following the Conquest of Mecca. My ears heard that and my heart understood it thoroughly and I saw with my own eyes the Prophet () when he, after Glorifying and Praising Allah, started saying, ‘Allah, not the people, made Mecca a sanctuary, so anybody who has belief in Allah and the Last Day should neither shed blood in it, nor should he cut down its trees. If anybody tells (argues) that fighting in it is permissible on the basis that Allah’s Messenger () did fight in Mecca, say to him, ‘Allah allowed His Apostle and did not allow you.’ “Allah allowed me only for a few hours on that day (of the conquest) and today its sanctity is valid as it was before. So, those who are present should inform those who are absent (concerning this fact.” Abu Shuraih was asked, “What did `Amr reply?” He said, (`Amr said) ‘O Abu Shuraih! I know better than you in this respect Mecca does not give protection to a sinner, a murderer or a thief.”
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 59:
Narrated Ibn `Abbas:
“The Prophet () said, ‘Allah has made Mecca, a sanctuary, so it was a sanctuary before me and will continue to be a sanctuary after me. It was made legal for me (i.e. I was allowed to fight in it) for a few hours of a day. It is not allowed to uproot its shrubs or to cut its trees, or to chase (or disturb) its game, or to pick up its luqata (fallen things) except by a person who would announce that (what he has found) publicly.’ Al-`Abbas said, ‘O Allah’s Messenger ()! Except Al-Idhkhir (a kind of grass) (for it is used) by our goldsmiths and for our graves.’ The Prophet () then said, ‘Except Al-Idhkhir.’ ” `Ikrima said, ‘Do you know what “chasing or disturbing” the game means? It means driving it out of the shade to occupy its place.”
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 60:
Narrated Ibn `Abbas:
On the day of the conquest of Mecca, the Prophet () said, “There is no more emigration (from Mecca) but Jihad and intentions, and whenever you are called for Jihad, you should go immediately. No doubt, Allah has made this place (Mecca) a sanctuary since the creation of the heavens and the earth and will remain a sanctuary till the Day of Resurrection as Allah has ordained its sanctity. Fighting was not permissible in it for anyone before me, and even for me it was allowed only for a portion of a day. So, it is a sanctuary with Allah’s sanctity till the Day of Resurrection. Its thorns should not be uprooted and its game should not be chased; and its luqata (fallen things) should not be picked up except by one who would announce that publicly, and its vegetation (grass etc.) should not be cut.” Al-`Abbas said, “O Allah’s Messenger ()! Except Al-Idhkhir, (for it is used by their blacksmiths and for their domestic purposes).” So, the Prophet () said, “Except Al-Idhkhir.”
- Killing animals/hunting birds
- Cutting trees
Exception: Izkhar grass
- Chasing game, or even disturbing it to take its place under the shadow
- Picking up luqta (fallen things)
Exception: small things
In the case of property lost in the Haram, it is not permissible for anyone to take it except the one who identifies it (the owner). If it’s something small and inexpensive, it may be given to those in charge of lost items or given in sadaqah on the owner’s behalf.
Weapons in Haram (Ahadith 781 – 782)
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 781:
Narrated Said bin Jubair:
I was with Ibn Umar when a spear head pierced the sole of his foot and his foot stuck to the paddle of the saddle and I got down and pulled his foot out, and that happened in Mina. Al-Hajjaj got the news and came to enquire about his health and said, “Alas! If we could only know the man who wounded you!” Ibn Umar said, “You are the one who wounded me.” Al-Hajjaj said, “How is that?” Ibn Umar said, “You have allowed the arms to be carried on a day on which nobody used to carry them and you allowed arms to be carried in the Haram even though it was not allowed before.”
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 782:
Narrated Said bin ‘Amr bin Said bin Al-‘Aas:
Al-Hajjaj went to Ibn Umar while I was present there. Al-Hajjaj asked Ibn Umar, “How are you?” Ibn Umar replied, “I am all right,” Al-Hajjaj asked, “Who wounded you?” Ibn Umar replied, “The person who allowed arms to be carried on the day on which it was forbidden to carry them (he meant Al-Hajjaj)”.
As for the background of this particular incident, history books can shed some light on it iA. The crux is, Ibn Umar saw al-Hajjaj as a tyrant, and disapproved of him. He wasn’t the only one, though.
At al-Hajjaj’s death in ad 714, the people of Iraq rejoiced openly in the streets. Umar II (caliph, 717 – 720) thanked God for removing a “tyrant” and Hasan al-Basri said “O God, it is You who killed him; please, put an end to his habitual practices”. [Wikipedia]
Ayyub said: “I asked Nafi’ how Ibn ‘Umar died, and he said: “He was injured between two of his fingers by a supporting beam in the middle of the crowd during the stone-throwing of the Hajj, and this made him sick. So, al-Hajjaj came to visit him, and Ibn ‘Umar closed his eyes. al-Hajjaj spoke to him, and he would not reply.””
No judgement intended.
Coming back to the the Ahadith mentioned above, it is not allowed to carry weapons in the vicinity of Haram, because that place is sacred, and anything that could potentially violate its sanctity is forbidden. If one wants to carry a weapon to protect himself, let him know that countless security guards are already doing that job. :)
What’s forbidden is forbidden. No one can make lawful what Allah made unlawful, not even scholars. So Ibn Umar was angry at al-Hajjaj because he had allowed people to carry arms in Haram, although it was forbidden to do so. Allahu A`lam.
A book is a sedative,
Putting my troubled mind to sleep.
It takes me right out of chaos,
To another world, so blissfully deep
A book is a haven,
From the stormy seas of contention,
Where my vessel of emotions can wait,
Till sunshine breaks through the clouds of tension.
A book is a secret door,
To a world of tremendous knowledge and beauty,
Where the mind can live and grow and flourish,
Till dragged back by the collar, to duty!
A book is my best friend,
Who in moments of agony holds my hand.
A source of comfort and bittersweet joy;
My stout shield in a cruel and merciless land.