Blog Archives

Hajj – The Sermon at `Arafaat (Ahadith 1496 – 1498)

Bismillah.

Volume 2, Book 26, Number 796:

Narrated Ibn Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):

I heard the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)  delivering a sermon at ‘Arafat.


Volume 2, Book 26, Number 797:

Narrated Abu Bakra (radiallaahu `anhu):

The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) delivered to us a sermon on the Day of Nahr. He said, “Do you know what is the day today?” We said, “Allah and His Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) know better.” He remained silent till we thought that he might give that day another name. He said, “Isn’t it the Day of Nahr?” We said, “It is.” He further asked, “Which month is this?” We said, “Allah and His Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) know better.” He remained silent till we thought that he might give it another name. He then said, “Isn’t it the month of Dhul-Hijja?” We replied: “Yes! It is.” He further asked, “What town is this?” We replied, “Allah and His Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) know it better.” He remained silent till we thought that he might give it another name. He then said, “Isn’t it the forbidden (Sacred) town (of Mecca)?” We said, “Yes. It is.” He said, “No doubt, your blood and your properties are sacred to one another like the sanctity of this day of yours, in this month of yours, in this town of yours, till the day you meet your Lord. No doubt! Haven’t I conveyed Allah’s message to you? They said, “Yes.” He said, “O Allah! Be witness. So it is incumbent upon those who are present to convey it (this information) to those who are absent because the informed one might comprehend it (what I have said) better than the present audience, who will convey it to him. Beware! Do not renegade (as) disbelievers after me by striking the necks (cutting the throats) of one another.”


Volume 2, Book 26, Number 798:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu):

At Mina, the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Do you know what is the day today?” The people replied, “Allah and His Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) know it better.” He said, “It is the forbidden (sacred) day. And do you know what town is this?” They replied, “Allah and His Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) know it better.” He said, “This is the forbidden (Sacred) town (Mecca). And do you know which month is this?” The people replied, “Allah and His Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) know it better.” He said, “This is the forbidden (sacred) month.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) added, “No doubt, Allah made your blood, your properties, and your honor sacred to one another like the sanctity of this day of yours in this month of yours in this town of yours.” Narrated Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu): On the Day of Nahr (10th of Dhul-Hijja), the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) stood in between the Jamrat during his Hajj which he performed (as in the previous Hadith) and said, “This is the greatest Day (i.e. 10th of Dhul-Hijjah).” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) started saying repeatedly, “O Allah! Be Witness (I have conveyed Your Message).” He then bade the people farewell. The people said, “This is Hajjat-al-Wada).”


 

Another version of the sermon found at IslamQA:

“O people, listen to my words, for I do not know if I will meet you again after this year. O people, your blood, your wealth and your honour are sacred to you as the sanctity of this day of yours, in this month of yours, in this land of yours. Every practice of the jaahiliyyah is beneath my feet and the blood feuds of the jaahiliyyah are cancelled. The first claim of blood that I abolish is that of Ibn Rabee’ah ibn al-Haarith, who was suckled among the tribe of Bani Sa’d and was killed by Hudhayl. The ribaa of the jaahiliyyah is abolished, and the first ribaa that I abolish is that of ‘Abbaas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib. It is abolished completely.

Fear Allaah concerning women, for you have taken them on the security of Allaah and have made their bodies lawful to you by the words of Allaah.  Your right over them is that they should not allow anyone whom you dislike to sit on your bed. If they do that, then hit them, but not severely. Their rights over you are that you should be kind to them and clothe them properly.

I have left you with something which, if you adhere to it, you will not go astray after I am gone: the Book of Allaah. If you were asked about me, what would you say?” They said: “We would bear witness that you have conveyed (the message), fulfilled (the trust) and advised us sincerely.” Then he pointed with his index finger towards the sky and then towards the people, and said, “O Allaah, bear witness, O Allaah bear witness,” three times.

When Allaah perfected this religion and its basic principles had been established, Allaah revealed to him in ‘Arafaah:

“This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion

[al-Maa’idah 5:3 – interpretation of the meaning]

 

Here’s another longer version. Don’t know about its authenticity, though.

There’s a lot of lessons to be derived from this sermon, and you’ll find a lot of material on it online and in books etc. I’ll just make one point here. People who are more knowledgeable than others can revive this Sunnah during Hajj – this Sunnah of preaching at `Arafaat. Advise your fellow hujjaaj (pilgrims) and admonish them. It doesn’t have to be a sermon like that of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), but it can be a reminder or two taken from his teachings. It’s doable, right?

Did you know? This Hajj is called Hujjat al-Wadaa’ (the Farewell Pilgrimage) because in it the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) bade farewell to the people, and he did not perform Hajj after that.

Du`a for Rain: Misc. (Ahadith 824 – 833)

Assalamu`alaykum,
Bismillah.

Hadith no. 822 and 823 are repeats. Read them here and here.

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 824:

Narrated Sharik bin ‘Abdullah bin Abi Namir:

I heard Anas bin Malik saying, “On a Friday a person entered the main Mosque through the gate facing the pulpit while Allah’s Apostle was delivering the Khutba. The man stood in front of Allah’s Apostle and said, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! The livestock are dying and the roads are cut off; so please pray to Allah for rain.’ ” Anas added, “Allah’s Apostle (p.b.u.h) raised both his hands and said, ‘O Allah! Bless us with rain! O Allah! Bless us with rain! O Allah! Bless us with rain!’ ” Anas added, “By Allah, we could not see any trace of cloud in the sky and there was no building or a house between us and (the mountains of) Sila.” Anas added, “A heavy cloud like a shield appeared from behind it (i.e. Sila’ Mountain). When it came in the middle of the sky, it spread and then rained.” Anas further said, “By Allah! We could not see the sun for a week. Next Friday a person entered through the same gate and at that time Allah’s Apostle was delivering the Friday’s Khutba. The man stood in front of him and said, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! The livestock are dying and the roads are cut off, please pray to Allah to with-hold rain.’ ” Anas added, “Allah’s Apostle I raised both his hands and said, ‘O Allah! Round about us and not on us. O Allah! On the plateaus, on the mountains, on the hills, in the valleys and on the places where trees grow.’ So the rain stopped and we came out walking in the sun.” Sharik asked Anas whether it was the same person who had asked for the rain (the last Friday). Anas replied that he did not know.

Hadith no. 825 is same as above.

Dua for Rain

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 826:

Narrated Qatada:

Anas I said, “While Allah’s Apostle (p.b.u.h) was delivering the Friday Khutba (sermon) a man came and said, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! Rain is scarce; please ask Allah to bless us with rain.’ So he invoked Allah for it, and it rained so much that we could hardly reach our homes and it continued raining till the next Friday.” Anas further said, “Then the same or some other person stood up and said, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! Invoke Allah to withhold the rain.’ On that, Allah’s Apostle I said, ‘O Allah! Round about us and not on us.’ ” Anas added, “I saw the clouds dispersing right and left and it continued to rain but not over Medina.”

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 827:

Narrated Anas:

A man came to the Prophet (p.b.u.h) and said, “Livestock are destroyed and the roads are cut off.” So Allah’s Apostle invoked Allah for rain and it rained from that Friday till the next Friday. The same person came again and said, “Houses have collapsed, roads are cut off, and the livestock are destroyed. Please pray to Allah to withhold the rain.” Allah’s Apostle (stood up and) said, “O Allah! (Let it rain) on the plateaus, on the hills, in the valleys and over the places where trees grow.” So the clouds cleared away from Medina as clothes are taken off.

Hadith no. 828 is the same as above.

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 829:

Narrated Anas bin Malik

A man complained to the Prophet about the destruction of livestock and property and the hunger of the offspring. So he invoked (Allah for rain. The narrator (Anas) did not mention that the Prophet had worn his cloak inside out or faced the Qibla.

Hadith no. 830 is the same is 827.

Hadith no. 831 is a repeat. Read it here.

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 833:

Narrated Anas:

Allah’s Apostle was delivering the Khutba (sermon) on a Friday when the people stood up, shouted and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! There is no rain (drought), the trees have dried and the livestock are destroyed; Please pray to Allah for rain.” So Allah’s Apostle said twice, “O Allah! Bless us with rain.” By Allah, there was no trace of cloud in the sky and suddenly the sky became overcast with clouds and it started raining. The Prophet came down the pulpit and offered the prayer. When he came back from the prayer (to his house) it was raining and it rained continuously till the next Friday. When the Prophet started delivering the Friday Khutba (sermon), the people started shouting and said to him, “The houses have collapsed and the roads are cut off; so please pray to Allah to withhold the rain.” So the Prophet smiled and said, “O Allah! Round about us and not on us.” So the sky became clear over Medina but it kept on raining over the outskirts (of Medina) and not a single drop of rain fell over Median. I looked towards the sky which was as bright and clear as a crown.

What do we learn from the Ahadith mentioned above?

  1. Drought is a form of punishment that Allah (SWT) inflicts upon the disbelievers or the ungrateful.
  2. Istisqaa’ (the two rak`ah-prayer and du`a) can be offered in a mosque.
  3. Imaam/Khateeb can pray for rain during the Friday sermon (without offering the two rak`aat beforehand).
  4. One may pray for rain facing a direction other than the qiblah.
  5. One may invoke Allah for rain on the pulpit.
  6. If it rains too much, it is Sunnah to ask Allah to stop the rain or take the clouds somewhere else.
    The words: “around us and not on us”.
    اللهم حوالينا ولا علينا
  7. If people request the Imaam to invoke Allah for rain, the Imaam should not refuse.
    Read more here.

Wassalam.

An Evil Act (Hadith No. 754)

Assalamu`alaykum,
Bismillah.

It’s one thing to talk during the khutbah. That’s absolutely wrong. But it’s different when you ask someone else to keep quiet while the khutbah is going on. That might seem right. But it’s wrong! For real for real.

Be quiet, you! I'm trying to concentrate here! e_e

Volume 2, Book 13, Number 754:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle (p.b.u.h) said, “When the Imam is delivering the Khutba, and you ask your companion to keep quiet and listen, then no doubt you have done an evil act.”

Obviously, it’s easier said than done. But inshaAllah if we make the intention to follow this Hadith, Allah will help us. :)

Wassalam.

The Khutbah ‘Scene’ (Ahadith 741 – 742)

Assalamu`alaykum,
Bismillah.

Hadith no. 740 is a repeat. Read it here.

Volume 2, Book 13, Number 741:

Narrated Ibn Umar:

The Prophet (p.b.u.h) used to deliver the Khutba while standing and then he would sit, then stand again as you do now-a-days.

Volume 2, Book 13, Number 742:

Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:

One day the Prophet sat on the pulpit and we sat around him.

So that’s how it was back then. Circles. Halaqaat. One person speaking and others sitting ‘around’ him. And the khateeb (one who is delivering the sermon) would sometimes sit in the middle, to give his legs some rest, or maybe just to be at the eye level of his audience.

Alhamdulillah, we do have halaqaat of `Ilm these days as well. May Allah increase our knowledge and help us acquire it the way the best of people did. Prophet (SAW) did not have all the teaching methods and resources back then. He did not have access to multimedia or even electricity, really. All he and his students had was Imaan and Ikhlaas. Those students of a completely ‘unprofessional’  institute later on changed the face of this Earth. Precisely, those people.

And here’s an interesting video:

Wassalam.

No Doubt! (Hadith No. 105)

Salam,
Bismillah.

The day of ‘Arafah at the time of the Prophet (SAW)’s Hajj was the day religion was completed. It marked the accomplishment of Prophet (SAW)’s mission: conveying the message. And it was the day when he gave the most beautiful and important sermon: the khutba (sermon) of Hajjat-ul-Wida’. Here’s a part of it..

Volume 1, Book 3, Number 105:

Narrated Abu Bakra:

The Prophet said. No doubt your blood, property, [the sub-narrator Muhammad thought that Abu Bakra had also mentioned] and your honor (chastity), are sacred to one another as is the sanctity of this day of yours in this month of yours. It is incumbent on those who are present to inform those who are absent.” (Muhammad the Sub-narrator used to say, “Allah’s Apostle told the truth.”) The Prophet repeated twice: “No doubt! Haven’t I conveyed Allah’s message to you?”

No doubt! He did convey Allah’s Message to us. We believe.

Sometimes I wonder what I would do if I were there, listening to that sermon. Would I say these words at that point: “No doubt!”? What would it feel like? Where would my Imaan level be? Up above or down below? Haha.
So I wonder.. And I want to say ‘No doubt!’ with such belief that it fills up my heart and my whole existence.
But oh well! That’s just me..

Wassalam.

genuine treats

homemade goodies for any occasion.

Beauty Frenzy

skincare and makeup blog

Raising Muslims

What job can be more rewarding than raising a child upon the kalimah of "La ilaha illa Allah"?

Always Learning Resources

Sharing for the sake of Allah (swt)

Islamic Lapbooking

Your one stop for Islamic lapbooking resources

Days of Our Lives 2

...a continuation of Days of Our Lives, a Muslim family's homeschooling journal.

Days of Our Lives

Through Thick and Thin...

Talibiddeen Jr. Companion Blog

Companion Blog to Talibiddeen Jr. - Tips and Tidbits for homeschooling, home, and Islamic life!

Umm Abdul Basir's

Sharing Our Homeschool Adventure!

Muslim Learning Garden

Planting Seeds of Jaariyah

Happy Land

For Islamic Teachings

thegentlemuslimman

Becoming A Muslim Gentleman.

The Humble "I"

Knowing, Doing, Becoming

Iqbalencia

Sharing words with the globe

The Ottawa Cafe Hopper

Your guide to Ottawa's cafe universe.

shaziarif.wordpress.com/

CHECK OUT WWW.SHAZIAARIF.COM

Dumpling Sisters

Chinese-Kiwi sisters bonding through food

gLiMpSes

Through the eyes of a Muslimah

%d bloggers like this: