We start Kitaab Bad’-ul-Khalq [Book of Beginning of Creation] in Volume 4 of Sahih al-Bukhari today, and what a coincidence it is that Dr. Farhat Hashmi resumed her Bukhari lectures from this exact book a month ago (after 18 years). If you’ve been tuning in to the live sessions or recordings, you know what I’m talking about. ;)
So inshaAllah for future posts, I’ll be listening to these lectures, taking notes, doing my own research and combining all that into this amazingness I’m proud to call my blog. :)
You can join me in this journey, listen to one recording (25 – 50 min) each week, read my blog, share your thoughts and let’s make Bukhari fun! Yeah?
Link for recordings (in Urdu): http://www.farhathashmi.com/hadith-section/sahih-bukhari/
Select no. 13 (کتاب بدء الخلق) from the drop-down menu and listen to the first audio before reading this post. It’s only 35 minutes long and we cover the first three ahadith in it. Use this website for free Sahih Bukhari Arabic and English text if you don’t have the hard copy.
Feel free to comment below if you’ve got any questions or suggestions. For now, we begin. :)
The first chapter of this book is related to this statement of Allah:
وَهُوَ الَّذِي يَبْدَأُ الْخَلْقَ ثُمَّ يُعِيدُهُ وَهُوَ أَهْوَنُ عَلَيْهِ ۚ وَلَهُ الْمَثَلُ الْأَعْلَىٰ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۚ وَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ
“And it is He who begins creation; then He repeats it, and that is [even] easier for Him. To Him belongs the highest attribute in the heavens and earth. And He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise.” [30:27]
Allah is the One who was there when nothing else was. He began creation. And it’ll be even easier for him to repeat the process of giving us life after death on the Day of Resurrection. People of Quraysh at the time of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) did not have a problem accepting Allah as their Creator, but the concept of resurrection amazed them. “How will we be brought back to life after we have disintegrated into the Earth”, they would ask. So Allah says the process of repetition is usually easier than doing it the first time around. Isn’t it common sense?
As for the atheists who believe in nothing but chance and evolution, He asks this question:
أَمْ خُلِقُوا مِنْ غَيْرِ شَيْءٍ أَمْ هُمُ الْخَالِقُونَ . أَمْ خَلَقُوا السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ ۚ بَل لَّا يُوقِنُونَ
“Were they created by nothing, or were they the creators [of themselves]? Or did they create the heavens and the earth? Rather, they are not certain.” [52:35-36]
Here’s an interesting anecdote from the life of Abu Hanifa who did a remarkable job of refuting an atheist by using nothing but plain ol’ logic.
Anyway, it’s natural to get this question in your mind sometimes, “if everything was created by Allah, who created Him?” Shaytan puts these doubtful thoughts in our heads. So whenever you find yourself asking this question, seek refuge in Allah from Shaytan and say “I believe”. It should take away the doubt and confusion. :)
The narrator of the following two ahadith, Imran ibn Husain, his father Husain and Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhum) all accepted Islam in 7 AH (the year of Khaybar). From the moment he put his right hand on the right hand of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) for the bai’ah (pledge) of allegiance, Imran (radiallaahu `anhu) took it upon himself to only use his right hand for good (طيب) and honorable (كريم) actions. He narrated many ahadith of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam). It is said that he was a very humble, honest and righteous man, devoted to Allah’s obedience and His love. He used to cry a lot during His worship, and he would often say these words:
ياليتني كنت رمادا تذروه الرياح
“Would that I were ashes, windswept.”
It is said about him that angels used to greet him with Salaam and talk to him until he was cauterized (a treatment method disliked by the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)). Mutarrif said:
‘Imraan ibn Husayn said to me: “The angels used to great me with Salaam until I was cauterized. When I was cauterized, the angels left it. When I left it, the angels greeted me again.” [Muslim]
Umar (radiallaahu `anhu), during his caliphate, sent Imran (radiallaahu `anhu) to Basra as a teacher of the religion to its people and he later assumed the office of the judge. Al-Hasan al-Basri and Ibn Sirin said about him:
ما قدم البصرة من أصحاب رسول الله -صلى الله عليه وسلم- أحد يَفضل عمران بن حصين
“No one better had come to Basra from among the Companions of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) than Imran ibn Husain.”
He died in the year 52 AH during the caliphate of Mu`awiyah (radiallaahu `anhu).
Volume 4, Book 54, Number 413 :
Narrated by ‘Imran bin Husain (radiallaahu `anhumaa)
Some people of Bani Tamim came to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and he said (to them), “O Bani Tamim! rejoice with glad tidings.” They said, “You have given us glad tidings, now give us something.” On hearing that the color of his face changed then the people of Yemen came to him and he said, “O people of Yemen ! Accept the good tidings, as Bani Tamim has refused them.” The Yemenites said, “We accept them. Then the Prophet started taking about the beginning of creation and about Allah’s Throne. In the mean time a man came saying, “O ‘Imran! Your she-camel has run away!” (I got up and went away), but l wish I had not left that place (for I missed what Allah’s Apostle had said).
Volume 4, Book 54, Number 414 :
Narrated by Imran bin Husain (radiallaahu `anhumaa)
I went to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and tied my she-camel at the gate. The people of Bani Tamim came to the Prophet who said “O Bani Tamim! Accept the good tidings.” They said twice, ‘You have given us the good tidings, now give us something.” Then some Yemenites came to him and he said, “Accept the good tidings, O people of Yemem, for Bani Tamim refused them.” They said, “We accept it, O Allah’s Apostle! We have come to ask you about this matter (i.e. the start of creations).” He said, “First of all, there was nothing but Allah, and (then He created His Throne). His throne was over the water, and He wrote everything in the Book (in the Heaven) and created the Heavens and the Earth.” Then a man shouted, “O Ibn Husain! Your she-camel has gone away!” So, I went away and could not see the she-camel because of the mirage. By Allah, I wished I had left that she-camel (but not that gathering).
This happens to us a lot, we skip something beneficial to take care of other less important matters and nine out of ten times we regret our decision. May Allah give us the wisdom to make the right choices when it comes to things that benefit and/or harm us.
Narrated ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu): One day the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) stood up amongst us for a long period and informed us about the beginning of creation (and talked about everything in detail) till he mentioned how the people of Paradise will enter their places and the people of Hell will enter their places. Some remembered what he had said, and some forgot it.
Volume 4, Book 54, Number 415 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Allah the Most Superior said, “The son of Adam slights Me, and he should not slight Me, and he disbelieves in Me, and he ought not to do so. As for his slighting Me, it is that he says that I have a son; and his disbelief in Me is his statement that I shall not recreate him as I have created (him) before.”
This last narration gave me the goosebumps. As Muslims, we tend to be overconfident in our faith by assuming this narration isn’t meant for us. It’s for the Jews and the Christians and this person or that person. Not us. Not me. I know God is One. I don’t ascribe partners to Him or say He has a son. I also believe He’ll resurrect us on the Final Day. So this is definitely not for me.
It’s true.. generally. But there’s something to be said about our liberal (and even the wannabe-liberal modern) Muslim brothers and sisters who for the fear of being impolite don’t refuse an invitation to the office Christmas party, for example. You argue, “I never do that”. Okay, let’s say you don’t. You avoid all kinds of events and celebrations that don’t have anything to do with Islam, because Eid is your thing. But I’m amazed (appalled, rather) at your audacity when on the morning of December 25th, your Facebook post looks something like this: “Merry Christmas to all my lovely Christian friends. xoxo”. What happened there? Did you forget that Allah considers it an abuse associating a son with Him. Allah says:
And they say, “The Most Merciful has taken [for Himself] a son.” You have done an atrocious thing. The heavens almost rupture therefrom and the earth splits open and the mountains collapse in devastation that they attribute to the Most Merciful a son. And it is not appropriate for the Most Merciful that He should take a son. There is no one in the heavens and earth but that he comes to the Most Merciful as a servant. [19:88-93]
Something to think about.
Narrated Ma’n bin Yazid:
My grandfather, my father and I gave the pledge of allegiance to Allah’s Apostle. The Prophet got me engaged and then got me married. One day I went to the Prophet with a complaint. My father Yazid had taken some gold coins for charity and kept them with a man in the mosque (to give them to the poor) But I went and took them and brought them to him (my father). My father said, “By Allah! I did not intend to give them to you. ” I took (the case) to Allah’s Apostle . On that Allah’s Apostle said, “O Yazid! You will be rewarded for what you intended. O Man! Whatever you have taken is yours.”
Al-Haafiz said in al-Fath:
It is as if he did not think that it was acceptable to give charity to his son, or that it was better to give charity to strangers, but the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) explained to him that he would have what he intended, because his intention was to give charity to one who was in need, and his son needed it, so it went to the right place, even if it had never crossed his mind that he would take it. And he explained to his son that he had the right to keep what he had taken, because he had taken it in a lawful manner and he needed it. End quote (2/292).
1. This Hadith leads us to the conclusion that if Sadaqah (charity), goes to a needy son of a Muslim, there is no need to take it back from him for the reason that the father had intended to give it to a deserving person. The former gets the reward for it on account of his Niyyah (intention). This however, will be reckoned as Nafli Sadaqah (voluntary charity) because the obligatory Zakat (Sadaqah) cannot be given to the donor’s own dependents.
2. It is permissible in Shari`ah to make someone a Wakil (attorney or agent) for Sadaqah.
3. It does not amount to disobedience on the part of a son to take his father to a competent authority or scholar to know the legal position on any issue, in the same way, as mutual discussion and debate on matters of Shari`ah does not amount to insolence.
(Fath Al-Bari, chapter on Zakat).
Fiqh of the Hadith:
- The hadith contains the permissibility of proclaiming the heavenly (Lordly) gifts and mentioning the favors of Allaah.
- The permissibility of appointing someone else to distribute charity, especially the optional charity, because this contains an aspect of concealing one’s identity.
- It is permissible to act upon general statements taking them as general, It is permissible for the father and son to seek judgement [concerning a mutual dispute] and that this, in and of itself, is not to be considered disrespect and disobedience [on the part of the son].
- The one who is giving charity has the reward of what he intended even if the charity reaches those who do not deserve it.
- The father does not have the right to take back charity that he has given to his son, but this is not the case with a gift.
And you can read about spending (charity) on the family here.
The Prophet said, “A Muslim whose three children die before the age of puberty will be granted Paradise by Allah due to his mercy for them.”
This encourages patience on the death of children. Don’t get wrong ideas.
Narrated Abu Sa’id:
The women requested the Prophet, “Please fix a day for us.” So the Prophet preached to them and said, “A woman whose three children died would be screened from the Hell Fire by them,” Hearing that, a woman asked, “If two died?” The Prophet replied, “Even two (would screen her from the (Hell) Fire. ”
And Abu Huraira added, “Those children should be below the age of puberty.”
Patience is the main factor. Number doesn’t matter.
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, “No Muslim whose three children died will go to the Fire except for Allah’s oath (i.e. everyone has to pass over the bridge above the lake of fire).”
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
The Prophet passed by a woman who was sitting and weeping beside a grave and said to her, “Fear Allah and be patient.”
In other narrations, we get to know that this woman was not just weeping, she was wailing and doing the ritualistic mourning (which is discouraged in Islam). So Prophet (SAW) asked her to be patient.
Does being patient mean we can’t cry on someone’s death? Does it mean we can’t be sad? Absolutely not. We CAN cry and we CAN be sad. BUT, we should look at the way Prophet (SAW) mourned his children’s deaths. He lost almost all his children during his lifetime. Did he ever utter words of ungratefulness or let the sadness overtake him? What did he do?
Narrated by Anas bin Malik :
We went with Allah’s Apostle (pbuh) to the blacksmith Abu Saif, and he was the husband of the wet-nurse of Ibrahim (the son of the Prophet).
Allah’s Apostle took Ibrahim and kissed him and smelled him and later we entered Abu Saif’s house and at that time Ibrahim was in his last breaths, and the eyes of Allah’s Apostle (pbuh) started shedding tears.
‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf said, “O Allah’s Apostle, even you are weeping!”
He said, “O Ibn ‘Auf, this is mercy.”
Then he wept more and said, “The eyes are shedding tears and the heart is grieved, and we will not say except what pleases our Lord, O Ibrahim ! Indeed we are grieved by your separation.”
(Sahih Bukhari, Book #23, Hadith #390)