Volume 2, Book 15, Number 787:
Narrated Ibn Umar: On the day of ‘Id-ul-Fitr and ‘Id-ul-Adha a spear used to be planted in front of the Prophet I (as a Sutra for the prayer) and then he would pray.
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 788:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
The Prophet used to proceed to the Musalla and an ‘Anaza used to be carried before him and planted in the Musalla in front of him and he would pray facing it (as a Sutra).
Sutra is a screen that a person uses to define his prayer space, such as a wall, door etc. The bare minimum requirement for sutra is: that it should be as tall as the length of one hand.
There have been multiple posts on this topic already. Do go through them! Just to get the gist of it all:
- `Anza (spear) can be used as sutrah.
- Imaam’s sutrah is enough for the whole congregation.
- Prophet (SAW) and the companions used to offer the Eid prayers in an open ground.
- Musalla, by the way, is any place that we offer Salah on. It can be a rug, a ground, a mountain, a rock, anything.
Did you know? The sin of crossing one’s prayer space is so huge that Prophet (SAW) said:
If the person who passes in front of another person in prayer knew the magnitude of his sin he would prefer to wait for 40 (days, months or years) rather than to pass in front of him.
More on it here.
This is the last post from Book 9: Virtues of the Prayer Hall and the Sutrah. Tomorrow, Kitaab Mawaqeet-us-Salah (Book of Times of Prayers) starts inshaAllah.
Narrated Abu Qatada Al-Ansari:
Allah’s Apostle was praying and he was carrying Umama the daughter of Zainab, the daughter of Allah’s Apostle and she was the daughter of ‘As bin Rabi’a bin ‘AbduShams. When he prostrated, he put her down and when he stood, he carried her (on his neck).
There’s another post in this reference. Make sure to check it out as well.
Narrated ‘Amr bin Maimuin:
‘Abdullah bin Mas’ud said, “While Allah’s Apostle was praying beside the Ka’ba, there were some Quraish people sitting in a gathering. One of them said, ‘Don’t you see this (who does deeds just to show off)? Who amongst you can go and bring the dung, blood and the abdominal contents (intestines etc.) of the slaughtered camels of the family of so and so and then wait till he prostrates and put that in between his shoulders?’ The most unfortunate amongst them (‘Uqba bin Abi Mu’ait) went (and brought them) and when Allah’s Apostle prostrated, he put them between his shoulders. The Prophet remained in prostration and they laughed so much so that they fell on each other. A passerby went to Fatima, who was a young girl in those days. She came running and the Prophet was still in prostration. She removed them and cursed upon the Quraish on their faces. When Allah’s Apostle completed his prayer, he said, ‘O Allah! Take revenge on Quraish.’ He said so thrice and added, ‘O Allah! take revenge on ‘Amr bin Hisham, ‘Utba bin Rabia, Shaiba bin Rabi’a, Al-Walid bin’Utba, Umaiya bin Khalaf, ‘Uqba bin Abi Mu’ait and ‘Umar a bin Al-Walid.” Abdullah added, “By Allah! I saw all of them dead in the battle field on the day of Badr and they were dragged and thrown in the Qalib (a well) at Badr. Allah’s Apostle then said, ‘Allah’s curse has descended upon the people of the Qalib (well)’.
This narration melts one’s heart; how the infidels were so cruel to the Prophet (SAW), laughing at him; and how Prophet (SAW)’s daughter, Fatima (RA), has the courage to defend her father when men of strength held back due to fear of insult and persecution; and how, a few years later, at Badr, Allah (SWT) defends His slave, Muhammad (SAW), by punishing all those Quraish leaders.
I do not possess the skill of putting my thoughts into words very well. (A blessing in disguise, really!) But I guess a daughter’s love for her father cannot be put into words at all.
Words may be more perfect, but emotions are sublime. –Hassan Adnan
Narrated Abu Sa’id:
The Prophet said, (what is ascribed to him in the following Hadith 488):
Narrated Abu Salih As-Samman:
I saw Abu Said Al-Khudri praying on a Friday, behind something which acted as a Sutra. A young man from Bani Abi Mu’ait, wanted to pass in front of him, but Abu Said repulsed him with a push on his chest. Finding no alternative he again tried to pass but Abu Said pushed him with a greater force. The young man abused Abu Said and went to Marwan and lodged a complaint against Abu Said and Abu Said followed the young man to Marwan who asked him, “O Abu Said! What has happened between you and the son of your brother?” Abu Sa’id said to him, “I heard the Prophet saying, ‘If anybody amongst you is praying behind something as a Sutra and somebody tries to pass in front of him, then he should repulse him and if he refuses, he should use force against him for he is a satan.‘ “
For the person who’s praying, don’t let anyone disturb your salah by crossing your prayer space. According to Prophet (SAW)’s saying, you can use force against him if he refuses to leave you alone.
For the one who’s crossing someone’s prayer space, stop doing so. This Hadith will explain why:
Narrated Busr bin Said:
that Zaid bin Khalid sent him to Abi Juhaim to ask him what he had heard from Allah’s Apostle about a person passing in front of another person who was praying. Abu Juhaim replied, “Allah’s Apostle said, ‘If the person who passes in front of another person in prayer knew the magnitude of his sin he would prefer to wait for 40 (days, months or years) rather than to pass in front of him.” Abu An-Nadr said, “I do not remember exactly whether he said 40 days, months or years.”
Can you imagine the magnitude of his sin, that he prefers to wait for 40 (days even)? Crossing one’s prayer space (a matter of taking two steps) seems like such a small thing but it’s huge in Allah’s opinion.
Crossing someone’s prayer space is forbidden because it disturbs their salah. Think, what are some other ways in which we knowingly or unknowingly disturb other people’s salah? (Example: talking out loud.)
In response to the following narration, ‘Aisha (RA) gave her opinion (below this quote):
It was reported from ‘Abd-Allaah ibn al-Saamit that Abu Dharr said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘If any one of you stands up to pray, then he has a sutrah [an item placed in front of a praying person as a “screen”] if he has something the height of the back of a saddle in front of him. If he does not have something the height of the back of a saddle in front of him, then his prayer is invalidated if a donkey or a woman or a black dog passes in front of him.’” I [‘Abd-Allaah] asked, “O Abu Dharr, what is the difference between a black dog and a red or yellow dog?” He said, “O son of my brother, I asked the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) the same question, and he said, ‘The black dog is a shaytaan (devil).’” (Narrated by Muslim, 510).
Do you make us (women) equal to dogs and donkeys? While I used to lie in my bed, the Prophet would come and pray facing the middle of the bed. I used to consider it not good to stand in front of him in his prayers. So I used to slip away slowly and quietly from the foot of the bed till I got out of my guilt.
The things which annul the prayers were mentioned before me. They said, “Prayer is annulled by a dog, a donkey and a woman (if they pass in front of the praying people).” I said, “You have made us (i.e. women) dogs. I saw the Prophet praying while I used to lie in my bed between him and the Qibla. Whenever I was in need of something, I would slip away. for I disliked to face him.”
The Prophet used to pray while I was sleeping across in his bed in front of him. Whenever he wanted to pray Witr, he would wake me up and I would pray Witr.
the wife of the Prophet, “I used to sleep in front of Allah’s Apostle with my legs opposite his Qibla (facing him); and whenever he prostrated, he pushed my feet and I withdrew them and whenever he stood, I stretched them.” ‘Aisha added, “In those days there were no lamps in the houses.”
The things which annual prayer were mentioned before me (and those were): a dog, a donkey and a woman. I said, “You have compared us (women) to donkeys and dogs. By Allah! I saw the Prophet praying while I used to lie in (my) bed between him and the Qibla. Whenever I was in need of something, I disliked to sit and trouble the Prophet. So, I would slip away by the side of his feet.”
(the wife of the Prophet) Allah’s Apostle used to get up at night and pray while I used to lie across between him and the Qibla on his family’s bed.
Narrated Maimuna bint Al-Harith:
My bed was beside the praying place (Musalla) of the Prophet and sometimes his garment fell on me while I used to lie in my bed.
The Prophet used to pray while I used to sleep beside him during my periods (menses) and in prostrations his garment used to touch me.
It is not good that you people have made us (women) equal to dogs and donkeys. No doubt I saw Allah’s Apostle praying while I used to lie between him and the Qibla and when he wanted to prostrate, he pushed my legs and I withdrew them.
‘Aisha (RA) narrated all these Ahadith to prove that a woman does not interrupt a man’s prayer.
My understanding: wife does not interrupt man’s prayer. :)
“The Prophet used to make his she-camel sit across and he would pray facing it (as a Sutra).” I asked, “What would the Prophet do if the she-camel was provoked and moved?” He said, “He would take its camel-saddle and put it in front of him and pray facing its back part (as a Sutra). And Ibn ‘Umar used to do the same.” (This indicates that one should not pray except behind a Sutrah).
Again, one should not pray except behind a sutrah. As to why, you’ll get the answer in the next few days inshaAllah.
Read similar Hadith under Camel-Sutrah.