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Shaam, Yemen and Najd (Hadith No. 846)

Assalamu`alaykum,
Bismillah.

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 846:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

(The Prophet) said, “O Allah! Bless our Sham (Syria and some other countries) and our Yemen.” People said, “Our Najd as well.” The Prophet again said, “O Allah! Bless our Sham and Yemen.” They said again, “Our Najd as well.” On that the Prophet said, “There will appear earthquakes and afflictions, and from there will come out the side of the head of Satan.”

NOTE: Prophet (SAW) prayed for Shaam and Yemen. Just goes to say that Allah will help Syria and take them out of the conditions they’re in currently. Allah-ul-Musta`aan! <3

The Arabic word nejd/najd literally means “upland” and was once applied to a variety of regions within the Arabian Peninsula. However, the most famous of these was the central region of the Peninsula roughly bounded on the west by the mountains of the Hejaz and Yemen and to the east by the historical region of Bahrain and the north by Iraq and Syria.

In the early years of Islam, Najd was seen as a troubled land of insurgencies because its nomadic tribes were not immediately receptive to Prophet Muhammed’s message. This early resistance is partly responsible for Muhammad’s criticism of Najd; which is seen in the hadith that records him praying aloud and asking:

“O God, give us blessings in our Syria, O God, give us blessings us in our Yemen.” Someone called out, “And in our Najd?” But the Prophet ignored him. The Prophet repeated his request for blessings upon Syria and Yemen, and again the onlooker shouted, “And in our Najd?” Finally, the Prophet replied, “From that place will come only earthquakes, conflicts, and the horns of Satan.”

Furthermore, when the Najdi tribes did convert to Islam they interpreted it solely as an alliance with Muhammad, thus after his death, they were among the first to rebel against Caliph Abu Bakrand refuse to pay the alms tax (zakat) to Medina. The hostilities between the Najdi tribes and the Muslims escalated when Musaylima (d. 12/633), a Najdi from the Banu Hanifah tribe, tried to defeat the caliphate by claiming to be a Prophet and sending troops to destroy the Muslim army in the year 12/633. During this fight, known as the Battle of al Aqraba, the Najdi troops killed numerous companions but were eventually defeated and forced to accept Median control. [Wikipedia]

According to Al-Mulhib, Prophet (SAW) didn’t pray for the people of Najd because of their evils and so they’d lessen their prosecutions on people. And Allah knows best.

And he, Ibn Battaal, says: قرن الشيطان, ‘side of the head of Satan’, is his party and his army.

Ka`b said: Dajjal will emerge from Iraq.

`Amr ibn al-`Aas said: Dajjal will emerge from the core of Kufa (a city in Iraq).

[Taken from Ibn Battaal’s commentary on Sahih al-Bukhari]

P.S. according to the scholars of the past, earthquake is among the signs of Allah and one can offer Salah during it, just as Prophet (SAW) offered Salah when he saw the eclipse.
This doesn’t mean that you start praying in a building during an earthquake, which might just fall off. Out in the open would be a good option.
Personal opinion: if salah is not possible at the time, make du`a. Do istighfaar, and ask Allah for protection. As Prophet (SAW) did while strong winds blew.

Wassalam.

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What Good is there in Distraction? (Hadith No. 756)

Assalamu`alaykum,
Bismillah.

Volume 2, Book 13, Number 756:

Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah:

While we were praying (Jumua Khutba & prayer) with the Prophet (p.b.u.h), some camels loaded with food arrived (from Sham). The people diverted their attention towards the camels (and left the mosque), and only twelve persons remained with the Prophet. So this verse was revealed: “But when they see some bargain or some amusement, they disperse headlong to it, and leave you standing.” (62.11)

وَإِذَا رَأَوْاْ تِجَـرَةً أَوْ لَهْواً انفَضُّواْ إِلَيْهَا وَتَرَكُوكَ قَآئِماً قُلْ مَا عِندَ اللَّهِ خَيْرٌ مِّنَ اللَّهْوِ وَمِنَ التِّجَـرَةِ وَاللَّهُ خَيْرُ الرَزِقِينَ

But when they saw a transaction or a diversion, [O Muhammad], they rushed to it and left you standing. Say, “What is with Allah is better than diversion and than a transaction, and Allah is the best of providers.” [Qur’an 62: 11]

To get some detail on this incident, read it in Tafsir Ibn Kathir.

Some important points:

  • Companions were humans. They did commit mistakes and errors in their lives, NOT due to weakness in Iman, but general lack of training. This does not lower their rank or status in our eyes whatsoever because of Allah’s statement:
    Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him. Such people are the party of Allah. Truly it is the party of Allah who are successful. (Surat al-Mujadala,  22)
  •  Whenever something went wrong, Prophet (SAW) corrected it, and/or Allah (SWT) sent down revelation regarding it. All such incidents have been recorded in the books of Ahadith and history. It’s a blessing for us, because we can derive great benefit from them. We must learn from these incidents, teach others and make sure not to repeat those mistakes again.
  • We must never come to any conclusions before knowing the background or both sides of the coin, to be more precise.
  • When in a halaqah of Quran/Hadith/knowledge, NEVER be distracted. It is Shaytaan who wants to distracts you and does not want any good to come to you. No matter what comes up, the knowledge you’re gaining in that halqah is far more better and way more important than any worldly thing. So FOCUS!
  • Generalize this rule: focus on what you’re doing. What good is there in distraction after all?
  • Trust Allah when He says this:
    What is with Allah is better than diversion and than a transaction, and Allah is the best of providers.
  • Obey Allah. Follow the Sunnah. Be cool.

Be cool! B)

Wassalam.

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