In the life-time of Allah’s Apostle (p.b.u.h) the sun eclipsed, so he led the people in prayer, and stood up and performed a long Qiyam, then bowed for a long while. He stood up again and performed a long Qiyam but this time the period of standing was shorter than the first. He bowed again for a long time but shorter than the first one, then he prostrated and prolonged the prostration. He did the same in the second Raka as he did in the first and then finished the prayer; by then the sun (eclipse) had cleared. He delivered the Khutba (sermon) and after praising and glorifying Allah he said, “The sun and the moon are two signs amongst the signs of Allah; they do not eclipse on the death or life of anyone. So when you see the eclipse, remember Allah and say Takbir, pray and give Sadaqa.” The Prophet then said, “O followers of Muhammad! By Allah! There is none who has more ghaira (self-respect) than Allah as He has forbidden that His slaves, male or female commit adultery (illegal sexual intercourse). O followers of Muhammad! By Allah! If you knew that which I know you would laugh little and weep much.
Things to do when one sees the eclipse:
- Say Takbir – glorify Allah, as it is one of the signs of Allah.
- Pray – Salat-ul-Kusoof (two rak`aat), and make it long.
- Give Sadaqah – spend in the way of Allah. Charity. For it wards off evil.
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 785:
Narrated Muhammad bin Abi Bakr Al-Thaqafi:
While we were going from Mina to ‘Arafat, I asked Anas bin Malik, about Talbiya, “How did you use to say Talbiya in the company of the Prophet?” Anas said: “People used to say Talbiya and their saying was not objected to, and they used to say Takbir and that was not objected to either.”
The Talbiyah is a Muslim prayer invoked by the pilgrims as a conviction that they intend to perform the Hajj only for the glory of God. Talbiyah is repeatedly invoked during the Hajj, or pilgrimage, upon putting on the Ihram, so the pilgrims can purify and rid themselves of worldly concerns. [Wikipedia]
The text of the talbiyah is:
- Labbaika Allahomma Labbaik. Labbaik La Shareeka Laka Labbaik. Innal-Hamdah, Wan-Nematah, Laka wal Mulk, La Shareeka Laka. In Arabic لَبَّيْكَ اللَّهُمَّ لَبَّيْكَ، لَبَّيْكَ لاَ شَرِيْكَ لَكَ لَبَّيْكَ، إِنَّ الْحَمْدَ وَالنِّعْمَةَ لَكَ وَالْمُلْكَ لاَشَرِيْكَ لَكَ
- “Here I am at Thy service O Lord, here I am. Here I am at Thy service and Thou hast no partners. Thine alone is All Praise and All Bounty, and Thine alone is The Sovereignty. Thou hast no partners.”
The Takbīr or Tekbir (تَكْبِير) is the Arabic term for the phrase Allāhu Akbar (الله أكبر). It is usually translated “God is [the] Greatest,” or “God is Great”. It is a common Islamic Arabic expression. It is used in various contexts by Muslims: in formal prayer, as an informal expression of faith, in times of distress, to express celebration or victory, and to express resolute determination or defiance (especially in politically charged contexts). [Wikipedia]
But here in this Hadith, Takbir refers to the “takbiraat” that we exclaim during Hajj and Eid days.
“(He wants that you) must complete the same number (of days), and that you must magnify Allaah [i.e. to say Takbeer (Allaahu Akbar: Allaah is the Most Great)] for having guided you so that you may be grateful to Him”
Are there specific formats for saying takbeerat, or can we just magnify Allah in any way we want? Check this out.
We must memorize these takbeerat, so when the Eid time comes around, we can magnify and glorify as much as possible. <3
This version is the one I love best:
Narrated ‘Itban bin Malik:
We prayed with the Prophet and used to finish our prayer with the Taslim along with him.
Hadith no. 801 is a repeat. Read it here.
Narrated Abu Ma’bad (the freed slave of Ibn ‘Abbas):
Ibn ‘Abbas told me, “In the lifetime of the Prophet it was the custom to celebrate Allah’s praises aloud after the compulsory congregational prayers.” Ibn ‘Abbas further said, “When I heard the Dhikr, I would learn that the compulsory congregational prayer had ended.”
Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:
I used to recognize the completion of the prayer of the Prophet by hearing Takbir.
Sunnah: say ‘Allahu Akbar’ loudly after finishing your compulsory (fardh) Salah.
There’s lots of other adhkaar we find in Sunnah that Prophet (SAW) used to do after finishing his fardh Salah. Some of them will be posted in the following days inshaAllah.
Ahadith 708 and 709 are repeats. They talk about one of the miracles of the Prophet (SAW). Read here.
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
The Prophet, Abu Bakr and ‘Umar used to start the prayer with “Al-hamdu lil-lahi Rabbil-‘ala-min (All praises are for Allah the Lord of the Worlds).”
They used to start reciting Surah Al-Fatihah aloud. Between Takbeer and al-Fatihah is a du`a called Istiftaah. Read Hadith below.
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah’s Apostle used to keep silent between the Takbir and the recitation of Qur’an and that interval of silence used to be a short one. I said to the Prophet “May my parents be sacrificed for you! What do you say in the pause between Takbir and recitation?” The Prophet said, “I say, ‘Allahumma, ba’id baini wa baina khatayaya kama ba’adta baina-l-mashriqi wa-l-maghrib. Allahumma, naqqini min khatayaya kama yunaqqa-ththawbu-l-abyadu mina-ddanas. Allahumma, ighsil khatayaya bil-ma’i wa-th-thalji wal-barad (O Allah! Set me apart from my sins (faults) as the East and West are set apart from each other and clean me from sins as a white garment is cleaned of dirt (after thorough washing). O Allah! Wash off my sins with water, snow and hail.)”
It’s a beautiful du`a. If you truly ask this of Allah in every prayer, do you think there’ll be any sin left on your ‘cloth’?
May Allah accept all our prayers and forgive all our sins.
Do memorize this du`a, if you haven’t already. And make it a habit to recite it after Takbeer Tahreemah (the first Takbeer of the prayer).