Tayammum is allowed when there’s no water available, whether you’re traveling or at home. The condition is: taharri (search and effort to find water). In case you don’t find water and you had to do wudhu/ghusl for prayer, you may do tayammum.
Narrated ‘Abdur Rahman bin Abza:
A man came to ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab and said, “I became Junub but no water was available.” ‘Ammar bin Yasir said to ‘Umar, “Do you remember that you and I (became Junub while both of us) were together on a journey and you didn’t pray but I rolled myself on the ground and prayed? I informed the Prophet about it and he said, ‘It would have been sufficient for you to do like this.’ The Prophet then stroked lightly the earth with his hands and then blew off the dust and passed his hands over his face and hands.”
The procedure is also mentioned in this Hadith. We’ll discuss it later though inshaAllah.
This is pretty interesting, and probably new for many.
Narrated Abu Juhaim Al-Ansari:
The Prophet came from the direction of Bir Jamal. A man met him and greeted him. But he did not return back the greeting till he went to a (mud) wall and smeared his hands and his face with its dust (performed Tayammum) and then returned back the greeting.
The apparent reason is: because As-Salaam is Allah’s Attribute. Prophet (SAW) wouldn’t say it unless he was in the state of wudhu, or tayammum in this case.
There’s another incident similar to this one when Prophet (SAW) didn’t return the greeting because he was in the shower. Read it here.
Question: what do we do? We’re not in the state of wudhu all the time. Should we not return greetings to people in such conditions?
The answer to that (in my opinion) is: it’s the difference of ranks/levels. Prophet (SAW) was on the highest. He didn’t think it right for himself to let Allah’s name come on his tongue in an ‘impure’ (not in wudhu, to be more precise) state. It’s definitely a Sunnah you may follow. But not a compulsion. So let’s not argue about the “fiqh of saying Salaam” when we’re having problems being regular in prayers. :)
Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah:
The Prophet said, “I have been given five things which were not given to any one else before me.
1. Allah made me victorious by awe, (by His frightening my enemies) for a distance of one month’s journey.
2. The earth has been made for me (and for my followers) a place for praying and a thing to perform Tayammum, therefore anyone of my followers can pray wherever the time of a prayer is due.
3. The booty has been made Halal (lawful) for me yet it was not lawful for anyone else before me.
4. I have been given the right of intercession (on the Day of Resurrection).
5. Every Prophet used to be sent to his nation only but I have been sent to all mankind.
Feeling special? :)
Listen to this. Has a relevance to this Hadith. Enjoy!
Kitaab-ut-Tayammum starts today, Alhamdulillah. Get the background story. It’s interesting. (Y)
Narrated ‘Aisha (the wife of the Prophet):
We set out with Allahs Apostle on one of his journeys till we reached Al-Baida’ or Dhatul-Jaish, a necklace of mine was broken (and lost). Allah’s Apostle stayed there to search for it, and so did the people along with him. There was no water at that place, so the people went to Abu- Bakr As-Siddiq and said, “Don’t you see what ‘Aisha has done? She has made Allah’s Apostle and the people stay where there is no water and they have no water with them.” Abu Bakr came while Allah’s Apostle was sleeping with his head on my thigh, He said, to me: “You have detained Allah’s Apostle and the people where there is no water and they have no water with them.
So he admonished me and said what Allah wished him to say and hit me on my flank with his hand. Nothing prevented me from moving (because of pain) but the position of Allah’s Apostle on my thigh. Allah’s Apostle got up when dawn broke and there was no water. So Allah revealed the Divine verses of Tayammum. So they all performed Tayammum. Usaid bin Hudair said, “O the family of Abu Bakr! This is not the first blessing of yours.” Then the camel on which I was riding was caused to move from its place and the necklace was found beneath it.
What apparently seemed trouble was a blessing in reality. Happens a lot to us, don’t you think? Allah (SWT) says:
وَعَسَىٰ أَن تَكْرَهُوا شَيْئًا وَهُوَ خَيْرٌ لَّكُمْ ۖ وَعَسَىٰ أَن تُحِبُّوا شَيْئًا وَهُوَ شَرٌّ لَّكُمْ ۗ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ وَأَنتُمْ لَا تَعْلَمُونَ
“..and it may be that you dislike a thing which is good for you and that you like a thing which is bad for you. Allah knows but you do not know.” [Al-Baqarah: 216]
Yeah, you don’t know. Trust Allah. He knows better. :)
All these Ahadith are related to the same topic: haydh. Mostly similar, with a few differences. Will explain one by one inshaAllah.
Fatima bint Abi Hubaish asked the Prophet, “I got persistent bleeding (in between the periods) and do not become clean. Shall I give up prayers?” He replied, “No, this is from a blood vessel. Give up the prayers only for the days on which you usually get the menses and then take a bath and offer your prayers.”
More on it here.
Narrated Um ‘Atiya:
We never considered yellowish discharge as a thing of importance (as menses).
(the wife of the Prophet) Um Habiba got bleeding in between the periods for seven years. She asked Allah’s Apostle about it. He ordered her to take a bath (after the termination of actual periods) and added that it was (from) a blood vessel. So she used to take a bath for every prayer.
Bath = wudhu. Read more on abrogation here.
(the wife of the Prophet) I told Allah’s Apostle that Safiya bint Huyai had got her menses. He said, “She will probably delay us. Did she perform Tawaf (Al-Ifada) with you?” We replied, “Yes.” On that the Prophet told her to depart.
Similar situation here.
Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:
A woman is allowed to leave (go back home) if she gets menses (after Tawaf-AlIfada). Ibn ‘Umar formerly used to say that she should not leave but later on I heard him saying, “She may leave, since Allah’s Apostle gave them the permission to leave (after Tawaf-AlIfada.)”
Similar to previous one.
The Prophet said to me, “Give up the prayer when your menses begin and when it has finished, wash the blood off your body (take a bath) and start praying.”
Narrated Samura bin Jundab:
The Prophet offered the funeral prayer for the dead body of a woman who died of (during) delivery (i.e. child birth) and he stood by the middle of her body.
Such women have the right to be prayed salat-ul-janazah upon. Plus, they’re not impure. Note: Prophet (SAW) stood by the middle of her body, not far far away.
(the wife of the Prophet) During my menses, I never prayed, but used to sit on the mat beside the mosque of Allah’s Apostle. He used to offer the prayer on his sheet and in prostration some of his clothes used to touch me.”
More on it here.
The overall concept that needs to be instilled in our minds is: haydh itself is impure, but it does not make humans impure. A menstruating women (believing) is as pure as a non-menstruating woman. The only difference is, she has some benefits over the other. For example, she doesn’t pray, she doesn’t fast, she can’t be divorced during her menses etc. She can do other sorts of worship like dhikr and charity etc. She can hold the Qur’an, being careful not to touch the Arabic text. She can recite the Qur’an, out of memory or by reading. She can sit on the prayer rug. And she can do a lot of other things as well. Many examples came in Kitaab-ul-Haydh.
This was, by the way, the last post from Kitaab-ul-Haydh. Tomorrow, Kitaab-ut-Tayammum (Book of Rubbing Hands and Feet with Dust) begins. :)