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Paying in Advance (Ahadith 1936 – 1944)

Bismillah.

Ahadith no. 1930-1931 (below) are repeats. Read the post here.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 435 :
Narrated by Zaid bin Khalid and Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhumaa)
That Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was asked about an unmarried slave-girl who committed illegal sexual intercourse. They heard him saying, “Flog her, and if she commits illegal sexual intercourse after that, flog her again, and on the third (or the fourth) offense, sell her.”

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 436 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
I heard the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) saying, “If a slave-girl of yours commits illegal sexual intercourse and her illegal sexual intercourse is proved, she should be lashed, and after that nobody should blame her, and if she commits illegal sexual intercourse the second time, she should be lashed and nobody should blame her after that, and if she does the offense for the third time and her illegal sexual intercourse is proved, she should be sold even for a hair rope.”

Hadith no. 1932 (below) is also a repeat. Read it here.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 437 :
Narrated by Anas bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) came to Khaibar and when Allah made him victorious and he conquered the town by breaking the enemy’s defense, the beauty of Safiya bint Huyai bin Akhtab (radiallaahu `anhaa) was mentioned to him and her husband had been killed while she was a bride. Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) selected her for himself and he set out in her company till he reached Sadd-ar-Rawha’ where her menses were over and he married her. Then Hais (a kind of meal) was prepared and served on a small leather sheet (used for serving meals). Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) then said to me, “Inform those who are around you (about the wedding banquet).” So that was the marriage banquet given by Allah’s Apostle for (his marriage with) Safiya (radiallaahu `anhaa). After that we proceeded to Medina and I saw that Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was covering her with a cloak while she was behind him. Then he would sit beside his camel and let Safiya (radiallaahu `anhaa) put her feet on his knees to ride (the camel).

Hadith no. 1933 (below) is also a repeat. Read it here.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 438 :
Narrated by Jabir bin ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu)
I heard Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), in the year of the Conquest of Mecca, saying, “Allah and His Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) made illegal the trade of alcohol, dead animals, pigs and idols.” The people asked, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! What about the fat of dead animals, for it was used for greasing the boats and the hides; and people use it for lights?” He said, “No, it is illegal.” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) further said, “May Allah curse the Jews, for Allah made the fat (of animals) illegal for them, yet they melted the fat and sold it and ate its price.”

Ahadith 1934-1935 (below) are repeats too. Read the post here.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 439 :
Narrated by Abu Mas’ud Al-Ansari (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade taking the price of a dog, money earned by prostitution and the earnings of a soothsayer.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 440 :
Narrated by Aun bin Abu Juhaifa
I saw my father buying a slave whose profession was cupping, and ordered that his instruments (of cupping) be broken. I asked him the reason for doing so. He replied, “Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) prohibited taking money for blood, the price of a dog, and the earnings of a slave-girl by prostitution; he cursed her who tattoos and her who gets tattooed, the eater of Riba (usury), and the maker of pictures.”

Book of Sales and Trade [Kitaab-ul-Buyoo`] ends here.

Today’s Ahadith:

Book of “Paid in Advance” [Kitaab-us-Salam] starts today.

Volume 3, Book 35, Number 441 :
Narrated by Ibn Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) came to Medina and the people used to pay in advance the price of fruits to be delivered within one or two years. (The sub-narrator is in doubt whether it was one to two years or two to three years.) The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Whoever pays money in advance for dates (to be delivered later) should pay it for known specified weight and measure (of the dates).”

Volume 3, Book 35, Number 442 :
Narrated by Ibn Abi Najih (radiallaahu `anhu)
As above, mentioning only specific measure.

Volume 3, Book 35, Number 443 :
Narrated by Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) came to Medina and the people used to pay in advance the price of dates to be delivered within two or three years. He said (to them), “Whoever pays in advance the price of a thing to be delivered later should pay it for a specified measure at specified weight for a specified period.”

Volume 3, Book 35, Number 444 :
Narrated by Ibn Abi Najih (radiallaahu `anhu)
As above, saying, “He should pay the price in advance for a specified measure and for a specified period.”

Volume 3, Book 35, Number 445 :
Narrated by Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) came (to Medina) and he told the people (regarding the payment of money in advance that they should pay it) for a known specified measure and a known specified weight and a known specified period.

Volume 3, Book 35, Number 446 :
Narrated by Shu’ba
Muhammad or ‘Abdullah bin Abu Al-Mujalid said, “Abdullah bin Shaddad and Abu Burda differed regarding As-Salam, so they sent me to Ibn Abi Aufa (radiallaahu `anhu) and I asked him about it. He replied, ‘In the life-time of Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), Abu Bakr and ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhumaa), we used to pay in advance the prices of wheat, barley, dried grapes and dates to be delivered later. I also asked Ibn Abza and he, too, replied as above.’ “

Volume 3, Book 35, Number 447 :
Narrated by Muhammad bin Al-Majalid
Abdullah bin Shaddad and Abu Burda sent me to ‘Abdullah bin Abi Aufa (radiallaahu `anhu) and told me to ask ‘Abdullah whether the people in the life-time of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) used to pay in advance for wheat (to be delivered later). Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu) replied, “We used to pay in advance to the peasants of Sham for wheat, barley and olive oil of a known specified measure to be delivered in a specified period.” I asked (him), “Was the price paid (in advance) to those who had the things to be delivered later?” Abdullah bin Aufa (radiallaahu `anhu) replied, “We did not use to ask them about that.” Then they sent me to ‘Abdur Rahman bin Abza and I asked him. He replied, “The companions of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) used to practice Salam in the life-time of the Prophet; and we did not use to ask them whether they had standing crops or not.”

Volume 3, Book 35, Number 448 :
Narrated by Muhammad bin Abi Al-Mujalid
As above (446) and said, “We used to pay them in advance for wheat and barley (to be delivered later). Narrated Ash-Shaibani–“And also for oil.”

Volume 3, Book 35, Number 449 :
Narrated by Ash-Shaibani
Who said “We used to pay in advance for wheat barley and dried grapes.”

Bai-Salam is a combination of two Arabic words Bai and Salam. Bai refers to Purchase and Sale while Salam means Advance. Payment of Bai-Salam transaction is made in advance. It is a form of sale on delayed terms in which the money may be paid first and the goods delivered at a later date.

Definition:

Bai-Salam is sale whereby the seller undertakes to supply some specific goods to the buyer at a future date in exchange for an advanced price fully paid on the spot.

Bai-Salam may be defined as a contract between a Buyer and a Seller under which the Seller sells in advance the certain goods permissible under Islamic Shari’ah and the law of the land to the Buyer at an agreed price payable on execution of the said contract and the goods is/are delivered as per specification, size, quality at a future time in a particular place.

Read more on it here and here. More details to follow in the upcoming posts inshaAllah.

Mudabbar: A Slave who is Promised Manumission (Ahadith 1928 – 1929)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 433 :
Narrated by Jabir (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) sold a Mudabbar (on behalf of his master who was still living and in need of money).

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 434 :
Narrated by Jabir bin ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) sold a Mudabbar.

Mudabbar is a slave who is promised to be manumitted. There could be two possibilities in this case:

  1. His master tells him: “you’re free after my death”.
  2. He offers his master money to set him free (also known as mukaatabah).

About mukaatabah, Allah says in the Qur’an:

 وَالَّذِينَ يَبْتَغُونَ الْكِتَـبَ مِمَّا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَـنُكُمْ فَكَـتِبُوهُمْ إِنْ عَلِمُتُمْ فِيهِمْ خَيْراً وَءَاتُوهُمْ مِّن مَّالِ اللَّهِ الَّذِى ءَاتَـكُمْ

And such of your servants as seek a writing (of emancipation), give them such writing, if you find that there is good and honesty in them. And give them something (yourselves) out of the wealth of Allah which He has bestowed upon you. [24: 33]

Ibn Kathir comments:

The Command to grant Slaves a Contract of Emancipation

﴿وَالَّذِينَ يَبْتَغُونَ الْكِتَـبَ مِمَّا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَـنُكُمْ فَكَـتِبُوهُمْ إِنْ عَلِمُتُمْ فِيهِمْ خَيْراً﴾

(And such of your servants as seek a writing (of emancipation), give them such writing, if you find that there is good and honesty in them.) This is a command from Allah to slave-owners: if their servants ask them for a contract of emancipation, they should write it for them, provided that the servant has some skill and means of earning so that he can pay his master the money that is stipulated in the contract. Al-Bukhari said: “Rawh narrated from Ibn Jurayj: `I said to `Ata’, “If I know that my servant has money, is it obligatory for me to write him a contract of emancipation” He said, “I do not think it can be anything but obligatory.” `Amr bin Dinar said: “I said to `Ata’, `Are you narrating this from anybody’ He said, `No,’ then he told me that Musa bin Anas told him that Sirin, who had a lot of money, asked Anas for a contract of emancipation and he refused. So he went to `Umar (bin Al-Khattab), may Allah be pleased with him, and he said, `Write it for him.’ He refused, so `Umar hit him with his whip and recited,

﴿فَكَـتِبُوهُمْ إِنْ عَلِمُتُمْ فِيهِمْ خَيْراً﴾

(give them such writing, if you find that there is good and honesty in them.)Then he wrote the contract.” This was mentioned by Al-Bukhari with a disconnected chain of narration. It was also narrated by `Abdur-Razzaq who said Ibn Jurayj told them: I said to `Ata’, “If I know that my servant has some money, is it obligatory for me to write him a contract of emancipation” He said, `I do not think it can be anything but obligatory.”’ ﴿It was also said by `Amr bin Dinar who said, “I said to `Ata’, `Are you narrating this from anybody’ He said, `No.”’﴾ Ibn Jarir recorded that Sirin wanted Anas bin Malik to write a contract of emancipation and he delayed, then `Umar said to him, “You should certainly write him a contract of emancipation.” Its chain of narrators is Sahih. Allah’s saying:

﴿إِنْ عَلِمُتُمْ فِيهِمْ خَيْراً﴾

(if you find that there is good and honesty in them.) Some of them said (this means) trustworthiness. Some said: “Honesty,” and others said: “A skill and ability to earn.”

﴿وَءَاتُوهُمْ مِّن مَّالِ اللَّهِ الَّذِى ءَاتَـكُمْ﴾

(And give them something out of the wealth of Allah which He has bestowed upon you.) This is the share of the wealth of Zakah that Allah stated to be their right. This is the opinion of Al-Hasan, `Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd bin Aslam and his father and Muqatil bin Hayyan. It was also the opinion favored by Ibn Jarir.

﴿وَءَاتُوهُمْ مِّن مَّالِ اللَّهِ الَّذِى ءَاتَـكُمْ﴾

(And give them something out of the wealth of Allah which He has bestowed upon you. ) Ibrahim An-Nakha`i said, “This is urging the people, their masters and others.” This was also the view of Buraydah bin Al-Husayb Al-Aslami and Qatadah. Ibn `Abbas said: “Allah commanded the believers to help in freeing slaves.”

Here’s a translated chapter from Imam Malik’s Muwatta on Mudabbar for further reading.

More info: Islam and Slavery

Family Planning (Hadith No. 1927)

Bismillah.

Hadith no. 1926 (below) is a repeat. Read similar narrations here (number 766) and here.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 431 :
Narrated by Anas (radiallaahu `anhu)
Amongst the captives was Safiya (radiallaahu `anhaa). First she was given to Dihya Al-Kalbi (radiallaahu `anhu) and then to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam).

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 432 :
Narrated by Abu Said Al-Khudri (radiallaahu `anhu)
That while he was sitting with Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) he said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! We get female captives as our share of booty, and we are interested in their prices, what is your opinion about coitus interruptus?” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Do you really do that? It is better for you not to do it. No soul that which Allah has destined to exist, but will surely come into existence.

Coitus interruptus, also known as the rejected sexual intercourse, withdrawal or pull-out method, is a method of birth-control in which a man, during intercourse withdraws his penis from a woman’s vagina prior to orgasm (and ejaculation). The man then directs his ejaculate (semen) away from his partner’s vagina in an effort to avoid insemination. [Wikipedia]

Is family planning permissible?

It is permissible to use temporary means of contraception in order to increase the gaps between pregnancies, or to stop them for a limited period of time, if there is a valid shar’i reason for doing so, based on the couple’s estimation and with mutual consultation and agreement, subject to the condition that this does not result in harm and that the means is acceptable according to sharee’ah and will not damage any existing pregnancy.

Taken from: IslamQA

 

It is permissible for the spouses to agree on family planning so long as that is temporary and not a permanent thing – subject to the condition that the means used does not cause any harm to the woman.

Ruling on Coitus Interruptus (`Azl)

It is permissible to engage in coitus interruptus if a person does not want a child, and it is also permissible to use a condom, but that is subject to the condition that the wife gives her permission for that, because she has the right to full enjoyment and also to have a child. The evidence for that is the hadeeth of Jaabir ibn ‘Abd-Allaah (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said: We used to engage in coitus interruptus at the time of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). News of that reached the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and he did not forbid us to do that. Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 250; Muslim, 160

Read more on it here.

The Three Persons Allah will be Against on the Day of Judgement (Hadith No. 1925)

Bismillah.

Hadith no. 1924 (below) is a repeat. Read it here.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 429 :
Narrated by ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa)
When the last verses of Surat-al-Baqara were revealed, the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) went out (of his house to the Mosque) and said, “The trade of alcohol has become illegal.”

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 430 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Allah says, ‘I will be against three persons on the Day of Resurrection:
1. One who makes a covenant in My Name, but he proves treacherous.
2. One who sells a free person (as a slave) and eats the price.
3. And one who employs a laborer and gets the full work done by him but does not pay him his wages.’ “

Allah (SWT) saying “I will be against so and so” is a huge thing. It’s not like the president of United States is saying it so one shouldn’t be afraid. This is Allah, King of all kings, Master of all masters, the One with most authority and power. When He says He’s against someone, it’s a big deal!

Imagine what Allah would do to the person He’s against on the Day of Judgement.. would He look at Him, make any friendly conversation with him, or extend any protection or help? That person would be in some serious trouble that day! May Allah not make us of those who earn His wrath.

We have to make sure we don’t fall in either of the above 3 categories:

  1. Taking an oath in Allah’s Name and then not fulfilling it. This can happen quite easily if we’re not cautious. Extra care required.
    Don’t think the everyday promises/commitments you make aren’t included. Just saying!
  2. Selling a free person as a slave.. not really a problem in this day and age, but we can be careful about taking advantage of other people. Never take credit for something you didn’t do. Never accept compensation for a task you didn’t perform.
  3. Employing someone and not paying them even after getting all the work done by them. This includes servants in your home and employees in your office/business. It’s better to pay the salary early.. Abdullah ibn Umar (Radhi-Allahu ‘anhu) narrated that Allah’s Messenger (salAllahu alayhi wa sallam) said: “Give the worker his wages before his sweat dries.” [Tirmidhi Hadith: 2987 and Ibn Majah]

Drawing Inanimate Objects (Hadith No. 1923)

Bismillah.

The majority of scholars say that it is permissible to make pictures of inanimate objects such as trees, buildings, etc, and they quote several texts as evidence for that. Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) issued a fatwa regarding this:

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 428 :
Narrated by Said bin Abu Al-Hasan
While I was with Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) a man came and said, “O father of ‘Abbas! My sustenance is from my manual profession and I make these pictures.” Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “I will tell you only what I heard from Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam). I heard him saying, ‘Whoever makes a picture will be punished by Allah till he puts life in it, and he will never be able to put life in it.‘ ” Hearing this, that man heaved a sigh and his face turned pale. Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) said to him, “What a pity! If you insist on making pictures I advise you to make pictures of trees and any other inanimate objects.”

This hadith indicates that the punishment has to do with images of animate beings, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said that they will be told, “Bring to life that which you have created!”

Read more on it here.

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