Volume 4, Book 53, Number 368 :
Narrated by Jubair bin Mutim (radiallaahu `anhu)
I and ‘Uthman bin ‘Affan (radiallaahu `anhu) went to Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! You have given to Bani Al-Muttalib and left us although they and we are of the same kinship to you.” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Bani Muttalib and Bani Hashim are one and the same.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) did not give a share to Bani Abd Shams and Bani Naufal.
(Ibn Ishaq said, “Abd Shams and Hashim and Al-Muttalib were maternal brothers and their mother was ‘Atika bint Murra and Naufal was their paternal brother.)
The image above shows the four sons of Abd Manaf: Al-Muttalib, Hashmi, Nawfal (paternal brother) and Abd Shams. Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) himself was from Hashim (as shown), Uthman ibn Affan (radiallaahu `anhu) was from Abd Shams and Jubair ibn Mut’im (radiallaahu `anhu) was from Nawfal.
When Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) distributed the khumus among Banu Muttalib and Banu Hashim and not the other two clans, Uthman and Jubair (radiallaahu `anhumaa) came to him with this concern – how come they got it and we didn’t when we have the same relationship to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) as them? So the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said that Banu Hashim and Banu Muttalib are one and the same – meaning (according to commentators) they were always together in kufr and Islam. Nothing separated them. That’s why they get a share and others don’t.
Volume 4, Book 52, Number 158 :
Narrated by Jabir bin Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu)
That he proceeded in the company of Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) towards Najd to participate in a Ghazwa. (Holy-battle) When Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) returned, he too returned with him. Midday came upon them while they were in a valley having many thorny trees. Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and the people dismounted and dispersed to rest in the shade of the trees. Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) rested under a tree and hung his sword on it. We all took a nap and suddenly we heard Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) calling us. (We woke up) to see a bedouin with him. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “This bedouin took out my sword while I was sleeping and when I woke up, I found the unsheathed sword in his hand and he challenged me saying, ‘Who will save you from me?’ I said thrice, ‘Allah.’ The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) did not punish him but sat down.
And in a narration of Abu Bakr Al-Isma`ili, the polytheist asked: “Who will protect you from me?” Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) replied, “Allah.” As soon as he said this, the sword fell down from his hand and Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) catching the sword, asked him, “Who will protect you from me.” He said, “Please forgive me.” Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “On condition you testify that there is none worthy of worship but Allah and that I am His Messenger.” He said, “No, but I promise you that I shall not fight against you, nor shall I be with those who fight with you”. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) let him go. He then went back to his companions and said: “I have come to you from one of the best of mankind”.
This does not only show the forgiving nature of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) but also his complete trust in Allah. Something we need in our lives badly.
‘And He will provide him from (sources) he could never imagine. And whoever puts their trust in Allah, then He will suffice him. Verily, Allah will accomplish His purpose. Indeed, Allah has set a measure for all things.’ [65:3]
Volume 3, Book 39, Number 519 :
Narrated by ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) got the date palm trees of the tribe of Bani-An-Nadir burnt and the trees cut down at a place called Al-Buwaira . Hassan bin Thabit (radiallaahu `anhu) said in a poetic verse: “The chiefs of Bani Lu’ai found it easy to watch fire spreading at Al-Buwaira.”
The verse in Arabic:
وَهَانَ عَلَى سَرَاةِ بَنِى لُؤَىٍّ حَرِيقٌ بِالْبُوَيْرَةِ مُسْتَطِيرُ
Details regarding the Banu Nadir ‘event’ in this video:
Volume 3, Book 39, Number 518 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Ansar said to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), “Distribute the date palm trees between us and our emigrant brothers.” He replied, “No.” The Ansar said (to the emigrants), “Look after the trees (water and watch them) and share the fruits with us.” The emigrants said, “We listen and obey.”
The Ansaar were talking about the trees (or gardens) that they themselves owned.. they wanted to give away some of them to help the emigrants financially. Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) disliked to take anything away from their properties and he knew that Allah will grant them all enough wealth and riches soon, so he declined. Hence the Ansaar decided to hire the emigrants to work on their gardens and share the fruits with them as wages.
The people of Madinah truly earned this title: Ansaar (helpers). We see how selflessly they offered to help the emigrant brothers from Makkah in every way possible. And it is for this reason that Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) declared it a sign of faith to love the Ansaar.
Ahadith 1902 – 1905 (below) are repeats. Read them where linked.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 407:
Narrated by Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade Al-Muzabana, i.e. to sell ungathered dates of one’s garden for measured dried dates or fresh ungathered grapes for measured dried grapes; or standing crops for measured quantity of foodstuff. He forbade all such bargains.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 408:
Narrated by Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Whoever pollinates date palms and then sells them, the fruits will belong to him unless the buyer stipulates that the fruits should belong to him (and the seller agrees).”
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 410:
Narrated by Humaid
Anas (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade the selling of dates till they were almost ripe.” We asked Anas, “What does ‘almost ripe’ mean?” He replied, “They get red and yellow. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) added, ‘If Allah destroyed the fruits present on the trees, what right would the seller have to take the money of his brother (somebody else)?’ “
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 411:
Narrated by Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)
I was with the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) while he was eating spadix. He said, “From the trees there is a tree which resembles a faithful believer.” I wanted to say that it was the date palm, but I was the youngest among them (so I kept quiet). He added, “It is the date palm.”
Although this hadith is a repeat, and we’ve already covered two aspects of it before (links: one, two), I’d like to do it again. It talks about a parable that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) gave to explain the personality and character of a believer.
The scholars stated:
The Muslim was likened to the date palm due to the abundance of its goodness, the continuity of its shade, the goodness of its fruit and its presence throughout the year. Indeed from the time its fruit emerges, it could continue to be eaten until it dries, and after it dries a lot of benefits are gained from it. Likewise from its leaves, wood and branches; they are used for staffs, fire wood, rods, straw mats, ropes and utensils amongst other uses. The last thing is the date stone which is used as fodder for camels. Furthermore, the beauty of its growth and the pleasant shape of its fruit, all of it is beneficial, is goodness and beauty.
Just as the believer is all goodness, from the abundance of his obedience and the nobility of his manners. He constantly prays, fasts, reads, remembers, gives in charity, enjoins the ties along with the rest of the forms of worship and other than this.
This is the correct angle of resemblance. It was also said that the angle of resemblance is that if the top of it is chopped off the rest of it dies in contrast to the rest of the types of trees. It was also that it is because it does not produce fruit until it is pollinated and Allaah knows best.
After reading this, I’d like you (yes you, lazy reader!) to think and derive some more traits of a believer comparing him to a date palm tree. You can just take a minute or two to think about it, and if you’re feeling generous, share your thoughts below. If not, well, happy not sharing!