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The Forty Virtuous Deeds (Hadith No. 2298)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 800:
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr (radiallaahu `anhu):
That Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “There are forty virtuous deeds and the best of them is the Maniha of a she-goat, and anyone who does one of these virtuous deeds hoping for Allah’s reward with firm confidence that he will get it, then Allah will make him enter Paradise because of it.
Hassan (a sub-narrator) said, “We tried to count those good deeds below the Maniha; we mentioned replying to the sneezer, removing harmful things from the road, etc., but we failed to count even fifteen.”

Okay so here’s a thought. Why don’t we try and compile these forty deeds? Condition: they have to be less virtuous than Maniha, as it says in the hadith above: “and the best of them is the Maniha”.

I have here a list of some that I could find. See if you can add to it. :)

1: (Can’t find the translated version)..
2: Feeding the Hungry
3: Quenching Someone’s Thirst

عن البراء بن عازب رضي الله عنه قال جاء رجل أعرابي إلى رسول الله فقال يا رسول الله ؛ علمني عملاً يدخلني الجنة ويباعدني عن النار، فقال

«إن كنت أقصرت الخطبة لقد أعرضت المسألة، أعتق النسمة، وفك الرقبة، قال أليستا واحدة ؟ قال لا ؛ عتق النسمة أن تنفرد بعتقها، وفك الرقبة أن تعطي في ثمنها أي تُساهم ، والمنيحة الوكوف يعني الشاة غزيرة اللبن يمنحونها لفقراء يشربون لبنها ، والفيء على ذي الرحم القاطع، يعني العطاء والصلة والبذل للقريب ولو كان قاطعًا للرحم ، فإن لم تطق ذلك فأطعم الجائع واسق الظمآن، وأمر بالمعروف وانه عن المنكر، فإن لم تطق ذلك فكف لسانك إلا عن خير رواه أحمد وابن حبان واللفظ له، حديث صحيح

4: Saying Salam
“He who says Assalaamu Alaikum (Peace be upon you) ten rewards are written down for him, and he who says Assalaamu Alaikum wa rahmatullah (Peace be upon you and Allah’s mercy) for him twenty rewards are written down and he who says Assalaamu Alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh (Peace be upon you and Allah’s mercy and blessing) thirty rewards are written down (for him).”

5: Justice between Two People
6: Helping Someone with their Ride
7: A Good Word
8: Removing Harm from the Way
“Every small bone of everyone has upon it a charitable act for everyday upon which the sun rises. Bringing about justice between two is an act of charity. Helping a man get on his mount, lifting him onto it or helping him put his belongings onto it, is a charitable act. A good word is a charitable act. Every step you take toward the prayer is a charitable act. And removing a harmful thing from the path is a charitable act.” (Recorded in al-Bukhari and Muslim)

9: Relieving Someone from Difficulty
10: Concealing Someone’s Fault
”Whoever relieves a believer’s distress of the distressful aspects of this world, Allah will rescue him from a difficulty of the difficulties of the Hereafter… Whoever conceals [the faults of] a Muslims, Allah will conceal [his faults] in this life and the Hereafter. [Muslim]

11: Making Space
“O you who have believed, when you are told, “Space yourselves” in assemblies, then make space; Allah will make space for you.” [Al-Mujadilah: 11]

12: Helping the Oppressed, Stopping the Oppressor
“Help your brother, whether he is an oppressor or he is an oppressed one.” [Bukhari]

13: Guiding to Good
“Whoever leads to good, he is like the one who does it.” [Tirmidhi]

14: Enjoining Good
15: Conciliation between Two People
“No good is there in much of their private conversation, except for those who enjoin charity or that which is right or conciliation between people.” [4:114]

16: Kind Speech
“Kind speech and forgiveness are better than charity followed by injury.” [2:263]

17: Planting a Tree
If a Muslim plants a tree, or sows a field and men and beasts and birds eat from it, all of it is charity from him. [Muslim]

18: Giving Gifts to Neighbors
“O Muslim women, never belittle any gift you give your neighbor even if it is a hoof of a sheep.”

19: Intercession for “Good”
“Whoever intercedes for a good cause will have a reward therefrom.” [4:85]

20: Visiting the Sick
If a man visits his sick Muslim brother, it is as if he walks reaping the fruits of Paradise until he sits, and when he sits he is showered in mercy, and if this was in the morning, seventy thousand angels pray for him until the evening, and if this was in the evening, seventy thousand angels pray for him until the morning. [Tirmidhi]

21: Defending Your Muslim Brother
“Whoever defends the honor of his brother in absence has the right over Allah to be freed from the Fire.” [Ahmad]

22: Shaking Hands
“There are no two Muslims who meet and shake hands with one another, but they will be forgiven before they part.” [Abu Dawud]

23: Loving Someone for Allah’s Sake
“There are three qualities whoever has them, will taste the sweetness of Iman: To love Allah and His Messenger (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) more than anyone else; to love a slave (of Allah) only for (the sake of) Allah; and to abhor returning to infidelity after Allah has saved him from it as he would abhor to be thrown into the fire (of Hell)” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

24: Replying to the Sneezer
“When one of you sneezes, let him say, ‘Al-hamdu-Lillaah (Praise be to Allaah),’ and let his brother or companion say to him. ‘Yarhamuk Allaah (May Allaah have mercy on you).’ If he says, ‘Yarhamuk-Allaah,’ then let (the sneezer) say, ‘Yahdeekum Allaah wa yuslihu baalakum (May Allaah guide you and rectify your condition).’”

25: Smiling
“Your smile to your brother is a sadaqah (charitable act) for you.” [Tirmidhi]

26: Giving Good Advice
Narrated Jarir:
When I gave the pledge of allegiance to Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) and he stipulated that I should give good advice to every Muslim. [Bukhari]

27: Spending on Wife
“You will be rewarded for whatever you spend for Allah’s sake even if it were a morsel which you put in your wife’s mouth.” [Bukhari]

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Virtues of Banu Tameem (Hadith No. 2217)

Bismillah.

Hadith no. 2216 (below) is a repeat. Read it here.

Volume 3, Book 46, Number 718:
Narrated Ibn Muhairiz:
I saw Abu Said (radiallaahu `anhu) and asked him about coitus interruptus. Abu Said (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “We went with Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), in the Ghazwa of Bani Al-Mustaliq and we captured some of the ‘Arabs as captives, and the long separation from our wives was pressing us hard and we wanted to practice coitus interruptus. We asked Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) (whether it was permissible). He said, “It is better for you not to do so. No soul, (that which Allah has) destined to exist, up to the Day of Resurrection, but will definitely come, into existence.”

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 3, Book 46, Number 719:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
I have loved the people of the tribe of Bani Tamim ever since I heard three things Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said about them. I heard him saying, “These people (of the tribe of Bani Tamim) would stand firm against Ad-Dajjal.”
When the Sadaqat (gifts of charity) from that tribe came, Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “These are the Sadaqat (i.e. charitable gifts) of our folk.”
‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) had a slave-girl from that tribe, and the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said to ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa), “Manumit her as she is a descendant of Ishmael (the Prophet).”

Allah says in the Quran:

وَرَبُّكَ يَخْلُقُ مَا يَشَاءُ وَيَخْتَارُ ۗ مَا كَانَ لَهُمُ الْخِيَرَةُ ۚ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَتَعَالَىٰ عَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ

And your Lord creates what He wills and chooses; not for them was the choice. Exalted is Allah and high above what they associate with Him. [Al-Qasas: 68]

Arabic reading practice (I’ll translate roughly):

هذه بعض الفضائل المختصرة في جمل بسيطة، من كتاب:

These are some of the virtues in simple sentences, taken from the book:

((فضائل بني تميم في السنة النبوية))

“Virtues of Banu Tameem in the Sunnah of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)”

للشيخ الدكتور عبدالعزيز الفريح التيمي
الناشر : دار العبيكان .
يقع في 156 صفحة
وهذه خاتمة المؤلف:

By Shaykh Dr. Abdul Aziz Al-Fareeh at-Taymi
And this is the author’s conclusion (pg. 156)

– اأن بني تميم أشد الأمة على الدجال

1. Banu Tameem will stand firm against the Dajjal.

ب- أنهم أشد الناس قتالاً في المعارك والتحام الصفوف .

2. They are the strongest/best of people in battles and forming rows.

ج- ثباتهم على الحق وتمسكهم بسنة النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم.

3. Their adherence to the Truth and Sunnah of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam).

د- أنهم من بني إسماعيل بن إبراهيم عليهما السلام

4. They are from the descendants of Isma`eel, son of Ibraheem (`alayhimussalaam).

ه- أن بني تميم هم قوم النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم ، وقد شرفهم بإضافتهم إليه

5. They are ‘the people of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)’, as he honored them.

و- بقاء نسبهم ونسلهم إلى آخر الزمان وعدم انقطاعه

6. Survival of their lineage and descendants till the end of times.

ز- مجيئهم بصدقاتهم إلى النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم وإعجابهم بها

7. Their coming to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) with gifts and his appreciation of them.

ح- ثبوت قدوم وفد بني تميم إلى النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم.

8. Evidence of the arrival of Banu Tameem’s delegation to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam).

ط- عدم ثبوت نداء بني تميم للنبي صلى الله عليه وسلم من وراء الحجرات

9. Lack of evidence of them calling the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) from behind the dwellings.

ي- ورود النهي عن السب والشتم مطلقاً، ويتأكد هذا في حق بني تميم ، لقول النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم: (لا تقل لبني تميم إلا خيراً )، وفهم السلف لذلك

10. The absolute forbiddance of insults and verbal abuse, which proves beneficial in Banu Tameem’s case because of the saying of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam): “Do not say of Banu Tameem anything but good”, and its understanding of the pious predecessors.

ك- حث النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم على محبة بني تميم

11. Prophet’s (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) love for Banu Tameem.

ل- محبة أبي هريرة لبني تميم ، وأنه لا يبغضهم أبداً

12. Abu Hurairah’s (radiallaahu `anhu) love for Banu Tameem, and that he never hated/disliked them.

م- أن لغتهم من أفصح لغات العرب 

13. That their language/dialect is of the most eloquent languages of Arabs.

Patience: The Foundation of Faith (Hadith No. 2061)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 40, Number 564 :
Narrated by Anas (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) decided to grant a portion of (the uncultivated land of) Bahrain to the Ansar. The Ansar said, “(We will not accept it) till you give a similar portion to our emigrant brothers (from Quraish).” He said, “(O Ansar!) You will soon see people giving preference to others, so remain patient till you meet me (on the Day of Resurrection).

“Allaah has made patience like a horse that never gets tired, an army that can never be defeated and a strong fortress that can never be breached. Patience and victory are twin brothers, for victory comes with patience, relief comes with distress and ease comes with hardship. Patience is of more help to the one who has it than men, as it helps without any need for equipment or numbers and its relationship to victory is like that of the head to the body.”

Patience is the foundation of the believer’s faith which has no other foundation. The one who has no patience has no faith, and if he has any, then it is only a little faith and it is very weak, and such a person worships Allaah as it were upon the edge (i.e. in doubt): if good befalls him, he is content therewith; but if a trial befalls him he turns back on his face (i.e. reverts to disbelief after embracing Islam). He loses both this world and the Hereafter (cf. al-Hajj 22:11). All he gets from them is a losing deal.

The best life is attained by the blessed through patience, and they rise to the highest degrees through their gratitude. So they fly on the wings of patience and gratitude to gardens of delight (i.e., Paradise). That is the bounty of Allaah that He bestows upon whomsoever He will, and Allaah is the Owner of Great Bounty.  End quote from ‘Uddat al-Saabireen by Ibn al-Qayyim, p. 3-5.

‘Umar ibn ‘Abd al-‘Azeez (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: Allaah has not bestowed any blessing upon His slaves then taken it away and replaced it with patience, but what He has compensated them with is better than what He has taken away.

Taken from IslamQA.

Asking Allah by Virtue of Our Good Deeds (Hadith No. 1913)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 418 :
Narrated by Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “While three persons were walking, rain began to fall and they had to enter a cave in a mountain. A big rock rolled over and blocked the mouth of the cave. They said to each other, ‘Invoke Allah with the best deed you have performed (so Allah might remove the rock)’. One of them said, ‘O Allah! My parents were old and I used to go out for grazing (my animals). On my return I would milk (the animals) and take the milk in a vessel to my parents to drink. After they had drunk from it, I would give it to my children, family and wife. One day I was delayed and on my return I found my parents sleeping, and I disliked to wake them up. The children were crying at my feet (because of hunger). That state of affairs continued till it was dawn. O Allah! If You regard that I did it for Your sake, then please remove this rock so that we may see the sky.’ So, the rock was moved a bit.
The second said, ‘O Allah! You know that I was in love with a cousin of mine, like the deepest love a man may have for a woman, and she told me that I would not get my desire fulfilled unless I paid her one-hundred Dinars (gold pieces). So, I struggled for it till I gathered the desired amount, and when I sat in between her legs, she told me to be afraid of Allah, and asked me not to deflower her except rightfully (by marriage). So, I got up and left her. O Allah! If You regard that I did if for Your sake, kindly remove this rock.’ So, two-thirds of the rock was removed.
Then the third man said, ‘O Allah! No doubt You know that once I employed a worker for one Faraq (three Sa’s) of millet, and when I wanted to pay him, he refused to take it, so I sowed it and from its yield I bought cows and a shepherd. After a time that man came and demanded his money. I said to him: Go to those cows and the shepherd and take them for they are for you. He asked me whether I was joking with him. I told him that I was not joking with him, and all that belonged to him. O Allah! If You regard that I did it sincerely for Your sake, then please remove the rock.’ So, the rock was removed completely from the mouth of the cave.”

This Hadith is an example of tawassul. We learnt previously that the correct Islamic tawassul is of various types. Seeking to draw close to Allaah through righteous deeds is one of them, whereby a person asks Allaah by virtue of the best deeds that he has done, such as salaah, fasting, reading Qur’aan, avoiding haraam things, and so on.

It happened with me and my friends once. We were out stuck in the rain with no umbrellas and no ride. Then we thought to ask Allah by virtue of our good deeds to ease our situation. Alhamdulillah it worked. You should try it some time! :)

Leniency in Transactions and Business Dealings (Ahadith 1785 – 1787)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 290:

Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu):

Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “May Allah’s mercy be on him who is lenient in his buying, selling, and in demanding back his money.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 291:

Narrated Hudhaifa (radiallaahu `anhu):

The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Before your time the angels received the soul of a man and asked him, ‘Did you do any good deeds (in your life)?’ He replied, ‘I used to order my employees to grant time to the rich person to pay his debts at his convenience.’ So Allah said to the angels; “Excuse him.” Rabi said that (the dead man said), ‘I used to be easy to the rich and grant time to the poor.’ Or, in another narration, ‘grant time to the well-off and forgive the needy,’ or, ‘accept from the well-off and forgive the needy.’


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 292:

Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):

The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “There was a merchant who used to lend the people, and whenever his debtor was in straitened circumstances, he would say to his employees, ‘Forgive him so that Allah may forgive us.’ So, Allah forgave him.”

 وَإِن كَانَ ذُو عُسْرَةٍ فَنَظِرَةٌ إِلَى مَيْسَرَةٍ وَأَن تَصَدَّقُواْ خَيْرٌ لَّكُمْ إِن كُنتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ

And if the debtor is having a hard time, then grant him time till it is easy for him to repay; but if you remit it by way of charity, that is better for you if you did but know. [2:280]

Ibn Kathir comments on this ayah:

Allah commands creditors to be patient with debtors who are having a hard time financially,

﴿وَإِن كَانَ ذُو عُسْرَةٍ فَنَظِرَةٌ إِلَى مَيْسَرَةٍ﴾

(And if the debtor is having a hard time (has no money), then grant him time till it is easy for him to repay.)

During the time of Jahiliyyah, when the debt came to term, the creditor would say to the debtor, “Either pay now or interest will be added to the debt.”

Allah encouraged creditors to give debtors respite regarding their debts and promised all that is good, and a great reward from Him for this righteous deed,

﴿وَأَن تَصَدَّقُواْ خَيْرٌ لَّكُمْ إِن كُنتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ﴾

(But if you remit it by way of charity, that is better for you if you did but know) meaning, if you forfeit your debts and cancel them completely.

Imam Ahmad recorded that Sulayman bin Buraydah said that his father said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah say,

«مَنْ أَنْظَرَ مُعْسِرًا، فَلَهُ بِكُلِّ يَوْمٍ مِثْلُهُ صَدَقَة»

(Whoever gives time to a debtor facing hard times, will gain charity of equal proportions for each day he gives.)

I also heard the Prophet say,

«مَنْ أَنْظَرَ مُعْسِرًا، فَلَهُ بِكُلِّ يَوْمٍ مِثْلُهُ صَدَقَة»

(Whoever gives time to a debtor facing hard times, will earn charity multiplied two times for each day he gives.) I said, `O Messenger of Allah! I heard you say, `Whoever gives time to a debtor facing hard times, will gain charity of equal proportions for each day he gives.’ I also heard you say, `Whoever gives time to a debtor facing hard times, will earn charity multiplied by two times for each day he gives.’ He said,

«لَهُ بِكُلِّ يَومٍ مِثْلُهُ صَدَقَةٌ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَحِلَّ الدَّيْنُ، فَإِذَا حَلَّ الدَّيْنُ فَأَنْظَرَهُ، فَلَهُ بِكُلِّ يَوْمٍ مِثْلَاهُ صَدَقَة»

(He will earn charity of equal proportions for each day (he gives time) before the term of the debt comes to an end, and when the term comes to an end, he will again acquire charity multiplied by two times for each day if he gives more time.)”

Ahmad recorded that Muhammad bin Ka`b Al-Qurazi said that Abu Qatadah had a debt on a man, who used to hide from Abu Qatadah when he looked for him to pay what he owed him. One day, Abu Qatadah came looking for the debtor and a young boy came out, and he asked him about the debtor and found out that he was in the house eating. Abu Qatadah said in a loud voice, “O Fellow! Come out, for I was told that you are in the house.” The man came out and Abu Qatadah asked him, “Why are you hiding from me” The man said, “I am having a hard time financially, and I do not have any money.” Abu Qatadah said, “By Allah, are you truly facing a hard time” He said, “Yes.” Abu Qatadah cried and said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah say,

«مَنْ نَفَّسَ عَنْ غَرِيمِهِ أَوْ مَحَا عَنْهُ،كَانَ فِي ظِلِّ الْعَرْشِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَة»

(Whoever gives time to his debtor, or forgives the debt, will be in the shade of the Throne (of Allah) on the Day of Resurrection.)”

Muslim also recorded this Hadith in his Sahih.

Al-Hafiz Abu Ya`la Al-Mawsili recorded that Hudhayfah said that the Messenger of Allah said,

«أُتِيَ اللهُ بِعَبْدٍمِنْ عَبِيدِهِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ قَالَ: مَاذَا عَمِلْتَ لِي فِي الدُّنْيَا؟ فَقَالَ: مَا عَمِلْتُ لَكَ يَا رَبِّ مِثْقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ فِي الدُّنْيَا أَرْجُوكَ بِهَا قَالَهَا ثَلَاثَ مَرَّاتٍ قَالَ الْعَبْدُعِنْدَ آخِرِهَا: يَا رَبِّ إِنَّكَ كُنْتَ أَعْطَيْتَنِي فَضْلَ مَالٍ، وَكُنْتُ رَجُلًا أُبَايِعُ النَّاسَ، وَكَانَ مِنْ خُلُقِي الْجَوازُ، فَكُنْتُ أُيَسِّرُ عَلَى الْمُوسِرِ وَأُنْظِرُ الْمُعْسِرَ، قَالَ: فَيَقُولُ اللهُ عَزَّوَجَلَّ: أَنَا أَحَقُّ مَنْ يُيَسِّرُ، ادْخُلِ الْجَنَّة»

(On the Day of Resurrection, one of Allah’s servants will be summoned before Him and He will ask him, “What deeds did you perform for Me in your life” He will say, “O Lord! In my life, I have not performed a deed for Your sake that equals an atom,” three times. The third time, the servant will add, “O Lord! You granted me wealth and I used to be a merchant. I used to be lenient, giving easy terms to those well-off and giving time to the debtors who faced hard times.” Allah will say, “I Am the Most Worthy of giving easy terms. Therefore, enter Paradise.”)

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