Last post from Kitaab-ul-Istisqaa’ [Book of Invoking Allah for Rain]
Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:
Allah’s Apostle (p.b.u.h) said, “Keys of the unseen knowledge are five which nobody knows but Allah… nobody knows what will happen tomorrow; nobody knows what is in the womb; nobody knows what he will gain tomorrow; nobody knows at what place he will die; and nobody knows when it will rain.”
Allah says in the Qur’an:
إِنَّ اللَّهَ عِندَهُ عِلْمُ السَّاعَةِ وَيُنَزِّلُ الْغَيْثَ وَيَعْلَمُ مَا فِي الْأَرْحَامِ ۖ وَمَا تَدْرِي نَفْسٌ مَّاذَا تَكْسِبُ غَدًا ۖ وَمَا تَدْرِي نَفْسٌ بِأَيِّ أَرْضٍ تَمُوتُ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلِيمٌ خَبِيرٌ
Verily Allah, with Him (Alone) is the knowledge of the Hour, He sends down the rain, and knows that which is in the wombs. No person knows what he will earn tomorrow, and no person knows in what land he will die. Verily, Allah is All-Knower, All-Aware (of things).
The Hour = Day of Judgement.
O man. You do not have the knowledge even about those things with which you are most closely and intimately concerned in life. How then can it be possible for you to know as to when will the whole world cane to an end? Your prosperity and adversity mainly depend on the rain. But its control and regulation is entirely in the hand of Allah. He sends down the rain whenever and wherever and in whatever measure He pleases and withholds it whenever He pleases. You do not at all know how much of the rain will fall at a particular place at a particular time and which land will remain without it, and which land will be adversely affected in spite of it. Your wives conceive by your own sperm-drop, which perpetuates your race in the future, but you do not know what is taking shape in their wombs, and in what form and with what good or evil it will emerge. You do not even know what you are going to meet with the next day. A sudden accident can change your destiny; but you are unaware of it even a minute before its occurrence. You do not know where your present life will eventually come to an end. Allah has kept all this information with Himself alone; and has not given you any knowledge of any of these. You actually desire that you should have the knowledge of each of these things so that you may make necessary preparations beforehand, but you have no other course open to you than to depend only on Allah’s decree and disposal in these matters. Likewise, about the end of the world there is no alternative but to rely on Allah’s decree and decision. The knowledge of this also has neither been given to anybody, nor can it be given.
Is weather forecast knowledge of the unseen, or some sort of astrology? Read the ruling here.
Kitaab-ul-Kusoof [Book of Eclipses] starts tomorrow inshaAllah.
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Al-Harith:
Once on a rainy muddy day, Ibn ‘Abbas delivered a sermon in our presence and when the Mu’adhdhin pronounced the Adhan and said, “Haiya ala-s-sala(t) (come for the prayer)” Ibn ‘Abbas ordered him to say ‘Pray at your homes.’ The people began to look at each other (surprisingly). Ibn ‘Abbas said. “It was done by one who was much better than I (i.e. the Prophet or his Mu’adhdhin), and it is a license.’
- On a rainy, muddy day (extreme weather conditions), it is permissible for men to pray at homes.
Note: Those days, people had to travel on foot or on camels etc. Heavy rain affected them. We have weather-proof cars today. So try your best to pray at the mosque. If you can’t, you have a rukhsat (relaxation).
- The mu’adhin can announce ‘as-salatu fir-rihaal‘ (pray at your homes) during the Adhaan instead of ‘hayya alas-salaah‘ (come to prayer) in extreme weather conditions, as mentioned in this Hadith.
- Talking during the Adhaan isn’t encouraged. You’re supposed to answer the Adhaan. But if necessary, you may talk. (As Ibn Abbas did.)
- Don’t be afraid to follow the Sunnah even if it’s against the norms. You’re a Muslim. Wear your identity proudly. And may Allah be your Helper. :)