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Must be Awesome to have an Awesome Brother (Ahadith 1534 – 1539)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 27, Number 11:

Narrated Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):

We set out along with Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) shortly before the appearance of the new moon (crescent) of the month of Dhi-l-Hijja and he said to us, “Whoever wants to assume Ihram for Hajj may do so; and whoever wants to assume Ihram for ‘Umra may do so. Hadn’t I brought the Hadi (animal for sacrificing) (with me), I would have assumed Ihram for ‘Umra.” (‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) added,): So some of us assumed Ihram for ‘Umra while the others for Hajj. I was amongst those who assumed Ihram for ‘Umra. The day of ‘Arafat approached and I was still menstruating. I complained to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) (about that) and he said, “Abandon your ‘Umra, undo and comb your hair, and assume Ihram for Hajj;.” When it was the night of Hasba, he sent ‘Abdur Rahman (radiallaahu `anhu) with me to At-Tan’im and I assumed Ihram for ‘Umra (and performed it) in lieu of my missed ‘Umra.


Volume 3, Book 27, Number 12:

Narrated ‘Amr bin Aus:

Abdul Rahman bin Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) told me that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had ordered him to let ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) ride behind him and to make he perform ‘Umra from At-Tan’im.


Volume 3, Book 27, Number 13:

Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu):

The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and his companions assumed Ihram for Hajj and none except the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and Talha (radiallaahu `anhu) had the Hadi with them. ‘Ali (radiallaahu `anhu) had come from Yemen and he had the Hadi with him. He (‘Ali (radiallaahu `anhu)) said, “I have assumed Ihram with an intention like that of Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) has assumed it.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) ordered his companions to intend the Ihram with which they had come for ‘Umra, to perform the Tawaf of the Ka’ba (and between Safa and Marwa), to get their hair cut short and then to finish their Ihram with the exception of those who had the Hadi with them. They asked, “Shall we go to Mina and the private organs of some of us are dribbling (if we finish Ihram and have sexual relations with our wives)?” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) heard that and said, “Had I known what I know now, I would not have brought the Hadi. If I did not have the Hadi with me I would have finished my Ihram.” ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) got her menses and performed all the ceremonies (of Hajj) except the Tawaf . So when she became clean from her menses, and she had performed the Tawaf of the Ka’ba, she said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! You (people) are returning with both Hajj and ‘Umra and I am returning only with Hajj!” So, he ordered ‘Abdur Rahman bin Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) to go with her to At-Tan’im. Thus she performed ‘Umra after the Hajj in the month of Dhi-l-Hijja. Suraqa bin Malik bin Ju’sham (radiallaahu `anhu) met the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) at Al-‘Aqaba (Jamrat-ul ‘Aqaba) while the latter was stoning it and said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! Is this permissible only for you?” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) replied, “No, it is for ever (i.e. it is permissible for all Muslims to perform ‘Umra before Hajj.”


Volume 3, Book 27, Number 14:

Narrated ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):

We set out with Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) shortly before the appearance of the new moon of Dhi-l-Hiija and he said, “Whoever wants to assume Ihram for ‘Umra may do so, and whoever wants to assume Ihram for Hajj may do so. Had not I brought the Hadi with me, I would have assumed Ihram for ‘Umra.” Some of the people assumed Ihram for ‘Umra while others for Hajj. I was amongst those who had assumed Ihram for ‘Umra. I got my menses before entering Mecca, and was menstruating till the day of ‘Arafat. I complained to Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) about it, he said, “Abandon your ‘Umra, undo and comb your hair, and assume Ihram for Hajj.” So, I did that accordingly. When it was the night of Hasba (day of departure from Mina), the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) sent ‘Abdur Rahman (radiallaahu `anhu) with me to At-Tanim.

The sub-narrator adds: He (‘AbdurRahman (radiallaahu `anhu)) let her ride behind him. And she assumed Ihram for ‘Umra in lieu of the abandoned one. Aisha completed her Hajj and ‘Umra, and no Hadi, Sadaqa (charity), or fasting was obligatory for her.


Volume 3, Book 27, Number 15:

Narrated Al-Aswad:

That ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! The people are returning after performing the two Nusuks (i.e. Hajj and ‘Umra) but I am returning with one only?” He said, “Wait till you become clean from your menses and then go to At-Tan’im, assume Ihram (and after performing ‘Umra) join us at such-and-such a place. But it (i.e. the reward if ‘Umra) is according to your expenses or the hardship (which you will undergo while performing it).”


Volume 3, Book 27, Number 16:

Narrated ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):

We set out assuming the Ihram for Hajj in the months of Hajj towards the sacred precincts of Hajj. We dismounted at Sarif and the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said to his companions, “Whoever has not got the Hadi with him and likes to make it as ‘Umra, he should do it, but he who has got the Hadi with him should not do it.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and some of his wealthy companions had the Hadi with them, so they did not finish Ihram after performing the ‘Umra. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) came to me while I was weeping. He asked me the reason for it. I replied, “I have heard of what you have said to your companions and I cannot do the ‘Umra.” He asked me, “What is the matter with you?” I replied, “I am not praying.” He said, “There is no harm in it as you are one of the daughters of Adam and the same is written for you as for others. So, you should perform Hajj and I hope that Allah will enable you to perform the ‘Umra as well.” So, I carried on till we departed from Mina and halted at Al-Mahassab. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) called ‘Abdur-Rahman (radiallaahu `anhu) and said, “Go out of the sanctuary with your sister and let her assume Ihram for ‘Umra, and after both of you have finished the Tawaf I will be waiting for you at this place.” We came back at mid-night and the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) asked us, “Have you finished?” I replied in the affirmative. He announced the departure and the people set out for the journey and some of them had performed the Tawaf of the Ka’ba before the morning prayer, and after that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) set out for Medina.

This incident and rulings derived from it have been discussed before in Kitaab-ul-Hajj. See Changing Intention During Hajj and Hajj – Woman Problems to read more.

There’s something that strikes me about this incident.. Whenever we comment on it, we discuss what happened to `Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) and how she behaved [it was cute how she started crying in front of her husband..], how the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) reacted and how lenient and considerate he was. But there’s one person we miss out. We probably don’t think it important what he did, or we just don’t see it.

Brothers, pay attention now.

You see how `Abdur Rahman (radiallaahu `anhu), brother of `Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa), behaved in this situation? Do you see how considerate he was towards his sister? He obeyed the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) readily, without a question, and took his sister for her `Umrah. And he didn’t even have to perform it himself. He could have easily said ‘why should I waste my time? Can’t she just skip it or something?’. Isn’t that how brothers usually react? (No offence!)
And don’t forget this was the time of Hajj, when tens of thousands of people were in Makkah. And Makkah wasn’t as expansive and comfortable as it is now. It had tough weather and terrain. The places for Tawaaf and Sa`ee didn’t have marble floors as they do today. And as mentioned in the last Hadith above, they left sometime during the day and returned at mid-night. All in all, it wasn’t easy. Not for `Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) and not for her brother. But they showed remarkable patience. And it’s their examples we should follow when faced with such situations. Allah be pleased with them.

This reminds me of my first `Umrah back in 2011. I was caught up in almost a similar situation, and my dad had to take me for a special `Umrah. He was so considerate Alhamdulillah, didn’t say a word. May Allah reward him immensely. :)

Enough!

Background: A lot of stuff has been written and said on the subject of “to hijab or not to hijab” and how practicing Muslimahs are “oppressed”. For those who don’t know, social media suddenly erupted into a battle between the FEMEN activists who set out on the mission to “liberate” muslim women. In response, Muslim women did a counter-campaign with the hashtag #MuslimahPride depicting that they have a voice and don’t need “liberating”. Obviously, our very own homegrown liberals could not stay out of the action and came up with an article called “Thank You, Dear Muslimaat” which sarcastically ridiculed the #MuslimahPride campaign. In view of all this, I was compelled to break my hiatus from poetry, and felt the need to respond. Because, sometimes, enough is enough!  JazakAllah Khair to Br. Omer Chaudhry for helping me complete it! 

Image

With a heavy heart I do relate,

The tale of a soul so sedate;

Society’s shackles bound her down,

While she was born to be crowned.

To live her life she longs to be free;

Governed not by fools but the Divine Decree.

While you blame her for bowing to the status quo,

What she truly wants, do you even know?

She’s tired of being told that she is “oppressed”,

Of being dictated how to dress to impress!

If being independent and free means killing her soul,

Then spare her from playing the “feminist” role.

She needs no soldier or knight in shining armour

To rescue her from society’s constructed tower.

A mind shining bright with the light of knowledge,

Longs not for approval or people who acknowledge.

What she needs is the freedom to practice her Deen,

So she rises to the status given to her of a Queen.

So cut the sarcasm with your “Dear Muslimaat”!

Your ideology from ours is way too apart.

Hajj – The Farewell Tawaaf (Hadith No. 1489)

Bismillah.

Volume 2, Book 26, Number 789:

Narrated ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):

We performed Hajj with the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and performed Tawaf-al-ifada on the Day of Nahr (slaughtering). Safiya (radiallaahu `anhaa) got her menses and the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) desired from her what a husband desires from his wife. I said to him, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! She is having her menses.” He said, “Is she going to detain us?” We informed him that she had performed Tawaf-al-Ifada on the Day of Nahr. He said, “(Then you can) depart.”

When the pilgrim wants to leave Makkah and go back to his country, he should not leave until he has performed the farewell tawaaf (tawaaf al-wadaa’), because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “No one should leave until the last thing that he does is (tawaaf) around the House.” Narrated by Muslim, 1327). According to another version, he told the people that the last thing they should do was (tawaaf) around the house, but he made an exception for women who were menstruating. Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1755; Muslim, 1328.

Women who are menstruating or bleeding following childbirth do not have to do the farewell tawaaf; neither should they stand by the door of al-Masjid al-Haraam to bid farewell, because that was not narrated from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).  This is one of the allowances that sharee’ah makes to women. Women who are menstruating can go back to their families even if they have not done the farewell tawaaf, so give thanks to Allaah for this allowance and blessing.

The last thing the pilgrim should do when he wants to leave is to circumambulate the House. If after the farewell tawaaf he stays and waits for his companions or to load his luggage or to buy something he needs on the way, there is nothing wrong with that, and he does not have to repeat the tawaaf, unless he intends to delay his journey, such as if he intended to travel at the beginning of the day and he did the farewell tawaaf, then he delays his travelling until the end of the day, for example; in this case he has to repeat the tawaaf so that it will be the last thing he does in Makkah.

Hajj – Women & Weak Ones (Ahadith 1436 – 1441)

Bismillah.

Volume 2, Book 26, Number 736:

Narrated Salim:

‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) used to send the weak among his family early to Mina. So they used to depart from Al-Mash’ar Al-Haram (that is Al-Muzdalifa) at night (when the moon had set) and invoke Allah as much as they could, and then they would return (to Mina) before the Imam had started from Al-Muzdalifa to Mina. So some of them would reach Mina at the time of the Fajr prayer and some of them would come later. When they reached Mina they would throw pebbles on the Jamra (Jamrat-al-Aqaba) Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) used to say, “Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) gave the permission to them (weak people) to do so.”


Volume 2, Book 26, Number 737:

Narrated Ibn Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):

Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had sent me from Jam’ (i.e. Al-Muzdalifa) at night.


Volume 2, Book 26, Number 738:

Narrated Ibn Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):

I as among those whom the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) sent on the night of Al-Muzdalifa early being among the weak members of his family.


Volume 2, Book 26, Number 739:

Narrated ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu): (the slave of Asma’ (radiallaahu `anhaa))

During the night of Jam’, Asma’ (radiallaahu `anhaa) got down at Al-Muzdalifa and stood up for (offering) the prayer and offered the prayer for some time and then asked, “O my son! Has the moon set?” I replied in the negative and she again prayed for another period and then asked, “Has the moon set?” I replied, “Yes.” So she said that we should set out (for Mina), and we departed and went on till she threw pebbles at the Jamra (Jamrat-al-Aqaba) and then she returned to her dwelling place and offered the morning prayer. I asked her, “O you! I think we have come (to Mina) early in the night.” She replied, “O my son! Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) gave permission to the women to do so.”


Volume 2, Book 26, Number 740:

Narrated ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):

Sauda (radiallaahu `anhaa) asked the permission of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) to leave earlier at the night of Jam’, and she was a fat and very slow woman. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) gave her permission.


Volume 2, Book 26, Number 741:

Narrated ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):

We got down at Al-Muzdalifa and Sauda asked the permission of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) to leave (early) before the rush of the people. She was a slow woman and he gave her permission, so she departed (from Al-Muzdalifa) before the rush of the people. We kept on staying at Al-Muzdalifa till dawn, and set out with the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) but (I suffered so much that) I wished I had taken the permission of Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) as Sauda (radiallaahu `anhaa) had done, and that would have been dearer to me than any other happiness.

It is permissible for women to leave Muzdalifah before dawn, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) allowed some women, especially those who were weak, to leave Muzdalifah after the moon had set at the end of the night. That was so that they could stone Jamarat al-‘Aqabah before it became crowded.

It is permissible to delay stoning the Jamrah until the night, if the woman’s guardian thinks that the crowding is too great around Jamrat al-‘Aqabah and that this may pose a danger to the women who are with him. So it is permissible to delay their stoning of the Jamrah until the crowding is less or has stopped, and there is nothing wrong with them doing that.

The same applies with regard to stoning of the Jamaraat during the three days of Tashreeq, when women can stone them after ‘Asr, which is the time when the crowding is a lot less, as is well known. If that is not possible then there is nothing wrong with them delaying it until the night.

More on rulings that apply to only women in Hajj here.

Hajj – Woman Problems (Hadith No. 1412)

Bismillah.

Question: what exactly of Hajj/`Umrah can a woman NOT do during menstruation?

Volume 2, Book 26, Number 712:

Narrated ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhu):

I was menstruating when I reached Mecca. So, I neither performed Tawaf of the Ka’ba, nor the Tawaf between Safa and Marwa. Then I informed Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) about it. He replied, “Perform all the ceremonies of Hajj like the other pilgrims, but do not perform Tawaf of the Ka’ba till you get clean (from your menses).”

Tawaaf around the Ka’bah

It is haraam for a menstruating woman to circumambulate the Ka’bah, whether that is obligatory or naafil, and it is not valid if she does it, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to ‘Aa’ishah when she got her menses: “Do everything that the pilgrims do, but do not circumambulate the House until you become pure.”

As for the other actions of Hajj, such as saa’ee between al-Safa and al-Marwah, standing at ‘Arafah, staying overnight in Muzdalifah and Mina, stoning the jamaraat and other rituals of Hajj and ‘Umrah, they are not haraam for her. Based on that, if a female does tawaaf when she is pure, then her period begins immediately after she does tawaaf, or during sa’ee, there is nothing wrong with that.

Tawaaf al-wadaa’ (the farewell tawaaf) is waived in her case

If a female completes the rituals of Hajj and ‘Umrah, then she gets her menses before she goes home and that continues until she leaves, she may depart without doing the farewell tawaaf, because of the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said: (the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)) told the people that the last thing they should do was (tawaaf) around the House, but he made an exception for women who were menstruating . Agreed upon.

But the tawaaf that is required for Hajj and ‘Umrah is not waived, and she must do it when she becomes pure.

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