Hadith no. 341 is as follows.
Narrated Shaqiq bin Salama:
I was with ‘Abdullah and Abu Musa; the latter asked the former, “O Abu AbdurRahman! What is your opinion if somebody becomes Junub and no water is available?” ‘Abdullah replied, “Do not pray till water is found.” Abu Musa said, “What do you say about the statement of ‘Ammar (who was ordered by the Prophet to perform Tayammum). The Prophet said to him: “Perform Tayammum and that would be sufficient.” ‘Abdullah replied, “Don’t you see that ‘Umar was not satisfied by ‘Ammar’s statement?” Abu Musa said, “Alright, leave ‘Ammar’s statement, but what will you say about this verse (of Tayammum)?” ‘Abdullah kept quiet and then said, “If we allowed it, then they would probably perform Tayammum even if water was available, if one of them found it (water) cold.” The narrator added, “I said to Shaqrq, “Then did ‘Abdullah dislike to perform Tayammum because of this?” He replied, “Yes.”
Abdullah (RA) was not against tayammum. He just feared that people will stop doing wudhu if they found the water cold. He had the fear of relaxation.
Tayammum is allowed but only under certain conditions, i.e there’s no water found despite the effort and search. But if people don’t know that this relaxation can only be taken under these conditions, they’ll stop doing wudhu because tayammum is so much easier.
Lesson: Don’t opt for tayammum just because the water is cold. :)
Tayammum is allowed when there’s no water available, whether you’re traveling or at home. The condition is: taharri (search and effort to find water). In case you don’t find water and you had to do wudhu/ghusl for prayer, you may do tayammum.
Narrated ‘Abdur Rahman bin Abza:
A man came to ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab and said, “I became Junub but no water was available.” ‘Ammar bin Yasir said to ‘Umar, “Do you remember that you and I (became Junub while both of us) were together on a journey and you didn’t pray but I rolled myself on the ground and prayed? I informed the Prophet about it and he said, ‘It would have been sufficient for you to do like this.’ The Prophet then stroked lightly the earth with his hands and then blew off the dust and passed his hands over his face and hands.”
The procedure is also mentioned in this Hadith. We’ll discuss it later though inshaAllah.
This is pretty interesting, and probably new for many.
Narrated Abu Juhaim Al-Ansari:
The Prophet came from the direction of Bir Jamal. A man met him and greeted him. But he did not return back the greeting till he went to a (mud) wall and smeared his hands and his face with its dust (performed Tayammum) and then returned back the greeting.
The apparent reason is: because As-Salaam is Allah’s Attribute. Prophet (SAW) wouldn’t say it unless he was in the state of wudhu, or tayammum in this case.
There’s another incident similar to this one when Prophet (SAW) didn’t return the greeting because he was in the shower. Read it here.
Question: what do we do? We’re not in the state of wudhu all the time. Should we not return greetings to people in such conditions?
The answer to that (in my opinion) is: it’s the difference of ranks/levels. Prophet (SAW) was on the highest. He didn’t think it right for himself to let Allah’s name come on his tongue in an ‘impure’ (not in wudhu, to be more precise) state. It’s definitely a Sunnah you may follow. But not a compulsion. So let’s not argue about the “fiqh of saying Salaam” when we’re having problems being regular in prayers. :)
Volume 1, Book 5, Number 284:
Narrated Abu Salama :
I asked ‘Aisha “Did the Prophet use to sleep while he was Junub?” She replied, “Yes, but he used to perform ablution (before going to bed).
If you’ve tried it, you know how it feels. I don’t know if it has any scientific benefits or not, but I know this: Prophet (SAW) made extra effort to stay clean and pure and he loved being in the state of wudhu. Isn’t it all that matters?