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Horses: Reward, Shelter, Burden (Hadith No. 2056)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 40, Number 559 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Keeping horses may be a source of reward to some (man), a shelter to another (i.e. means of earning one’s living), or a burden to a third. He to whom the horse will be a source of reward is the one who keeps it in Allah’s Cause (prepare it for holy battles) and ties it by a long rope in a pasture (or a garden). He will get a reward equal to what its long rope allows it to eat in the pasture or the garden, and if that horse breaks its rope and crosses one or two hills, then all its foot-steps and its dung will be counted as good deeds for its owner; and if it passes by a river and drinks from it, then that will also be regarded as a good deed for its owner even if he has had no intention of watering it then. Horses are a shelter from poverty to the second person who keeps horses for earning his living so as not to ask others, and at the same time he gives Allah’s right (i.e. Zakat) (from the wealth he earns through using them in trading etc.,) and does not overburden them. He who keeps horses just out of pride and for showing off and as a means of harming the Muslims, his horses will be a source of sins to him.” When Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was asked about donkeys, he replied, “Nothing particular was revealed to me regarding them except the general unique verse which is applicable to everything: “Whoever does goodness equal to the weight of an atom (or small ant) shall see it (its reward) on the Day of Resurrection.”

In today’s time, this can be applied to cars, more or less. You use them for good, you’re rewarded for all the money you spend on their fuel, washes, oil changes, repairs etc. You use them to fulfill your needs/earn a living, you’re protected from poverty. You use them to show off – hoard them as collectibles in your garage – they’ll be a burden on you on the Day of Judgement.
Of course, this is my own derivation from the hadith. Not quoting any scholar.

Did you know? There is no zakah on horses.

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Zakaat-ul-Fitr (Ahadith 1279 – 1288)

Bismillah.

Kitaab Zakaat-ul-Fitr [Book of Obligatory Charity Tax After Ramadaan] starts (and ends) today..

Volume 2, Book 25, Number 579:

Narrated Ibn Umar (radiallaahu `anhu):

Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) enjoined the payment of one Sa’ of dates or one Sa’ of barley as Zakat-ul-Fitr on every Muslim slave or free, male or female, young or old, and he ordered that it be paid before the people went out to offer the ‘Id prayer. (One Sa’ = 3 Kilograms approx.)

Volume 2, Book 25, Number 580:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu):

Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) made it incumbent on all the slave or free Muslims, male or female, to pay one Sa’ of dates or barley as Zakat-ul-Fitr.

Volume 2, Book 25, Number 581:

Narrated Abu Said (radiallaahu `anhu):

We used to give one Sa’ of barley as Sadaqatul-Fitr (per head).

Volume 2, Book 25, Number 582:

Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri (radiallaahu `anhu):

We used to give one Sa’ of meal or one Sa’ of barley or one Sa’ of dates, or one Sa’ of cottage cheese or one Sa’ of Raisins (dried grapes) as Zakat-ul-Fitr.

Volume 2, Book 25, Number 583:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu):

The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) ordered (Muslims) to give one Sa’ of dates or one Sa’ of barley as Zakat-ul-Fitr. The people rewarded two Mudds of wheat as equal to that.

Volume 2, Book 25, Number 584:

Narrated Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri (radiallaahu `anhu):

In the life-time of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) we used to give one Sa’ of food or one Sa’ of dates or one Sa’ of barley or one Sa’ of Raisins (dried grapes) as Sadaqat-ul-Fitr. And when Muawiya (radiallaahu `anhu) became the Caliph and the wheat was (available in abundance) he said, “I think (observe) that one Mudd (of wheat) equals two Mudds (of any of the above mentioned things).

Volume 2, Book 25, Number 585:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu):

The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) ordered the people to pay Zakat-ul-Fitr before going to the ‘Id prayer.

Volume 2, Book 25, Number 586:

Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri (radiallaahu `anhu):

In the life-time of Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), we used to give one Sa’ of food (edible things) as Sadaqat-ul-Fit,r (to the poor). Our food used to be either of barley, raisins (dried grapes), cottage cheese or dates.

Volume 2, Book 25, Number 587:

Narrated Nafi’ (radiallaahu `anhu):

Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) made incumbent on every male or female, free man or slave, the payment of one Sa’ of dates or barley as Sadaqat-ul-Fitr (or said Sadaqa-Ramadan).” The people then substituted half Sa’ of wheat for that. Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) used to give dates (as Sadaqat-ulFitr). Once there was scarcity of dates in Medina and Ibn ‘Umar gave barley. ‘And Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) used to give Sadaqat-ul-Fitr for every young and old person. He even used to give on behalf of my children. Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) used to give Sadaqatul-Fitr to those who had been officially appointed for its collection. People used to give Sadaqat-ul-Fitr (even) a day or two before the ‘Id.

Volume 2, Book 25, Number 588:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu):

Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) has made Sadaqatul-Fitr obligatory, (and it was), either one Sa’ of barley or one Sa’ of dates (and its payment was obligatory) on young and old people, and on free men as well as on slaves.

Details here.

Tahneek & Branding (Hadith No. 1278)

Bismillah.

Hadith no. 1277 (below) is a repeat. Read it here.

Volume 2, Book 24, Number 577:

Narrated Anas (radiallaahu `anhu):

Some people from ‘Uraina tribe came to Medina and its climate did not suit them, so Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) allowed them to go to the herd of camels (given as Zakat) and they drank their milk and urine (as medicine) but they killed the shepherd and drove away all the camels. So Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) sent (men) in their pursuit to catch them, and they were brought, and he had their hands and feet cut, and their eyes were branded with heated pieces of iron and they were left in the Harra (a stony place at Medina) biting the stones.

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 2, Book 24, Number 578:

Narrated Anas bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu):

took ‘Abdullah bin Abu Talha (radiallaahu `anhu) to Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) to perform Tahnik for him. (Tahnik was a custom among the Muslims that whenever a child was born they used to take it to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) who would chew a piece of date and put a part of its juice in the child’s mouth). I saw the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and he had an instrument for branding in his hands and was branding the camels of Zakat.

Branding of animals is allowed, but branding on the face is not. Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade this act and cursed its doer.

About Tahneek: It is Sunnah (recommended) to do tahneek for the child when he is born:

It was narrated that Anas ibn Maalik (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The son of Abu Talhah was sick. Abu Talhah went out and the child died, and when Abu Talhah returned he said, “What happened to my son?” Umm Sulaym (his wife) said, ‘He is quieter than he was.” Then she brought him his dinner and he ate, then he had marital relations with her, and when he finished she said, “They buried the child.” The following morning, Abu Talhah went to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and told him what had happened. He said, “Did you have marital relations last night?” He said, “Yes.” He said, “O Allaah, bless them.” She later gave birth to a boy. Abu Talhah said to me, “Keep him until I bring him to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).” He brought him to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and I sent some dates with him. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) took him and said, “Is there anything with him?” They said, “Yes, some dates.” The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) took some and chewed it, then he took some from his mouth and put it in the child’s mouth (tahneek), and named him ‘Abd-Allaah.

Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 5153; Muslim, 2144

Al-Nawawi said:

The scholars are agreed that it is mustahabb (preferred)to do tahneek with dates for the child when he is born; if that is not possible then to use some similar kind of sweet. The dates should be chewed until they become soft enough to be swallowed, then the child’s mouth should be opened and a little of the dates put in his mouth.

Sharh al-Nawawi ‘ala Muslim, 14/122-123

[IslamQA]

Kitaab-uz-Zakaah ends here.

Double-Checking is a Sunnah (Hadith No. 1276)

Bismillah.

Volume 2, Book 24, Number 576:

Narrated Abu Humaid Al-Sa’idi (radiallaahu `anhu):

Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) appointed a man called Ibn Al-Lutbiya, from the tribe of Al-Asd to collect Zakat from Bani Sulaim. When he returned, (after collecting the Zakat) the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) checked the account with him.

So double check whatever it is that you assign to someone. Especially money matters. It’s a Sunnah!

Compensation, Rikaaz and Khumus (Hadith No. 1275)

Bismillah.

Volume 2, Book 24, Number 575:

Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):

Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “There is no compensation for one killed or wounded by an animal or by falling in a well, or because of working in mines; but Khumus is compulsory on Rikaz.”

As for the first part of the Hadith, scholars explain that if someone gets hurt (or their property gets damaged) because of another’s animal or by falling in a well, or because of working in mines, there are two possible reasons:

  1. Either the owner of that animal/well/mine was responsible;
  2. Or he/she was not.

In case the owner was responsible (e.g. he was guiding the animal), he’ll pay compensation for the loss from his own wealth. And if he was not responsible, no compensation is due on him. More on it here.

Rikaaz refers to what is buried in the earth of the wealth of the Jaahiliyyah. The people of the Jaahiliyyah are the ones who existed before the coming of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), no matter what religion they followed. Islam has enjoined that when it is extracted, the khums be paid on it, as zakaah according to some scholars and as fay’ according to others. The rest belongs to whoever extracted it, if it was extracted from land that he owns, or from ruins or common land such as the street and so on.

Go through these two links for more information on this issue: link 1, link 2.

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